Uncovering serum placental-related non-coding RNAs as possible biomarkers of preeclampsia risk, onset and severity revealed MALAT-1, miR-363 and miR-17.

Citation:
Abdelazim, S. A., O. G. Shaker, Y. A. H. Aly, and M. A. Senousy, "Uncovering serum placental-related non-coding RNAs as possible biomarkers of preeclampsia risk, onset and severity revealed MALAT-1, miR-363 and miR-17.", Scientific reports, vol. 12, issue 1, pp. 1249, 2022.

Abstract:

New predictors that could boost early detection of preeclampsia (PE) and prognosticate its severity are urgently needed. We examined serum miR-17, miR-363, MALAT-1 and HOTAIR as potential biomarkers of PE risk, onset and severity. This prospective study included 160 pregnant females; 82 PE cases and 78 healthy pregnancies. Serum samples were collected between 20 to 40 weeks of gestation. Early-onset PE was defined as developing clinical manifestations at ≤ 34 gestational weeks. Severe PE was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 160 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 110 mmHg and proteinuria (≥ 2 g/24 h or ≥ 2+ dipstick). Selection of PE-related non-coding RNAs and functional target gene analysis were conducted using bioinformatics analysis. Expression profiles were assessed by RT-qPCR. Serum miR-363 and MALAT-1 were downregulated, meanwhile miR-17 was upregulated, and HOTAIR was not significantly altered in PE compared with healthy pregnancies. miR-17 was elevated while miR-363 and MALAT-1 were reduced in severe versus mild PE. miR-363 was lower in early-onset versus late-onset PE. MALAT-1, miR-17 and miR-363 showed diagnostic potential and discriminated severe PE, whereas miR-363 distinguished early-onset PE in the receiver-operating-characteristic analysis. miR-363 and MALAT-1 were significantly associated with early and severe PE, respectively in multivariate logistic analysis. In PE, miR-17 and MALAT-1 were significantly correlated with gestational age (r = - 0.328 and r = 0.322, respectively) and albuminuria (r = 0.312, and r = - 0.35, respectively). We constructed the MALAT-1, miR-363, and miR-17-related protein-protein interaction networks linked to PE. Serum miR-17, miR-363 and MALAT-1 could have utility as new biomarkers of PE diagnosis. miR-363 may be associated with early-onset PE and MALAT-1 downregulation correlates with PE severity.