Design and in vitro/in vivo evaluation of novel mucoadhesive buccal discs of an antifungal drug: Relationship between swelling, erosion, and drug release

Citation:
Yehia, S. A., O. N. El-Gazayerly, and E. B. Basalious, "Design and in vitro/in vivo evaluation of novel mucoadhesive buccal discs of an antifungal drug: Relationship between swelling, erosion, and drug release", AAPS PharmSciTech, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1207-1217, 2008.

Abstract:

Two groups of fluconazole mucoadhesive buccal discs were prepared: (a) Fluconazole buccal discs prepared by direct compression containing bioadhesive polymers, namely, Carbopol 974p (Cp), sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (SCMC), or sodium alginate (SALG) in combination with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) or hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). (b) Fluconazole buccal discs prepared by freeze drying containing different polymer combinations (SCMC/HPMC, Cp/HPMC, SALG/HPMC, and chitosan/SALG). The prepared discs were evaluated by investigating their release pattern, swelling capacity, mucoadhesion properties, and in vitro adhesion time. In vivo evaluation of the buccal disc and in vivo residence times were also performed. Fluconazole salivary concentration after application of fluconazole buccal systems to four healthy volunteers was determined using microbiological assay and high-performance liquid chromatography. SCMC/HPMC buccal disc prepared by direct compression could be considered comparatively superior mucoadhesive disc regarding its in vitro adhesion time, in vivo residence time, and in vitro/in vivo release rates of the drug. Determination of the amount of drug released in saliva after application of the selected fluconazole disc confirmed the ability of the disc to deliver the drug over a period of approximately 5 h and to reduce side effects and possibility of drug interaction encountered during systemic therapy of fluconazole, which would be beneficial in the case of oral candidiasis. © American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2008.

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