Sequential peeling as a monotherapy for treatment of milder forms of acne vulgaris.

Zayed, A. A., R. M. Sobhi, R. M. S. El Aguizy, D. Sabry, and S. B. Mahmoud, "Sequential peeling as a monotherapy for treatment of milder forms of acne vulgaris.", Journal of cosmetic dermatology, vol. 19, issue 6, pp. 1381-1387, 2020.


BACKGROUND: Glycolic acid (GA) and salicylic acid (SA) peels have been used separately for acne treatment, not as a sequential peel.

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sequential peeling with 70% GA and 20% SA as a monotherapy and as an adjuvant to systemic doxycycline in treatment of mild to moderate acne and the effect on serum interleukin (IL) 17 and tissue IL-1α.

PATIENTS/METHODS: Forty-five mild to moderate acne vulgaris patients were randomly assigned into three groups. Group [A] underwent sequential application of 70% GA followed by 20% SA biweekly for three months. Group [B] underwent sequential peeling and doxycycline PO100 mg BD for 1 month followed by 100 OD for 2 months. Group [C] received oral doxycycline. Acne grading, lesion counting, and patient satisfaction were assessed. Serum samples and perilesional skin biopsies were obtained at onset and 2 weeks after finishing the treatment for assessment of serum IL-17 and tissue IL-1α.

RESULTS: All groups showed statistically significant decrease in acne grading and lesion count, increase in patient satisfaction, and decrease in serum IL-17 and tissue IL-1 α after treatment. There was no significant difference between the 3 groups before or after treatment, except regarding patient satisfaction after treatment, which was significantly higher in groups [A] and [B] than group [C] (P = .001).

CONCLUSIONS: This study recommends using sequential GA 70% and SA 20% peels in the treatment of mild or moderate acne vulgaris as a new cost-effective mode, with low-down time and potential safety, in noncompliant patients on medical therapy.