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Ghani, N. A. T., and A. M. Mansour, "[(1H-Benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)-amino]-Benzoic Acid Methyl ester: Crystal structure, DFT Calculations and Biological Activity Evaluation", Spectrochimica Acta part A: Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, vol. 81, issue 1, pp. 754–763, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

In the present study, structural properties of 2-[(1H-Benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)-amino]-benzoic acid methyl ester have been studied extensively by spectral methods and X-ray crystallography. Quantum mechanical calculations of energies, geometries, vibrational wavenumbers, NMR and electronic transitions were carried out by DFT using B3LYP functional combined with 6-31G(d) basis set. Natural bond orbitals (NBO) analysis and frontier molecular orbitals were performed at the same level of theory. DFT calculations showed good agreement between the theoretical and experimental values of optimized and X-ray structure as well as between the vibrational and NMR spectroscopy. The title compound was screened for its antibacterial activity referring to Tetracycline as standard antibacterial agent.

Abdelaziz, W. S., H. M. Hamed, and A. A. H. Farrag, "XUV and Soft X-Ray Laser Radiation from Nickel-like Lanthanide", Optica Applicata, vol. 41, issue 4, pp. 972, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Atomic structure data and effective collision strengths for 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 and 54 fine–structure levels contained in the configurations 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d9 4l (l = s, p, d, f) for the nickel-like La ion have been investigated. These data are used in the determination of the reduced population for the 55 fine structure levels over a wide range of electron densities (from 1020 to 1022) and at various electron plasma temperatures. The gain coefficients for those transitions with positive population inversion factor are determined and plotted against the electron density.

Elshemey, W. M., "X-ray Scattering for the Determination of Fat Content in Dairy Products", Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 80, issue 7, pp. 779–781, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

The scattering of x-rays from biological samples has been shown to produce characteristic profiles which depend on their molecular structure. The highly ordered fat molecules in an adipose tissue result in a relatively sharp scattering peak at 1.1nm-1 with a scattering profile which is considerably different from the scattering profile of a water-rich tissue. The latter is characterized by a broad scattering peak at about 1.6nm-1. A biological sample consisting of a mixture of both adipose and a water-rich tissue is expected to show a scattering profile which is directly linked to the relative contribution of each component and would reflect the percentage by volume of each component in the mixture. In this work, x-ray scattering profiles of a number of dairy products and water are measured. The values of two selected x-ray scattering characterization parameters (I1/I2% and areas A1/A2% of the scattering peaks at 1.1 nm-1 and 1.6 nm-1 respectively) are plotted against the fat content of each of the measured dairy samples. Results show a strong linear dependence of each of the x-ray scattering parameters and the fat content of the investigated dairy products. These results suggest a possible use of such technique as a new, simple and straight forward method for the determination of fat content of dairy products that would join and support the currently available techniques.

Samer, M., M. Fiedler, H. - J. Muller, M. Glaser, C. Ammon, W. Berg, P. Sanftleben, and R. Brunsch, "Winter Measurements of Air Exchange Rates Using Tracer Gas Technique And Quantification of Gaseous Emissions From A Naturally Ventilated Dairy Barn", Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 2011. Abstract

Measuring the ventilation rates and then quantifying the gaseous emissions from naturally ventilated barns is a particularly difficult task and associated with large uncertainties; where no accurate, reliable, and online method is available for ventilation rate measurements. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop further the tracer gas technique (TG) for ventilation rate measurements through winter seasons. Fifteen field experiments were carried out to study the ventilation rates in a naturally ventilated dairy barn located in North Germany through three consecutive winter seasons.

