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Farag, M. A., N. m Fayek, and I. Abou Reidah, "Volatile profiling in fruit (sumac) from three different geographical origins and upon roasting as analyzed via solid-phase microextraction.", PeerJ, vol. 6, pp. e5121, 2018. Abstract

(sumac) is a fruit grown worldwide for its culinary use as a flavoring agent and for its health benefits. Despite several studies on non-volatile metabolites, much less is recognized concerning volatile composition within that genus. In an effort to expand on flavor profile sumac and its food products, we report on volatile profiling from three accessions of different origins including Palestine, Jordan and Egypt in addition to its cold tea and post roasting via headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME). Under optimized conditions, 74 volatile components were identified belonging to alcohols, aromatics, esters, ethers, furan/aldehyde, hydrocarbons, ketones, monoterpenes, oxides and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. Major identified components included α-pinene, naphthalene and o-cymene in Palestinian, Jordanian and Egyptian sumac, respectively. Whereas sesquiterpenes amounted for the major volatile class in fresh at ca. 40-58%, furan/aldehydes were the predominant classes in roasted fruits (58%). Volatile abundance data was further subjected to multivariate data analyses revealing furfural and nonanal enrichment in roasted compared to fresh fruits and their cold tea preparation. Seeds exhibited no aroma components which justified their removal in prior to its use as a food flavor. Such knowledge is expected to be the key for understanding the olfactory and taste properties of and its several food products.

Oguntimein, B., T. S. El-Alfy, and M. A. Elsohly, "Volatile oils of Zanthoxylum rigidifolium and Zanthoxylum gilletii", Fitoterapia, 1985. Abstract
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Ibrahim, S. R. M., H. M. Abdallah, G. A. Mohamed, M. A. Farag, K. Z. Alshali, E. A. Alsherif, and S. A. Ross, "Volatile oil profile of some lamiaceous plants growing in Saudi Arabia and their biological activities.", Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences, vol. 72, issue 1-2, pp. 35-41, 2017 Jan 01. Abstract

A comparative investigation of hydro-distilled essential oils from aerial parts of Mentha longifolia L. (ML), Mentha microphylla K.Koch (MM), Mentha australis R.Br. (MA), and Teucrium polium L. (TP) growing in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia, was carried out. The total numbers of identified constituents were 22, 23, 14, and 20 in ML, MM, MA, and TP oils, representing 93.0, 99.3, 78.1, and 81.1% of the total oil composition, respectively. Pulegone (40.7%) and cineole (33.4%) were the major components in ML, whereas carvone (64.6%) was the major one in MM. Furthermore, β-linalool (22.9%) and α-terpineol (12%) were the major components in MA, whereas, (E)-3-caren-2-ol accounted for 12.1% in TP. The essential oils of TP and MA exhibited promising activities against Leishmania donovani promastigotes with IC50 values of 2.3 and 3.7 μg/mL, respectively. In contrast, MA essential oils exhibited antifungal activities towards Candida krusei and C. glabrata with IC50 values of 1 and 1.2 μg/mL, respectively.

Ibrahim, S. R. M., H. M. Abdallah, G. A. Mohamed, M. A. Farag, K. Z. Alshali, E. A. Alsherif, and S. A. Ross, "Volatile oil profile of some lamiaceous plants growing in Saudi Arabia and their biological activities.", Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences, vol. 72, issue 1-2, pp. 35-41, 2017 Jan 01. Abstractfarag_et_al_j_naturforsch_2017.pdf

A comparative investigation of hydro-distilled essential oils from aerial parts of Mentha longifolia L. (ML), Mentha microphylla K.Koch (MM), Mentha australis R.Br. (MA), and Teucrium polium L. (TP) growing in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia, was carried out. The total numbers of identified constituents were 22, 23, 14, and 20 in ML, MM, MA, and TP oils, representing 93.0, 99.3, 78.1, and 81.1% of the total oil composition, respectively. Pulegone (40.7%) and cineole (33.4%) were the major components in ML, whereas carvone (64.6%) was the major one in MM. Furthermore, β-linalool (22.9%) and α-terpineol (12%) were the major components in MA, whereas, (E)-3-caren-2-ol accounted for 12.1% in TP. The essential oils of TP and MA exhibited promising activities against Leishmania donovani promastigotes with IC50 values of 2.3 and 3.7 μg/mL, respectively. In contrast, MA essential oils exhibited antifungal activities towards Candida krusei and C. glabrata with IC50 values of 1 and 1.2 μg/mL, respectively.

Ibrahim, S. R. M., H. M. Abdallah, G. A. Mohamed, M. A. Farag, K. Z. Alshali, E. A. Alsherif, and S. A. Ross, "Volatile oil profile of some lamiaceous plants growing in Saudi Arabia and their biological activities.", Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences, vol. 72, issue 1-2, pp. 35-41, 2017 Jan 01. Abstractfarag_et_al_j_naturforsch_2017.pdf

A comparative investigation of hydro-distilled essential oils from aerial parts of Mentha longifolia L. (ML), Mentha microphylla K.Koch (MM), Mentha australis R.Br. (MA), and Teucrium polium L. (TP) growing in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia, was carried out. The total numbers of identified constituents were 22, 23, 14, and 20 in ML, MM, MA, and TP oils, representing 93.0, 99.3, 78.1, and 81.1% of the total oil composition, respectively. Pulegone (40.7%) and cineole (33.4%) were the major components in ML, whereas carvone (64.6%) was the major one in MM. Furthermore, β-linalool (22.9%) and α-terpineol (12%) were the major components in MA, whereas, (E)-3-caren-2-ol accounted for 12.1% in TP. The essential oils of TP and MA exhibited promising activities against Leishmania donovani promastigotes with IC50 values of 2.3 and 3.7 μg/mL, respectively. In contrast, MA essential oils exhibited antifungal activities towards Candida krusei and C. glabrata with IC50 values of 1 and 1.2 μg/mL, respectively.

