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, "Parents Responses to Religious and Sexual TV. Content: The Third-Person Perception and Parental Mediation", The conference of Family, communication and Age Challenges , Cairo University, Egypt, 2009. parents_responses12-2007.pdf
El-Malla, H., U. Kreicbergs, G. Steineck, U. Wilderäng, Y. E. S. Elborai, and N. Ylitalo, "Parental trust in health care—a prospective study from the Children's Cancer Hospital in Egypt", Psycho-oncology, vol. 22, issue 3, pp. 548-554, 2013. parental_trust_in_health_care.pdf
Shahawy, O. E., F. Abdelgawad, N. Wassef, M. Ali, and M. Wanis, "Parental satisfaction with pediatric dental service provided by interns in an Egyptian Governmental Dental School", International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 23, issue suppl. s1, pp. 173-174, 2013.
Ezzat, S., O. Saeedi, D. 'aA. Saleh, H. Hamzeh, M. A. Hamid, N. Crowell, C. Boostrom, C. A. Loffredo, and I. A. Jillson, "Parental perceptions of congenital cardiovascular malformations in their children.", Cardiology in the young, vol. 26, issue 6, pp. 1158-67, 2016 Aug. Abstractparental-perceptions-of-congenital-cardiovascular-malformations-in-their-children.pdf

We assessed parental attitudes towards congenital cardiovascular malformations in their children in a cross-sectional study in Egypt. Parents face many problems related to concerns about their child's prognosis, but these associations with parental stress have never been evaluated in Egypt or examined in relation to religiosity in a predominantly Muslim society. Accordingly, we conducted interviews in Cairo with mothers of 99 sequential infants born with conotruncal heart malformations (cases) and 65 mothers of age-matched controls. The survey assessed healthcare access and usage, knowledge of congenital cardiovascular malformations, religiosity, the Locus of Control Scale, and the Parenting Stress Index. Results showed that 45% of the mothers of cases had correct knowledge about their child's diagnosis; 85% were satisfied with the clinical care; and 79% reported that the cost of care was burdensome. Compared with parents of cases, parents of controls were more likely to report stress overall and all its subscales. Regarding belief about locus of control over health, God as a determining factor was given the highest endorsement. Mothers in the congenital cardiovascular malformations group reported a higher level of parental locus of control than did those in the control group. The correlations between stress and locus of control were stronger in the control than in the case group. Religiosity was related neither to stress nor to locus of control. Future studies can explore the roles that personal, familial, and societal factors play in exacerbating or reducing stress levels among parents of sick children, particularly in developing countries where economic pressures are acute.

Kamel, H. A. E. - M. A., M. M. A. Gad, and G. Mahmoud, Parental Education Philosophy and Role in Educating Pre-School Child in Light of the Directives of Quran Kareem and Sunnah of the Prophet, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstracthanaa_abd_el-monem_atteya_kamel.pdf

The study aims at identifying the Parental education philosophy and role in
educating pre-school children in light of the directives of Quran Kareem and
sunnah of the prophet. The researcher has used the analytical descriptive method,
and the analytical critical method. The sample of the study comprised of (150)
kindergarten teachers in rural and urban areas in the Governorate of Dakahlleya,
and has also included (210) parents of the children enrolled in the rural and urban
area kindergartens in the Governorate of Dakahlleya, and has also included (70)
children, male and female in rural and urban areas in the Governorate of
Dakahlleya. The researcher used study tools, represented in (a questionnaire for all
teachers and parents, and an observation card for children).
Findings have demonstrated:
By applying T-test between the two groups of the study sample (rural and urban
children), the result came insignificant, meaning, there were no statistically
significant differences between the two groups in fulfillment of the observation
card dimensions, which means that the indicators significant of such dimensions
do not realize in rural and urban area kindergartens.

Abou-Khadra, M. K., O. R. Amin, O. G. Shaker, and T. M. Rabah, "Parent-reported sleep problems, symptom ratings, and serum ferritin levels in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a case control study", BMC Pediatr , vol. 13, pp. 217, 2013.
El-Sayed, M., Parent's Stress & Coping Strategy with ADHD Severity, : cairo, 2015. Abstract

A Parent with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) child suffers from psychological stress, depression and parental role dysfunction, this state consequently had negative effect on their coping strategies, role, and child prognosis. The aim of the study was to assess parent's stress and coping strategy with level of severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. A descriptive correlation design was utilized in this study. purposeful sample consisted of 150 parent with ADHD child attending at out-patient clinic of the Center of Social and Preventive Medicine . Four Tools were used to measure the current study variables, socio-demographic data sheet, Parent Stress Index (PSI), coping strategies questionnaire and Conners test. The result revealed that, there were negative significant correlation between stress & coping (p = 0.0001). also represented that, there was statistically significant relation between number of siblings and parent's stress, and their coping ( p=.002) . The study concluded that it is important to consider parent's stress and their used coping strategies in families of children with ADHD. Clinical guidelines and therapeutic approaches for parent's stress, coping and ADHD are not yet available but are disparately needed ,In-service training should be applied for psychiatric nursing staff to be able to deal with this type of behavior are recommended.

