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A.L.Aboul-Nasr, M.A.Wassef, and S.Sharawi, "Maternal serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein, human placental lactogen and progesterone hormones in normal pregnancy. ", Med. J. Cairo Univ., vol. 59, issue 1, pp. 133-140, 1991.
A.M. Hessain, A.A. Al-Arfaj, A.M. Zakri, J.K. El-Jakee, O. G. Al-Zogibi, H.A. Hemeg, and I. M. Ibrahim, "Molecular Characterization of Escherichia coli O157: H7 recovered from meat and meat products relevant to Human Health in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, ", Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. , vol. 22(6), pp. 725-729, 2015.
A.M.Ezzat, A., M. A.R.Soliman, A. A.Hasanain, M. A.Thabit, H. E. Shitany, H. Kandel, S. H. Abdel-Bari, A. M. F. Ghoul, A. Abdullah, M. F. M. Alsawy, et al., "Migration of the Distal Catheter of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunts in Pediatric Age Group: Case Series", World Neurosurgery , vol. 119, issue November 2018, pp. e131-e137, 2018.
A.M.S.Tosson, and C. P. Speer, "Microbial Pathogens Causative of Neonatal Sepsis in Arab countries", The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine , vol. 24, issue 8, pp. 990-994, 2011.
A.Osman, and M.Y.H.Farag, "Multifragmentation of 24 Mg + 24 Mg heavy - ion reactions leading to alpha – particles ", IL Nuovo Cimento A, vol. 109, pp. 1449, 1996.
A.Romimh, A.Badr, and I.Farag, "Medical Images Understanding for Diseases and Disorders Diagnosis", ECSJ, 2010. Abstract

A computational intelligent system for image understanding is presented. It constitutes of pulse-couple neural networks (PCNNs), statisical multi-level wavelet decomposition, geometrical feature extraction and integer-CHC genetic algorithm (ICHCGA) feature selection is performed with the GA and fuzzy artmap neural networks (FAMNN)

A.Sameh Farid, Shereen M. El-Abd, and M. H. Abou-Elew, "Monothermal caloric test its value in assessment of vestibular function", International Congress Series , vol. 1240, pp. 1319-1324, 2003.
AA, M., B. SM, S. AM, and T. ZK, "Morphogenic responses via "organogenesis" of Salix calli in relation to the produced salicin in-vivo and in-vitro", Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, vol. 6, issue 6, pp. 803-811, 2015. 160.pdf
AA, E. K., M. NA, S. MS, and E. - S. SA, Morbidity and outcome of severe respiratory syncytial virus infection, , 2013.
AA, S., "Monoclonal Antibodies and Polyclonal Antibodies: A Brief Comparison. ", Adv Tech Clin Microbiol. May 2017, Vol.1 No.2:10, 2017.
AA Abdelhadi, "Molecular characterization of some durum wheat drought-tolerant mutants by RAPD and ISSR analyses.", Arab J. Biotech., 15, No. (1) January: 77-90., 2012.
Aal, A. A. E., M. Hammouda, Hesham El Aassar, Mohamed Hammouda, K. Hussein, and S. M. Mohamed Magdi, Sherif Hamed, "Mapping and ablation of typical atrial flutter. Is there a need for Three-D electroanatomic mapping?", Egyptian Heart Journal, Submitted.
Aal, A. A. A., S. S. Attia, N. A. Hanafy, A. S. Al-Antably, M. A. Hassan, W. El-Sherbiny, and A. S. Nasr, "Molecular Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in Non Immune Pregnant Females", Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 7, issue 3, pp. 415-420, 2014. molecular_diagnosis_of_toxoplasmosis_in_non_immune_pregnant_females.pdf
Aal, D. I. R. M. A., D. A. S. E. Adawy, D. H. M. El-Hadi, and D. A. N. Mohamed, "Mean Platelet Volume Dynamics as a Prognostic Indicator in Pediatric Surgical Intensive Care: A Descriptive Observational Study", ESICM 2016 MILAN, Milan, 4 October, 2016. abstract.docx
Aal, A. A. A., S. S. Attia, N. I. H. A. L. HANAFY, A. Al-Antably, M. A. Hassan, W. El-Sherbiny, and A. S. Nasr, "Molecular Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in Non Immune Pregnant.", Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. , vol. 2, issue 3, 2014. Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii has a worldwide distribution. Congenital infection is the most important part of the disease burden due to Toxoplasma infection in humans. Early diagnosis of maternal infection helps to prevent severe complications of toxoplasmosis. In the present study, three PCR assays (conventional, nested & quantitative) were evaluated for diagnosis of recent toxoplasmosis based on detection of Toxoplasma B1 gene.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study was carried out on 150 pregnant females who were serologically negative for anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies.

