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Abdel-Aziz, M., "V-Y two-layer repair for oronasal fistula of hard palate.", International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology , vol. 74, issue 9, pp. 1054-1057, 2010.
, "V.I. Gavrilov.", Acta virologica, vol. 19, issue 6, pp. 510, 1975 Nov. Abstract
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Iqbal, S., A. Xin, M. U. Jan, S. Salman, A. M. ul Zaki, H. U. Rehman, M. F. Shinwari, and M. A. Abdelbaky, "V2G Strategy for Primary Frequency Control of an Industrial Microgrid Considering the Charging Station Operator", Electronics, vol. 9, issue 4, pp. 549-571, 2020.
Fahmy, H., G. Baumann, M. AbdelGhany, and H. Mostafa, "V2V-Based Vehicle Risk Assessment and Control for Lane-Keeping and Collision Avoidance", IEEE International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM 2017), Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 61-65, 2017. [PDF]
Eissa, S. A., M. W. El-Deeb, and M. S. Hendawi, "V4B Implantable Collamer Lens versus Intacs Corneal Rings to manage anisometropic Myopic Amblyopia in Children", Canadian Journal Ophthalmology, vol. 52, issue 4, pp. 409-415, 2017.
Selim, S. A., M. E. Ghoneim, and K. F. Mohamed, "Vaccinal Efficacy of Genetically Inactivated Phospholipase D Against Caseous Lymphadenitis in Small Ruminants", International Journal of Microbiological Research, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 129–136, 2010. Abstract
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Abd El-Gawad, A. M., and A. - K. E.A, "Vaccination of dogs against Reipicephalus sanguineus ticks using salvary gland antigen", Mang. & Egyptian. Vet.Nutri. Association, pp. 167.179, 2006.
Amir, A. E., W. Ali, N. E. Sheik, and A. E. H. Saad, "Vaccination regulates TNF-α, Mrna, p-, L-selectins and its ligands lewis-x adhesion molecules expression in schistosomiasis.", J. Union Arab Biol., , vol. 14: , pp. 211 – 135, 2000.
Milani, A., A. Fusaro, F. Bonfante, G. Zamperin, A. Salviato, M. Mancin, E. Mastrorilli, J. Hughes, H. A. Hussein, M. Hassan, et al., "Vaccine immune pressure influences viral population complexity of avian influenza virus during infection.", Veterinary microbiology, vol. 203, pp. 88-94, 2017 May. Abstract

Vaccines are useful tools to control influenza A virus infection in poultry, but they need to be periodically reformulated to guarantee appropriate protection from infection and to limit viral replication and circulation, which could favour the emergence of new variants. In this study, a deep sequencing approach was used to characterize and follow the evolution of the hemagglutinin of the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viral population in infected animals vaccinated with two vaccines conferring different protection levels. Results from this preliminary investigation suggested that the evolution of the viral population, as well as the abundance and heterogeneity of minority variants could be influenced by the immune pressure conferred by vaccination.

din, M. F. B. - E., A. Rouchdy, and M. Abdel-Rahman, "Vaccum assited closure versus omental flap in management of mediastinitis after cardiac surgery ", J Egypt Soc Cardiothorac Surg, vol. 22, issue 2, pp. 1-6, 2014. vacuum_assisted_closure.pdf
Kulshrestha, A., G. K. Katara, S. Ibrahim, S. Pamarthy, M. K. Jaiswal, A. Gilman Sachs, and K. D. Beaman, "Vacuolar ATPase 'a2' isoform exhibits distinct cell surface accumulation and modulates matrix metalloproteinase activity in ovarian cancer.", Oncotarget, vol. 6, issue 6, pp. 3797-810, 2015 Feb 28. Abstractoncotarget_2015_arpita.pdf

