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Motawi, T. M. K., N. A. H. Sadik, D. Sabry, N. N. Shahin, and S. A. Fahim, "rs2267531, a promoter SNP within glypican-3 gene in the X chromosome, is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma in Egyptians.", Scientific reports, vol. 9, issue 1, pp. 6868, 2019. Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major health concern in Egypt owing to the high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. HCC incidence is characterized by obvious male predominance, yet the molecular mechanisms behind this gender bias are still unidentified. Functional variations in X-linked genes have more impact on males than females. Glypican-3 (GPC3) gene, located in the Xq26 region, has lately emerged as being potentially implicated in hepatocellular carcinogenesis. The current study was designed to examine the association of -784 G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in GPC3 promoter region (rs2267531) with HCC susceptibility in male and female Egyptian HCV patients. Our results revealed a significant association between GPC3 and HCC risk in both males and females, evidenced by higher C allele and CC/C genotype frequencies in HCC patients when compared to controls. However, no such association was found when comparing HCV patients to controls. Moreover, GPC3 gene and protein expression levels were significantly higher in CC/C than in GG/G genotype carriers in males and females. The CC/C genotype exhibited a significant shorter overall survival than GG/G genotype in HCC patients. In conclusion, GPC3 rs2267531 on the X chromosome is significantly associated with HCC, but not with HCV infection, in the Egyptian population.

Aziz, M., T. Mostafa, H. Atta, L. Rashed, S. A. Marzouk, E. M. Obaia, D. Sabry, A. A. Hassouna, A. M. El-Shehaby, and A. A. T. Aziz, "The role of PDE5 inhibitors in heme oxygenase–cGMP relationship in rat cavernous tissues", The Journal of Sexual Medicine, vol. 5, no. 7: Wiley Online Library, pp. 1636–1645, 2008. Abstract
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Sabry, D., S. E. M. El-Deek, M. Maher, M. A. H. El-Baz, H. M. El-Bader, E. Amer, E. A. Hassan, W. Fathy, and H. E. M. El-Deek, "Role of miRNA-210, miRNA-21 and miRNA-126 as diagnostic biomarkers in colorectal carcinoma: impact of HIF-1α-VEGF signaling pathway.", Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 2018 Oct 24, 2019. Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of death worldwide. Novel non-invasive, high diagnostic value screening test is urgently needed to improve survival rate, treatment and prognosis. Stable, small, circulating microRNA (miRNA) offers unique opportunities for the early diagnosis of several diseases. It acts as tumor oncogenes or suppressors and involve in cell death, survival, and metastasis. Communication between miRNA and carcinogenesis is critical but it still not clear and needs further investigation. The aim of our study is to evaluate the role of miR-210, miR-21, miR-126, as non-invasive diagnostic biomarkers for screening, early detection of CRC, studying their correlation with prognostic variables, and clarifying the roles of miRNAs on HIF-1α-VEGF signaling pathway. The expression of miR-210, miR-21 and miR-126 was performed using qRT-PCR in adenocarcinoma (no = 35), adenomas (no = 51), and neoplasm free controls (no = 101). Serum levels of VEGF and HIF-1α was determined by ELISA Kit. The results show that the expression of miR-210, miR-21, VEGF, HIF-1α was significantly up-regulated while that miRNA-126 was down-regulated in both adenocarcinoma and adenomas compared with controls (p < 0.001 for each). No significant difference was noted comparing patients with adenocarcinoma and adenomas. The three miRNAs correlated with VEGF, HIF-α. The miR-210 and miR-21 associated with TNM classification and clinical staging of adenocarcinoma (p < 0.001) and they show high diagnostic value with sensitivity and specificity 88.6%, 90.1% and 91.4%, 95.0% respectively. Our study revealed that circulating miR-210, miR-21 were up-regulated while miR-126 was down-regulated in CRC and adenomas patients, they all correlated with TNM staging and they had high diagnostic value. HIF-1α VEGF signaling pathways regulated by miRNAs played a role in colon cancer initiation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of this miRNAs panel in CRC in our community. These data suggested that these biomarkers could be a potential novel, non-invasive marker for early diagnosis, screening and predicting prognosis of CRC. Understanding the molecular functions by which miRNAs affect cancer and understanding its roles in modulating the signaling output of VEGF might be fruitful in reducing the incidence and slowing the progression of this dark malignancy.

