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and Abada, K.A, O. H. M. E. B. S. E. A. G. Ms.S., "Pathogenicity and mycelial compatability grouping for some isolates of sclerotinio scleratiorum (lib) De Bary Egypt.", J. App. Sci., vol. 23, pp. 408-421, 2008. Abstract
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Abada, K. A., and K. E. Eid, "A protocol suggested for management of cantaloupe downy mildew", American Journal of Life Sciences, vol. 2, no. 6-2, pp. 1–10, 2014. Abstract
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Abada, K. A., M. M.A., and AmanyM.F.A, "Pathological studies on fungi associated with diseased safflower seedlings and their control. ", Egypt. J. Phytopathol., vol. 35, pp. 212-225, 2010.
Abada, K. A., M. A. Mostafa, and M. F. Attia, "Pathological studies on fungi associated with diseased saf- flower seedlings and their control.", Egypt . J. Phytopathol., vol. 38, no. (1/2 ), pp. 95–104, 2010. Abstract
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Abada, K. A., H. Y. Ali, and M. S. Mansour, "Phytopathological studies on damping-off and root rot diseases of pea in ARE", Egypt. J. Appl. Sci, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 242–261, 1992. Abstract
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Abada, K. A., and K. E. Eid, "A Protocol suggested for mana-gement of cantaloupe downy mildew .", Journal of Applied Sciences Research, vol. 9, no. (11), pp. 5633–5642, 2013. Abstract
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Abada, K. A., E. - B. M. I. Om Hashem, A. - G. E. Seham, and M. S.Soliman., "Pathogenicity and mycelial compatibility grouping for some isolates of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum( Lib.) De Bary .", Egypt.J.Appl.Sci., vol. 23, no. (8B), pp. 408–421, 2008. Abstract
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Abada, K. A., A. H. Y. Mansour, and M.S., "Phytopathological studies on damping-off and root-rot of pea in A.R.E.", Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., pp. 242–261, 1992. Abstract
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Abada, K. A., "Pathological studies on root-rot of strawberry. Ph. D. Thesis", Fac. of Agric., Cairo Univ., 1986. Abstract
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Abadir, M. F., E. H. M. Desoki, O. A. Ibrahim, and E. N. R. Sakka, "Preparation of insulating firebricks using date seeds", Bul. Nat. Res. Cent., vol. 48-50, pp. 1-11, 2024.
Abadir, M. F., E. H. Sallam, and I. M. Bakr, "Preparation of porcelain tiles from Egyptian raw materials ", Ceramics International, vol. 28, issue 3, pp. 303-310, 2002.
Abadir, M. F., E. N. M. Mansy, M. A. Sorour, and S. A. Hassan, "Preparation of activated carbon from peanut husks and removal of polyphenols", International Journal of Technical Research and Science, vol. 3, issue 6, pp. 178-190, 2018.
Abass, A. O., N. N. Kamel, W. H. Khalifa, G. F. Gouda, M. A. F. El-Manylawi, G. M. K. Mehaisen, and M. A. G. D. I. M. MASHALY, "Propolis supplementation attenuates the negative effects of oxidative stress induced by paraquat injection on productive performance and immune function in turkey poults.", Poultry science, vol. 96, issue 12, pp. 4419-4429, 2017 Dec 01. Abstractturkey-propolis.pdf

