Adenosine A receptor agonist, N6-cyclohexyladenosine, attenuates Huntington's disease via stimulation of TrKB/PI3K/Akt/CREB/BDNF pathway in 3-nitropropionic acid rat model.

Citation:
Rabie, M. A., H. I. Ibrahim, N. N. Nassar, and R. M. Atef, "Adenosine A receptor agonist, N6-cyclohexyladenosine, attenuates Huntington's disease via stimulation of TrKB/PI3K/Akt/CREB/BDNF pathway in 3-nitropropionic acid rat model.", Chemico-biological interactions, vol. 369, pp. 110288, 2023.

Abstract:

Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor, behavioral, and cognitive impairments. Intrastriatal injection of 3- nitropropionic acid (3NP) was used to induce HD-like symptoms by inhibiting succinate dehydrogenase enzyme (SDH) in the mitochondrial complex II. The adenosine A receptor has long been known to have a crucial role in neuroprotection, mainly by blocking Ca influx, which causes inhibition of glutamate (Glu) and a decline in its excitatory effects at the postsynaptic level. To this end, this study investigated the possible involvement of TrKB/PI3K/Akt/CREB/BDNF pathway in mediating protection afforded by the central N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA), an adenosine A receptor agonist. A single intrastriatal CHA injection (6.25 nM/1 μL); 45min after 3-NP injection, attenuated neuronal death, and improved cognitive and motor deficits caused by 3-NP neurotoxin. This effect was shown to parallel an enhanced activation of PI3K/Akt/CREB/BDNF axis as well as boosting pERK levels. Moreover, CHA attenuated neuroinflammatory and oxidative stress status via reducing NFκB p65, TNFα and iNOS contents and increasing SOD. Furthermore, immunohistochemical data showed a reduction in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity to a marker for astrocyte and microglia activation following CHA treatment. The results of this study suggest that CHA may have protective effect against HD via modulating oxidative stress, excitotoxic and inflammatory pathways.