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Abbass, M. M. S., D. Rady, I. A. Radwan, S. El Moshy, N. AbuBakr, M. Ramadan, N. Yussif, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "Prevalence of periodontal diseases and its correlation with different risk factors among an adult Egyptian population: a cross-sectional study [version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations]", F1000Research, vol. 8, no. 1740, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., S. A. Mahmoud, S. El Moshy, D. Rady, N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, A. Ahmed, A. Abdou, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescences and its association with age, socioeconomic status, dietary habits and other risk factors. A cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., S. A. Mahmoud, S. El Moshy, D. Rady, N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, A. Ahmed, A. Abdou, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescences and its association with age, socioeconomic status, dietary habits and other risk factors. A cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., S. A. Mahmoud, S. El Moshy, D. Rady, N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, A. Ahmed, A. Abdou, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescences and its association with age, socioeconomic status, dietary habits and other risk factors. A cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., S. A. Mahmoud, S. El Moshy, D. Rady, N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, A. Ahmed, A. Abdou, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescences and its association with age, socioeconomic status, dietary habits and other risk factors. A cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., D. Rady, I. A. Radwan, S. El Moshy, N. AbuBakr, M. Ramadan, N. Yussif, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "Prevalence of periodontal diseases and its correlation with different risk factors among an adult Egyptian population: a cross-sectional study [version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations]", F1000Research, vol. 8, no. 1740, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., S. A. Mahmoud, S. El Moshy, D. Rady, N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, A. Ahmed, A. Abdou, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescences and its association with age, socioeconomic status, dietary habits and other risk factors. A cross-sectional study.", F1000Research, vol. 8, pp. 8, 2019. Abstract

: Dental caries is a chronic, multifactorial disease, with limited data available for the Egyptian population. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescents in correlation with age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status, parental education, biological risk factors and dietary habits. : A total number of 369 Egyptian children and adolescents (age ranges from 3-18 years) were examined over the period from 15 November 2017 to 13 January 2018. Socio-demographic data, oral hygiene measures and dietary habits for children were recorded. Dental status was analyzed using decayed, missing and filled tooth index (dmft) for deciduous dentition and (DMFT) index for permanent dentition. For mixed dentition (deft) index was used, d (decayed tooth indicated for filling), e (decayed tooth indicated for extraction) and f (filled tooth). : 74% of the children had dental caries with mean dmft: 3.23±4.07; deft: 4.21±3.21; DMFT: 1.04±1.56. In primary dentition, dmft of the children was positively correlated with age, beans, candies, crackers, chocolates and inversely correlated with gender, socio-economic status (SES), parental education, brushing frequency of the parent, brushing frequency of the parent to the child teeth, brushing frequency of the child and consumption of eggs, fruits/vegetables, milk and milk products. In mixed dentition, deft was positively correlated with candies, crackers, citric juices, while negatively correlated with age, SES, parental education, brushing frequency of the parent to the child, brushing frequency of the child, fruits/vegetables. In permanent dentition, DMFT in children was positively correlated with age and chocolates while not correlated with any of the remaining risk factors. : The present study clarifies the significant risk factors associated with dental caries amongst Egyptian children. This will help in planning strategies to prevent and treat such disease.

Abbass, M. M. S., D. Rady, I. A. Radwan, S. El Moshy, N. AbuBakr, M. Ramadan, N. Yussif, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "Prevalence of periodontal diseases and its correlation with different risk factors among an adult Egyptian population: a cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8, issue 1740: F1000 Research Limited, pp. 1740, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study.", F1000Research, vol. 8, pp. 243, 2019. Abstract

Dental caries is a major public health problem and the most widespread chronic disease to affect individuals throughout their lifetime. Little information exists about the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults. Therefore, this study investigated the dental caries experience among Egyptian adults in correlation with different risk factors. A total of 359 Egyptian adults (age range, 18-74 years) were examined over a period of 3 months, starting on the 15 of November 2017 until the 13 of January 2018. Socio-demographic data, brushing frequency, body mass index (BMI) and eating habits were recorded and collected using a questionnaire. Dental examination was performed using the Decayed, Missing and Filled tooth (DMFT) index. In total, 86.63% of participants had dental caries experience. Of the participants, 60.45%, 48.47% and 55.43% had at least one decayed, missing and filled tooth, respectively. The mean number of decayed, missing, filled or DMFT for the whole sample were 2.4±3.6, 1.98±3.99, 1.79±2.45, 6.09±5.7, respectively. Decayed teeth were inversely correlated with socio-economic status (SES), education level, brushing frequency and milk consumption and positively correlated with grains, junk food and soda drinks consumption. Missing teeth were inversely correlated with SES, education level and brushing frequency, while positively correlated with age, BMI and caffeinated drink consumption. Conversely, filled teeth were positively correlated with age, BMI, SES and education level, while negatively correlated with grains and sugars in drinks. The present study clarifies that age, BMI, SES, education level and brushing frequency are risk factors significantly associated with dental caries prevalence amongst Egyptian adults. Egyptian adults' dietary habits might lead to obesity, which indirectly causes dental caries rather than directly as in children.

Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study [version 1; peer review: 3 approved]", F1000Research, vol. 8, no. 243, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., D. Rady, I. A. Radwan, S. El Moshy, N. AbuBakr, M. Ramadan, N. Yussif, and A. Al Jawaldeh, Prevalence of periodontal diseases and its correlation with different risk factors among an adult Egyptian population: a cross-sectional study, : F1000Res, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study.", F1000Research, vol. 8, pp. 243, 2019. Abstract

Dental caries is a major public health problem and the most widespread chronic disease to affect individuals throughout their lifetime. Little information exists about the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults. Therefore, this study investigated the dental caries experience among Egyptian adults in correlation with different risk factors. A total of 359 Egyptian adults (age range, 18-74 years) were examined over a period of 3 months, starting on the 15 of November 2017 until the 13 of January 2018. Socio-demographic data, brushing frequency, body mass index (BMI) and eating habits were recorded and collected using a questionnaire. Dental examination was performed using the Decayed, Missing and Filled tooth (DMFT) index. In total, 86.63% of participants had dental caries experience. Of the participants, 60.45%, 48.47% and 55.43% had at least one decayed, missing and filled tooth, respectively. The mean number of decayed, missing, filled or DMFT for the whole sample were 2.4±3.6, 1.98±3.99, 1.79±2.45, 6.09±5.7, respectively. Decayed teeth were inversely correlated with socio-economic status (SES), education level, brushing frequency and milk consumption and positively correlated with grains, junk food and soda drinks consumption. Missing teeth were inversely correlated with SES, education level and brushing frequency, while positively correlated with age, BMI and caffeinated drink consumption. Conversely, filled teeth were positively correlated with age, BMI, SES and education level, while negatively correlated with grains and sugars in drinks. The present study clarifies that age, BMI, SES, education level and brushing frequency are risk factors significantly associated with dental caries prevalence amongst Egyptian adults. Egyptian adults' dietary habits might lead to obesity, which indirectly causes dental caries rather than directly as in children.

Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study [version 1; peer review: 3 approved]", F1000Research, vol. 8, no. 243, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., D. Rady, I. A. Radwan, S. El Moshy, N. AbuBakr, M. Ramadan, N. Yussif, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "Prevalence of periodontal diseases and its correlation with different risk factors among an adult Egyptian population: a cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8, issue 1740: F1000 Research Limited, pp. 1740, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., S. A. Mahmoud, S. El Moshy, D. Rady, N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, A. Ahmed, A. Abdou, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescences and its association with age, socioeconomic status, dietary habits and other risk factors. A cross-sectional study.", F1000Research, vol. 8, pp. 8, 2019. Abstract

: Dental caries is a chronic, multifactorial disease, with limited data available for the Egyptian population. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian children and adolescents in correlation with age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status, parental education, biological risk factors and dietary habits. : A total number of 369 Egyptian children and adolescents (age ranges from 3-18 years) were examined over the period from 15 November 2017 to 13 January 2018. Socio-demographic data, oral hygiene measures and dietary habits for children were recorded. Dental status was analyzed using decayed, missing and filled tooth index (dmft) for deciduous dentition and (DMFT) index for permanent dentition. For mixed dentition (deft) index was used, d (decayed tooth indicated for filling), e (decayed tooth indicated for extraction) and f (filled tooth). : 74% of the children had dental caries with mean dmft: 3.23±4.07; deft: 4.21±3.21; DMFT: 1.04±1.56. In primary dentition, dmft of the children was positively correlated with age, beans, candies, crackers, chocolates and inversely correlated with gender, socio-economic status (SES), parental education, brushing frequency of the parent, brushing frequency of the parent to the child teeth, brushing frequency of the child and consumption of eggs, fruits/vegetables, milk and milk products. In mixed dentition, deft was positively correlated with candies, crackers, citric juices, while negatively correlated with age, SES, parental education, brushing frequency of the parent to the child, brushing frequency of the child, fruits/vegetables. In permanent dentition, DMFT in children was positively correlated with age and chocolates while not correlated with any of the remaining risk factors. : The present study clarifies the significant risk factors associated with dental caries amongst Egyptian children. This will help in planning strategies to prevent and treat such disease.

Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of dental caries among Egyptian adults: a cross-sectional study", F1000Research, vol. 8: Faculty of 1000 Ltd, 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., N. AbuBakr, I. A. Radwan, D. Rady, S. El Moshy, M. Ramadan, A. Ahmed, and A. Al Jawaldeh, The potential impact of age, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status and dietary habits on the prevalence of, , 2019. Abstract
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Abbass, M. M. S., D. Rady, I. A. Radwan, S. El Moshy, N. AbuBakr, M. Ramadan, N. Yussif, and A. Al Jawaldeh, "Prevalence of periodontal diseases and its correlation with different risk factors among an adult Egyptian population: a cross-sectional study [version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations]", F1000Research, vol. 8, no. 1740, 2019. Abstract
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Abboudy, R. M., "Poesía negra y poesía nubia: una lectura paralela", III Congreso Ibero-Africano de Hispanistas, Fes, Morroco, 15 January 2014, 2015.
Abd, E. I., A. H. Gawad, A. A. Ghazalah, S. M. Sollman, and A. W. Youssef, "THE PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF LAYING HENS IN HOT ENVIRONMENTS AS AFFECTED BY DIETARY ENERGY AND PROTEIN LEVELS.", Journal of Animal and Poultry Production, vol. 30, issue 7: Mansoura University, Faculty of Agriculture, pp. 3611-3624, 2005. Abstract
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