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2021
Qari, S. H., A. M. Abdulmajeed, T. S. Alnusaire, and M. H. Soliman, "Responses of Crop Plants Under Nanoparticles Supply in Alleviating Biotic and Abiotic Stresses", Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 53, vol. 53, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 231 - 246, 2021. Abstract
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Nassar, A., I. M. Ibrahim, F. G. Amin, M. Magdy, A. M. Elgharib, E. B. Azzam, F. Nasser, K. Yousry, I. M. Shamkh, S. M. Mahdy, et al., "A review of human coronaviruses’ receptors: The host-cell targets for the crown bearing viruses", Molecules, vol. 26, issue 21, 2021. Abstract
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Bhattacharya, T., S. P. Maishu, R. Akter, M. H. Rahman, M. F. Akhtar, A. Saleem, M. Bin-Jumah, M. Kamel, M. A. Abdel-Latif, and M. M. Abdel-Daim, "A review on natural sources derived protein nanoparticles as anticancer agents", Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 21, issue 12, pp. 1014 - 1026, 2021. AbstractWebsite
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Al-Surhanee, A. A., M. H. Soliman, and S. A. Ouf, "The role of soil microbes in the plant adaptation to stresses: current scenario and future perspective", Frontiers in Plant-Soil Interaction: Elsevier, pp. 237 - 258, 2021. Abstract
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Alghanem, S. M., H. A. S. Alhaithloul, M. T. Abdelhamid, and M. H. Soliman, "Role of Various Nanoparticles in Countering Heavy Metal, Salt, and Drought Stress in Plants", Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 53, vol. 53, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 151 - 170, 2021. Abstract
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Alalfy, M., A. Yehia, and A. Samy, "Routine cervical dilatation at caesarean section and its influence on postoperative pain and complications in obese women: a double blind randomized controlled trial.", The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians, vol. 34, issue 12, pp. 1906 - 1913, 2021. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Numerous surgical techniques regarding cesarean section performance were assessed. The usefulness of cervical dilatation during cesarean section, are still based on restricted research obtained data. PURPOSE: To assess the impact of intraoperative digital dilatation of cervix on postoperative pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The current research study is a Prospective parallel group randomized controlled double blind research trial that was conducted in obstetrics and gynecology hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University and Algezeera Hospital, Egypt from the period May 2018 until February 2018. RESULTS: The visual analog scale scoring level was statistically significantly higher in noncervical dilatation research group at 8th, 30th, 48 hours and 7th day postoperative (p values <.001, .001, .001, and .001, respectively). On the other hand at the 4th day postoperative, there was no statistical significant difference concerning VAS scoring level. CONCLUSIONS: Manual cervical dilatation during cesarean section is an innovative procedure to reduce postoperative pain in obese women. We thought that according to the results of the present study, cervical dilatation leads to proper continuous adequate evacuation and drainage of the intracavitary contents that leads to decrease the uterine subinvolution, retained blood and so, decreased postoperative pain and postoperative blood loss. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV ID: NCT03513237.

Huzayyin, O. A., H. Salem, and M. A. Hassan, "A representative urban driving cycle for passenger vehicles to estimate fuel consumption and emission rates under real-world driving conditions", Urban Climate, vol. 36, issue June 2020: Elsevier B.V., pp. 100810 - 100810, 2021/03//. Abstract

The driving patterns in developing countries, especially in metropolitan cities, are significantly different from those in developed countries or less-populated cities. However, most of the vehicles driven in these cities are tested using driving cycles that do not match those special driving characteristics, typically resulting in an underestimation or overestimation of the emission rates. In this study, a first driving cycle of passenger cars with gasoline engines is proposed for Greater Cairo, Egypt, based on a very large and diverse dataset of high-resolution onboard measurements, recorded using 87 cars driven in 10 distinctive areas in Greater Cairo. Two global driving cycles have been developed based on the commonly used K-means and the newly suggested K-medoids clustering techniques. The developed cycle based on the K-medoids algorithm, which was found more representative of the collected data, is a time series of speed, ~1500 s, covering a distance of ~5.4 km, with an average speed of 12.480 km/h, where 16.3% of the total duration spent in the idling mode. The superiority of the developed cycle over two commonly used cycles, namely the American transient FTP-75 cycle and the European modal ECE cycle, in terms of estimated fuel consumption and emission rates, is reported.