Mehanna, G., "Parcours multiples d'un fabliau du Moyen Age", Débuts en comparaison, Paris, Editions Publisud, 2015.
M.Shoukry, "Paravertebral anaesthesia in buffaloes", Zbl.Vet.Med. A., vol. 23, pp. 85-88, 1976. paravertebral_anesthesia_in_buffaloes.pdf
Nassar, Y. M., W. A. A. El-Ghany, A. K. Ibrahim, and A. S. Hamouda, "Paratyphoid Salmonella serovars in chickens: Molecular detection of virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes. ", Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research, vol. 13, issue 5, pp. 396-409, 2023. online_j_anim_feed_sci_salmonella_2023_1.pdf
Harem, M. E., and M. O. EI-Shazly, "Paratuberculosis in sheep.", 15th. Symp. of the Saudi biological Society, Mekkah, KSA., 1994. Abstract
n/a
Haroun, H. S. W., "Parathyroid glands: variation in number, size and location.", MOJ Anatomy & Physiology, vol. 7, issue 1, pp. 23-25, 2020.
Abd Elmaksoud, A. E. M., I. G. Farahat, and M. M. Kamel, "Parathyroid gland autotransplantation after total thyroidectomy in surgical management of hypopharyngeal and laryngeal carcinomas: A case series", Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAnnals of Medicine and Surgery, vol. 4, issue 2: Elsevier, pp. 85 - 88, 2015. AbstractWebsite

Background and objectivesTotal thyroidectomy is indicated in most cases with postcricoid carcinoma, circumferential hypopharyngeal carcinoma and in advanced laryngeal carcinoma. Persistent hypoparathyroidism is a frequent complication after total thyroidectomy which is difficult to manage unlike hypothyroidism. This study was to assess the feasibility of parathyroid gland autotranplantation after total thyroidectomy in advanced carcinomas and their effectiveness in preventing persistent hypoparathyroidism.Background and objectivesTotal thyroidectomy is indicated in most cases with postcricoid carcinoma, circumferential hypopharyngeal carcinoma and in advanced laryngeal carcinoma. Persistent hypoparathyroidism is a frequent complication after total thyroidectomy which is difficult to manage unlike hypothyroidism. This study was to assess the feasibility of parathyroid gland autotranplantation after total thyroidectomy in advanced carcinomas and their effectiveness in preventing persistent hypoparathyroidism.

, "The parasympathetic extrinsic reflex: Role in defecation mechanism", World J Surg, vol. 26, issue 737, pp. 741, 2002.
Helmy, M. A., L. M. Milad, A. M. Hasanin, M. Mostafa, A. H. Mannaa, M. M. Youssef, M. Abdelaziz, R. Alkonaiesy, M. M. Elshal, and Osama Hosny, "Parasternal intercostal thickening at hospital admission: a promising indicator for mechanical ventilation risk in subjects with severe COVID-19.", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, vol. 37, issue 5, pp. 1287-1293, 2023. Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the ability of parasternal intercostal thickening fraction (PIC TF) to predict the need for mechanical ventilation, and survival in subjects with severe Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). This prospective observational study included adult subjects with severe COVID-19. The following data were collected within 12 h of admission: PIC TF, respiratory rate oxygenation index, [Formula: see text] ratio, chest CT, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score. The ability of PIC TF to predict the need for ventilatory support (primary outcome) and a composite of invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30-days mortality were performed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUC) analysis. Multivariate analysis was done to identify the independent predictors for the outcomes. Fifty subjects were available for the final evaluation. The AUC (95% confidence interval [CI]) for the right and left PIC TF ability to predict the need for ventilator support was 0.94 (0.83-0.99), 0.94 (0.84-0.99), respectively, with a cut off value of > 8.3% and positive predictive value of 90-100%. The AUC for the right and left PIC TF to predict invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30 days mortality was 0.95 (0.85-0.99) and 0.90 (0.78-0.97), respectively. In the multivariate analysis, only the PIC TF was found to independently predict invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30-days mortality. In subjects with severe COVID-19, PIC TF of 8.3% can predict the need to ventilatory support with a positive predictive value of 90-100%. PIC TF is an independent risk factor for the need for invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30-days mortality.

Helmy, M. A., A. Hasanin, L. Magdy Milad, M. Mostafa, and S. Fathy, "Parasternal intercostal muscle thickening as a predictor of non-invasive ventilation failure in patients with COVID-19.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 41, issue 3, pp. 101063, 2022.
Helmy, M. A., A. Hasanin, L. Magdy Milad, M. Mostafa, and S. Fathy, "Parasternal intercostal muscle thickening as a predictor of non-invasive ventilation failure in patients with COVID-19.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 41, issue 3, pp. 101063, 2022.