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Amin, T. T., A. M. A. Moety, and H. A. Sabry, "Female genital mutilation: Egypt in focus", European Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 4, issue 1, pp. 24-28, 2017. 115-1468919433.pdf
MR, S., A. TT, A. AA, and A. AS, "Perceived Risk of Cervical Cancer and Barriers to Screening among Secondary School Female Teachers in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia", Asian Pacific J Cancer Prevention, vol. 18, issue 4, pp. 969-979., 2017. apjcp_volume_18_issue_4_pages_969-979.pdf
Amin, T. T., M. A. A, F. A. E. B. A, and O. HA, "Role of Leisure Time Physical Activity in Cancer Prevention: Awareness and Practice among Medical Students at Cairo University", Asian Pacific J Cancer Prevention , vol. 18, issue 1, pp. 135-143, 2017. apjcp_volume_18_issue_1_pages_135-143.pdf
Sedrak, A. S., Y. S. Galal, and T. T. Amin, "Cancer Screening Knowledge and Attitudes of Under- and Post-Graduate Students at Kasr Al Ainy School of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.", Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP, vol. 17, issue 8, pp. 3809-16, 2016. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increasing knowledge and awareness of cancer screening significantly influence health promotion behavior which could markedly reduce incidence rates. In many countries, health care providers are the principal source of information concerning cancer screening. This study was carried out to assess the level of knowledge concerning cancer screening among medical students, house officers and residents and to explore their attitude towards cancer screening practices.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kasr Al Ainy Medical School at Cairo University in Egypt, with 300 undergraduate medical students and 150 postgraduates (interns and residents) enrolled. A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the study participants regarding personal and education-related information, knowledge about cancer screening and its sources, and attitude towards cancer screening.

RESULTS: More than 64% of participants had knowledge scores of ≤ 10 points (out of 24). The total knowledge score (out of 6 points) for breast cancer screening increased from 1.9±1.0 to 2.3±1.2 and 2.4±1.1 for 4th, 5th and 6th year respectively, interns showed the highest score of 2.6 ±1.1, P= 0.001. Year of enrollment at medical school was a significant positive predictor of acquiring knowledge about cancer screening (post graduate vs. undergraduate students) (OR= 1.30, C.I =1.01-1.63), lack of or none receiving of orientation/training about cancer screening was the sole negative significant predictor for proper knowledge about cancer screening (OR=0.50, C.I=0.31-0.82). Over 92% of students agreed that they had insufficient knowledge about cancer screening, 88.2% appraised the need to have enough knowledge in order to direct/advice patients, relatives and friends, and 93.7% required that the faculty should emphasize the importance of cancer screening in the delivered curricula at medical school.

CONCLUSIONS: A relatively low to moderate level of knowledge about cancer screening was detected among the selected medical students regardless of their year of enrollment at medical school or their graduation status, which may implicate a negative impact on early cancer detection especially in a low resource country like Egypt.

Galal, Y. S., T. T. Amin, A. K. Alarfaj, A. A. Almulhim, A. A. Aljughaiman, A. K. Almulla, and R. A. Abdelhai, "Colon Cancer among Older Saudis: Awareness of Risk Factors and Early Signs, and Perceived Barriers to Screening.", Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP, vol. 17, issue 4, pp. 1837-46, 2016. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Colon cancer screening (CRCS) uptake is markedly affected by public awareness of the disease. This study was conducted to assess levels of knowledge of CRC, to explore the pattern of CRCS uptake and identify possible barriers to screening among Saudis older than 50 years of age and primary care providers (PCPs) in Al Hassa region, Saudi Arabia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in randomly selected primary health care (PHC) centers, 884 Saudis and 39 PCPs being enrolled for data collection. Structured interviews were conducted to obtain information regarding socio-demographic characteristics, personal information relevant to CRC, awareness about early signs/symptoms and risk factors, and barriers to CRCS. Also, a self- administered data collection form was used to assess barriers to CRCS from the physicians' perspectives.

