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Fahmy, H. M., M. H. El-Hakim, D. S. Nady, Y. Elkaramany, F. A. Mohamed, A. M. Yasien, M. A. Moustafa, B. E. Elmsery, and H. A. Yousef, "Review on MgO Nanoparticles Multifunctional Role in the Biomedical Field: properties and applications.", Nanomedicine journal, vol. 9, issue 1, pp. 1-14, 2022.
Abdelfatah, R., N. Alshaer, and T. Ismail, "A review on pointing, acquisition, and tracking approaches in UAV-based fso communication systems", Optical and Quantum Electronics, vol. 54, no. 9: Springer US New York, pp. 571, 2022. Abstract
Mansour, A., H. Hassan, R. Moawad, and S. Makady, "A Review on Software Bug Localization Techniques using a Motivational Example", Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, vol. 13, issue 2, 2022.
Gad El Hak, F., "Rhétorique De La Tolérance Dans Le Film D’Un Mur A L’autre De Berlin A Ceuta", ​Communication & Development Journal, vol. 34, pp. 127-146, 2022.
Fathi, H. M., I. E. I. Gazzar, M. A. I. Elazeem, E. AboulKheir, N. M. Gamal, F. Ismail, R. E. R. Shereef, S. Tharwat, S. Elwan, N. Samy, et al., "Rheumatologists' knowledge and perception of COVID-19 and related vaccines: the vaXurvey2 online survey.", Rheumatology international, 2022. Abstract

The study aimed to explore the experience of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) infection and vaccine adverse events (AEs) among rheumatologists. A validated questionnaire was distributed as a Google form to rheumatologists across the country via social networking sites from late December 2021 till early January 2022. The questionnaire included questions regarding participants' socio-demographic details, COVID-19 infection and vaccination details with special emphasis on AEs. Out of 246 responses, 228 were valid. 200 (81.3%) responders had received the vaccine. The mean age of the 228 participants was 37.9 ± 8.5 years, 196 were females and 32 males (F:M 6.1:1) from 18 governorates across the country. Comorbidities were present in 54 subjects (27%). There was a history of highly suspicious or confirmed COVID-19 infection in 66.7% that were all managed at home. The COVID-19 vaccine was received by 200 and a booster dose of 18.5%. Obesity and musculoskeletal involvement co-morbidities were present only in those with AEs (9.1% and 5.5% respectively). AEs were present in 82%; 66.7% had injection-site tenderness, 50% fatigue, 35.5% fever, 15% chills, 42.5% myalgia, 14.5% arthralgia, 8% low back pain, headache 31%, dizziness 10%, sleepliness 16% and 15% developed post-vaccine. There were no differences according to the geolocation regarding the occurrence of COVID-19 infection (p = 0.19) or AEs post-vaccine (p = 0.58). The adverse events were mostly mild to moderate and tolerable which makes this work in agreement with other studies that support the broad safety of the vaccine in favor of the global benefit from mass vaccination.

Abdel-Salam, R., R. Mostafa, and A. H. Abdel-gawad, "RIECNN: real-time image enhanced CNN for traffic sign recognition", Neural Computing and Applications: Springer, pp. 1–12, 2022. Abstract
Sabry, R., "Rifa'a al-Tahtawi e la Nahda", Aida, Figlia di due mondi, Torino, Museo Egizio, 2022.
Ibrahim, Y. F., T. Kosan, and M. F. Yousif, "Rings Whose Cyclics Are DU-Modules", Moroccan Journal of Algebra and Geometry with Applications, vol. 1, issue 1, pp. 86-97, 2022.
Ibrahim, Y. F., T. M. Kosan, T. C. Quynh, and M. Yousif, "Rings whose cyclics are U-modules", Journal of Algebra and Its Applications, vol. 21, issue 1, 2022.
Helmi, A. M., O. Zohny, and A. El Mustafa, "Risk Assessment of Flash Floods in Eastern Egyptian Desert", New Prospects in Environmental Geosciences and Hydrogeosciences, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 423–427, 2022. Abstract

Flash floods are natural phenomena characterized by their short duration and big volume within a limited available response time. As a natural phenomenon, flash floods depend on climatic conditions, geological nature, and prevailing terrain. The floods often occur in Egypt at the beginning of the fall season as of mid-October. In Egypt, the highest population density is centralized around the Nile banks, and high-density touristic compounds and scattered big cities with connecting roads are distributed along the whole Red Sea coast. The wadies in the Egyptian Eastern Desert drain either to the west side toward the Nile or to the east toward the Red Sea. The existing and high rates of urban expansion without proper consideration of wadi paths led to considerable wadi encroachments and catastrophic incidents. Due to the huge amount and cost of work required to assess the encroachments and the implementation of proper flood mitigation measures, a prioritization for the wadies according to their peak flow standardized risk factor (PFSRF) is a critical task since most of the encroachments are located at wadies' outlets. Stormwater harvesting can provide a share in reducing freshwater stress associated with a reduction in the required drainage structures, accordingly another catchment prioritization is provided based on runoff volume standardized risk factor (RVSRF). The provided RVSRF can guide the designer to give a priority for artificial lakes and dams as a recommended flood mitigation measure for such catchments.