Hawary, D. L., M. A. Motaleb, H. Farag, O. W. Guirguis, and M. Z. Elsabee, "Water-soluble Derivatives of Chitosan as A Target Delivery System of 99mtc to some Organs in Vivo for Nuclear Imaging And Biodistribution", J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., vol. 290, issue 3, pp. 557-567, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Carboxymethyl chitosan, (CMC), and N-laurylcarboxymethyl chitosan (LCMC), have been prepared as water soluble derivatives of chitosan. These biodegradable chitosan derivatives were characterized and investigated for nuclear imaging and body distribution. They were labeled with 99mTc to use them as targeted delivery to some organs in vivo for nuclear imaging and to follow their biodistribution within the body. The factors controlling the labeling efficiency have been investigated.

Atta, N. F., A. Galal, and R. A. Ahmed, "Voltammetric Behavior and Determination of Isoniazid Using PEDOT Electrode in Presence Of Surface Active Agents", Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 6: 5097 - 5113 (2011) IF:2.808, vol. 6, pp. 5097-5113, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

An electrochemical sensor was developed by using poly (3,4-ethylenedioxy thiophene) electrode in presence of different types of surfactants. Voltammetric behavior of isoniazid was studied at this electrode in the presence and absence of SDS and CTAB and interesting electrocatalytic effects were found. The presence of surfactant in the medium plays a key role in the electrostatic attraction and repulsion of isoniazid towards the polymeric surface in different pH values. The electrochemical behavior of isoniazid was investigated by cyclic voltammetry, linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The linear response obtained for isoniazid was in the range of 0.1 to 8 ?mol L-1 and 10 to 100 ?mol L-1 with correlation coefficients of 0.999 and 0.998 and detection limits 32 nmol L-1 and 45 nmol L-1, respectively. The utility of this modified electrode was demonstrated for the determination of INH in human urine.

A.Tawfik, M.Wahba, H.Mansour, and T.Harko, "Viscous Quark-gluon Plasma in the Early Universe", Annalen der Physik, 2011. CU-PDF.pdf
Hegazy, A. K., L. Boulos, and K. H. F. O. S. Sharashy, "Vegetation and Species Altitudinal Distribution in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar Landscape, Libya", P Acad Nat Sci Phila, 2011. Abstract

Cyrenaica is the largest phytogeographical region in Libya. The region holds Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar (the Green Mountain)landscape with the richest vegetation and highest species diversity in the country. Field study of the vegetation was carriedout in the different habitat types representing the mountainous landscape. Data were analyzed by Detrended Correspondence analysis (DCA) and Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) against the environmental variables. Vegetation and speciesrichness varied with altitude from the sea level, through mid elevation slope vegetation in wadis, to herbaceous and lowshrub-vegetation towards the mountain top. Vegetation is classified into three major groups: (1) coastal and low altitudevegetation dominated by shrubs and trees which constitute about 60% of the plant life forms; (2) mid altitude and wadivegetation with the highest species richness and dominated by shrubs and trees which constitute over 60% of the plant lifeforms; and (3) mountain top vegetation dominated by herbs and few low shrubs constituting up to 90% of the plant lifeforms. The altitude, aspect and soil parameters do not explain the majority of variance in the obtained data which reveal thatother diverse local conditions and habitat types seem to be the main determinant of vegetation variation in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar landscape.

El-Ghani, M. A. M., M. A. El-Kheir, M. Abdel-Dayem, and M. A. and El-Hamid, "Vegetation Analysis and Soil Characteristics of five Common Desert Climbing plants in Egypt", Turkish Journal of Botany, vol. 35, pp. 561-580, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf


El-Ghani, M. A. M., M. A. El-Kheir, M. Abdel-Dayem, and M. A. and El-Hamid, "Vegetation Analysis and Soil Characteristics of five Common Desert Climbing plants in Egypt", Turkish Journal of Botany, 2011. Abstract

This study aimed to characterise Egyptian desert vine flora and compare it with that of deserts in other continents, such as Australia and North America. Specifically, 5 common climbing desert plants (Citrullus colocynthis, Cocculus pendulus, Cucumis prophetarum, Pergularia tomentosa, and Periploca angustifolia) were selected for this study. The floristic composition, vegetation heterogeneity, and chorological affinities of the associated species of the studied climbing plants were quantitatively analysed.

