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MA1, A., S. D, R. LA, A. WM, el-Ghobary MA, F. MS, F. HA, and Y. YA., "Short-term evaluation of autologous transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in patients with cirrhosis: Egyptian study", Clin Transplant., vol. 27, issue 4, pp. 607-12, 2013. Abstract

Stem cell-based therapy has received attention as a possible alternative to organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of autologous transplantation of bone marrow (BM)-derived stromal cells in post-HCV liver cirrhosis patients.
METHODOLOGY:
10 × 10(6) of isolated human bone marrow (HBM)-stromal cells in 10 mL normal saline were injected in the spleen of 20 patients with end-stage liver cirrhosis guided by the ultrasonography, and then patients were followed up on monthly basis for six months.
RESULTS:
A statistically significant decrease was detected in the total bilirubin, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) (p-value<0.01), prothrombin time (PT), and international normalized ratio (INR) levels (p-value<0.05), while a statistically significant increase in the albumin and PC (p-value<0.05) after follow-up.
CONCLUSION:
This study suggested the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of the intrasplenic injection of autologous BM stromal cells in improving liver function in Egyptian patients with cirrhosis.
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Mazen I Naga, M. A. Amin, Dina A Algendy, ahmed i elbadry, Mai M Fawzi, Ayman R Foda, Serag M Esmat, D. Sabry, L. A. Rashed, M. Kamal, et al., "The Role Of Genetic Polymorphism Of LDL Receptor In Egyptian Population Infected With Chronic HCV, Regarding Response To Treatment", HEPATOLOGY, WILEY-BLACKWELL, 60, pp. 922A-922A, 2014.
Mazen I Naga, M. A. Amin, Dina A Algendy, ahmed i elbadry, Mai M Fawzi, Ayman R Foda, Serag M Esmat, D. Sabry, L. A. Rashed, and M. Kamal, "Effect of Hemochromatosis gene mutation on HCV response to treatment in the Egyptian population", HEPATOLOGY, WILEY-BLACKWELL, 60, pp. 931A-932A, 2014.
Mohammed, R. S., W. Ibrahim, D. Sabry, and S. I. El-Jaafary, "Occupational metals exposure and cognitive performance among foundry workers using tau protein as a biomarker.", Neurotoxicology, vol. 76, pp. 10-16, 2020. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Human exposure to heavy metals is a potential risk for developing cognitive impairment. Aluminum (Al) foundry is one of industries that involve occupational exposure to different metals.

AIM OF THE WORK: to evaluate the cognitive performance of Aluminum foundry workers in relation to different metals exposure.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: a cross sectional study conducted on 75 Al foundry workers and 75 non-occupationally exposed subjects as controls. Personal interview with specially designed questionnaire, Assessment of cognitive functions done using Montreal cognitive assessment (MocA), Stress, depression and sleep were also assessed. Serum levels of Aluminum (AL), Lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), Zinc (Zn) and tau protein were measured.

RESULTS: Exposed group showed significant increase in serum levels of Aluminum, lead, Manganese and tau protein, p value < 0.005 (mean ± SD 0.56 ± 0.18, 22.3 ± 5.01, 42.04 ± 7.4, 1.53 ± 0.58 Vs 0.36 ± 0.11, 13.4 ± 1.29, 39.4 ± 4.4, 1.03 ± 0.44 respectively) with significant decrease of zinc level compared to control (mean ± SD 46.4 ± 5.2 Vs 88.8 ± 6.04, p value 0.005). There was a significant decrease MocA scores among exposed population, (mean ± SD 24.4 ± 3.4 compared to 28.4 ± 1.3 in non exposed, p value < 0.005). which was affected by serum levels of lead, aluminum, manganese and tau protein (β -0.165, -8.958, -.286, -2.341 respectively and p < 0.005).Stress scores was higher in exposed workers than control but not affecting cognitive performance.

CONCLUSION: occupational exposure to metals can cause cognitive dysfunction which may be subtle, so there is a need for formal cognitive testing at baseline, and on regular intervals during working period. Serum tau protein could be used as a prognostic biomarker for the hazardous effect of occupational exposure to these metals on the neuronal cells.

