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El-Shafeiy, M., D. Birgel, A. El-Kammar, A. El-Barkooky, O. Mohamed, M. Wagreich, and J. Peckmann, "palaeoecological and Post-depositional changes recorded in Campania-Maastrichtian black shales, Abu Tartur Plateau, Egypt",, 2014. cretaceous_research_50.pdf
Alsirafy, S. A., "Palliative Care in North Africa and the Middle East: Experiences from Egypt", The Blog of the European Association of Palliative Care (onlus), 2016.
Abdelsalam, A., Z. Abou-Moussa, N.Rashed, B. M. Badawy, H. A. Amer, W. Osman, M. M. El-Ashmawy, and N. Abdallah, Pion emission in α-particle interactions with various targets of nuclear emulsion detector , , 2015.
Tallima, H., and R. E. Ridi, "Pitfalls to Avoid During Development of Anti-SARS-COV-2 Vaccine", Authorea. December 03, 2020. DOI: HYPERLINK ", 2020.
SHAZLIEY.MD, D. R..M. O. S. T. A. F. A. E. L., "A Portal Pressure Cut-off of 15 Versus a Cut-off of 20 for Prevention of Small-For-Size Syndrome in Liver Transplantation", Hepatology Research - Manuscript ID HEPRES-15-0592.R1, 2014.
Taha, A. A., A. E. Noman, T. A. Mahboub, and A. A. Zaki, "Pre-operative predictive estimation of abdominal flap volume for breast reconstruction using ultrasound and an anthropometric method", European Journal of Plastic Surgery, 2018.
Sally Emad-Eldin, Nazria Shah, S. R. T. K. S. H. W. A. Z., Primary Adrenal Lymphoma: CT and MRI findings, , 2014. pal_eurorad.pdf
Abdel Mawella, S. M., H. A. Hussein, F. Zyada, A. Abdelaal, D. R. Ayoub, and A. Naguy, "Psychoendocrinology: arginine vasopressin and resilience in patients with major depressive disorder.", CNS spectrums, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is a burgeoning body of evidence suggesting that arginine vasopressin (AVP) acts as a neuromodulator of the stress response. AVP stimulates the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone, synergistic to corticotropin-releasing hormone, which might explain AVP's role in resilience. Personal hardiness is the bedrock of resilience. Numerous studies have demonstrated elevated plasma levels of AVP in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), suggesting an etiopathogenetic role as well as a novel therapeutic target.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between AVP and resilience in patients with MDD and to determine AVP levels in serum of patients with MDD.

METHODS: Forty patients with MDD and 40 healthy control subjects were studied using the Dispositional Resilience (Hardiness) Scale by Barton, the Quality of Life Scale, the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory. Biochemical analysis of plasma levels of AVP, using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), was performed for all participants.

RESULTS: Levels of AVP were statistically significantly elevated in patients with MDD compared with healthy controls. Psychological hardiness was decreased in patients with MDD compared with healthy controls, a finding also statistically significant. There was a negative correlation between plasma AVP level and psychological hardiness.

CONCLUSION: AVP and psychological hardiness are negatively correlated, reflecting lower stress resilience. AVP levels are indeed higher in patients struggling with MDD.

Ghobrial, E. E., M. M. Khorshied, S. B. Adly, and M. M. Aziz, Proadrenomedullin as a prognostic biomarker for critically-ill septic children, , 2020. Abstract