Musallam, K. M., A. Vitrano, A. Meloni, S. A. Pollina, M. Karimi, A. El-Beshlawy, M. Hajipour, V. Di Marco, S. H. Ansari, A. Filosa, et al., "Risk of mortality from anemia and iron overload in nontransfusion-dependent β-thalassemia.", American journal of hematology, vol. 97, issue 2, pp. E78-E80, 2022.
, "RL_QOptimizer: A Reinforcement Learning Based Query Optimizer", ieee access, vol. 10, pp. 70502-70515, 2022.
Hegazy, A., I. Mostafa, Y. A. M. M. Elshaier, S. H. Mahmoud, N. A. M. Shama, M. Shehata, G. Yahya, N. F. Nasr, A. M. El-Halawany, M. A. Ali, et al., "Robust Antiviral Activity of Santonica Flower Extract (Artemisia cina) against Avian and Human Influenza A Viruses: In Vitro and Chemoinformatic Studies", ACS Omega, vol. 7, pp. 38105-39471, 2022.
Alquds, Y. S., H. T. Dorrah, A. Hamdy, and G. E-Bayoumi, "A robust compound control for wheeled inverted pendulum in an uncertain and distributed environment,", International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 28, issue 6, pp. 1-8, 2022.
Hassan, R., A. Yosri, M. Ezzeldin, and W. El-Dakhakhni, "Robustness Quantification of Transit Infrastructure under Systemic Risks: A Hybrid Network–Analytics Approach for Resilience Planning", Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems, vol. 148, issue 10, 2022.
Ezzat, A. A., and A. M. Salah, "Rod migration through foramen magnum into posterior fossa after cervical spine lateral mass fixation: A case report and literature review.", Surgical neurology international, vol. 13, pp. 514, 2022. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Posterior cervical fusion is one of the most common surgical procedures performed for the treatment of many cervical spine pathologies. Hardware failure, due to rod displacement either cranially or caudally, may occur.

CASE DESCRIPTION: Two years following a subaxial laminectomy/lateral mass fusion (from C3 to C6) for stenosis, a 67-year-old female, with a history of trauma 2 months ago, presented with headaches, right-sided facial palsy, and right complete ophthalmoplegia. When the computed tomography scan showed migration of the left-sided rod extending into the posterior fossa through the foramen magnum plus malpositioning of the right rod, she underwent bilateral rod removal resulting in marked headache improvement without improvement of ophthalmoplegia and facial palsy.

CONCLUSION: Cephalad rod migration/displacement extending through the foramen magnum into the posterior fossa is a rare complication of cervical laminectomy/rod lateral mass screw instrumented fusion.

Ibrahim, A. S., M. El-Shinawi, S. Sabet, S. A. A. Ibrahim, and M. M. Mohamed, "Role of adipose tissue-derived cytokines in the progression of inflammatory breast cancer in patients with obesity.", Lipids in health and disease, vol. 21, issue 1, pp. 67, 2022. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) represents a deadly aggressive phenotype of breast cancer (BC) with a unique clinicopathological presentation and low survival rate. In fact, obesity represents an important risk factor for BC. Although several studies have identified different cellular-derived and molecular factors involved in IBC progression, the role of adipocytes remains unclear. Cancer-associated adipose tissue (CAAT) expresses a variety of adipokines, which contribute to tumorigenesis and the regulation of cancer stem cell (CSC). This research investigated the potential effect of the secretome of CAAT explants from patients with BC on the progression and metastasis of the disease.

METHODS: This study established an ex-vivo culture of CAAT excised from IBC (n = 13) vs. non-IBC (n = 31) patients with obesity and profiled their secretome using a cytokine antibody array. Furthermore, the quantitative PCR (qPCR) methodology was used to validate the levels of predominant cytokines at the transcript level after culture in a medium conditioned by CAAT. Moreover, the impact of the CAAT secretome on the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cells with stem cell (CSC) markers was studied in the non-IBC MDA-MB-231 and the IBC SUM-149 cell lines. The statistical differences between variables were evaluated using the chi-squared test and unpaired a Student's t-test.

RESULTS: The results of cytokine array profiling revealed an overall significantly higher level of a panel of 28 cytokines secreted by the CAAT ex-vivo culture from IBC patients with obesity compared to those with non-IBC. Of note, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and monocyte chemo-attractant protein 1 (MCP-1) were the major adipokines secreted by the CAAT IBC patients with obesity. Moreover, the qPCR results indicated a significant upregulation of the IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 mRNAs in CAAT ex-vivo culture of patients with IBC vs. those with non-IBC. Intriguingly, a qPCR data analysis showed that the CAAT secretome secretions from patients with non-IBC downregulated the mRNA levels of the CD24 CSC marker and of the epithelial marker E-cadherin in the non-IBC cell line. By contrast, E-cadherin was upregulated in the SUM-149 cell.

CONCLUSIONS: This study identified the overexpression of IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 as prognostic markers of CAAT from patients with IBC but not from those with non-IBC ; moreover, their upregulation might be associated with IBC aggressiveness via the regulation of CSC and EMT markers. This study proposed that targeting IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 may represent a therapeutic option that should be considered in the treatment of patients with IBC.