Mokbel, A. N., O. S. El Tookhy, A. A. Shamaa, L. A. Rashed, D. Sabry, and A. M. Elsayed, "Homing and reparative effect of intra-articular injection of autologus mesenchymal stem cells in osteoarthritic animal model", BMC musculoskeletal disorders, vol. 12, no. 1: BioMed Central Ltd, pp. 259, 2011. Abstract
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Mostafa, T., L. A. Rashed, D. A. Sabry, I. Osman, N. Nabil, F. Kareem, and I. A. Mostafa, "Serum L-carnitine and vitamin D levels may be low among oral sildenafil citrate non-responders.", International journal of impotence research, vol. 31, issue 2, pp. 85-91, 2019. Abstract

This cross-sectional comparative study aimed to compare serum L-carnitine and 25(OH)D levels between men with ED non-responding for oral sildenafil citrate and healthy volunteers. Overall, 192 men, recruited from two University Hospitals, were allocated into two equal groups of matched age; healthy potent men and men with ED non-responders for oral sildenafil citrate. Oral sildenafil citrate non-responders self-reported inadequate erectile responses after four attempts using 100 mg with the manufacturer's guidelines relative to meals, associated medications, and sexual stimulation/arousal. Exclusion criteria were: diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, beta blockers treatment, morbid obesity, thyroid disorders, post-radical prostatectomy, and hepatic/renal failure. All participants were subjected to; history taking, clinical examination, validated IIEF-5 questionnaire, estimation of serum L-carnitine by calorimetric method and serum 25(OH)D by ELISA method. Compared with potent controls, ED men non-responders for oral sildenafil citrate showed significant decreases in the mean serum L-carnitine level (16.8 ± 3.6 uM/L versus 66.3 ± 11.9 uM/L, P = 0.001), the mean serum 25(OH)D level (21.2 ± 7.1 ng/ml versus 54.6 ± 7.9 ng/mL, P = 0.001) and IIEF-5 score (7.8 ± 2.6 versus 23.9 ± 1.3). Serum L-carnitine showed significant positive correlation with IIEF-5 scores (r = 0.873, P = 001), serum 25(OH)D (r = 0.796, P = 0.001) and significant negative correlation with the age (r = -0.515, P = 0.001). Serum 25(OH)D showed significant positive correlation with IIEF-5 scores (r = 0.855, P = 0.001) and significant negative correlation with the age (r = -0.223, P = 0.005). It is concluded that normal homeostasis of serum L-carnitine and 25(OH)D play a role in male sexual health being significantly decreased in ED non-responding for oral sildenafil citrate.

Mostafa, T., L. A. Rashed, N. Nabil, H. Fouad, D. Sabry, and D. M. El-Saied, "Endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphism relationship with semen parameters and oxidative stress in infertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic men", Urology, vol. 85, issue 5, pp. 1058-1061, 2015.
Mostafa, T., L. A. Rashed, D. A. Sabry, I. Osman, N. Nabil, F. Kareem, and I. A. Mostafa, "Serum L-carnitine and vitamin D levels may be low among oral sildenafil citrate non-responders.", International journal of impotence research, vol. 31, issue 2, pp. 85-91, 2019 Mar. Abstract

This cross-sectional comparative study aimed to compare serum L-carnitine and 25(OH)D levels between men with ED non-responding for oral sildenafil citrate and healthy volunteers. Overall, 192 men, recruited from two University Hospitals, were allocated into two equal groups of matched age; healthy potent men and men with ED non-responders for oral sildenafil citrate. Oral sildenafil citrate non-responders self-reported inadequate erectile responses after four attempts using 100 mg with the manufacturer's guidelines relative to meals, associated medications, and sexual stimulation/arousal. Exclusion criteria were: diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, beta blockers treatment, morbid obesity, thyroid disorders, post-radical prostatectomy, and hepatic/renal failure. All participants were subjected to; history taking, clinical examination, validated IIEF-5 questionnaire, estimation of serum L-carnitine by calorimetric method and serum 25(OH)D by ELISA method. Compared with potent controls, ED men non-responders for oral sildenafil citrate showed significant decreases in the mean serum L-carnitine level (16.8 ± 3.6 uM/L versus 66.3 ± 11.9 uM/L, P = 0.001), the mean serum 25(OH)D level (21.2 ± 7.1 ng/ml versus 54.6 ± 7.9 ng/mL, P = 0.001) and IIEF-5 score (7.8 ± 2.6 versus 23.9 ± 1.3). Serum L-carnitine showed significant positive correlation with IIEF-5 scores (r = 0.873, P = 001), serum 25(OH)D (r = 0.796, P = 0.001) and significant negative correlation with the age (r = -0.515, P = 0.001). Serum 25(OH)D showed significant positive correlation with IIEF-5 scores (r = 0.855, P = 0.001) and significant negative correlation with the age (r = -0.223, P = 0.005). It is concluded that normal homeostasis of serum L-carnitine and 25(OH)D play a role in male sexual health being significantly decreased in ED non-responding for oral sildenafil citrate.

