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Chatrchyan, S., V. Khachatryan, E. K.(C. M. S. A. Collaboration), and et al, "Azimuthal Anisotropy of Charged Particles at High Transverse Momenta in Pb-Pb Collisions at ??SNN=2.76Tev", Physical Review Letters109: 1-15, 2012. Abstract

u2 values are found to first increase with pT, reaching a maximum aroundpT=3GeV/c, and then to gradually decrease to almost zero, with the decline persisting up to at least pT=40GeV/c over the full centrality range measured.

Ismail, M., and A. Adel, "Azimuthal Angle Dependence of the Coulomb Barrier Parameters for the Interaction between two Deformed Nuclei", Physical Review, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

The azimuthal angle (f) dependence of the Coulomb barrier parameters (height Vb and position Rb) are studied in the framework of the double-folding model with the realistic M3Y nucleon-nucleon interaction.

Khalil, W. K. B., W. S. Hasheesh, M. - A. S. Marie, H. H. Abbas, and E. A. Zahran, "Assessment the Impact of 17α-Methyltestosterone Hormone on Growth, Hormoneconcentration, Molecular and Histopathological Changes in Muscles and Testis of Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis Niloticus", Life Science Journal, vol. 8, issue 3, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

The present study was designed to explain clearly why methyltestosterone is widely used by the Egyptian producers of farmed tilapia and also to investigate its fate in treated fish to guarantee that no hazards on consumers, producers and on the environment. In this study, samples of untreated and treated Nile tilapia were collected at several time intervals. Water quality parameters were within the acceptable range for fish growth. The present analyses showed highly significant increase in body weight, body length, condition factor (K), HSI and GSI, between different time intervals (April - November, 2009) in the untreated control and treated groups. On the other hand, plasma testosterone and residual concentration of testosterone hormone in muscle showed highly significant differences between the studied months in untreated control and treated groups. Molecular biological analyses revealed that methyltestosterone was able to induce DNA fragmentation and molecular genetic variability (using RAPD- PCR fingerprinting pattern) in the testis tissues of the treated Nile tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus, which was higher in the first four studied months than the untreated control tilapia. Additionally, histopathological examination showed no changes and no traces of hormone accumulation in the muscle structure. Testis showed moderate number of spermatozoa followed by increasing in number of spermatozoa at the end of the study.

Ibrahem, M. D., Iman, B. Shaheed, A. H. El-Yazeed, and H. Korani, "Assessment of the Susceptibility of Polyculture Reared African Catfish and Nile Tilapia to Edwardsiella Tarda", Journal of American Science, 2011. Abstract

The study aimed to clarify the relative susceptibility of polyculture rearing African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepnus) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) , the two main reared species in Egypt to Edwardsiella tarda. Experimental infection of catfish and Nile tilapia with E. tarda was carried out after determination of the Mean lethal dose in African catfish (LC50). Infectivity pattern and pathology of E. tarda in catfish and Nile tilapia were tested via intra-peritoneal inoculation of 0.2ml of 104 CFU/ml of the bacteria at 25 oC. The mortality rates were 70% and 60% in catfish and Nile tilapia respectively.

Zaki, M. M., A. E. Eissa, and S. Saeid, "Assessment of the Immune Status in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Experimentally Challenged with Toxogenic / Septicemic Bacteria During Treatment Trial with Florfenicol and Enrofloxacin", World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences, 2011. Abstract

Limiting factors to the tilapia farming industry are numerous and deeply embedded in the environmental paradigm. Infectious diseases are moved to the top list of limiting factors that harshly endangering the fish health with consequent negative impact on the entire population ecology.

Attallah, A. A., S. O. Abdallah, M. M. Omran, K. Farid, and Y. M. Shaker, "Assessment of Hepatic Fibrosis Stages in Hepatitis C Virus Infected Patients Using Biomarkers in the Blood", Journal of American Science, vol. 7, issue 12, pp. 799-805, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF

Background: An intensive research effort in the field of non-invasive evaluation of liver fibrosis has recently permitted the description of several blood markers of fibrosis, mainly in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of a panel of simple blood markers of liver fibrosis in CHC patients. Materials and Methods: One hundred and thirty two patients with CHC evaluated for deciding on antiviral therapy were included. We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and a stepwise combination algorithm was developed to assess and compare the diagnostic accuracy of blood markers. Results: The areas under the ROC curves of AST/ALT ratio, albumin, platelet count, APRI and fibronectin for discriminating advanced liver fibrosis (F3-F4) were 0.58, 0.73, 0.76 , 0.73 and 0.74; respectively. The AUC of combined markers score based on AST-ALT ratio, albumin, fibronectin and platelets count was 0.86 for advanced liver fibrosis patients. The combined markers correctly classified 35 positive patients from 43 patients with 81% sensitivity and classified 64 patients as negative from a total of 89 patients with 72% specificity. Discussions.we have developed multivariate discriminate analysis (MDA), a function may contribute to differentiating advanced fibrosis in patients with CHC. The MDA function is based on easily and routinely analyzed four blood markers as noninvasive, reproducible, quantitative, precise, accurate and low cost method that can be applied to patients who either have contraindications or refuse liver biopsy for the management of their HCV infection.

Abu-Taleb, A. M., K. E. - Deeb, and F. O. Al-Otibi, "Assessment of Antifungal Activity of Rumex Vesicarius L. and Ziziphus Spina-christi (L.) Willd.extracts Against Two Phytopathogenic Fungi", African Journal of Microbiology Research, 2011. Abstract

The preliminary phytochemical screening of extracts of Rumex vesicarius L. and Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Willd. showed the presence of compounds that are biologically active against the two root rot pathogens Drechslera biseptata and Fusarium solani in vitro. The relative efficacy of this action, however, differed according to the extracted plant, solvent used, extract concentration, the target fungus and phase of growth. Ethanolic extract ranked first, followed by the remaining aqueous layer fraction. Eight flavonoid subfractions (rutin, quercetin, myricetin, apigenin, quercetin-3-O-galactoside, luteolin, kaempherol and kaempherol-3-O-robinoside) and six flavonoid subfractions (apigenin-7-O-glucoide, quercitrin, quercetin, isovitexin, rutin and quercetin-3-O lucoside-7-O-rhamnoside) were isolated from the remaining aqueous layer fraction of R. vesicarius and Z. spina-christi, respectively. Generally, spore production and germination as well as cellulolytic and pectolytic activity of F. solani were affected by plant extracts more than that of D. biseptata. F. solani failed completely to produce spores when treated

Mourad, I. M., and N. A. Noor, "Aspartame (A Widely used Artificial Sweetener) and Oxidative Stress Inthe Rat Cerebral Cortex", International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Aspartame (L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine methyl ester, ASP) is one of the mostwidely used artificial sweeteners. Manyconcerns have been raised about the sideeffects of ASP consumption and its safety since different studies that investigatedthe effects of ASP revealed controversial results. The aim of the present study is toinvestigate whether the daily oral administration of ASP (40 mg/kg) for 2, 4 and 6weeks induce oxidative stress in the rat cerebral cortex.

El-Desouky, M. A., D. A. Girgis, B. Y. Riad, and S. A. Mostafa, "Arginase Activity and IGF-1 Level in Egyptian Breast Cancer Women", EdiInternational Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering Research, 2011. Abstract

Purpose: This work has been carried out to evaluate the arginase activity andinsulin-like growth factor-1, IGF-1 level as biochemical markers in breastcancer patients.

Makar, K. H., and M. H. Kamel, "An Approach for Minimizing Errors in Computing Effective Porosity in Reservoir of Shaly Nature in View of Wyllie–Raymer–Raiga Relationship", Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Effective porosity (?E) in clean and shaly formations is evaluated based on a newly introduced formulation that requires acoustic-radiation data and provides superior accuracy over other commonly used formulae based on various porosity tools. This equation, which is termed as a second order acoustic porosity-Vsh model, relates acoustic transit time to matrix and fluid in addition to shale parameters.