Sabry, D., S. E. M. El-Deek, M. Maher, M. A. H. El-Baz, H. M. El-Bader, E. Amer, E. A. Hassan, W. Fathy, and H. E. M. El-Deek, "Role of miRNA-210, miRNA-21 and miRNA-126 as diagnostic biomarkers in colorectal carcinoma: impact of HIF-1α-VEGF signaling pathway.", Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 2018 Oct 24. Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of death worldwide. Novel non-invasive, high diagnostic value screening test is urgently needed to improve survival rate, treatment and prognosis. Stable, small, circulating microRNA (miRNA) offers unique opportunities for the early diagnosis of several diseases. It acts as tumor oncogenes or suppressors and involve in cell death, survival, and metastasis. Communication between miRNA and carcinogenesis is critical but it still not clear and needs further investigation. The aim of our study is to evaluate the role of miR-210, miR-21, miR-126, as non-invasive diagnostic biomarkers for screening, early detection of CRC, studying their correlation with prognostic variables, and clarifying the roles of miRNAs on HIF-1α-VEGF signaling pathway. The expression of miR-210, miR-21 and miR-126 was performed using qRT-PCR in adenocarcinoma (no = 35), adenomas (no = 51), and neoplasm free controls (no = 101). Serum levels of VEGF and HIF-1α was determined by ELISA Kit. The results show that the expression of miR-210, miR-21, VEGF, HIF-1α was significantly up-regulated while that miRNA-126 was down-regulated in both adenocarcinoma and adenomas compared with controls (p < 0.001 for each). No significant difference was noted comparing patients with adenocarcinoma and adenomas. The three miRNAs correlated with VEGF, HIF-α. The miR-210 and miR-21 associated with TNM classification and clinical staging of adenocarcinoma (p < 0.001) and they show high diagnostic value with sensitivity and specificity 88.6%, 90.1% and 91.4%, 95.0% respectively. Our study revealed that circulating miR-210, miR-21 were up-regulated while miR-126 was down-regulated in CRC and adenomas patients, they all correlated with TNM staging and they had high diagnostic value. HIF-1α VEGF signaling pathways regulated by miRNAs played a role in colon cancer initiation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of this miRNAs panel in CRC in our community. These data suggested that these biomarkers could be a potential novel, non-invasive marker for early diagnosis, screening and predicting prognosis of CRC. Understanding the molecular functions by which miRNAs affect cancer and understanding its roles in modulating the signaling output of VEGF might be fruitful in reducing the incidence and slowing the progression of this dark malignancy.

Sherif, I. O., D. Sabry, A. Abdel-Aziz, and O. M. Sarhan, "The role of mesenchymal stem cells in chemotherapy-induced gonadotoxicity.", Stem cell research & therapy, vol. 9, issue 1, pp. 196, 2018 Jul 18. Abstract

BACKGROUND: The therapeutic potential of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity has been reported, however, its efficacy in gonadotoxicity still has not been addressed. Herein, we investigated the effect of BM-MSCs in cisplatin-induced testicular toxicity and its underlying mechanism of action.

METHODS: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a control group: injected with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) intraperitoneal (ip), a cisplatin group: injected with a single dose of 7 mg/kg cisplatin ip to induce gonadotoxicity and a BM-MSCs group: received cisplatin ip followed by BM-MSCs injection 1 day after cisplatin. In testicular tissues, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were assessed. Additionally, gene expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), caspase-3, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were measured. The testicular tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) protein contents and Bcl-2 associated X protein (BAX) expression were determined. Histopathology of testicular tissues was examined.

RESULTS: Cisplatin injection showed a significant decrease in GSH and SOD testicular levels besides a significant increase of MDA and TNF-α testicular levels and upregulation of testicular gene expressions of iNOS, caspase-3, and p38-MAPK in comparison to the control group. Moreover, a marked increase in BAX protein expression was observed in the cisplatin group when compared with the control one. Histopathological examination exhibited significant seminiferous tubules atrophy in cisplatin-treated rats.

CONCLUSIONS: The BM-MSCs injection significantly repaired the testicular injury and improved both biochemical and histopathological changes. The MSCs mitigated the gonadotoxicity induced by cisplatin through antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic mechanisms.

Motawi, T. M. K., D. Sabry, N. W. Maurice, and S. M. Rizk, "Role of mesenchymal stem cells exosomes derived microRNAs; miR-136, miR-494 and miR-495 in pre-eclampsia diagnosis and evaluation.", Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, vol. 659, pp. 13-21, 2018 Dec 01. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is one of the most threatening pregnancy complications. So far neither a secure, competent therapy for PE nor effective biomarkers for a premature discovery has been achieved. However, currently, the use of released microRNAs (miRNAs) as potential biomarkers and therapy targets for various diseases is the dominating area of research. The aim of our study was to identify miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 genes expression in exosomes of peripheral blood compared to umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) conditioned media released exososomes in patients with PE, as valuable markers for PE early prediction.

METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 100 patients with PE and 100 control with normal pregnancies. Thirty fresh umbilical cord samples of women with healthy pregnancies (n = 15) and PE patients (n = 15) were retrieved during caesarean deliveries and UCMSCs were isolated from Wharton jelly. The expression of miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 in exosomes of peripheral blood and UCMSCs conditioned media was measured using quantitative real-time PCR method. Unpaired t-test, Pearson correlation test and Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis were used for data analysis.

