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Atya, A. M., and G. M. Ahmed, "Pulsed Magnetic Field Versus Ultrasonic in Treatment of Patients with Chronic Mechanical low Back Pain", bullettin of faculty of physical therapy, vol. 13, issue 2, pp. 139-145, 2008. july2008.pdf
Mahmoud Moawad Mahmoud, 2D. A. M. Saleh, 3D. A. R. Ibrahim, and H. F. EidMorsy, "PULSED LOW FREQUENCY MAGNETIC FIELD ON OBESE SUBJECTS", International Journalf oRfe sReaerccehn atn Ad dRveavinecwe isn iHne Maluthl tSidciiesncciepsl,i nJualryy - 2R0e1s4e arch,, vol. 2, issue 4, pp. 360-370, 2015.
Gamal A. Fattah, A. A., and L. E. Nadi, "Pulsed Laser soldering of Al Sheets & associated effects", J laser Science & technology, vol. 1, pp. 6, 1992. Abstract
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and, A. A., L. E. Nadi, and G. A. Fattah, "Pulsed Laser soldering of Al Sheets & associated effects", l J laser Science & technology, vol. 1, pp. 6, 1992.
Gad, S., M. Fathy, Y. Badr, and A. E. - H. B. Kashyout, "Pulsed Laser Deposition of In0.1Ga0.9N Nanoshapes by Nd:YAG Technique ", Coatings, vol. 10,, 2020.
Abdelaziz, A., M. Elsayed, H. A. Bakr, J. El-Rifai, T. Van der Donck, J. - P. Celis, V. Leonov, P. Fiorini, and S. Sedky, "Pulsed laser deposition of bismuth telluride thin films for microelectromechanical systems thermoelectric energy harvesters", Journal of electronic materials, vol. 39, no. 9: Springer US, pp. 1920–1925, 2010. Abstract
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Abdelaziz, A., M. Elsayed, H. A. Bakr, J. El-Rifai, T. Van der Donck, J. - P. Celis, V. Leonov, P. Fiorini, and S. Sedky, "Pulsed laser deposition of bismuth telluride thin films for microelectromechanical systems thermoelectric energy harvesters", Journal of electronic materials, vol. 39, issue 9: Springer US, pp. 1920-1925, 2010. Abstract
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Pospieszczyk, A., A. M. Harith, and B. Stritzker, "Pulsed laser annealing of GaAs and Si: Combined reflectivity and time-of-flight measurements", Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 54, no. 6: AIP Publishing, pp. 3176–3182, 1983. Abstract
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Sarhan, R., E. Elsayed, and E. S. Fayez, "Pulsed Electromagnetic Therapy Improves Functional Recovery in Children with Erb's Palsy", Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, vol. 7, no. 1: Institute of Medico-Legal Publications, pp. 42, 2013. Abstract
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Elgohary, H. M., and S. A. Tantawy, "Pulsed electromagnetic field with or without exercise therapy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.", Journal of physical therapy science, vol. 29, issue 8, pp. 1305-1310, 2017 Aug. Abstract