Tumor associated vacuolar H+-ATPases (V-ATPases) are multi-subunit proton pumps that acidify tumor microenvironment, thereby promoting tumor invasion. Subunit 'a' of its V0 domain is the major pH sensing unit that additionally controls sub-cellular targeting of V-ATPase and exists in four different isoforms. Our study reports an elevated expression of the V-ATPase-V0a2 isoform in ovarian cancer(OVCA) tissues and cell lines(A2780, SKOV-3 and TOV-112D). Among all V0'a' isoforms, V0a2 exhibited abundant expression on OVCA cell surface while normal ovarian epithelia did not. Sub-cellular distribution of V-ATPase-V0a2 confirmed its localization on plasma-membrane, where it was also co-associated with cortactin, an F-actin stabilizing protein at leading edges of cancer cells. Additionally, V0a2 was also localized in early and late endosomal compartments that are sites for modulations of several signaling pathways in cancer. Targeted inhibition of V-ATPase-V0a2 suppressed matrix metalloproteinase activity(MMP-9 & MMP-2) in OVCA cells. In conclusion, V-ATPase-V0a2 isoform is abundantly expressed on ovarian tumor cell surface in association with invasion assembly related proteins and plays critical role in tumor invasion by modulating the activity of matrix-degrading proteases. This study highlights for the first time, the importance of V-ATPase-V0a2 isoform as a distinct biomarker and possible therapeutic target for treatment of ovarian carcinoma.

Basily, B. B., and M. M. Megahed, "Vacuum Forming of Plastics", Research in Progress, Dept. of Mechanical Design, vol. 4, Submitted. Abstract
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Badawy, S. M., "Vacuum pyrolysis of polymeric wastes containing hazardous cyano groups", Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, vol. 15, no. 2: Springer, pp. 218–222, 2013. Abstract
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Elawwad, A., M. Ragab, and H. A. El-Halim, "Vacuum Sewerage System in Developing Regions and the Impact on Environmental Management", the 4 th International Conference on Environmental Pollution and Remediation, Prague, Czech Republic, August 13, 2014. Abstract

Leakage in sewerage system can cause groundwater and soil contamination in urban areas, especially in area with a high groundwater table. This is a serious problem in small agricultural villages which rely on ground water as a source for irrigation and drinking purposes. In the developed countries, the recent trend in areas with low population densities is using vacuum sewerage system. Vacuum system could be environmentally safer than conventional gravity system, protecting public health, preventing exfiltration to the ground water, very easily applied in a relatively short time, and can cope with a faster expansion of the urbanized areas. Detailed hydraulic design were held for both gravity sewer and vacuum sewer systems in 28 Egyptian agricultural villages as a case study for developing regions. Different conditions, such as population, areas, and terrain slopes were evaluated. Cost comparisons based on statistical analysis were done to assess the feasibility of using vacuum sewerage in developing regions. Based on this study, from financial point of view, vacuum sewerage system was a good competitor to conventional systems in flat areas and areas with high groundwater table. From the environmental point of view, it is recommended to construct the vacuum sewerage system in such agricultural villages. The local market supplying of the construction equipment especially collection chambers will greatly affect the investment cost. Capacity building and social mobilization will also play a great role in sustainability of this system.

Gharib, N. M. M., and R. H. Diab, "VACUUM THERAPY VERSUS ABDOMINAL EXERCISES ON ABDOMINAL OBESITY", Int J Physiother, vol. 3, issue 3, pp. 280-285, 2016. Abstract06ijphy387_c.done_.pdf

Background: Obesity is a medical condition that may adversely affect wellbeing and leading to increased incidence of
many health problems. Abdominal obesity tends to be associated with weight gain and obesity and it is significantly
connected with different disorders like coronary heart disease and type II diabetes mellitus.This study was conducted
to investigate the efficacy of vacuum therapy as compared to abdominal exercises on abdominal obesity in overweight
and obese women.
Methods: Thirtyoverweight and obese women participated in this study with body mass index > 25 kg/m2andwaist
circumference ≥ 85 cm. Their ages ranged from 28 - 40 years old.The subjects were excluded if they have diabetes, abdominal
infection diseases or any physical limitation restricting exercise ability. They were randomly allocated into two
equal groups; group I and group II. Group I received vacuum therapy sessions (by the use of LPG device) in addition
to aerobic exercise training. Group II received abdominal exercises in addition to the same aerobic exercisesgiven to
group I. This study was extended for successive 8 weeks (3 sessions/ week). All subjects were assessed for thickness of
the abdominal skin fold, waist circumference and body mass index.
Results: The results of this study showeda significant difference between group I and group II post-interventionas regarding
to the mean values of waist circumference and abdominal skin fold thickness (p<0.05).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that aerobic exercises combined with vacuum therapy (forthree sessions/week for
successive 8 weeks) have a positive effect on women with abdominal obesity in terms of reducing waist circumference
and abdominal skin fold thickness.
Keywords: Vacuum therapy, Abdominal Exercises, Aerobic Exercises, Abdominal Obesity, Women, Obesity.