Almeldin, A., H. Ahmed, A. Bayoumi, R. AbdelSamie, R. Halim, and A. Salem, Role of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) in Assessing Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, , vol. 84, 2021/04/06. Abstract

Background:Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an increasingly recognized form of diffuse parenchymal lung disease. Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) is now classified as a human MUC1 mucin protein, and regenerating type II pneumocytes are the primary cellular source of KL-6/MUC1 in the affected lungs of patients with ILD. Serum KL-6/MUC1 levels have been demonstrated to be useful for evaluating various ILD.
Objective:
To determine the role of circulating KL-6 in evaluating the disease activity and management of HP.
Methods:
An observational cross-sectional study was conducted on 51 patients with HP. Serum KL-6 levels were measured. Patients were further assessed by chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), pulmonary function tests, six-minute walk test, echocardiography, bronchioalveolar lavage, and/or transbronchial biopsy. Patients were divided into the fibrotic and non-fibrotic groups according to the HRCT findings.
Results:
The median serum KL-6 levels were significantly higher in HP patients as compared to the control group. The median serum KL-6 levels were found to be higher in the non -fibrotic HP group (1900 IU/mL) as compared to the fibrotic group (1200 IU/mL). There was a significant inverse correlation between serum KL-6 serum level and the dose of steroids as well as duration of steroid therapy.
Conclusion:
The presence of higher KL-6 levels in the non-fibrotic HP group implies its enhanced production by regenerating pneumocytes in response to alveolar injury. The significant association between serum KL-6 levels and the dose and the duration of steroid therapy emphasized the important role of steroids in stabilization of the disease.

Mamdouh, S., M. Refaat, M. Ezzelarab, S. Abdalgeleel, and D. Tolba, The Role of Infection Control Measures in Ophthalmology: Do They Prevent COVID-19 Infection Among Ophthalmologists in Egypt? A Survey-Based Study, , vol. Volume 15, pp. 4347 - 4355, 2021/10/01. Abstract
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Mamdouh, S., M. Refaat, M. Ezzelarab, S. Abdalgeleel, and D. Tolba, The Role of Infection Control Measures in Ophthalmology: Do They Prevent COVID-19 Infection Among Ophthalmologists in Egypt? A Survey-Based Study, , vol. Volume 15, pp. 4347 - 4355, 2021/10/01. Abstract
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Ashour, H. A., E. A. Esmail, S, and A. B. EL-Attar, "Responses of different quality parameters of Chia to arbuscular mycorrhiza and plant growth regulators", Advances in Horticultural Science, pp. 139-150, 3,2021.
Ahmed, T. S., "Rainbows and topology applied to Omitting types ", Logic and Relativity , Alfred Renyi, Hungarian acadaemy of Sciences, 4 July 2021.
2022
Abdelhak, Y. I., F. Kamel, M. Hafez, H. E. Kotb, H. A. Omran, T. Ismail, and H. Mostafa, "Radio Optical Network Simulation Tool (RONST)", CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no. 2: doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.022470, pp. 3685–3702, 2022. Abstract
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Goforth, E., A. Yosri, W. El-Dakhakhni, and L. Wiebe, "Rapidity Prediction of Power Infrastructure Forced Outages: Data-Driven Approach for Resilience Planning", Journal of Energy Engineering, vol. 148, issue 3, 2022.
Teleb, M. M. A., M. G. Kamel, H. A. Ead, H. M. Hassaneen, and F. M. Saleh, "Reactivity of N-(4-Nitrophenyl) propionohydrazonoyl Bromide. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Study of Thiadiazoles and 4, 6-Dithia-1, 2, 9-triazaspiro-[4.4]-non-2-en-8-ones", Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 2022. Abstract
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Teleb, M. M. A., M. G. Kamel, H. A. Ead, H. M. Hassaneen, and F. M. Saleh, "Reactivity of N-(4-Nitrophenyl) propionohydrazonoyl Bromide. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Study of Thiadiazoles and 4, 6-Dithia-1, 2, 9-triazaspiro-[4.4]-non-2-en-8-ones", Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds: Elsevier, 2022. Abstract
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Yassin, E. F., H. M. Yassin, A. Hemeida, and M. M. Hallouda, "Real Time Simulation of Brushless Doubly Fed Reluctance Generator Driven Wind Turbine Considering Iron Saturation", IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 9925-9934, 2022. Abstract
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Yassin, E. F., H. M. Yassin, A. Hemeida, and M. M. Hallouda, "Real Time Simulation of Brushless Doubly Fed Reluctance Generator Driven Wind Turbine Considering Iron Saturation", IEEE ACCESS, vol. 10, pp. 9925 - 9934, 2022.
Youssef, G., M. Mohamed, M. A. Hamid, and D. El Remisy, "Reasons behind high rate of non-compliance to scheduled office visits in hypertensive patients: results from the Egyptian registry of specialized hypertension clinics.", The Egyptian heart journal : (EHJ) : official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology, vol. 74, issue 1, pp. 45, 2022. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hypertensive patients' compliance to the clinic's follow-up visits is associated with a better blood pressure control. The aim of this study was to detect the reasons of non-compliance to office visits in Egyptian hypertensive patients.