[Purpose] To investigate the effect of pulsed electromagnetic field with or without exercise therapy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty male patients aged 55-65 years with benign prostatic hyperplasia were invited to participate in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to Group A (n=20; patients who received pulsed electromagnetic field in addition to pelvic floor and aerobic exercises), Group B (n=20; patients who received pulsed electromagnetic field), and Group C (n=20; patients who received placebo electromagnetic field). The assessments included post-void residual urine, urine flow rate, prostate specific antigen, white blood cells count, and International Prostate Symptom Score were weighed, before and after a 4-week intervention. [Results] There were significant differences in Group A and B in all parameters. Group C showed non-significant differences in all measured variables except for International Prostate Symptom Score. Among groups, all parameters showed highly significant differences in favor of Group A. There were non-significant differences between Group A and B and significant difference between Groups A and C and between Groups B and C. [Conclusion] The present study demonstrated that electromagnetic field had a significant impact on the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Accordingly, electromagnetic field can be utilized alone or in combination with other physiotherapy modalities. Moreover, clinicians should have the capacity to perceive the advantages accomplished using extra treatment alternatives. Electromagnetic field is a safe, noninvasive method and can be used for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Mostafa, M. S. E., A. M. Saleh, and M. K. M. Gad, "PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD VERSUS PULSED ULTRASOUND IN TREATMENT OF MECHANICAL NECK PAIN", International Journal of Recent Advances in Multidisciplinary Research, vol. 8, issue 11, pp. 7285-7290, 2021. pulsed_electromagnetic_field_vs_pus_for_mnp.pdf
Abd-Elghany, A. A., M. A. El-sakhawy, and A. T. Abul-Hamd, "Pulsed Electric Field Effects on Cell Viability of the Human Fungal Pathogen Candida albicans", Bioscience Research, vol. 18, issue 1, pp. 337-344, 2021.
Khalil, E. E., S. A. Sherif, B. E. Lear, M. J. Brooks, and D. S. Clou, "Pulsed Ejector Cooling System .", Proceedings, IECEC paper AIAA-2012-3805., USA, July , 2012.
Shokeir, H. A., and N. A. Samy, Pulsed Dye Laser versus its sequential application with pulsed Nd:YAG Laser in treatment of acne scars :Split-face clinical trial, : cairo university, 2013. Abstract

Background: Acne scar correction remains a challenge to the dermatologic surgeon. Non ablative laser treatment has been shown to affect significant dermal collagen remodeling with minimal post treatment sequelae.
Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of a 585 nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) and a combined PDL and 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of acne scars.
Methods: Thirty patients with mild to moderate atrophic acne scars received five PDL and combined PDL and Nd:YAG laser treatment sessions at three to five week-intervals. Treatments were administered randomly in a split-face manner. Patients were photographed before treatment and 3 months after the last treatment session. Histological evaluations were performed on skin biopsies obtained before treatment and 3 months after the last session. Collagen quantification per area, before and after the treatment, was performed by morphometry, with computerized image analysis. Patient satisfaction and clinical improvement were assessed using standard grading scales.
Results: Both treatment modalities induced noticeable clinical and histological improvement with significantly better results in combined PDL/Nd:YAG laser versus PDL alone. Patient satisfaction scores concurred with these improvements. The study demonstrated a positive significant correlation between the duration of acne scars and the degree of scar improvement.
Conclusion: Both lasers are effective and safe modalities in the treatment of atrophic acne scars with significantly higher scar response to the combined PDL/Nd:YAG treatment modality. Patients with shorter duration of acne scars (<2 years) respond better than those with longer duration.
Keywords: acne scar, pulsed dye laser, Nd:YAG laser.

Shokeir, H. A., N. A. Samy, M. R. Abo-Eittah, and N. G. Abdallah.*, Pulsed Dye Laser versus its sequential application with ND: YAG Laser in treatment of Psoriasis , , 2015. Abstract

Background: Angiogenesis play an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Based on selective photothermolysis destruction of dilated blood vessels, a major component of psoriatic dermal papillae, can be achieved upon treatment with vascular lasers .
Objective:This study was designed to compare the efficacy of a 585 nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) and its sequential application with Nd: YAG laser for the treatment of plaque psoriasis.
Patients and Methods: Thirty patients with chronic and stable plaque type psoriasis were included in this study. Patients received seven PDL and combined PDL and Nd: YAG laser treatment sessions at two week-intervals. Clinical evaluation of the studied psoriatic plaques was performed by the modified Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (mPASI) score and by photographs.
Results: Both types of lasers induced a noticeable decrease in (mPASI) scores. The decrease was statistically significant with combined PDL and Nd: YAG laser versus PDL alone when compared with baseline (p< 0.03 ). Some plaques that had received the combined modality showed complete clearance at the 12thand 14th week.
Conclusion: The sequential application of PDL followed by Nd: YAG laser (multiplex) could be more promising than PDL alone in the treatment of plaque psoriasis.
Keywords: Angiogenesis, multiplex, Nd: YAG laser, psoriasis, pulsed dye laser.
Abbreviations: VEGFR, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor.