RESULTS: Our study revealed a significantly higher expression levels of miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 in exosomes of peripheral blood and matched with UCMSCs released exosomes from patients with PE compared to normal pregnancies (p = 0.000). In peripheral blood of PE, they were 6.4, 3.9 and 2.1 folds higher, respectively. ROC analysis revealed that the sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-136 were 95% and 100%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 2.55. The sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-494 were 86% and 95%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 0.47. The sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-495 were 90% and 83%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 1.287.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that exosomes derived miRNA-136, miRNA-494 and miRNA-495 could be promising circulating biomarkers in early detection of PE. Furthermore, UCMSCs released exosomes miRNA-136, miRNA-494 and miRNA-495 genes expression confirmed peripheral blood results analysis.

Sabry, D., A. E. Amir, R. H. Mahmoud, A. A. Abdelaziz, and W. Fathy, "Role of LncRNA-AF085935, IL-10 and IL-17 in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C.", Journal of clinical medicine research, vol. 9, issue 5, pp. 416-425, 2017 May. Abstract

BACKGROUND: The current study aimed at testing the effect of corticosteroid therapy on serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-17 as well as lncRNA-AF085935 in patients of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and evaluating the usefulness of using these parameters to predict the therapeutic efficacy of steroids in these patients.

METHODS: Thirty healthy control subjects and 65 chronic HCV patients with RA were included in our study. Patients were subjected to clinical examination, abdominal ultrasound, and liver biopsy and received 6-methyl-prednisolone (PDN) 16 mg/day for 48 weeks. Blood samples were collected from all subjects and serum was separated to assess IL-10 and IL-17 by ELISA and HCV RNA and lncRNA-AF085935 by qRT-PCR.

RESULTS: Our study revealed that there were significant increases in serum levels of IL-10, IL-17 and lncRNA-AF085935 in RA patients associated with HCV compared with healthy control subjects. Also there were significant increases in serum levels of IL-10 and HCV RNA and a significant decrease in serum level of IL-17 in patients after corticosteroid therapy, while lncRNA-AF085935 is not significantly changed.

CONCLUSION: LncRNA-AF085935 might be a useful candidate biomarker for the early detection of RA associated with HCV, providing potential new strategies for early screening and therapy of these patients. IL-17 is a non-invasive prognostic marker to predict the efficacy of corticosteroid therapy in RA patients associated with chronic hepatitis C.

Sabry, D., A. E. Amir, R. H. Mahmoud, A. A. Abdelaziz, and W. Fathy, "Role of LncRNA-AF085935, IL-10 and IL-17 in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C.", Journal of clinical medicine research, vol. 9, issue 5, pp. 416-425, 2017 May. Abstract

BACKGROUND: The current study aimed at testing the effect of corticosteroid therapy on serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-17 as well as lncRNA-AF085935 in patients of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and evaluating the usefulness of using these parameters to predict the therapeutic efficacy of steroids in these patients.

METHODS: Thirty healthy control subjects and 65 chronic HCV patients with RA were included in our study. Patients were subjected to clinical examination, abdominal ultrasound, and liver biopsy and received 6-methyl-prednisolone (PDN) 16 mg/day for 48 weeks. Blood samples were collected from all subjects and serum was separated to assess IL-10 and IL-17 by ELISA and HCV RNA and lncRNA-AF085935 by qRT-PCR.

RESULTS: Our study revealed that there were significant increases in serum levels of IL-10, IL-17 and lncRNA-AF085935 in RA patients associated with HCV compared with healthy control subjects. Also there were significant increases in serum levels of IL-10 and HCV RNA and a significant decrease in serum level of IL-17 in patients after corticosteroid therapy, while lncRNA-AF085935 is not significantly changed.

CONCLUSION: LncRNA-AF085935 might be a useful candidate biomarker for the early detection of RA associated with HCV, providing potential new strategies for early screening and therapy of these patients. IL-17 is a non-invasive prognostic marker to predict the efficacy of corticosteroid therapy in RA patients associated with chronic hepatitis C.

Mazen I Naga, M. A. Amin, Dina A Algendy, ahmed i elbadry, Mai M Fawzi, Ayman R Foda, Serag M Esmat, D. Sabry, L. A. Rashed, M. Kamal, et al., "The Role Of Genetic Polymorphism Of LDL Receptor In Egyptian Population Infected With Chronic HCV, Regarding Response To Treatment", HEPATOLOGY, WILEY-BLACKWELL, 60, pp. 922A-922A, 2014.
El-Menoufy, H., L. A. A. Aly, M. T. A. Aziz, H. M. Atta, N. K. Roshdy, L. A. Rashed, and D. Sabry, "The role of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in treating formocresol induced oral ulcers in dogs", Journal of oral pathology & medicine, vol. 39, no. 4: Wiley Online Library, pp. 281–289, 2010. Abstract
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