RESULTS: This is an observational, prospective, cross-sectional research study where patients were enrolled from the registry of the specialized hypertension clinics of 9 university hospitals. Those who attended less than 3 office visits, throughout the registry period, were considered non-compliant and were contacted through the phone. A simple questionnaire was prepared, which included questions about the reasons of non-compliance to follow up. There were 3014 patients eligible for inclusion in this study but only 649 patients (21.5%) completed the questionnaire. Patients claimed that the reasons of non-compliance to the follow up visits in the specialized hypertension clinics were as follows: 444 patients (68.4%) preferred to follow up elsewhere mostly in pharmacies, 53 patients (8.2%) claimed that the healthcare service was unsatisfactory, 94 patients (14.5%) were asymptomatic, and 110 patients (16.9%) said that the clinic was far from their homes. Despite non-compliance to office visits, 366 patients (59.2%) were compliant to their antihypertensive medications and 312 (48.1%) patients were compliant to salt restriction. About 34% of patients used herbs, mainly hibiscus, as adjuvant to their antihypertensive medications.

CONCLUSIONS: Reasons for non-compliance to office visits in hypertensive patients were either patient-related, or healthcare-related. To improve patients' compliance, physicians need to educate their patients about hypertension, patients need to follow their doctors' instructions as regard medications, salt restriction and scheduled office visits, and governments need to provide better and cheaper healthcare services.

Abdel-Tawab, M.A.-H., M. G. Abd El-Moghny, and R. M. El Nashar, "Recent advances in the chromatographic determination of the most commonly used anti-hepatitis C drug sofosbuvir and its co-administered drugs in human plasma", Biomedical Chromatography, , vol. 36, issue 1, pp. e5238, 2022.
Sedeek, A. M., M. M. Ismail, T. R. Elsayed, and M. A. Ramadan, "Recent methods for discovering novel bioactive metabolites, specifically antimicrobial agents, from marine-associated micro-organisms", Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2022.
Fahmy, H. M., E. S. Abu Serea, R. E. Salah-Eldin, S. A. Al-Hafiry, M. K. Ali, A. E. Shalan, and S. Lanceros-Méndez, "Recent Progress in Graphene-and Related Carbon-Nanomaterial-based Electrochemical Biosensors for Early Disease Detection. ", ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering., 2022.
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