Paraquat (PQ) is used as a herbicide in agriculture and causes oxidative and inflammatory damage to animal tissues. The current study was conducted to investigate the positive effects of dietary propolis (PR), as a potent naturally produced antioxidant, on growth performance and immune function of turkey poults exposed to oxidative stress induced by PQ injection. Native male turkey poults (n = 120, 49-d-old) were randomly assigned into 4 groups: poults received a basal diet with a daily subcutaneous PQ injection of 5 mg/kg BW for 7 consecutive days (PQ group), an experimental diet containing 1 g/kg PR with a daily subcutaneous PQ injection for 7 days (PR+PQ group), or received the experimental PR diet with a daily subcutaneous injection of 0.5 mL sterile saline for 7 days (PR group); while the control poults received a basal diet with a daily subcutaneous saline injection for 7 consecutive days (C group). The productive performance in the PQ group showed a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in the weight gain (WG) and feed intake (FI), and impaired feed conversion ratio (FCR). Propolis supplementation in the PR+PQ group significantly ameliorated the PQ effects on WG and FCR. Turkey poults of the PQ and PR+PQ groups had a significant augmentation in the blood malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), and corticosterone levels, and in contrast, a significant reduction in the triiodothyronine (T3), when compared to the C group. While propolis significantly reduced the MDA and corticosterone, and increased the T3 levels in the PR+PQ group compared to the PQ group. Furthermore, the dietary PR supplementation significantly limited the PQ-suppressive effects on cell- and humoral-mediated immunity and lymphocyte proliferation of turkey poults. In addition, propolis supplementation in the PR and PR+PQ groups markedly reversed the PQ-induced DNA fragmentation and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) over-expression in blood cells. It can be concluded that PR could improve turkey immunity and performance, particularly under inflammation and oxidative stress induced by PQ exposure.

Abass, A. O., N. N. Kamel, W. H. Khalifa, G. F. Gouda, M. A. F. El-Manylawi, G. M. K. Mehaisen, and M. A. G. D. I. M. MASHALY, "Propolis supplementation attenuates the negative effects of oxidative stress induced by paraquat injection on productive performance and immune function in turkey poults", Poultry science, vol. 96, issue 12: Elsevier, pp. 4419-4429, 2017. Abstract
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Abate, N., O. C. Abraham, P. Abraham, S. K. Acharya, A. O. Ada, L. Adhikari, T. Adhikari, S. K. Adiga, C. Adithan, G. Agarwal, et al., "Panel of Reviewers (2012)", Indian J Med Res, vol. 136, pp. 1167–1186, 2012. Abstract
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Abbas, W. A., S. A. E. Feky, W. S. El-Din, Y. A. Attia, and Y. H. Elbashar, "Preparation and Optical Characterization of Magnetic Nanoparticles-Coated Active Carbon Composites and Its Application in Removal of Trihalomethane Compounds from Water", Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics: Concepts in Modern Optics , vol. 54, issue 1/2, pp. 127-169, 2021. nlo-fk-313-first_proof.pdf
Abbas, I. H., M. Momtaz, A. El Ebrashy, M. A. Abdelkader, M. AbdelRaouf, R. Kamel, and M. Eissa, "P43. 08: Ultrafast MRI of the fetus: An increasingly important tool in prenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies", Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 32, issue 3: Wiley Online Library, pp. 457-457, 2008. Abstract
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Abbas, D. E., N. A. Abdallah, and M. M. Madkour, "Production of transgenic tomato plants with enhanced resistance against the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum", Arab. J. Biotechnol, vol. 12, pp. 73-84, 2009. Abstract
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Abbas, H. M., A. A. El-Nimr, and H. M. Elzeini, "Particles size distribution of buffalo milk coagula using different coagulants.", Egypt. J. Dairy Sci., vol. 26, issue (2), pp. 271-277, 1998. Abstract
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Abbas, D. E., N. A. Abdallah, and M. M. Madkour, "Production of transgenic tomato plants with enhanced resistance against the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum", Arab. J. Biotechnol, vol. 12, pp. 73-84, 2009. Abstract

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Abbas, N. F., S. L. El-Sharkawy, S. M. Abd-Eltawab, D. A. M. El-Fadl, D. O. Helmi, and A. F. El-Hendawi, "Protein expression of metastasis-related genes in human bladder carcinoma", Journal of the Arab Society for Medical Research, vol. 7, pp. 57-62, 2012.
Abbas, S. S., M. F. Schaalan, A. K. Bahgat, and E. Z. Z. E. D. D. I. N. S. EL-DENSHARY, "Possible potentiation by certain antioxidants of the anti-inflammatory effects of diclofenac in rats", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014: Hindawi, 2014. Abstract
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Abbas, D., E. Hamdy, and M. M. Helal, "Promoter region polymorphism (−174 G/C) of interleukin-6 gene and SLE; are they associated?", The Egyptian Rheumatologist, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 69 - 75, 2011. AbstractWebsite