Maher, A., D. Atallah, M. Hassan, M. Hammad, M. Galal, S. - E. Mohamed, Y. Abdelkafy, and A. Farid, "Role of anti-Giardia recombinant cyst wall protein IgG polyclonal antibodies in diagnosis and protection", AMB express, vol. 12, pp. 147, 2022.
Kassem, T. W. M., A. E. H. A. Gadalla, and M. M. S. A. Mostafa, "Role of Fluorine-18 Labelled PSMA PET/CT Imaging in Prostatic Cancer Patients with Biochemical Recurrence", NeuroQuantology, vol. 20, issue 12, pp. 2343-2351, 2022.
Nooh, H. A., M. S. Abdellateif, L. Refaat, E. Z. Kandeel, A. Bayoumi, M. Samra, and medhat khafagy, "The role of inflammatory indices in the outcome of COVID-19 cancer patients.", Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England), vol. 39, issue 1, pp. 6, 2022. Abstract

To assess the prognostic role of different inflammatory indices on the outcome of cancer patients with COVID-19. Sixty-two adults and 22 pediatric cancer patients with COVID-19 infection were assessed for the prognostic value of certain inflammatory indices including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), derived NLR (dNLR), systemic inflammation index (SII), mean platelet volume to platelet ratio (MPR), C-reactive protein to lymphocyte ratio (CRP/L), aggregate index of systemic inflammation (AISI), systemic inflammation response index (SIRI), and neutrophil to lymphocyte, platelet ratio (NLPR). Data were correlated to patients' outcome regarding ICU admission, and incidence of mortality. Increased CRP/L ratio in adult COVID-19 cancer patients was significantly associated with inferior survival [152 (19-2253) in non-survivors, compared to 27.4 (0.8-681) in survivors (P = 0.033)]. It achieved a sensitivity (60%) and a specificity (90.2%) at a cut-off 152, while it achieved a sensitivity of 60% and specificity 95.1% at a cut-off 252 (AUC 0.795, P = 0.033). When combining both CRP/L and NLPR for the prediction of poor outcome in adult cancer patients with COVID19, the sensitivity increased to 80% and the specificity was 70.7% (AUC 0.805, P = 0.027). Increased incidence of ICU admission in pediatric cancer patients associated significantly with the severity of covid19 infection, decreased mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) < 28.3, increased red cell distribution width (RDW) > 16, lymphopenia < 1.04, pseudo Pelger-Huet appearance, and PLR < 196.4 (P = 0.004, P = 0.040, P = 0.029, P = 0. 0.039, P = 0.050, and P = 0.040; respectively). The mean corpuscular volume (MCV), MCH, and RDW could be useful prognostic markers for poor outcome in COVID-19 pediatric cancer patients (P < 0.05 for all). Increased both CRP/L and NLPR associated significantly with poor survival in adult COVID-19 cancer patients, while PLR associated significantly with ICU admission in pediatric COVID-19 cancer patients.

Alsabbagh, Y. A., S. A. Ahmed, H. E. Salama, M. A. Abd-Elmawla, and H. L. Elgendy, "Role of low-density lipoprotein receptor rs5925 (1959C>T) gene polymorphism in pathogenesis of dyslipidemia among Egyptian lupus nephritis patients.", Archives of rheumatology, vol. 37, issue 4, pp. 584-592, 2022. Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) rs5925 genetic variants and to evaluate their relationship with plasma lipid and kidney functions in lupus nephritis patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2020 and June 2021, a total of 100 lupus nephritis patients (8 males, 92 females; mean age: 31.1±1.1 years; range, 20 to 67 years) and a total of 100 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers (10 males, 90 females; mean age: 35.8±2.8 years; range, 21 to 65 years) were included. The gene polymorphism rs5925 (LDLR) was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Lipid profile and kidney functions were measured.

RESULTS: Regarding rs5925 (LDLR), C allele was significantly higher among lupus nephritis patients (60%) compared to the control group (45%). While T allele was significantly lower in lupus nephritis patients (40%), compared to the control group (p=0.003). The plasma level of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly lower in lupus nephritis patients with TT and CT genotypes, compared to those with CC genotype. Moreover, atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and LDL-C/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio were significantly lower in patients with TT genotype, compared to the patients with CC genotype. There was a strong and clear association between patients with renal biopsies grades III & IV & V and LDLR C allele (p=0.01, p=0.003, and p=0.004, respectively).

CONCLUSION: C allele is the significantly prevailed LDLR C1959T variant among lupus nephritis patients. Moreover, LDL-R genetic variant may be one of the non-immunological mechanisms implicated in the disturbed lipid profile among lupus nephritis patients. Profound dyslipidemia may partly underscore the deterioration of kidney function among lupus nephritis patients.

Kamal, A., F. T. Elgengehy, Z. Elawady, N. A. Fawzy, and O. El Sisi, "Role of miR-146a rs2910164 and UTS2 rs228648 Genetic Variants in Behçet’s Disease", Immunological Investigations, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 899-908, 2022. AbstractWebsite