Grafting of acryloyl cyanoacetohydrazide onto chitosan

Elkholy, S. S., K. D. Khalil, and M. Z. Elsabee, "Grafting of acryloyl cyanoacetohydrazide onto chitosan", J Polym Res., 2011.


Chitosan was grafted with a novel monomer namely Acryloyl cyanoacetohydrazide (ACAH) which contains carbonyl and cyano groups. The graft copolymerization was conducted in heterogeneous phase using potassium persulfate (K2S2O8) and sodium bisulfate (NaHSO3) as redox initiators. The effect of monomer concentration, initiator concentration and ratio, time and temperature on the extent of grafting (G%) and the efficiency of grafting were studied. Homopolymer formation has not been observed under all the investigated conditions. The grafted samples were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. The crystallinity of the used chitosan was reduced by grafting. Dye uptake of the grafted samples towards the different types of dyes (acidic, and basic) was investigated and was found to improve profoundly over the native chitosan with a higher uptake for the acidic dye.