Gondal, M. A., M. H. Shwehdi, and A. A. I. Khalil, "Applications of LIBS for Determination of Ionic Species (Nacl) in Electrical Cables for Investigation of Electrical Breakdown", Appl Phys B-Lasers and Optics, vol. 105, issue 4, pp. 915-922, 2011. CU-PDF.pdf
Hussiena, E. M., M. M. Ibrahima, Y. M. Issab, F. M. Abdel-Gawada, and S. Barakata, "Application of TLC- Densitometry, First Derivative and Ratio Derivative Spectrophotometry for the Determination of Eprosartan Mesylate and Hydrochlorothiazide in Pharmaceutical Preparations", International Journal of Drug Development and Research, 2011. Abstract

Three sensitive and accurate methods are described for the direct determination of eprosartan mesylate (EPM) and hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) in bulk powder and combined dosage form without prior separation. The first method is a first derivative spectrophotometry (1D) using a zerocrossing technique of measurement at 240.7 nm for EPM and at 233.4 nm for HCT. The second method is the first derivative of ratio spectrophotometry (1DD) where the amplitudes were measured at 237.0 nm for EPM and at 277.0 nm for HCT. The third method is based on TLCseparation of the two drugs followed by densitometric measurements of their spots at 290 and 270

Issa, Y. M., M. E. M. Hassoun, and A. G. Zayed, "Application of High Performance Liquid Chromatographic Methodfor the Determination of Levodopa, Carbidopa, and Entacapone in Tablet Dosage Forms", Journal of Liquid Chromatography and Related Technologies, 2011. CU-PDF.pdf
M.I.Wanas, and M. M. Kamal, "An Ap-Structure with Finslerian Flavor Ii: Torsion, Curvature and Other Objects", Mod. Phys. Lett. A, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

An absolute parallelism (AP-) space having Finslerian properties is called FAP-space. This FAP-structure is wider than both conventional AP and Finslerstructures. In the present work, more geometric objects as curvature and torsiontensors are derived in the context of this structure. Also second order tensors,usually needed for physical applications, are derived and studied. Furthermore,the anti-curvature and the W-tensor are defned for the FAP-structure. Relationsbetween Riemannian, AP, Finsler and FAP structures are given.

Salah, S. H., H. S. Abdou, A. A. E. S. Azeem, and A. - R. E.A, "The Antioxidative Effects of some Medicinal Plants as Hypoglycemic Agents on Chromosomal Aberration and Abnormal Nucleic Acids Metabolism Produced by Diabetes Stress in Male Adult Albino Rats", Journal of Diabetes Mellitus, 2011. Abstract

The objectives of the present study are to eva-luate the chromosomal aberrations in somatic and germ cells of alloxanized diabetic rats treated with methanolic extracts of Cleome droserifolia (Sammo),

Ali, and R.F.M., "Antioxidative Effects of Pomposia Extract, on Lipid Oxidation and Quality of Ground Beef During Refrigerated Storage", American Journal of Food Technology, vol. 6, issue 1, pp. 52-62, 2011. CU-PDF.pdf
Fahmy, S. R., and S. A. H. Hamdi, "Antioxidant Effect of the Egyptian Freshwater Procambarus Clarkii Extract in Rat Liver and Erythrocytes", African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 5, issue 6, pp. 776-785, 2011. CU-PDF.pdf
Hassan, H. M. M., "Antioxidant and Immunostimulating Activities of Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Autolysates", World Applied Sciences Journal, 2011. Abstract

The objective of the present study was to investigate the antioxidant and immunostimulating activities of two yeast autolysates (baker's yeast and active dry yeast) using various methods. In this study, total glutathione content was determined in both yeast autolysates. Antioxidant activity of both yeast autolysates was evaluated by various assays, including total antioxidant capacity, reducing power, DPPH radical scavenging, nitric oxide scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging and metal ion chelating activities. The immunostimulating activity of both yeast autolysates was evaluated using rat splenocyte proliferation by the colorimetric MTT assay.

Afify, A. E. - M. M. R., E. A. Shalaby, and H. S. El-Beltagi, "Antioxidant Activity of Aqueous Extracts of Different caffeine Products", Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 5, issue 20, pp. 5071-5078, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

The antioxidant activity of water extracts (cold and hot) of six caffeine products were carried out. The extracts were screened for total polyphenol contents and antioxidant activity using DPPH, ABTS methods and reducing power method at 50 and 100 ?g/ml after 15 and 30 min using BHA and Caffeine as standard compounds. The results indicated that, the hot water extracts for different caffeine products showed high antioxidant activity more than cold extracts and this activity was time and concentration dependent. In addition, the activity was higher against ABTS radical more than DPPH and reducing power methods. Also, there is positive correlation between the antioxidant and reducing compounds presented in water extracts of different caffeine products. The results of HPLC showed that fresh tea leaves are rich in flavanol monomers known as catechins. The most abundant catechin derivatives in green tea are EGC, EGCG and GC. On the other hand, EGCG and GC are major catechin derivative in different caffeine product except El-Fakher tea and Cacao. Generally, these beverages had high antioxidant capacities and total phenolic contents and could be important dietary sources of antioxidant phenolic for prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress.

