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2011
Doha, E. H., A. H. Bhrawy, and M. A. Saker, "On the Derivatives of Bernstein Polynomials: an Application forthe Solution of High Even-Order Differential Equations", Boundary Value Problems, 2011. Abstract

A new formula expressing explicitly the derivatives of Bernstein polynomials of any degree andfor any order in terms of Bernstein polynomials themselves is proved, and a formula expressingthe Bernstein coefficients of the general-order derivative of a differentiable function in termsof its Bernstein coefficients is deduced.

Sweilam, N. H., and H. M. AL-Mrawm, "On the Numerical Solutions of the Variable Order Fractional Heat Equation", Studies in Nonlinear Sciences, 2011. Abstract

In this paper, we consider the explicit finite-difference method for solving variable order fractional heat equation with a linear source term, via the Caputo concept of variable order fractional

Guirguis, O. W., and M. T. H. Moselhey, "Optical Study of Poly(vinyl alcohol)/ Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose Blends", Journal of Materials Science, 2011. Abstract
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Atwa, D. M. M., I. M. Azzouz, and Y. Badr, "Optical, Structural and Optoelectronic Properties of Pulsed Laser Deposition Pbs Thin Film", ApplPhys B, 2011.
Galal, A., N. F. Atta, and S. M. Ali, "Optimization of the synthesis conditions for LaNiO3 catalyst by microwave assisted citrate method for hydrogen production", Appl. Catal., 2011. Abstract

LaNiO3 was prepared by microwave assisted citrate method. The effect of the synthesis condition such as, the operating microwave power and the microwave irradiation time, on structural, surface and catalytic properties was investigated by XRD, SEM, Tafel linear polarization and impedance measurements. The XRD results suggested successful incorporation of Ni3+ at the La3+ cations sites confirming the formation of the hexagonal distorted rhombohedral perovskite phase of LaNiO3 at all the investigated microwave operating powers and irradiation times. The average particle size ranges between 18 and 32 nm. The largest surface area (ca. 25 m2 g?1) and the highest catalytic activity for LaNiO3 prepared by the microwave assistant-citrate method toward the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) were obtained at an operating microwave power of 720 W and increased by increasing the microwave irradiation time. In addition, the reaction order, the activation energy and the reaction mechanism were identified.

Amer, H. M., H. M. Elzahed, E. A. Elabiare, A. A. Badawy, and A. A. Yousef, "An Optimized Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay to Identify Avian Virus Vaccine Contaminationwith Chicken Anemia Virus", J Vet Diag Invest, 2011. Abstract

The use of embryonating chicken eggs in preparation of avian virus vaccines is the principle cause for contamination with Chicken anemia virus (CAV). Identification of CAV in contaminated vaccines relies on the expensive, tedious, and time-consuming practice of virus isolation in lymphoblastoid cell lines. The experience of the last 2 decades indicates that polymerase chain reaction is extending to replace most of the classic methods for detection of infectious agents. In the present report, a simple, rapid, and accurate polymerase chain reaction method for detection of CAV in poultry vaccines is described. Oligonucleotide primers homologous to highly conserved sequences of the VP1 gene were used to amplify a fragment of 676 bp. The developed assay was specific for detecting CAV from different sources, with no cross reactivity with many avian viruses. No inter- and intra-assay variations were observed. The analytical sensitivity of the test was high enough to detect 5 TCID50 (50% tissue culture infective dose) of the virus per reaction; however, different factors related to the vaccine matrix showed considerable effects on the detection limit. In conclusion, this method may represent a suitable alternative to virus isolation for identification of CAV contamination of poultry virus vaccines.

Al-Mousawi, S. M., M. S. Moustafa, I. A. Abdelhamid, and M. H. Elnagdi, "Optimizing Scale Up Yield to Pyridazines and Fused Pyridazines", Current Organic Chemistry, 2011. Abstract

Approaches for the preparation of pyridazines and fused pyridazines are reviewed. Some corrections about errors in the old literature are given and discussed. The %yields of selected examples are optimized.