Liu, X., A. A. M. El-Aty, and J. - H. Shim, "Various Extraction and Analytical Techniques for Isolation and Identification of Secondary Metabolites from Nigella Sativa Seeds", Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 11, issue 11, pp. 947-55, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Nigella sativa L. (black cumin), commonly known as black seed, is a member of the Ranunculaceae family. This seed is used as a natural remedy in many Middle Eastern and Far Eastern countries. Extracts prepared from N. sativa have, for centuries, been used for medical purposes. Thus far, the organic compounds in N. sativa, including alkaloids, steroids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, fatty acids, etc. have been fairly well characterized. Herein, we summarize some new extraction techniques, including microwave assisted extraction (MAE) and supercritical extraction techniques (SFE), in addition to the classical method of hydrodistillation (HD), which have been employed for isolation and various analytical techniques used for the identification of secondary metabolites in black seed. We believe that some compounds contained in N. sativa remain to be identified, and that high-throughput screening could help to identify new compounds. A study addressing environmentally-friendly techniques that have minimal or no environmental effects is currently underway in our laboratory.

Noor, N. A., H. S. Mohammed, N. A. Ahmed, and N. M. Radwan, "Variations in Amino Acid Neurotransmitters in some Brain Areas of Adult and Young Male Albino Rats Due to Exposure to Mobile Phone Radiation", European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, vol. 15, pp. 729-742, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Background and Objectives: Mobile phone radiation and health concerns have been raised, especially following the enormous increase in the use of wireless mobile telephony throughout the world. The present study aims to investigate the effect of one hour daily exposure to electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with frequency of 900 Mz (SAR 1.165 w/kg, power density 0.02 mW/cm2) on the levels of amino acid neurotransmitters in the midbrain, cerebellum and medulla of adult and young male albino rats.

Elnagdy, S., M. E. N. Majerus, and L. L. - J. Handley, "The value of an egg: resource reallocation in ladybirds (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae) infected with male-killing bacteria", Journal of Evolutionary Biology, vol. 24, issue 10, pp. 2164-72, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Male-killing bacteria are thought to persist in host populations by vertical transmission and conferring direct and ? or indirect fitness benefits to their hosts. Here, we test the role of indirect fitness benefits accrued from resource reallocation in species that engage in sibling egg cannibalism. We found that a single-egg meal significantly increased larval survival in 12 ladybird species, but the value of an egg (to survival) differed substantially between species. Next, we tested the impact of three male-killing bacteria on larval survival in one ladybird species, Adalia bipunctata. Spiroplasma reduced larval survival, whereas Wolbachia and Rickettsia had no effect. However, Spiroplasma-infected larvae showed the greatest response to a single-egg meal.

Helmy, B. S. A. Z. M. A., and N. F. S. Morsy, "Utilization of Orange Peel in the Production of A-Terpineol by Penicillium Digitatum (NRRL 1202(", Food Chemistry, vol. 126, issue 3, pp. 849-854, 2011. CU-PDF.pdf
Mohareb, R. M., D. H. Fleita, and O. K. Sakka, "The utilization of 2-aminoprop-1-ene-1,1,3-tricarbonitrile as a precursor to quinoline, furan and thiophene derivatives with antitumor activities", Heterocyclic communications, 2011. Abstract

The condensation reaction of 2-aminoprop-1-ene-1,1,3-tricarbonitrile ( 1 ) with 2-acetyl-furan ( 2 ) afforded 2-amino-4-(furan-2-yl)penta-1,3-diene-1,1,3-tricarbonitrile ( 3 ). The latter compound underwent a series of heterocyclization reactions to give quinoline, furan, pyrazole and thiophene derivatives. The antitumor evaluation of the newly synthe-sized products against three cancer cell lines, namely breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), non-small cell lung cancer (NCI-H460) and CNS cancer (SF-268) were recorded. Three of the synthesized compounds, namely 4 , 5d and 12 showed high inhibitory effects.

