Elsharkawy, S. H., and F. A. Torad, "Hypertensive Cardiomyopathy as a Sequel to Hydronephrosis Induced by Transitional Cell Carcinoma.", Topics in companion animal medicine, vol. 45, pp. 100585, 2021. Abstract

A 10-year-old female Griffon dog was presented for evaluation due to a 5-month history of hematuria and systemic hypertension. Thoracic auscultation detected a grade II/VI left apical systolic murmur. Abdominal ultrasound revealed the presence of a heterogeneous mass at the trigonal area of the urinary bladder, extending to the left ureter cranially and caudally toward the bladder's neck. Marked left hydronephrosis and hydroureter were detected as well as mild right hydronephrosis. Cytological examination of urine sediment confirmed the presence of transitional cell carcinoma. Echocardiography disclosed marked left ventricular concentric hypertrophy, which likely developed as a consequence of systemic hypertension induced by the bilateral hydronephrosis due to bladder transitional cell carcinoma.

Elsharkawy, S. H., and F. A. Torad, "Prominent J wave in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.", The Journal of veterinary medical science, vol. 83, issue 7, pp. 1093-1097, 2021. Abstract

The J wave has never been documented in the electrocardiogram (ECG) of cats presenting with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The present study aimed to describe the presence, morphology, amplitude, and duration of J waves in cats with HCM. It included 20 apparently healthy cats and 45 cats diagnosed with HCM based on clinical, echocardiographic, ECG, and radiographic examination. The cats were of different breeds (Persian: 40, domestic short hair: 21, Siamese: 4), ages (6.01 ± 4.34 years), sexes (male: 33, female: 32), and weights (3.30 ± 1.51 kg). The J wave was absent in the ECGs of the healthy population, but was detected in 29 out of 45 cats with HCM (63%). The J waves were observed at the QRS-ST junction in more than one limb lead of the ECG. Only positive deflections with an amplitude ≥0.05 mV were included, as measured by an ECG ruler in three consecutive heart cycles. The J waves were mainly present in leads II (n=20) and III (n=16), with amplitudes of 0.06 ± 0.02 and 0.08 ± 0.03 mV; their mean (± SD) duration was 0.16 ± 0.05 msec in lead II and 0.18 ± 0.05 msec in lead III. They occurred in both notched and slurred morphologies, with the latter being more common. In conclusion, J waves were a common finding in the ECGs of cats with HCM.