Mostafa, T., H. Fouad, N. Nabil, L. Rashed, D. Sabry, K. Abougabal, and B. S. Gendy, "Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) rs2066853 gene polymorphism association with infertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic men and seminal oxidative stress.", Environmental science and pollution research international, 2017 Feb 04. Abstract

This study aimed to assess the association between aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) rs2066853 gene polymorphism with infertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT) men and seminal oxidative stress (OS). A total of 170 Egyptian men were allocated according to their semen analysis into fertile normozoospermic controls (n = 50) and infertile OAT men (n = 120). They were subjected to history taking, clinical examination, semen analysis, estimation of seminal glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and malondialdehyde (MDA). AhR rs2066853 gene polymorphism was identified in the blood by PCR-RFLP. Comparing infertile OAT men with fertile controls, AhR rs2066853 genotypes showed decreased prevalence for wild homozygous genotype GG (35.8 vs 56%) and for heterozygous genotype GA (17.5 vs 30%) and an increased prevalence for homozygous genotype AA (46.7 vs 14%). Distribution of alleles of AhR rs2066853 among OAT men compared with fertile men showed decreased prevalence of G allele (44.6 vs 71%) and an increased prevalence of A allele (55.4 vs 29%). Seminal MDA demonstrated significant increase whereas seminal GPx demonstrated significant decrease in cases with AA and GA/AA genotypes compared to cases with GG genotype. It is concluded that there is a significant association between AhR rs2066853 genotype polymorphism with decreased sperm parameters as well as increased seminal oxidative stress in infertile OAT men.

Mostafa-Hedeab, G., D. Sabry, G. M. Abdelaziz, M. Ewaiss, N. Adli, and W. Fathy, "Influence of Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphisms on Response to Pegylated Interferon in Chronic Hepatitis B Egyptian Patients ", Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology , vol. 6, issue 2, pp. 186-196, 2018. rbmb.pdf
Motawi, T. M. K., D. Sabry, N. W. Maurice, and S. M. Rizk, "Role of mesenchymal stem cells exosomes derived microRNAs; miR-136, miR-494 and miR-495 in pre-eclampsia diagnosis and evaluation.", Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, vol. 659, pp. 13-21, 2018 Dec 01. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is one of the most threatening pregnancy complications. So far neither a secure, competent therapy for PE nor effective biomarkers for a premature discovery has been achieved. However, currently, the use of released microRNAs (miRNAs) as potential biomarkers and therapy targets for various diseases is the dominating area of research. The aim of our study was to identify miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 genes expression in exosomes of peripheral blood compared to umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) conditioned media released exososomes in patients with PE, as valuable markers for PE early prediction.

METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 100 patients with PE and 100 control with normal pregnancies. Thirty fresh umbilical cord samples of women with healthy pregnancies (n = 15) and PE patients (n = 15) were retrieved during caesarean deliveries and UCMSCs were isolated from Wharton jelly. The expression of miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 in exosomes of peripheral blood and UCMSCs conditioned media was measured using quantitative real-time PCR method. Unpaired t-test, Pearson correlation test and Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis were used for data analysis.

RESULTS: Our study revealed a significantly higher expression levels of miRNAs 136, 494 and 495 in exosomes of peripheral blood and matched with UCMSCs released exosomes from patients with PE compared to normal pregnancies (p = 0.000). In peripheral blood of PE, they were 6.4, 3.9 and 2.1 folds higher, respectively. ROC analysis revealed that the sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-136 were 95% and 100%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 2.55. The sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-494 were 86% and 95%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 0.47. The sensitivity and specificity values of miRNA-495 were 90% and 83%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 1.287.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that exosomes derived miRNA-136, miRNA-494 and miRNA-495 could be promising circulating biomarkers in early detection of PE. Furthermore, UCMSCs released exosomes miRNA-136, miRNA-494 and miRNA-495 genes expression confirmed peripheral blood results analysis.