Mohamed, R. R., and A. M. Fekry, "Antimicrobial and Anticorrosive Activity of Adsorbents Based on Chitosan Schiff", International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 2011. Abstract

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Mohareb, R. M., and J. Schatz, "Anti-tumor and Anti-Leishmanial Evaluations of 1,3,4-Oxadiazine, Pyran Derivatives Derived from Cross-Coupling Reactions of B -Bromo-6 H-1,3,4-Oxadiazine Derivatives", Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 2011. Abstract

Cyanoacetylhydrazine reacted with thex-bromoacetophenones 2a,b to give hydrazide-hydrazone deriv-atives 3a,b . The latter products were cyclized to the 1,3,4-oxadiazine derivatives 4a,b . Bromination of the latter products gave the 6-bromo-6H -1,3,4-oxadiazine derivatives 5a,b which underwent a series of cross-coupling reactions. The antitumor evaluation of the newly synthesized products against the three cancer cells namely breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), non-small cell lung cancer (NCI-H460) and CNS can-cer (SF-268) showed that some of them have high inhibitory effect towards three cell lines which is higher than the standard. Moreover, the anti-leishmanial activity of the newly synthesized product was tested onLeishmania donovani amastigotes showed that some compounds have high activity.

Abdallah, M. A., T. A. Farghaly, and M. A. M. A. andZienab Muhammad, "Anti-Alzheimer Activity of Novel 1,3,4-Thiadiazole Derivatives", World journal of chemistry, vol. 6, issue 2, pp. 96-106, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

The reaction of the new enaminone 2 with ?-ketohydrazonoyl chlorides 3 afforded 5-(pyrazol-4-yl)-carbonyl-2-benzoylimino-1,3,4-thiadiazoles 5. Treatment of 5a with hydrazine hydrate led to formation of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyridazine derivatives 8. The reaction of enaminone 2 with 6-amino-2-thioxopyrimidin-4-one 9 in acetic acid under reflux produced 2-thioxopyridopyrimidinone derivative 10. The latter compound or its methylthio derivative 15 reacts with hydrazonoyl chlorides 3 to give pyridotriazolopyrimidine derivatives 14. The newly synthesized compounds 2, 5, 8 and 14 were tested for their anti-alzheimer activity, and the results which obtained revealed their potency as drugs for Alzheimer disease.

Schroeder, S., P. S. Muether, A. Caramoy, M. Hahn, M. Abdel-Salam, M. Diestelhorst, B. Kirchhof, and S. Fauser, "Anterior Chamber Aqueous Flare Is A Strong Predictor For Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy In Patients With Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment", Retina, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Purpose: To investigate preoperative aqueous flare as a predictive factor for proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) redetachment in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Dakrory, A. I., and A. K. Hussei, "Anatomical Studies on The Cranial Nerves of Mugil cephalus (Family : Mugilidae) Nervus Vagus", Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 5(12), pp. 60-74, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Through the jugular foramen.The intracranial dorsal vagal ramus arises from the vagal root and enters its own ganglion. It anastomoses with the posterior lateral line nerve.The vagus nerve divides into three branchial trunks and a truncus visceralis.Each branchial vagal trunk has an epibranchial ganglion. Distal to the ganglion each trunk branches into rami pharyngeus, anterior and posterior pretrematic and a posttrematic. The first branchial vagal trunk anastomoses with the vagal sympathetic ganglion.The nervus vagus carries general somatic sensory fibres to the skin, general viscerosensory fibres to the pharyngeal epithelium, special viscerosensory fibres to the gill rackers and the taste buds and visceromotor fibres to the levators and the adductor arcuales branchiales and the obliquus ventrales muscles of the second, third and fourth holobranchs and transversus dorsalis and ventralis muscles.In addition it also carries vegetative fibres (parasympathetic) for the blood vessels and the muscles of the gill filaments.

Mohamed, G. G., F. A. M. Attia, N. S. Ismail, and N. S. Ibrahim, "Analytical uses of charge-transfer complexes: determination of dosage forms of desloratadine", Acta Pharmaceutica Sciencia, 2011.