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Abdelrahman, A. A., H. E. Hassan, and A. M. M. Liela, "Quality evaluation of strawberry fruit using visible laser", CIGR Journal, vol. 20, issue 1, pp. 211- 218, 2018.
Al-Ruwaih, F., M. El Anbaawy, A. Abdelhalim, and A. Al-Shammari, "Quality Evaluation of the Dewatering Subsurface Water in Urban Areas for Irrigation Purposes, Kuwait", Emirates Journal for Engineering Research, vol. 24, issue 4, pp. Article 3, 2019.
Bang JI, Jin JI, G. C. B. H. F. H. A. N. L. K. L. U. S. J. K. D. H. K. B. C. L. J. G. K. I. K. N. M., "Quality improvement of transgenic cloned bovine embryos using an aggregation method: Effects on cell number, cell ratio, embryo perimeter, mitochondrial distribution, and gene expression profile.", Theriogenology, vol. 84, issue 4, pp. 509-23, 2015. Abstract
Haleem, R. M., M. Y. Salem, F. A. Fatahallah, and L. E. Abdelfattah, "Quality in the Pharmaceutical Industry- A Literature Review", Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 2013.
Leow, J. J., J. W. F. Catto, J. A. Efstathiou, J. L. Gore, A. A. Hussein, S. F. Shariat, A. B. Smith, A. Z. Weizer, M. Wirth, J. A. Witjes, et al., "Quality Indicators for Bladder Cancer Services: A Collaborative Review", Eur Urol, 2019/09/30, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 43-59, Jul, 2020. AbstractWebsite

CONTEXT: There is a lack of accepted consensus on what should constitute appropriate quality-of-care indicators for bladder cancer. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optimal management of bladder cancer and propose quality indicators (QIs). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was performed to identify literature on current optimal management and potential quality indicators for both non-muscle-invasive (NMIBC) and muscle-invasive (MIBC) bladder cancer. A panel of experts was convened to select a recommended list of QIs. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: For NMIBC, preoperative QIs include tobacco cessation counselling and appropriate imaging before initial transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT). Intraoperative QIs include administration of antibiotics, proper safe conduct of TURBT using a checklist, and performing restaging TURBT with biopsy of the prostatic urethra in appropriate cases. Postoperative QIs include appropriate receipt of perioperative adjuvant therapy, risk-stratified surveillance, and appropriate decision to change therapy when indicated (eg, bacillus Calmette-Guerin [BCG] unresponsive). For MIBC, preoperative QIs include multidisciplinary care, selection for candidates for continent urinary diversion, receipt of neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy, time to commencing radical treatment, consideration of trimodal therapy as a bladder-sparing alternative in select patients, preoperative counselling with stoma marking, surgical volume of radical cystectomy, and enhanced recovery after surgery protocols. Intraoperative QIs include adequacy of lymphadenectomy, blood loss, and operative time. Postoperative QIs include prospective standardised monitoring of morbidity and mortality, negative surgical margins for pT2 disease, appropriate surveillance after primary treatment, and adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy in appropriate cases. Participation in clinical trials was highlighted as an important component indicating high quality of care. CONCLUSIONS: We propose a set of QIs for both NMIBC and MIBC based on established clinical guidelines and the available literature. Although there is currently a lack of level 1 evidence for the benefit of implementing these QIs, we believe that the measurement of these QIs could aid in the improvement and benchmarking of optimal care for bladder cancer. PATIENT SUMMARY: After a systematic review of existing guidelines and literature, a panel of experts has recommended a set of quality indicators that can help providers and patients measure and strive towards optimal outcomes for bladder cancer care.

El-Magoli, S. B., M. M. El-Nikeety, and E. - K. M. M. A. M. and Abd El-Salam, Quality indices of fish patties as affected by different extenders and storage at - 18˚C, , 2005. Abstract
Shakshouk, A. M., H. A. E. A. El-Talawy, and F. H. Abdelaziem, "QUALITY LEVEL OF CLINICAL RECORD FOR PEDIATRIC PHYSIOTHERAPY IN TEACHING HOSPITAL” AUDIT TOOL”", Mediacl Journal of Cairo University, 2019.
Iqbal, T, and El-Gohary, H, Quality Management and Productivity: Concepts, Trends, Theoretical Frameworks and Implications, , Germany, LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2014.
[4] A.EL-Korany, N. D., and A. S. ElDin, "Quality Measurement Model for KADS-Domain Knowledge", Journal of Software Engineering, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 30–43, 2010. Abstract
Ismail, T. I. M., H. M. Eissa, A. M. Ghallab, I. M. Ghoneim, A. B. El-Wishy, and M. S. S. Abdou, "Quality measures of frozen buffalo semen supplemented with follicular fluid post-thaw", 8th Ann. Congr. Egyptian Soc. Anim. Reprod. Fert., pp. 149, 1996.
Nabil, D., A. EL-Korany, and S. A. Eldin, "Quality measuring model for KADS-based expert systems", Computational Intelligence: ACTA Press, 2005. Abstract