Motawi, T. M. K., S. A. EL-Maraghy, D. Sabry, and N. A. Mehana, "The expression of long non coding RNA genes is associated with expression with polymorphisms of HULC rs7763881 and MALAT1 rs619586 in hepatocellular carcinoma and HBV Egyptian patients.", Journal of cellular biochemistry, vol. 120, issue 9, pp. 14645-14656, 2019. Abstract

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), highly upregulated liver cancer (HULC), metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), lncRNA-AF085935, and lncRNA-uc003wbd have been implicated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in HULC and MALAT1 are associated with HCC susceptibility. However, association between these SNPs and lncRNA-AF085935 and lncRNA-uc003wbd expression and their potential clinical value in differentiating HCC from both hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected Egyptian patients and the healthy specimens have not been explored yet. In the present study, SNPs rs7763881 in HULC and rs619586 in MALAT1 were genotyped in 70 HBV-positive HCC, 70 HBV patients, and 70 healthy controls in Egyptian population and the level of serum lncRNA-AF085935 and lncRNA-uc003wbd of all the subjects was assayed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. HULC rs7763881 AC/CC genotype was significantly associated with decreased HCC risk. Similarly, AG/GG of MALAT1 rs619586 was associated with decreased HCC risk with a borderline significance. Serum lncRNA-AF085935 and lncRNA-uc003wbd levels were upregulated in HBV-positive HCC and HBV patients vs controls and discriminated these groups by receiver operating characteristic analysis. Patients carrying AC/CC genotype of rs7763881 and AG/GG of rs619586 had lower serum lncRNA-AF085935 and lncRNA-uc003wbd levels compared with AA genotype. In conclusion, genetic variants of lncRNA HULC and lncRNA MALAT1 are associated with the decreased susceptibility to HCC in HBV-persistent carriers and are correlated with serum lncRNA-AF085935 and lncRNAuc003wbd levels, two potential noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers for HCC.

Motawi, T. M. K., N. A. H. Sadik, D. Sabry, N. N. Shahin, and S. A. Fahim, "rs2267531, a promoter SNP within glypican-3 gene in the X chromosome, is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma in Egyptians.", Scientific reports, vol. 9, issue 1, pp. 6868, 2019. Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major health concern in Egypt owing to the high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. HCC incidence is characterized by obvious male predominance, yet the molecular mechanisms behind this gender bias are still unidentified. Functional variations in X-linked genes have more impact on males than females. Glypican-3 (GPC3) gene, located in the Xq26 region, has lately emerged as being potentially implicated in hepatocellular carcinogenesis. The current study was designed to examine the association of -784 G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in GPC3 promoter region (rs2267531) with HCC susceptibility in male and female Egyptian HCV patients. Our results revealed a significant association between GPC3 and HCC risk in both males and females, evidenced by higher C allele and CC/C genotype frequencies in HCC patients when compared to controls. However, no such association was found when comparing HCV patients to controls. Moreover, GPC3 gene and protein expression levels were significantly higher in CC/C than in GG/G genotype carriers in males and females. The CC/C genotype exhibited a significant shorter overall survival than GG/G genotype in HCC patients. In conclusion, GPC3 rs2267531 on the X chromosome is significantly associated with HCC, but not with HCV infection, in the Egyptian population.

MT, A., El Ibrashy IN, M. DP, R. AM, W. MA, F. HH, A. HH, Sabry DA, Shawky HM, and H. RE., "Signaling mechanisms of a water soluble curcumin derivative in experimental type 1 diabetes with cardiomyopathy.", Diabetol Metab Syndr., vol. 12, issue 5, pp. 13, 2013.
MT1, A. A., K. HM, E. H. A, R. NK, H. A. A. T. A. W. I. F. Rashed LA, Sabry D, Hassouna AA, T. F, and A. WI., "Effect of mesenchymal stem cells and a novel curcumin derivative on Notch1 signaling in hepatoma cell line.", Biomed Res Int, 2013. Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and a novel curcumin derivative (NCD) on HepG2 cells (hepatoma cell line) and to investigate their effect on Notch1 signaling pathway target genes. HepG2 cells were divided into HepG2 control group, HepG2 cells treated with MSC conditioned medium (MSCs CM), HepG2 cells treated with a NCD, HepG2 cells treated with MSCs CM and NCD, and HepG2 cells treated with MSCs CM (CM of MSCs pretreated with a NCD). Expression of Notch1, Hes1, VEGF, and cyclin D1 was assessed by real-time, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in HepG2 cells. In addition, HepG2 proliferation assay was performed in all groups. Notch1 and its target genes (Hes1 and cyclin D1) were downregulated in all treated groups with more suppressive effect in the groups treated with both MSCs and NCD. Also, treated HepG2 cells showed significant decrease in cell proliferation rate. These data suggest that modulation of Notch1 signaling pathway by MSCs and/or NCD can be considered as a therapeutic target in HCC.