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Solouma, N. H., A. - B. M. Youssef, Y. A. Badr, and Y. M. Kadah, "Robust computer-assisted laser treatment using real-time retinal tracking", Annual Reports of the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, vol. 3, pp. 2499-2502, 2001. Abstract
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Badr, Y., S. Abd El-wanees, and M. A. Mahmoud, "The ro-vibrational spectra of CO molecule resulting from the photolysis of acetone", Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 167, no. 2-3, pp. 159-162, 2004. AbstractWebsite
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Chehouri, A., R. Younes, A. Ilinca, and J. Perron, "Review of performance optimization techniques applied to wind turbines", Applied Energy, vol. 142, pp. 361 - 388, 2015. AbstractWebsite

Abstract This paper presents a review of the optimization techniques and strategies applied to wind turbine performance optimization. The topic is addressed by identifying the most significant objectives, targets and issues, as well as the optimization formulations, schemes and models available in the published literature. The current energy demand combined with depletion of fossil-fuel reserves and stricter environmental regulations have led to the development of alternative renewable energy solutions like wind energy. The current 2030 United States target is to have at least 20% of the \{US\} energy supply by onshore and offshore wind farms. To meet these demands, wind energy costs have to be able to compete with traditional fossil fuel sources. Hence, it is essential and vital that wind turbine designers and manufactures search the optimal solution that fits the objectives under a set of design constraints. Throughout the last 30 years, the objective function has evolved from the earlier maximized metric of the power coefficient to the maximization of the annual energy production. Common alternatives such as blade mass minimization and maximization of the rotor thrust and torque have been examined. However, the main objective has been focused on the minimization of the cost of energy in order for wind energy to become more competitive and economically attractive. The purpose of this paper is to review previous work that undertakes the performance optimization of horizontal wind turbines by highlighting the main aspects when tackling the wind turbine optimization problem such as: objective functions, design constraints, tools and models and optimization algorithms. In addition, in a conclusion of the review, a discussion and argument about the challenges, issues and future developments are identified.

Taha, H. M., N. El-Bendary, A. E. Hassanien, Y. Badr, and V. Snasel, "Retinal feature-based registration schema", Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 252 CCIS, no. PART 2, pp. 26-36, 2011. AbstractWebsite
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Mabhaudhi, T., A. T. Modi, and Y. G. Beletse, "Response of taro (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott) landraces to varying water regimes under a rainshelter", Agricultural Water Management, vol. 121, pp. 102 - 112, 2013. AbstractWebsite

Taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott] is an underutilised crop in sub-Saharan Africa due to lack of agronomic research on it. There is no information describing water-use and drought tolerance of local taro landraces. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate growth, yield and water-use of three South African landraces of taro under varying water regimes. Three taro landraces [Dumbe Lomfula (DL), KwaNgwanase (KW) and Umbumbulu (UM)] were planted in a rainshelter (14, October, 2010 and 8, September, 2011) at Roodeplaat, Pretoria, South Africa. Three levels of irrigation [30%, 60% and 100% crop water requirement (ETa)] were applied three times a week using drip irrigation. Emergence, plant height, leaf number, leaf area index (LAI) and stomatal conductance were measured in situ. Root length, fresh and dry mass were obtained by destructive sampling. Yield, yield components and water-use efficiency were determined at harvest. Taro landraces showed slow and uneven emergence. Stomatal conductance was respectively, 4% and 23% lower at 60% and 30% \{ETa\} relative to 100% ETa. Such a decline was clearer in the \{UM\} landrace, suggesting greater stomatal regulation in the \{UM\} landrace compared with \{KW\} and \{DL\} landraces. Plant growth parameters (plant height, leaf number and LAI) were shown to decrease by between 5% and 19% at 60% and 30% ETa, respectively, evapotranspiration relative to 100% ETa. The \{KW\} and \{DL\} landraces were shown to decrease the most while the \{UM\} landrace had moderate reductions in growth. Taro yield was 15% and 46% higher at optimum irrigation relative to 60% \{ETa\} and 30% ETa, respectively. Water-use efficiency was relatively unchanged (0.22–0.24 kg m−3) across varying water regimes. On average, the \{UM\} landrace had 113% higher \{WUE\} than the \{KW\} landrace. These findings can be used to differentiate the landraces on the basis of potential drought tolerance.

Hegazy, S. F., Y. A. Badr, and S. S. A. Obayya, "Relative-phase and time-delay maps all over the emission cone of hyperentangled photon source", Optical Engineering, vol. 56, no. 2, 2017. AbstractWebsite
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Samsonov, A. V., M. M. Bogina, E. V. Bibikova, A. Y. Petrova, and A. A. Shchipansky, "The relationship between adakitic, calc-alkaline volcanic rocks and TTGs: implications for the tectonic setting of the Karelian greenstone belts, Baltic Shield", Lithos, vol. 79, no. 1–2, pp. 83 - 106, 2005. AbstractWebsite