Ismail, M., and A. Adel, "Orientation Dependent Behavior of the Coulomb Barrier Parameters For Deformed", Nuclear Physics A 859 1, 2011.
Fahmy, A. G. E. - D., and M. A. M. El-Ghani, "Palaeo-Ecological Aspects of Farafra Oasis (Egyptian Sabkha) During the Mid-Neolithic Period (7130", Tasks for Vegetation Sciences, 2011. Abstract
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Ghani, N. A. T., and A. M. Mansour, "Palladium (II) and Platinum (II) Complexes Containing Benzimidazole Ligands: Molecular Structures, Vibrational Frequencies And Cytotoxicity", J. of Molecular structure, 2011. Abstract

(1H-benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)-(4-methoxyl-phenyl)- amine (L1), (1H-benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)-(4-methyl-phenyl)-amine (L2) and their Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes have been synthesized as potential anticancer compounds and their structures were elucidated using a variety of physico-chemical techniques. Theoretical calculations invoking geometry optimization, vibrational assignments, 1H-NMR, charge distribution and molecular orbital description HOMO and LUMO were done using density functional theory. Natural bond orbital analysis (NBO) method was performed to provide details about the type of hybridization and the nature of bonding in the studied complexes. Strong coordination bonds (LP(1)N11??*(M-Cl22)) and (LP(1)N21? ?*(M-Cl23)) (M = Pd or Pt) result from donation of electron density from a lone pair orbital on the nitrogen atoms to the acceptor metal molecular orbitals. The experimental results and the calculated molecular parameters revealed square-planar geometries around the metallic centre through the pyridine-type nitrogen of the benzimidazole ring and secondary amino group and two chlorine atoms. The activation thermodynamic parameters were calculated using non-isothermal methods. The synthesized ligands, in comparison to their metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity. In addition, the studied complexes showed activity against three cell lines of different origin, breast cancer (MCF-7), Colon carcinoma (HCT) and human heptacellular carcinoma (Hep-G2) comparable to cis-platin.

Shoukry, M. M., and A. A. El-Sherif, "The palladium(II)-picolylamine promoted hydrolysis of amino acid esters; kinetic evidence for inter- and intramolecular mechanisms", Progress in reaction kinetics and mechanisms., 2011. Abstract

The hydrolysis of amino acid ester is promoted by the palladium(II) complex [Pd(Pic)]2+ (Pic = 2-picolylamine). The reaction has been studied by pH-stat technique. The overall PdII chelate promoted hydrolysis of the amino acid esters as glycine and alanine ethyl esters may be accounted by inter- and intramolecular mechanisms. The kinetic data for histidine and methionine methyl esters are fitted assuming that hydrolysis proceeds by intermolecular mechanism only. The rate enhanecement compared with the free ester is discussed in terms of the structure of the complex. Activation parameters associated with the hydrolysis have been determined and discussed.

Sweilam, N. H., M. M. Khader, and R. F. Al-Bar, "Parameter Expansion Method for Viscoelastic Motion with Fractional Order Damping", Nonlinear Sci. Lett.A, 2011. Abstract

Fractional order partial differential equations are generalizations of classical partial differential equations. Increasingly, these models are used in applications in such as fluid flow, finance and others. This paper studies analytically a viscoelastic motion, which can be described by a fractionaldifferential equation. The parameter expansion method is adopted, and the result shows that oneiteration is sufficient to obtain a highly accurate solution, which is valid for the whole solutiondomain. The effect of fractional order on the amplitude-frequency behavior of the oscillator is alsoanalysed.

Ahmed, M. A., S. T. Bishay, and E. -dekS. I. G. nd Omar, "Part II", Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2011. Abstract

NixMn0.8?xMg0.2Fe2O4; 0.1 ? x ? 0.35 was prepared by standard ceramic technique at sintering temperature 1200 oC using heating / cooling rate 4 ?C/min. The samples were irradiated by Nd YAG pulsed laser with energy of the pulse 250 mJ. X-ray diffractograms reveal cubic spinel structure for all the samples before and after laser irradiation. After laser irradiation, better crystallinity was obtained in a form of an increase in the calculated crystal size. This increase was discussed as due to the change in the valence of some ions like Fe3+, Ni2+ and Mn2+. The conductivity of all the investigated samples decreases after laser irradiation and becomes temperature independent for a wider range than that before irradiation. Accordingly, these ferrites are recommended to be useful in electronic devices.

