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Al-Quraishy, S., M. A. Abdel-Maksoud, A. El-Amir, F. A. Abdel-Ghaffar, and G. Badr, "Malarial Infection of Female BWF1 Lupus Mice Alters the Redox State in Kidney and Liver Tissues and Confers Protection against Lupus Nephritis", Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 1, pp. 1-10, 2013.
Abu-Sarea, E. Y., M. A. M. Ismail, R. M. Shaapan, A. S. S. Gawad, and M. A. Ghieth, "MALARIA AMONG IMMIGRANT̕ S WORKFORCE RETURNING FROM ENDEMIC DISTRICTS IN ALWOSTA CITY, EGYPT", J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. (JESP), vol. 50, issue 3, pp. 483-487, 2020. Abstract

This research aimed to encounter rapid diagnostic test (RDTs) efficacy to distinguish malaria
within patients with positive history to fever and/or travelling to endemic municipality. All over
a year, blood samples were amassed from patients visited different laboratories. Both thin, thick
blood films stained with Geimsa and rapid tests were used to diagnose malaria. Malaria was detected
by microscopy and RDTs (0.5%, & 0.9%, respectively) of patients. RDTs yielded 100%
sensitivity and 98.5% specificity. Samples detected by microscopy were also detected by RDTs.
All diagnosed malaria patients had history of travelling to Sudan or Yemen. RDTs proved confirmatory
tool to catch malaria suspected cases with fever history. Travelers from Sudan and
Yemen should be checked for malaria.
Key words: Egypt, Patients, Malaria, Rapid diagnostic tests, Microscopy.

Oaks, J. A., and H. M. Alkhateeb, "Māl, enunciations, and the prehistory of Arabic algebra", Historia Mathematica, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 400 - 425, 2005. AbstractWebsite

Medieval Arabic algebra books intended for practical training generally have in common a first “book” which is divided into two sections: one on the methods of solving simplified equations and manipulating expressions, followed by one consisting of worked-out problems. By paying close attention to the wording of the problems in the books of al-Khwārizmī, Abū Kāmil, and Ibn Badr, we reveal the different ways the word māl was used. In the enunciation of a problem it is a common noun meaning “quantity,” while in the solution it is the proper noun naming the square of “thing” (shay '). We then look into the differences between the wording of enunciations and equations, which clarify certain problems solved without “thing,” and help explain the development of algebra before the time of al-Khwārizmī.

, "Makran ophiolitic basalts (SE Iran) record Late Cretaceous Neotethys plume-ridge interaction", International Geology Review, vol. 62, pp. 1677-1697, 2020. AbstractWebsite

The Makran complex in southeast Iran provides a spectacular subduction-related accretionary complex to understand the mechanism of oceanic accretion and the evolution of subduction zones. In this paper, we present new major and trace element data as well as isotopic compositions of mafic volcanic blocks from the Makran ophiolitic mélange complex (OMC). Our aim is to assess the genesis of these rocks and discuss their implications on the evolution of Neotethys Ocean. These volcanic blocks are composed mainly of basalts with minor trachytes. The Makran lavas are occasionally interlayered with tuff layers. Zircons from these tuffs give U-Pb ages of 95 Ma, which is well in accordance with the reposted microfossil data for the interlayered pelagic limestones with pillow lavas. Makran basalts can be geochemically subdivided into four groups; normal to transitional MORB, enriched-MORB, Plume-type MORB and alkaline (-OIB-like) basalts. The OIB-like pillow lavas are represented by high values of Th/Tb (6.3–7.4) which are higher than other basalts (group 1 = 0.3–0.8; groups 2 = 0.7–1.6; group 3 = 1.58–1.36).143Nd/144Nd(t) ratios for basalts ranges from 0.51247 to 0.51292, whereas 87Sr/86Sr(t) isotopic composition of the OMC lavas varies from 0.704433 to 0.709466. The Pb isotopic composition of the lavas are quite high, ranging from 15.49–15.66 for 207Pb/204Pb(t), 18.09–19.12 for 206Pb/204Pb(t) and 37.80–39.23 for 208Pb/204Pb(t). The chemistry of these rocks suggests that they were formed most likely in an oceanic setting with clear plume-ridge interaction. These rocks can form from partial melting of a highly heterogeneous mantle source, which is extensively metasomatized with deep mantle OIB-type components. We suggest these rocks have been generated in an oceanic ridge with plume-ridge interaction, similar to the Iceland-Reykjanes Ridge, before being fragmented and accreted into the Makran accretionary complex.