Two types of coeval acid-intermediate rocks with different petrological, geochemical and isotopic features have been discovered among volcanic rocks and surrounding synkinematic tonalite–trondhjemite–granodiorite (TTG) plutons of Late Archaean greenstone belts in the Karelian granite–greenstone terrane. Type-1 rocks comprise trondhjemites and sub-volcanic, occasionally volcanic dacite–rhyolite rocks. They are characterized by high Sr, low Y and \{HREE\} contents, high Sr/Y ratios, and strongly fractionated \{REE\} patterns with no significant positive or negative Eu anomaly. Initial ɛNd is positive, indicating a generation from juvenile source with little or no contribution of ancient continental crust. Type 2 is represented by diorite–granodiorites and calc-alkaline basalt–andesite–dacite–rhyolite (BADR) series. As compared to type 1, these rocks differ by their lower Sr, higher Y and \{HREE\} contents, lower Sr/Y ratios and less fractionated \{HREE\} patterns with negative Eu anomalies. Initial ɛNd varies from negative to positive values, thus indicating a variable contribution of sialic crust. Geochemistry of the two magmatic series suggests their formation in a convergent plate margin setting. The type-1 rocks resemble Phanerozoic adakites, which represent slab-derived melts contaminated by overlying mantle wedge. The type-2 rocks resemble \{BADR\} series, which were derived from a mantle wedge metasomatized by slab-derived fluids and melts, with subsequent variable crustal contamination. The spatial distribution of these two types of magmatic series defines the asymmetry of the studied granite–greenstone structures, which presumably reflects the primary lateral zoning of island arc formed under specific thermal conditions in the Archaean mantle. Adakite melts upraised to the surface in the frontal part of the island arc, where mantle wedge was thin, showing no or little interaction with metasomatized mantle, and formed adakite-type plutonic and sub-volcanic rocks. At greater depths, adakitic melts and fluids interacted with the overlying mantle wedge and caused its partial melting with generation of calc-alkaline \{BADR\} volcanic rocks and diorite–granodiorite plutons in the rear part of the island arc. Our data suggest that greenstone belt volcano-plutonic arcs were initiated on different types of crust, which presumably determined the petrogenetic and isotope variations of the studied BADR- and adakite-type island-arc complexes.

Mohamed, T. A., A. M. Mustafa, W. M. Zoghaib, M. S. Afifi, R. S. Farag, and Y. Badr, "Reinvestigation of benzothiazoline-2-thione and 2-mercaptobenzothiazole tautomers: Conformational stability, barriers to internal rotation and DFT calculations", Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM, vol. 868, no. 1-3, pp. 27-36, 2008. AbstractWebsite
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Badr, I. H. A., M. Gouda, R. Abdel-Sattar, and H. E. M. Sayour, "Reduction of thrombogenicity of PVC-based sodium selective membrane electrodes using heparin-modified chitosan", Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 99, pp. 783 - 790, 2014. AbstractWebsite

Abstract Heparin-modified chitosan (H-chitosan) membrane was utilized to enhance biocompatibility of sodium selective membrane electrode based on the highly thrombogenic polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Sodium ion sensing film was prepared using PVC, sodium ionophore-X, potassium tetrakis(chlorophenyl)-borate, and o-nitrophenyloctylether. The PVC-based sensing film was sandwiched to chitosan or H-chitosan to prevent platelet adhesion on the surface of PVC. Potentiometric response characteristics of PVC-chitosan and PVC-H-chitosan membrane electrodes were found to be comparable to that of a control \{PVC\} based sodium-selective electrode. This indicates that chitosan and H-chitosan layers do not alter the response behaviour of the PVC-based sensing film. Biocompatibility of H-chitosan was confirmed by in vitro platelet adhesion study. The platelet adhesion investigations indicated that H-chitosan film is less thrombogenic compared to PVC, which could result in enhancement of biocompatibility of sodium selective membrane electrodes based on PVC, while maintaining the overall electrochemical performance of the PVC-based sensing film.

Badr, I. H. A., M. Gouda, R. Abdel-Sattar, and H. E. M. Sayour, "Reduction of thrombogenicity of PVC-based sodium selective membrane electrodes using heparin-modified chitosan", Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 99, pp. 783 - 790, 2014. AbstractWebsite

Abstract Heparin-modified chitosan (H-chitosan) membrane was utilized to enhance biocompatibility of sodium selective membrane electrode based on the highly thrombogenic polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Sodium ion sensing film was prepared using PVC, sodium ionophore-X, potassium tetrakis(chlorophenyl)-borate, and o-nitrophenyloctylether. The PVC-based sensing film was sandwiched to chitosan or H-chitosan to prevent platelet adhesion on the surface of PVC. Potentiometric response characteristics of PVC-chitosan and PVC-H-chitosan membrane electrodes were found to be comparable to that of a control \{PVC\} based sodium-selective electrode. This indicates that chitosan and H-chitosan layers do not alter the response behaviour of the PVC-based sensing film. Biocompatibility of H-chitosan was confirmed by in vitro platelet adhesion study. The platelet adhesion investigations indicated that H-chitosan film is less thrombogenic compared to PVC, which could result in enhancement of biocompatibility of sodium selective membrane electrodes based on PVC, while maintaining the overall electrochemical performance of the PVC-based sensing film.

Solouma, N. H., A. - B. M. Youssef, Y. A. Badr, and Y. M. Kadah, "Real-time retinal tracking for laser treatment planning and administration", Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 4322, no. 3, pp. 1311-1321, 2001. Abstract
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Badr, Y., and S. HassabElnaby, "Raman, Mid and Nir FTIR absorption spectra of breast cancer reveal a good diagnosis tool", Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 5325, pp. 78-88, 2004. Abstract
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Badr, Y. A. -kh., S. V. Karpov, and A. A. Shultin, "RAMAN SPECTRUM OF THE LATTICE VIBRATIONS OF RUBIDIUM AND CESIUM NITRATE CRYSTALS IN THE REGION OF THE LOW-TEMPERATURE ANOMALY OF THE DIELECTRIC CONSTANT.", Sov Phys Solid State, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1515-1516, 1975. AbstractWebsite
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Badr, Y. A., K. M. Abd El-Kader, and R. M. Khafagy, "Raman spectroscopy study of CdS, PVA composite films", Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 1984-1992, 2004. AbstractWebsite
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