Kesba, H. H., "Pathogenicity of Meloidogyne Incognita on Pepper and Impact of Some Control Measures", International Journal of Nematology, 2011.
Amin, A. S., R. H. Hamouda, and A. A. A. Abdel-All, "PCR Assays for Detecting Major Pathogens of Mastitis in Milk Samples", World Journal of Dairy & Food Sciences, 2011. Abstract

Bovine milk samples were collected from cases of clinical and sub-clinical mastitis, respectively andexamined bacteriologically and by simplex and multiplex PCR assays for detection of Staphylococcus aureus,Escherichia coli and Streptococcus agalactiae. Escherichia coli was the most common bacteria detected inthe collected samples from clinical mastitis cases followed by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcusagalactiae; while Staphylococcus aureus was the most common bacteria followed by Escherichia coli andStreptococcus agalactiae in samples collected from sub-clinical mastitis cases. Compared with the culturalmethod, the simplex and multiplex PCR assays are less time consuming. It took less than 24 hours to becompleted, while identification of bacteria to the species levels by conventional microbiological and biochemical

Islam, M. M., B. N. Ferdousi, M. I. Awad, and T. Ohsaka, "Peroxycitric Acid: A Potential Derivative of Citric Acid", Citric Acid:Properties and Applications, 2011. Abstract

This chapter focuses mainly on the synthesis and analysis of peroxy-compound based on carboxylic group (?COOH) of citric acid (CA) named peroxycitric acid (PCA) that has been recognized as a hygienic disinfectant and food preservative.

Basta, F. F., A. E. Maurice, L. Fontbot, and P. - Y. Favarger, "Petrology and geochemistry of the banded iron formation (BIF) of Wadi Karim and Um Anab, Eastern Desert, Egypt: Implications for the origin of Neoproterozoic BIF", Precambrian Research, 2011. Abstract

Banded iron formation (BIF) is exposed among the Precambrian rocks in the Wadi Karim and Um Anab areas in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. The BIF conformably alternates with Neoproterozoic arc metavolcanic rocks, which comprise metabasalts and mafic to intermediate metapyroclastic rocks. The BIF of Wadi Karim belongs to the oxide and mixed carbonate-oxide facies, while that ofUmAnab belongs to the oxide facies only. Iron bands are generally composed of iron-rich mesobands rhythmically alternating with jasper, chert or carbonate mesobands as in the Wadi Karim area, or chert mesobands as in the Um Anab area. The BIF of Wadi Karim is composed essentially of magnetite, hematite and microcrystalline quartz, in addition to ankerite in the carbonate-bearing bands, while that ofUmAnab is composed of magnetite and microcrystalline quartz.

El-Banna, H. A., and H. El-Zorba, "Pharmacokinetic of Florfenicol (Water Soluble Formulation) in Healthy and Pasteurella Infected Broiler Chickens", Journal of American Science, 2011. Abstract

Florfenicol has been approved in the European Union for use in cattle and pigs as an injectable solution for treatment of respiratory diseases in cattle through injection .But now, it was introduced in some countries as an oral solution for the treatment of several poultry diseases. The aim of the present study is to describe the Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol (water soluble formulation)in broiler chickens after either a single intravenous and oral administration (by a dose of 30 mg/kg-1 body weight). Meanwhile, comparing its disposition in control healthy and Pasteurella-infected broilers. Following the IV administration of the drug in healthy and diseased birds, the drug plasma concentration declined in a biphasic pattern. The maximum plasma concentration of florfenicol in control healthy and diseased was reached one hour after its oral administration. But the peak level detected in control broilers was higher than that detected in infected birds. Conclusion: Data of the present study showed that volume of distribution, total body clearance in infected birds were higher than that determined in healthy ones. On the other hands, systemic bioavailability were significantly lower (F %,55.6 %) in diseased broiler compared to values determined in healthy ones (F % ,71.5).

Abo-EL-Sooud, K., and L. AL-Anati, "Pharmacokinetic Study of Flunixin and its Interaction with Enrofloxacin After Intramuscular Administration in Calves", Veterinary World, 2011. Abstract

The Pharmacokinetic aspects of flunixin (FL) administered alone and in combination with enrofloxacin (EN), were studied in clinically healthy calves. The experiments were performed on two groups: FL alone {2.2 mg/kg, intramuscular (IM)}, and combination of FL (2.2 mg/kg, IM) and EN {2.5 mg/kg, IM}. Plasma concentrations of FL were determined using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method. Moreover, the effects of FL alone or in combination on liver and kidney functions were also assessed. Flunixin was rapidly absorbed intramuscularly with a half-life of absorption (t1/2ab) of 0.094 h and the peak plasma concentration (Cmax) was 1.27 g/mL was attained after 0.49 h (Tmax).