RESULTS: More than 66% of participants were lacking knowledge about CRC. Participants with higher educational levels, having ever heard about CRC, and having relatives with CRC had a significantly higher awareness of the disease. The rate of reported CRCS was low (8.6%). After conducting a logistic regression analysis, it was observed that female gender (OR=0.28; 95% CI=0.14-0.57; P=0.001), being unmarried (OR=0.11; 95% CI=0.10-0.23; P=0.001), lower levels of education (OR=0.36; 95% CI=0.16-0.82; P=0.015), and having no relatives with CRC (OR=0.30; 95% CI=0.17-0.56; P=0.001) were significantly associated with a lower CRCS uptake. There was a significant difference between most of the perceived barriers to CRCS and gender. Exploratory factor analysis showed that personal fear (especially fear of the screening results and shyness) was the major factor that hindered CRCS with high loading Eigen value of 2.951, explaining 34.8% of the barriers of the included sample toward utilization of CRCS, followed by lack of awareness of both person and providers (high Eigen value of 2.132, and explaining 23.7% of the barriers). The most frequently cited barriers to CRCS from the physicians' perspectives were lack of public awareness, lack of symptoms and signs, and fear of painful procedures.

CONCLUSIONS: Poor levels of knowledge about CRC were found among older Saudis attending PHC centers in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia. It is crucial to implement an organized national screening program in Saudi Arabia to increase public awareness.

Kaliyadan, F., N. Thalamkandathil, S. R. Parupalli, T. T. Amin, M. H. Balaha, and W. H. A. B. Ali, "English language proficiency and academic performance: A study of a medical preparatory year program in Saudi Arabia.", Avicenna journal of medicine, vol. 5, issue 4, pp. 140-4, 2015 Oct-Dec. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: All medical schools in Saudi Arabia have English as the primary official medium of instruction. Most of the high school education, however, is delivered in Arabic and hence the transition to an English based learning environment tends to be difficult for some students. Our study aims to correlate English language proficiency with academic performance among medical students in their preparatory year.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. Test scores of 103 preparatory year students (54 female and 49 male) were analyzed after the students completed an English language course and medical introductory course in their preparatory year. The total score obtained in the English course assessment was compared to each component of the medical content assessment.

RESULTS: A significantly positive correlation (Spearman's Rho, at 0.01 levels) was seen between the scores of the English exam and the written exam (P <0.001) and the oral exam (P = -0.003) parts respectively of the medical examination. Significant correlation with the English exam score was not obtained for the other components of the medical assessment, namely; student assignments, presentations and portfolios.

CONCLUSION: English language proficiency is an important factor in determining academic proficiency of medical students in our college at the preparatory year level.

Kaliyadan, F., T. T. Amin, H. Qureshi, and F. Al Wadani, "Specialty preferences of 1(st) year medical students in a Saudi Medical School - Factors affecting these choices and the influence of gender.", Avicenna journal of medicine, vol. 5, issue 4, pp. 134-9, 2015 Oct-Dec. Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years there has been a growing appreciation of the issues of career preference in medicine as it affects student learning and academic performance. Various factors influence the specialty choices of medical students. Some specialties tend to attract students more than others. One possible consequence of this would be a mismatch between health needs and specialist numbers in the region. This study investigated the career preferences of 1(st) year medical students in a Saudi medical school and to assess factors affecting these choices.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional survey carried out on the 1(st) year undergraduate students in the college of medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. A total of 109 students (57 female and 52 males) responded to the questionnaire which was initially administered to all the students of the 1(st) year - A total of 120 students (response rate was 90.8%). A mixed method approach was used and qualitative data from open-ended questions were analyzed based on thematic analysis.

RESULTS: The top choices were general surgery, internal medicine, and pediatrics. Among female students; the top specialty choices were: General surgery (23%), pediatrics (18%), and dermatology (15%). Among the male students; the top choices were: General surgery (54%) and internal medicine (23%). Of the total, 57% of the students agreed or strongly agreed that primary aptitude was the main factor affecting the choice. Only 31% felt that there was a significant influence of role model, 48% felt that the advice of others - peers and family, would be a factor influencing their choices, and 53% agreed that specialty choice would influence their future learning patterns. Males were more likely to choose a specialty based on actual aptitude for the specialty, financial rewards, and scope for research; and this gender difference was statistically significant.

CONCLUSION: Surgery was the top-choice in both genders. Other popular choices included internal medicine, pediatrics, and dermatology. Important factors affecting these choices included - primary aptitude, advice of peers, reputation, financial rewards, and the challenge involved.