Osman, M. A. R., H. A. Shokeir, Arwa Mohamed Hassan, and M. A. Khalifa, "Pulsed Dye Laser Alone Versus Its Combination With Topical Ivermectin 1% In Treatment of Rosacea: A Randomized Comparative Study.", Journal of dermatological treatment, vol. Volume 33, issue 1, pp. 184-190, 2022.
Hasanin, A., T. Zanata, S. Osman, Y. Abdelwahab, R. Samer, M. Mahmoud, M. Elsherbiny, K. Elshafaei, F. Morsy, and A. Omran, "Pulse Pressure Variation-Guided Fluid Therapy during Supratentorial Brain Tumour Excision: A Randomized Controlled Trial.", Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 7, issue 15, pp. 2474-2479, 2019.
Doss, S. S. W., D. S. Mosallam, E. A. A. Abdallah, and M. M. M. Moro, "Pulse Oximetry in Comparison to Arterial Blood Oxygen Saturation in Respiratory Distress in Neonates", Alexandria Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 25, issue 2, pp. 77-81, 2011. AbstractPulse Oximetry in Comparison to Arterial Blood Oxygen Saturation in Respiratory Distress in Neonates

Monitoring oxygen saturation is important to the newborns receiving supplemental oxygen so to
decrease the incidence of exposure to hyperoxemia and the risk of potential deleterious effects of radical
oxygen species. Pulse oximetry is a non invasive, medical device that indirectly measures the oxygen
saturation of a patient's blood. An arterial blood gas (ABG) is a blood test that is performed using blood
from an artery. ABG testing is used to determine the pH of the blood, the partial pressure of carbon
dioxide and oxygen(PaO2), and the bicarbonate level.: This study aimed at studying the relationship of
PaO2 and pulse oxygen saturation values in newborn with respiratory distress to evaluate whether pulse
oxygen saturation value can reflect significant changes in PaO2. Prospective comparison of PaO2 and
pulse oxygen saturation values in 80 patients (mean gestational age 35 ± 3.6 weeks) was performed. The
PaO2 measurements were obtained from blood gas analyzer; simultaneous pulse oxygen saturation
values were recorded. We evaluated PaO2/ pulse oxygen saturation values in the 80 neonates. Of the 80
samples, 30 (37.5 %) of cases were breathing supplemental oxygen by CPAP, 27 (33.7 %) of cases were
on nasal prong, 21 (26.3 %) were on ventilator and 2 (2.5 %) were on head box. A mean pulse oxygen
saturation of (93.7 ± 7.1%) and a mean PaO2 of (34.9 ± 10) mmHg was observed. There was a statistically
significant positive (direct) correlation between PO2 and SpO2. An increase in PO2 is associated with an
increase in SpO2 (p<0.001). In conclusion: pulse oximetry measured from neonates and infants with
respiratory distress has statistically significant positive (direct) correlation with PO2.

, "Pulse less disease with extensive vascular involvement", APLAR Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 10(3): 258-259 , 2007.
Aisha, K., E. F. Shabana, M. S. El‐Abyad, I. A. Kobbia, and F. Schanz, "Pulse feeding with nitrate and phosphate in relation to tissue composition and nutrient uptake by some macroalgae from the Red Sea at Ghardaqa (Egypt)", Journal of basic microbiology, vol. 35, issue 3: Wiley‐VCH, pp. 135-145, 1995. Abstract
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Hassanien, A. E., "Pulse coupled neural network for detection of masses in digital mammogram", Neural network world journal, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 129–141, 2006. Abstract
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Hassanien, A. E., "Pulse coupled neural network for detection of masses in digital mammogram", Neural network world journal, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 129–141, 2006. Abstract
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