Phytoremediation of Industrial Wastewater Potentiality by Typha Domingensis

Hegazy, A. K., N. T. Abdel-Ghani, and G. A. El-Chaghaby, "Phytoremediation of Industrial Wastewater Potentiality by Typha Domingensis", International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2011.


Phytoremediation is increasingly receiving attention as a cost effective technique that uses plants to remediate contaminants from wastewater, soil and sediments. In this study, the ability of Typha domingensis to uptake heavy metals as well as its potential application for phytoremediation was assessed. Pollutant elements concentrations were measured in samples of wastewater, sediments and Typha domingensis collected from industrial wastewater ponds, El-Sadat city, Egypt. This study specifically focused on the capacity of Typha domingensis to absorb and accumulate aluminum, iron, zinc and lead. Results indicated thatTypha domingensis was capable of accumulating the heavy metal ions preferentially from wastewater than from sediments. The accumulation of metals in plant organs attained the highest values in roots, rhizomes and old leaves. Rhizofiltration was found to be the best mechanism to explain Typha domingensis phytoremediation capability.