Feroze Kaliyadan, Elsayed Aboulmagd, T. T. A., "Antimicrobial activity of commercial "antibacterial" handwashes and soaps", Indian Dermatology Online Journal, vol. 5, no. 4: Medknow, pp. 344–346, 2014. Abstract
Tarek Tawfik Amin, Amira Gamal Abdulrahman, N. O. A. A. H., "Breastfeeding attitudes and knowledge among future female physicians and teachers in Saudi Arabia.", Health Science Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, 2014. Abstract
Amin, T., "Competency-based education in public health: cancer prevention as a model", Int Public Health Forum, vol. 1, pp. 15-22, 2014. Abstract
Amin, T. T., "Maternal and perinatal mortality: a snapshot on the Egyptian situation", International Public Health Forum (IPHF), vol. 1, issue 3: ResearchPublisher, pp. 1-5, 2014. Abstract
Amin, T. T., A. M. Al-Hammam, N. A. Almulhim, M. I. Al-Hayan, M. M. Al-Mulhim, M. J. Al-Mosabeh, M. A. Al-Subaie, Q. A. Al-Hmmad, and A. A. Al-Omran, "Physical Activity and Cancer Prevention: Awareness and Meeting the Recommendations among Adult Saudis.", Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2597, 2014. Abstract
Amin TT, Al Sultan AI, M. O. A. D. A. A. A. - N. M. R., "Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among employees at a Saudi University.", Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, vol. 15, no. 18, pp. 7897–907, 2014. Abstract
Amin, T. T., "Sexually Transmitted Infections: The Egyptian situation with special emphasis on HIV/AIDS", International Public Health Forum (IPHF), vol. 1, issue 3: ResearchPublisher, pp. 6-13, 2014. Abstract
Amin, T. T., "Trend and Pattern of Use and Barriers to Family Planning in Egypt.", International Public Health Forum, vol. 1, issue 4: ResearchPublisher, pp. 23-30, 2014. Abstract
Amr, M., T. Amin, D. Al-Rhaddad, A. Al-Mogy, and G. Trifirò, "731–Antipsychotic prescribing pattern in arab patients with schizophrenia", European Psychiatry, vol. 28: Elsevier, pp. 1, 2013. Abstract
Mostafa Amr, Tarek Tawfik Amin, U. A. - S., "Comorbid Physical and Psychiatric Disorders among Elderly Patients: A Study at an Outpatient Clinic in Saudi Arabia", Arab J Psychiatry, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 133–141, 2013. Abstract
Amin, T. T., H. I. Al-Mohammed, F. Kaliyadan, and B. S. Mohammed, "Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia: Epidemiological trends from 2000 to 2010", Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine, vol. 6, no. 8: Elsevier, pp. 667–672, 2013. Abstract
Mostafa Amr, Tarek Tawfik Amin, S. S., "Depression and anxiety among Saudi University students: prevalence and correlates.", Arab J Psychiatry, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2013. Abstract
Abdulrahman A. Alsultan1, Elsayed Aboulmagd1, T. A. 2 T., "ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia: antibiotic susceptibility and prevalence of blaSHV and blaTEM", J Infect Dev Ctries, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 1016–1019, 2013. Abstract
Kaliyadan, F., T. T. Amin, J. Kuruvilla, and W. H. A. B. Ali, "Mobile teledermatology–patient satisfaction, diagnostic and management concordance, and factors affecting patient refusal to participate in Saudi Arabia", Journal of telemedicine and telecare, vol. 19, no. 6: SAGE Publications, pp. 315–319, 2013. Abstract
Amin, T. T., A. Al Owaifeer, H. Al-Hashim, A. AlWosaifer, M. Alabdulqader, F. Al Hulaibi, and A. Al Hamam, "Osteoporosis among older Saudis: risk of fractures and unmet needs", Archives of osteoporosis, vol. 8, no. 1-2: Springer London, pp. 1–11, 2013. Abstract
Al Wadaani, F. A., T. T. Amin, A. Ali, and A. R. Khan, "Prevalence and pattern of refractive errors among primary school children in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia.", Global Journal of Health Science, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. p125, 2013. Abstract
Amr M, Amin TT, A. - R. S. D. K., "Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in older patients attending an Arab tertiary facility", International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 6, pp. 1–2, 2013. Abstract
Amri, M., T. Amin, and W. Sulaiman, "Skin infections in male pupils of primary schools in Al Ahsa", Journal of family & community medicine, vol. 20, no. 1: Medknow Publications, pp. 58, 2013. Abstract