Hayward, R., and S. McGlynn, Making {Better} {Places} - {Urban} {Design} {Now}, , Oxford, Butterworth Architecture, 1993. Abstract
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Kamel, N. F., R. M. Naela, R. A. El-Banna, and F. F. Mohamed, "MAKING THE MOST OUT OF VEGETABLE PROTEIN IN BROILER DIETS USING EXOGENOUS MONO COMPONENT PROTEASE ENZYME", The International Conference of the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 2015.
Kinra, M. S., and et al, "Making of primary impression made easy for severely resorbed mandibular ridge- A clinical case report. (Prof. Emad Daif was a peer reviewer for this article).", British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 1-8, 2017.
Khalil, A. M. E., S. - E. K. Fateen, and A. Bonilla-Petriciolet, "MAKHA—A New Hybrid Swarm Intelligence Global Optimization Algorithm", Algorithms, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 336–365, 2015. AbstractWebsite

The search for efficient and reliable bio-inspired optimization methods continues to be an active topic of research due to the wide application of the developed methods. In this study, we developed a reliable and efficient optimization method via the hybridization of two bio-inspired swarm intelligence optimization algorithms, namely, the Monkey Algorithm (MA) and the Krill Herd Algorithm (KHA). The hybridization made use of the efficient steps in each of the two original algorithms and provided a better balance between the exploration/diversification steps and the exploitation/intensification steps. The new hybrid algorithm, MAKHA, was rigorously tested with 27 benchmark problems and its results were compared with the results of the two original algorithms. MAKHA proved to be considerably more reliable and more efficient in tested problems.

Talima, S., and M. A. L. Daly, Make breast cancer; NEMROCK center experience, , 2017.
M., A. H., and G. A. Fahmy, "Major Variables Affecting the Performance of the Textile and Clothing Supply Chain Operations in Egypt", International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications, vol. 12, issue 3, no. 3, pp. 147–163, 2009. Abstract

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Zedan, H., P. Deda, and J. Mulongoy, "The major threats to the conservation and sustainable use of Island biological diversity. ", Natural Resources Forum: A United Nations Sustainable Development Journal , vol. 10, pp. 11 – 23, 2005.
Afifi, R. Y., A. Hosni, and S. Mokhtar, "Major Surgical sepsis: the prognostic potentiality of a modified scoring system with emperical antimicrobial therapy", Medical Journal of Kasr El-Aini, vol. 1, issue 1, pp. 137 - 148, 1995.
Yousef, S., and E. M. Raey, "Major Solar Episodes Reconstructed Using Records Of the river Nile , Tree-Ring Indices and Sunspot", De L’ Institut D’ Egypte., vol. Tomes LXXIV, pp. 76-108, 1994. nile_arab_epoch_pp_77-941.docsecond_part_95-108.doc
Omar, N., K. SALAMA, S. Adolf, G. S. M. El-Saeed, N. A. E. Ghaffar, and N. Ezzat, "Major risk of blood transfusion in hemolytic anemia patients.", Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis, vol. 22, issue 4, pp. 280-4, 2011. Abstract