Frag, E. Y. Z., G. G. Mohamed, A. B. Farag, and E. B. Yussof, "Utility of π and σ-acceptor reagents for the spectrophotometric determination of cefotaxime sodium antibacterial drug via charge transfer complex formation", Insight Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2011. Abstract

Background: The antibacterial drugs were the first effective chemotherapeutic agents to be employed systematically for the prevention and cure of bacterial infection in humans. The considerable medical and their subsequent wide spread use were quickly reflected in the sharp decline in morbidity and mortality figures for the treatable infections diseases. Before penicillin became generally available, cefotaxime sodium was the mainstry of antibacterial chemotherapy.

Frag, E. Y. Z., G. G. Mohamed, and H. M. S. Alelaiwi, "Utility of Ion-Associate Formation Reactions for the Spectrophotometric Determination of Sildenafil Citrate in Pure Form and in Virecta Tablets", PharmaceuticaAnalyticaActa, 2011. Abstract

A simple, rapid and sensitive extractive spectrophotometric method has been developed for the assay ofsildenafil citrate (SILC) in pure and pharmaceutical formulations (Virecta tablets). This method is based on theformation of chloroform soluble ion-pair of SILC with bromothymol blue (BTB) and methylene chloride soluble ionpairof SILC with bromophenol blue (BPB) and eriochrome blue black R (EBBR) in borax buffer of pH 3 and volume1mL for BTB while acetate buffer of pH 3 and volume 1mL for BPB and universal buffer of pH 2 and volume 1.5 mLfor EBBR with absorption maximum at 415, 420 nm and 510 nm for BTB, BPB and EBBR reagents, respectively.

M.A., S., K. D.E.-D.G., S. O.G.A., Y. A.A., and S. E.-A.A, "Use Of Vp60 Rt-Pcr To Overcome The Limitation Of Haemagglutination Inhibition Diagnosis Of Rabbit Viral Haemorrhagic Disease", World Rabbit Sci., 2011. Abstract

Rabbit viral haemorrhagic disease (RVHD) is a highly contagious, highly fatal, peracute and acute viral disease of both wild and domestic rabbits caused by rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV). Testing for haemagglutination activity (HA) in processed liver samples is one of the cornerstones for rapid diagnosis of RHDV outbreaks in national rabbitries. However, RHDV isolates exhibiting no HA activity are increasingly being reported. The extent of deviation from classical HA activity patterns for RHDV strains in Egypt has not been investigated. This study compared the HA activity patterns of samples collected from 61 RHDV outbreaks that occurred between 1999 and 2005 to determine whether dependence on HA test (HAT) for diagnosis of RHDV outbreaks needs to be reviewed. All samples were confirmed RHDV positive using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and western blotting. Using slide HAT, only 36.1% of samples were positive (22 samples). Plate HAT conducted at 4?C detected an additional 16 positive samples bringing the total HA-positive samples to 38 (62.3%). Plate HAT conducted at 22?C failed to detect additional positive samples. The majority of samples detected after plate HA testing (62.5%) had HA titres comparable to those obtained from slide-HA-positive samples, indicating that the difference in HA activity is dependent on the nature of the HA antigen rather than its presence. Direct detection of HA activity failed in 37.7% of samples despite the presence of classical signs, pathology, and being reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) positive for three different VP60 regions. Experimental infection of seronegative rabbits with 9 HA negative RHDV samples showed that 5 isolates were in-fact HA positive, while only 4 isolates remained HA negative. The increased detection of viruses lacking HA activity and the low HAT sensitivity mandates the use of molecular techniques for rapid confirmation of RHDV diagnosis in the Egyptian environment.