Introduction \{SLE\} is a systemic autoimmune disease with polyclonal B cell hyperactivity, spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation, and the production of pathogenic antibodies to self-antigens. Interleukin-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine with diverse functions including B-cell growth and differentiation. IL-6 levels have been shown to be affected by single nucleotide change from G to C at position −174 in the promoter region of the IL-6 gene. Aim of the work To find out whether single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter region of the IL-6 gene (−174 G/C) constitute a genetic susceptibility for \{SLE\} and its association with various disease clinical and immunological features. Patients and methods Forty-two female \{SLE\} patients and 40 healthy controls were genotyped for IL-6 gene promoter region (−174 G/C) polymorphism using PCR. \{SLE\} patients satisfied the 1982 revised criteria of the American Rheumatism Association for the classification of SLE, with a mean age of 32.4 ± 5.5 years and mean disease duration of 5.7 ± 1.5 years. The healthy controls were matched for age and sex, with a mean age of 31.7 ± 4.9 years. All subjects were recruited from the Rheumatology and Rehabilitation and Internal Medicine Departments, Kasr El Aini Hospitals. \{SLE\} clinical and laboratory features were recorded including constitutional, hematological, joint, renal, and neuropsychiatric manifestations, oral ulcers, serositis, malar rash, and photosensitivity and CBC, liver, kidney functions and serum \{C3\} and \{C4\} levels. Positivity for ANAs, Anti-dsDNA and Anti-Sm antibodies were determined. Results Genotypic and allelic distributions showed no significant differences between \{SLE\} patients and controls. The frequency of G allele was higher than C allele in both patients (83.3% vs. 16.7%) and controls (85% vs. 15%). \{SLE\} patients with \{GG\} genotype showed significantly higher frequencies and increased risk of; constitutional manifestations at disease onset (P = 0.02), \{OR\} (95% CI) = 6.55 (1.22–35.12), photosensitivity (P = 0.03), \{OR\} (95% CI) = 4.67 (1.11–19.54), hematological disorders (P = 0.02), \{OR\} (95% CI) = 5.5 (1.29–23.39) and positivity of \{ANAs\} and Anti-dsDNA [P = 0.046, 0.03: \{OR\} (95% CI) = 7 (1.1–45.44), 6.43 (1.23–33.65), respectively]. Furthermore, those patients had significantly lower mean \{WBCs\} counts when compared to \{SLE\} patients with (GC and CC) genotypes (4.54 ± 1.31 vs. 5.98 ± 1.04/dl, P = 0.002). Twenty-five patients had lupus nephritis (LN) proved by renal biopsy but none of them had \{CC\} genotype. \{LN\} patients with \{GG\} genotype had nearly similar mean 24-h proteinuria to those with \{GC\} genotype (2.93 ± 1.07 vs. 2.68 ± 1.06 g/24 h and P = 0.39). No significant difference was found in IL-6 genotype and allele distributions when patients with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (class IV), which has the worst prognostic outcome, were compared to patients with non-class İV\} glomerulonephritis (classes İI\} and III) [P = 0.12, 0.15, respectively]. Conclusion IL-6 promoter region (−174 G/C) polymorphism does not confer susceptibility to \{SLE\} but it is related to the presence of distinct clinical and immunological features. Furthermore, the increased frequency of the high-response G allele suggests that a genetically determined high IL-6 response may have a pathogenic role.

Abbas M.S., Labib H.A., H. F. M. S. A., "Possibilities of Mineral Fertilizer Substitution Via Bio and Organic Fertilizers for Decreasing Environmental Pollution and Improving of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Vegetative Growth", Agro-Environmental Sustainability in MENA Regions: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-78574-1\_11, pp. 263–291, 2021. Abstract
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