Thalassemia is a congenital hemolytic disease caused by defective globin synthesis treated by blood transfusion. Transfusion-transmitted infections still make a great challenge in the management of patients with thalassemia major. The most important worldwide transfusion-transmitted infections are hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV. The objective of this study is to update the prevalence of the three major transfusion-transmitted infections HCV, HBV and HIV among thalassemic patients followed up in the Hematology Department, Children Hospital, Cairo University. The study included 174 multitransfused thalassemic patients (162 major and 12 intermedia), registered at the Pediatric Hematology Clinic, Cairo University. Their age ranged from 2 to 27 years with a mean of 11.26 ± 5.4 years. Patients were subjected to full history taking, stressing on history of blood transfusions (onset, frequency and duration) at a single or multiple centers and abdominal examination. Laboratory investigations including complete blood count, aminotransferases (aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase), ferritin and viral markers of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg), HCV antibodies (anti-HCV) and anti-HIV were assayed for all cases by a third-generation ELISA method. HCV PCR was performed for 75 cases. Of the 174 patients, none of them were HBsAg and anti-HIV positive. However, 90 patients were anti-HCV positive (51.7%). HCV PCR was positive in 56 patients (74.3%) of the 75 with positive antibody tested. HCV antibody positivity is statistically significant with age of the patient, serum ferritin and liver transaminases (P < 0.01). HCV-RNA by PCR positivity was significantly related to patients' age and serum ferritin (P < 0.05). Serum ferritin showed statistically significant positive correlation with liver transaminases. Despite the decrease in prevalence of HCV antibody in our patients from 71% in 1995 to 51.7% in our study, yet HCV infection still represents a major health problem for our thalassemic patients, which requires more attention and efforts to challenge. There is a dramatic decrease in the prevalence of HBV infection over the last decade, thanks to mass compulsory vaccination and blood screening. HIV infection does not represent a problem owing to very low population prevalence.

ElHalim, Z. A., A. Badr, K. Wassif, and I. Farag, "Major Histocompatibility Complex Class II Prediction", American Journal of Bioinformatics Research, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 14-20, 2012.
Z.AbdElHalim, A.Badr, K.Tawfik, and I.Farag, "Major Histocompatability Complex Class II Prediction", American Journal of Bioinformatics Research, vol. 12, pp. 14-20, 2012. Abstract

Major Histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules play an essential role in introducing and regulation immune system. The MHC molecules are divided into two classes, class I and class II which are differ in size of their binding pockets. Determining which peptides bind to a specific MHC molecule is fundamental to understanding the basis of immunity, and for the development of vaccines and immunotherapeutic for autoimmune diseases and cancer. Due to the variability of the locations of the class II binding cores, the process for predicting the affinity of these peptides is difficult.This paper investigates a new method for predicting peptides binding to MHC class II molecules and its affinity using genetic algorithms and metaheuristics. The algorithm is based on a fitness function that builds a scoring matrix for all suggested motifs in a specific iteration to test the motif ability to be one of the real motifs in the nature. The genetic algorithmpresented here shows increased prediction accuracy with higher number of true positives and negatives on almost of MHC class II alleles,about 80 percent of peptides were correctly classified when testing dataset from IEDB[26]. Generally, these results indicate that GA has a strong ability for MHC Class II binding prediction.

AlKalaawy, M., M. AlZohairy, A. Mostafa, and A. AlKalaawy, "Major Hepatectomies Without Blood Transfusion (20 years experience)", European Society Of Surgical Oncology, Valencia Spain, 30 September, 2012.
Abdallah, H. M., N. A. Hassan, A. M. El-Halawany, G. A. Mohamed, M. K. Safo, and H. M. El-Bassossy, "Major flavonoids from Psiadia punctulata produce vasodilation via activation of endothelial dependent NO signaling", Journal of advanced research, vol. 24: Elsevier, pp. 273-279, 2020. Abstract
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Ali, Zhang, C-R., Mohamed, EL-Baza, F. K., Hegazy, O., M. A. Kord, and M. G. Nair, "Major constituents of Boswelliacarteriresin exhibit cyclooxygenase enzyme inhibition and antiproliferative activity.", Natural Product Communication, vol. 8, issue 10, pp. 1365-1366, 2013.
El Meguid, K. R. A., J. R. Clague, K. Sorour, and H. B. Mahmoud, Major clinical and angiographic out-come of drug eluting stents in ostial coronary artery disease, : Cairo University, 2008. Abstract
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Nourhan, S.Elsayed, K. N. E. F. M. A. - O. A. A. A. E. A. E. E. A. S., "Major Bacterial Challenges Facing Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Egyptian Fish Hatcheries", Journal of Applied Veterinary Sciences, vol. 9, issue 2, 2024.
H.A.Khater, M.M.Kamel, and T.I.Borham, "Maize yield as influenced by some plowing practices and fertilization", American-eurasian J.Agric.&Environ.Sci., vol. 12, issue 5, pp. 664-668, 2012. plowing.pdf
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