Ibrahim, S. R. M., H. M. Abdallah, G. A. Mohamed, M. A. Farag, K. Z. Alshali, E. A. Alsherif, and S. A. Ross, "Volatile oil profile of some lamiaceous plants growing in Saudi Arabia and their biological activities.", Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences, vol. 72, issue 1-2, pp. 35-41, 2017 Jan 01. Abstractfarag_et_al_j_naturforsch_2017.pdf

A comparative investigation of hydro-distilled essential oils from aerial parts of Mentha longifolia L. (ML), Mentha microphylla K.Koch (MM), Mentha australis R.Br. (MA), and Teucrium polium L. (TP) growing in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia, was carried out. The total numbers of identified constituents were 22, 23, 14, and 20 in ML, MM, MA, and TP oils, representing 93.0, 99.3, 78.1, and 81.1% of the total oil composition, respectively. Pulegone (40.7%) and cineole (33.4%) were the major components in ML, whereas carvone (64.6%) was the major one in MM. Furthermore, β-linalool (22.9%) and α-terpineol (12%) were the major components in MA, whereas, (E)-3-caren-2-ol accounted for 12.1% in TP. The essential oils of TP and MA exhibited promising activities against Leishmania donovani promastigotes with IC50 values of 2.3 and 3.7 μg/mL, respectively. In contrast, MA essential oils exhibited antifungal activities towards Candida krusei and C. glabrata with IC50 values of 1 and 1.2 μg/mL, respectively.

Hilal, S. H., H. H. Zedan, M. Y. Haggag, and F. M. Soliman, "Volatile oil of Sequoia sempervirens Endl. ", Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci. , vol. 18, pp. 25-35., 1978.
Hilal, S. H., H. H. Zedan, M. Y. Haggag, and F. M. Soliman, "Volatile oil of Sequoia sempervirens Endl. ", Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci. , vol. 18, pp. 25-35., 1978.
Hilal, S. H., H. H. Zedan, M. Y. Haggag, and F. M. Soliman, "Volatile oil of Sequoia sempervirens Endl. ", Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci. , vol. 18, pp. 25-35., 1978.
Hilal, S. H., H. H. Zedan, M. Y. Haggag, and F. M. Soliman, "Volatile oil of Sequoia sempervirens Endl. ", Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci. , vol. 18, pp. 25-35., 1978.
Aboutabl, E. A., S. H. Tadros, S. S. Zaghlool, and A. K. El-Motayam, Volatile oil and nutritional profile of artemisia dracunculus l. (Tarragon) cultivated in egypt, , 2010.
Shallan, M. A., H. H. Abd El-Baky, and F. K. El-Baze, "Volatile metabolites composition of microalgae Chlorella vulgrais and its plant growth inhibition effect.", J. Agric. Mansoura Univ., vol. 25, pp. 2417–2426, 2000. Abstract
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Morsy, N. F. S., and K. S. M. Hammad, "Volatile Constituents, Radical Scavenging and Cytotoxic Activities of Mexican allspice (Pimenta dioica L. Merrill) Berries Essential Oil", Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, vol. 21, issue 4, pp. 859-868, 2018.
Morsy, N. F. S., and K. S. M. Hammad, "Volatile Constituents, Radical Scavenging and Cytotoxic Activities of Mexican allspice (Pimenta dioica L. Merrill) Berries Essential Oil", Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, vol. 21, no. 4: Taylor & Francis, pp. 859–868, 2018. Abstract
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Tzakou, O., A. Said, A. Farag, and K. Rashed, "Volatile constituents of Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.", Flavour and fragrance journal , vol. 21, issue 6, pp. 899-901, 2006.
Abd El-Baky, H. H., M. A. Shallan, G. El- Baroty, and F. K. El-Baz, "Volatile compounds of the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and their phytotoxic effect. ", Pakistan J. of Biological sciences, vol. 5: 61-65., 2002. Abstract

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M.A. Abdel Kawy, M. Hashem, Y. Mirham, and H. H. Eid, "Volatile and Non- volatile components of Hibiscus trionum and two varieties of H. esculentus. Var .Balady and Golden Cost", XXVI Conference of Pharmaceutical Sciences,, Cairo, Egypt, Dec.,1998.
Avramovic-Cingara, G., C. A. R. Saleh, M. Jain, and D. Wilkinson, "Void Nucleation and Growth in Dual-Phase Steel 600 during Uniaxial Tensile Testing", Metallurgical and Material transactions A, , vol. 40, , issue 13, 2009, pp. 3117-3127, 2009.
El-Abbadi, H., "Voicing their Anger: Marginalized Characters in Alice Childress' Wind in the Wilderness and Josefina Lopez's Simply Maria", 10th International Symposium on Comparative Literature: The Marginalized, Cairo University, English Department, pp. 295-312, 2011.
ElShayal, D., "Voicing Herself in Silence: Non-Verbal Theatrical Elements in Ntozake Shange and Intissar Abdel-Fatah ", Journal of Comparative Drama. Michigan: West Michigan University Press, 2004.
El-Hadidi, M. T., "Voice/Data Integration: Concepts, Modeling and Analysis", Eighth International Conference on Mathematical and Computer Modelling, College Park (U.S.A.), 1991.
Ismail, M. A., "Vocal tract area function estimation using particle swarm", Journal of Computers, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 32–38, 2008. Abstract
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