Mona, S. S., and M. M. Soheir, "Vaginal and cervical cytological changes in workers exposed to sex hormones.", Egyptian J of Occupational Medicine, vol. 17, issue 1, pp. 1-10., 1993.
Mona, S. S., and M. M. Soheir, "Vaginal and cervical cytological changes in workers exposed to sex hormones.", III International Congress on Women, Work and Health, Sweden, 3 May , 2002.
W.A.Ahmed, J.El-Jakee, F.R.El-Seedy, and et al, "Vaginal bacterial profile of buffalo-cows in relation to ovarian activity.", Global Veterenaria., vol. 1 (1), pp. 1-8., 2007. vaginal_bacterial_profile_of_buffalo-cows_in_relation_to_ovarian_activity..pdf
Samy, A., A. M. Abbas, A. S. S. A. Rashwan, B. Talaat, A. I. Eissa, A. A. Metwally, B. E. M. Hammad, A. M. Ibrahim, I. M. Elzahaby, S. S. Zaki, et al., "Vaginal Dinoprostone in Reducing Pain Perception During Diagnostic Office Hysteroscopy in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.", Journal of minimally invasive gynecology, vol. 27, issue 4, pp. 847 - 853, 2020. Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of vaginal dinoprostone in reducing pain perception during diagnostic office hysteroscopy (OH) in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Postmenopausal patients scheduled for OH. INTERVENTIONS: Eligible participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the dinoprostone and placebo groups. The severity of pain was assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS) ranging from 0, no pain to 10, worst pain during OH and 30 minutes after OH. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The difference in the intensity of pain using the VAS score during the procedure. One hundred women (50 in each arm) were included in the study. The mean VAS score during OH was significantly lower in the dinoprostone group compared with the placebo group (3.9 ± 0.8 vs 5.6 ± 0.7; p <.001). The passage of the hysteroscope through the cervical canal was easier in the dinoprostone group (62.4 ± 9.5 vs 42.8 ± 10.8; p <.001). The 2 groups were comparable in terms of the duration of the procedure (p = .91) and the rate of adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Vaginal dinoprostone is effective in relieving pain during diagnostic OH in postmenopausal women with few adverse effects.

Sherif, N., and G. A. Fattah, "vaginal misoprostol tablets versus misoprostol gel for induction of labor in post-term primigravidas", Evidence Based Women's Health Journal, 2013.
, "Vaginal Progesterone Supplementation For Preventing Preterm Labor in women At High Risk", Kasr El Aini Medical Journal, vol. 11, issue 6, pp. 369-375, 2005.
Rietjens, M., A. Maggioni, L. Bocciolone, M. Sideri, O. Youssef, and J. - Y. Petit, "Vaginal reconstruction after extended radical pelvic surgery for cancer: comparison of two techniques.", Plastic and reconstructive surgery, vol. 109, no. 5, pp. 1592–7, 2002. Abstract
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Elaffandi, A. H., H. H. Khalil, H. A. Aboul Kassem, M El Sherbiny, and E. H. El Gemeie, "Vaginal reconstruction with a greater omentum-pedicled graft combined with a vicryl mesh after anterior pelvic exenteration. Surgical approach with long-term follow-up.", International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society, vol. 17, issue 2, pp. 536-42, 2007. Abstract

Resection of anterior vaginal wall that occurs with some cases of anterior pelvic exenteration leaves the patient with a small and narrow vagina. This affects their sexual life leading to major psychologic problems, especially in young women. The aim of this study is to evaluate a new technique of vaginal reconstruction following anterior pelvic exenteration with clinical and cytohistologic follow-up. Between March 2002 and November 2004, ten sexually active female patients underwent vaginal reconstruction after radical cystectomy that required en bloc removal of the anterior vaginal wall, with a pedicle graft of greater omentum combined with a vicryl mesh. The mean age of the patients was 38 years. The mean operative time of the reconstructive procedure was 50 min. There were no complications regarding the reconstructive procedure. On follow-up, the neovagina accepted two fingers easily and showed a pink-colored smooth lining. Seven patients reported successful attempts of sexual intercourse. It was concluded that reconstruction of vagina after anterior pelvic exenteration in sexually active women can be done safely with the use of vicryl mesh combined with a pedicled omental graft. It is a simple, reliable, and not time-consuming technique. The long-term follow-up was very beneficial in detection of complete healing, postoperative infections, and hormonal activity of the graft and recurrence of malignancy.

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