Ramadan, A., and A. A. M. El-Aty, "Pharmacokinetics and Distribution of Florfenicol in Bronchial Secretions of Healthy and Pasteurellamultocida Infected Calves", Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta, 2011. Abstract

Florfenicol was administered intravenously and intramuscularly at a dose rate of 20 g/kg bwt to determine itsconcentration in blood and bronchial secretions as well as kineticbehavior in healthy and diseased calves. Severacute bronchopneumonia was induced via inoculating the animals with Pasteurellamultocida. Following intravenous(i.v) administration, the serum concentration - time curve indicated a two compartment open model with a meanelimination half-lives (t1/2?) of 4.10 and 4.84 h in healthy and infected calves, respectively. The mean volumes ofdistribution at steady state (Vdss) were 0.68 and 0.63 L/kg and the total body clearances (Cltot) were 0.15 and0.11 L/kg/h with mean residence time (MRT) of 0.05 and 0.05 h, respectively. Florfenicol was slowly eliminatedfrom serum and bronchial secretions with elimination half-lives (t1/2el) of (12.43 and 17.23 h) and (13.74 and 22.46h), respectively, following intramuscular (i.m.) injection. The peak concentrations (Cmax) in serum and bronchialsecretions were (3.70 and 4.06 ?g/ml) and (6.88 and 7.62 ?g/ml) attained at (3.07 and 3.01 h) and (1.54 and 1.70h), respectively. The drug is extensively distributed to bronchial secretions with AUCbronchial secretion / AUCserum ratio of 1:2.53 and 1: 2.03, respectively. The clinical and hematological parameters in calves treated intramuscularly returnedto normal faster than those treated intravenously. These results suggest that i.m. injection of florfenicol could be usedfor treatment of acute P. multocidabronchopneumonia in calves.

Elfeky, S. A., and A. - S. A. Al-Sherbini, "Photo-Oxidation of Rhodamine-6-G via TiO2 and Au/TiO2-Bound Polythene Beads", Journal of Nanomaterials, 2011. Abstract

It is very important to improve the efficiency of water detoxification techniques. In this study, TiO2 or gold-TiO2 (Au/TiO2) nanocomposite-bound polythene beads were used for the photo-oxidation of rhodamine 6G (R6G) as a model of water organic pollutants. Simple thermal procedures were employed for anchoring TiO2 or Au/TiO2 nanocomposites to polythene beads. The results revealed that the synthesized Au/TiO2 composites exhibited both considerably higher absorption capability of organic pollutants and better photocatalytic activity for the photo-oxidation of R-6G than pure titania. The better photocatalytic activity of the synthesized Au/TiO2 composites film than that of the pure titania film was attributed to high capacity of light absorption intensity and easy diffusion of absorbed pollutants on the absorption sites to photogenerated oxidizing radicals on the photoactive sites.

Elfeky, S. A., and A. - S. A. Al-Sherbini, "Photocatalytic Decomposition of Trypan Blue over Nanocomposite Thin Films", Kinetics and Catalysis, 2011.
M., F. A. A., O. W. G., and Y. I. S., "Photovoltaic Performance Analysis of Organic Device Based onPTCDA/n-Si Heterojunction", Synthetic Metals, 2011. Abstract
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El-Shobaky, G. A., H. G. El-Shobaky, A. A. A. Badawy, and Y. M. Fahmy, "Physicochemical, Surface and Catalytic Properties of Nanosized Copper and Manganese Oxides Supported on Cordierite", Applied Catalysis A: General, 2011.
Hegazy, A. K., N. T. Abdel-Ghani, and G. A. El-Chaghaby, "Phytoremediation of Industrial Wastewater Potentiality by Typha Domingensis", International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2011. Abstract

Phytoremediation is increasingly receiving attention as a cost effective technique that uses plants to remediate contaminants from wastewater, soil and sediments. In this study, the ability of Typha domingensis to uptake heavy metals as well as its potential application for phytoremediation was assessed. Pollutant elements concentrations were measured in samples of wastewater, sediments and Typha domingensis collected from industrial wastewater ponds, El-Sadat city, Egypt. This study specifically focused on the capacity of Typha domingensis to absorb and accumulate aluminum, iron, zinc and lead. Results indicated thatTypha domingensis was capable of accumulating the heavy metal ions preferentially from wastewater than from sediments. The accumulation of metals in plant organs attained the highest values in roots, rhizomes and old leaves. Rhizofiltration was found to be the best mechanism to explain Typha domingensis phytoremediation capability.

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