Ahmed, Y. M., E. A. Shalaby, and N. T. Shanan, "The use of Organic and Inorganic Cultures in Improving Vegetative Growth, Yield Characters and Antioxidant Activity of Roselle Plants (Hibiscus sabdariffa L)", African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 10, issue 11, pp. 1988-1996, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

This study was conducted at the Experimental Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, in May during the two seasons of 2008 and 2009 on roselle plants (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). The objective was to improve the vegetative growth, yield characters and antioxidant activity of plants growing under different organic and inorganic media conditions in response to the spray of amino acids, humic acids and micro elements. The results showed great similarity which had been noticed with the majority of the studied characters in both seasons.

Frag, E. Y. Z., G. G. Mohamed, N. F. A. El-Dien, and M. E. - B. Mohamed, "The Use of Integrated Analytical Tools for Determination ofCyclopentolate and Naphazoline Hydrochlolrides in Pure and Pharmaceutical Preparations", Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta, 2011. Abstract

Simple and sensitive spectrophotometric methods were described for the determination of cyclopentolate (CPH) and naphazoline hydrochlorides (NPZ) drugs in pure form and in pharmaceutical preparations based on ion pair and charge transfer complexation reactions, respectively. The first method is based on the reaction of the CPH drug with Mo(V)-thiocyanate in hydrochloric acid medium and dyestuff reagents namely bromophenol blue (BPB), bromocresol green (BCG) and bromocresol purple (BCP).

Rahoma, W. A., M. K. Ahmed, I. A. El-Tohamy, A. F. A. El-Salam, and M. I. El-Saftawy, "Two-Body Problem with Varying Mass in Case of Isotropic Mass Loss", Advanced in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2011. Abstract

The present work is concerned with the two-body problem with varying mass in case of only one body ejects mass. The problem is treated analytically in the Hamiltonian frame-work and the equations of motion are integrated using the Lie series developed and applied, separately, by Delva [10] and Hanslmeier [2]. The Hamiltonian is constructed up to second order using time as independent variable. The equations of motion are integrated using the Lie operator and Lie series, yielding the solution directly in terms of the coordinates.

S., A. - B. A., S. T., F. H., and Z. E., "Trichodina Fahaka (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) in Tetradon fahaka from Nile River, Egypt: Seasonality and Histopathology", Scientific Research and Essays, vol. 6, issue 7, pp. 1583-1587, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

Specimens of Trichodina fahaka parasitizing Tetradon fahaka, collected from the Nile River, were described. Taxonomic and morphometric data for this trichodinid based on wet silver nitrate impregnated specimens were presented. The infection was severe and prevailed almost throughout the year. The overall prevalence was 45% with maximum rate during winter and minimum rate during summer.

Khalil, M. M. H., Mohamed, G. G., Ismail, E. H., Zayed, M. E., and Kamel, and B. A, "Transition Metal Complexes Derived from Natural Schiff Bases for Determination of Fe (III) Spectrophotometricallyin Natural Water", Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 28 (7): 1495-1505, 2012. Abstract

A novel, simple approach to the synthesis of macrocyclic Schiff base ligand bearing pendent coordinating groups is described and its 1:1 inclusion complexes are prepared and characterized. The composition of the title material was determined by the chemical and spectroscopic methods and the surrounding of metal with the octahedral structure for the all complexes was suggested. The data reveal that the ligand acts as O2N4 hexadentate structure with each metal atom in an octahedral environment.

Ali, M. F. M., "Topical delivery and photodynamic evaluation of a multivesicular liposomal Rose Bengal", Lasers Med. Sci., vol. 26, pp. 267-275, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF.pdf

We investigated the pharmaceutical and physicochemical properties of different multivesicular liposome (MVL) formulations for the delivery of Rose Bengal (RB) into skin layers for topical photodynamic therapy. The drug content, uniformity, spreadability and release kinetics of the optimum hydrogel formulation were studied. Skin penetration of the prepared gels was studied in albino mice using fluorescence microscopy and the photodynamic properties were evaluated.