Nabil, D., A. El-Korany, and A. S. Eldin, "Quality Measuring Model for KADS-based Expert Systems.", Computational Intelligence, pp. 337–341, 2005. Abstract
Nabil, D., A. El-Korany, and A. S. Eldin, "Quality Measuring Model for KADS-based Expert Systems.", Computational Intelligence, pp. 337–341, 2005. Abstract
Nermeen.M.L., QUALITY OF BATTERED AND BREADED FISH PRODUCTS, , cairo, cairo university, 2013.
Neuman, T. M., M. M. Amer, M. M. Hamdy, and A. M. Darwish, "Quality of broiler recovered from the chronic respiratory disease.", Vet. Med. J. Giza , vol. 34, issue 1, pp. 49-60. , 1986.
HS, T., B. SWG, K. HH, and S. MA, "Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and its relation to outcome during in hospital cardiac arrest in university hospital cardiology departments : the egyptian experience.", European Society of Cardiology Annual Acute Cardiovascular Care Congress., Geneve,Switzerland, October 2014.
HS, T., B. SWG, K. HH, and F. MAS, "Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation of in-hospital cardiac arrest and its relation to clinical outcome: An Egyptian University Hospital Experience", The Egyptian Heart Journal, vol. 67, pp. 137-143, 2015. Abstract

Abstract Introduction: High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed according
to international guidelines has a vital impact on survival of cardiac arrest.
Objective: To investigate different variables affecting return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)
and survival to discharge (STD) after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) and evaluate adherence
to CPR guidelines using a modified Utstein-style template.
Methods: A prospective observational study of 126 IHCA out of 5479 admissions to cardiology
units of 3 Cairo University hospitals.
Results: CPR was not attempted in 7 futile cases. ROSC was achieved in 50.4%, while STD was
achieved in only 7.6% of 119 attempted resuscitations. CPR was started by a physician in 114 cases
(95.8%) and by the on duty nurse in only 5 cases. The initial rhythm was shockable rhythm (SR) in
19 cases; 13 (68.4%) of whom achieved ROSC and 6 (31.6%) STD and non SR (pulseless electric activity/asystole) in 100 cases; 47 (47%) of whom achieved ROSC and 3 (3%) STD. Chest compressions
were observed appropriate P100/min, P2 inches deep and interrupted <10 s in 99.2%,
92.4% and 48.7% of cases respectively. Initial SR and duration of CPR were independently associated
with ROSC (both P =0.01) and STD (P= 0.008 and 0.02 respectively). A cut-off value for
CPR duration of 22.5 min had a sensitivity of 86.7% and a specificity of 81.4% in predicting ROSC
by receiver-operator characteristics analysis.
Conclusion: The poor STD despite a relatively good ROSC calls for improvement of CPR education
and training for hospital personnel and better post CA care.

Badawi, El-Assar, M.A., and I. I. Badran, "Quality of Chocolate Processed Cheese Spread", Minufiya Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 26, issue 2, pp. 445-454, 2001.
Yassin, H. M., M. A. Ali, and A. M. Kelany, "Quality of dynamic renal scan in nuclear medicine departments in Egypt", Annual Congress of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine , Gothenburg/SWEDEN, October , pp. 18 - 22, 2014.
Afifi, Y., A. Obeidah, and G. A. R. Kamar, "Quality of eggs [of White Leghorn, Rhode Island and their two reciprocal crosses] handled and stored by different methods", Egyptian Journal of Animal Production, vol. 15, 1975. Abstract
Elhusseiny, I. A., "The Quality of Egypt's State Budget: A Composite Index", European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, issue 80, pp. 30-48, 2015. AbstractWebsite

A composite index of Egypt’s State Budget that takes into account the composition of public expenditure, the composition of public revenues, and the ratio of budget deficit to GDP, is constructed for the period from fiscal year 1981/1982 to fiscal year 2014/2015. The overall trend of the constructed index during the period of analysis indicates that the quality of Egypt’s State Budget has been deteriorating. Indeed, the two fiscal years of 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 recorded the lowest scores of the composite index, an issue that has implications on the government’s fiscal sustainability.
Keywords: Budget quality, composite index, Egypt’s State Budget, budget composition
JEL Classifications: H60, H61, H69