Association of CARD10 rs6000782 and rs1799724 variants with paediatric-onset autoimmune hepatitis.

Motawi, T. K., S. A. EL-Maraghy, S. A. Sharaf, and S. E. Said, "Association of CARD10 rs6000782 and rs1799724 variants with paediatric-onset autoimmune hepatitis.", Journal of advanced research, vol. 15, pp. 103-110, 2019 Jan.


Although the pathogenesis of paediatric-onset autoimmune hepatitis (pAIH) remains incompletely understood, genetic variants and environmental factors are known to be involved. Caspase recruitment domain family member 10 (CARD10) is a scaffold protein that participates in a complex pathway activating nuclear factor kappa-B (NFκB) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). This study aimed to investigate the association of rs6000782 (g.37928186A > C) and gene promoter rs1799724 (c.-1037C > T) variants with pAIH susceptibility in a cohort of Egyptian children. The research was also extended to assess the relationship of these variants with levels of NFκB-p65 and TNF-α. Fifty-six pAIH patients and 44 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included. Variant genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Serum NFκB-p65 and TNF-α levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). rs6000782 C and rs1799724 T alleles, separate or in combination, were significantly increased in pAIH patients compared to controls. Serum levels of NFκB-p65 and TNF-α were higher in pAIH differentiating both groups. Moreover, the recessive model of rs6000782 revealed a significant association with the levels of both NFκB-p65 and TNF-α. In conclusion, rs6000782 and rs1799724 variants are potential genetic risk factors for pAIH predisposition, with the former affecting NFκB-p65 and TNF-α levels. Overall, the inflammatory cascade was associated with the degree of liver cell destruction. Clinically, screening and genetic counselling are recommended for relatives of pAIH patients.