RESULTS: The results revealed that out of 12 true positive cases (by 2 out of the 3 PCR protocols), 8 cases were positive by cPCR, 11 cases were positive by nPCR and 12 cases were positive by qPCR. Accurate estimation of genomic Toxoplasma DNA in positive samples was achieved by qPCR. In general, PCR assays offer a sensitive alternative of serological methods for diagnosis of recent maternal toxoplasmosis. In addition, qPCR decreases the risk of contamination of PCR products being a closed tube method and helps in estimation of infection load.

CONCLUSIONS: We recommend screening of high-risk pregnant women by qPCR for early diagnosis of toxoplasmosis and proper management.


Toxoplasma gondii; PCR; Molecular diagnosis; non-immune; pregnancy

AAL, A. M. A. N. Y., S. Attia, N. Hanafy, A. A. Antably, M. Hassan, W. E. Sherbiny, and A. S. Nasr, "Molecular Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in Non Immune Pregnant Females", Macedonian journal of medical sciences, vol. 2, issue 3, 2014.
Abada, K. A., A. I. Abdel-Alim, A. M. M. A. - E. Ashour., and A.M.A., "Management of pea powdery mildew disease using some resistance inducing chemicals and systemic fungicides.", Egypt .J.Phytopathol., vol. 37, no. (2), pp. 95–104, 2009. Abstract
Abada, K. A., and M. A. Ahmed, "Management Fusarium wilt of sweet pepper by Bacillus strains", American Journal of Life Sciences, vol. 2, no. 6-2, pp. 19–25, 2014. Abstract
Abada, E. A., M. A. A. Abboud, Z. K. Mohamed, and M. M. Al-Sherbeiny, "Molecular characterization of Schistosoma haematobium species-specific diagnostic antigen (gp23) using cDNA library in E. coli", RENDICONTI LINCEI-SCIENZE FISICHE E NATURALI, vol. 27, issue 2, pp. 299–310, 2016.
Abadi, A. H., A. A. H. Eissa, M. S. Hany, S. A. Elsharif, B. D. Gary, H. N. Tinsley, and G. A. Piazza, "Modulating the cyclic guanosine mono phosphate substrate selectivity of the Phasphodiestrase 3 Inhibitors by pyridine, pyrido[2,3-d]-pyrimidine derivatives and their effects upon the growth of HT-29 Cancer Cell Line", Chem. Pharm. Bull., vol. 61, issue 4, pp. 405-410, 2013.
Abbas, A. O., and A. M. H. Ahmed, "The Modulation of Performance, Cholesterol Content and Immune Response Induced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Laying Hens.", Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Feeds,, 2013. Abstract
Abbas, A. M., A. Samy, A. El-Naser Abd El-Gaber Ali, M. M. Khodry, M. A. M. Ahmed, M. I. El-Rasheedy, K. M. Abdallah, A. - E. Mohammed, W. H. Abdelbaky, O. K. Raslan, et al., "Medications for pain relief in outpatient endometrial sampling or biopsy: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.", Fertility and sterility, 2019 May 02. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the most effective analgesia for pain relief during the outpatient endometrial biopsy (OEB) or outpatient hysteroscopy with endometrial aspiration (EA).

DESIGN: Systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

SETTING: Not applicable.

PATIENT(S): Pre- or postmenopausal women undergoing OEB or outpatient hysteroscopy with EA for evaluation of uterine pathology.

INTERVENTION(S): We conducted an electronic search of the following bibliographic databases: Medline via PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science,, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The intensity of pain during, immediately after, and 10-30 minutes after procedure assessed by the 10-cm visual analog scale.

RESULT(S): Lidocaine spray was the most effective medication for reducing pain during OEB (P-score = 0.83) and immediately after OEB (P-score = 0.96). On the other hand, naproxen sodium was the most effective medication for reducing pain during outpatient hysteroscopy with EA (P-score = 1.00), followed by misoprostol plus lidocaine (P-score = 0.87).

CONCLUSION(S): Lidocaine spray, either alone or with topical application of lidocaine, is the most effective medication for reducing the pain during and after the OEB. Naproxen sodium is the most effective analgesic option during outpatient hysteroscopy with EA.