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University, A. R. M. A. P. P. N. C. /, S. A. - R. M. A. P. P. N. C. / University, and L. Y. A. S. L. P. N. M. University, "Mothers versus Pediatric Nurses’ Attitude Regarding Mothers’ Presence during Invasive Nursing Procedures for Their Hospitalized Children", Life Science Journal 2013;, vol. 10(3), issue (ISSN: 1097-8135)., pp. 379-388], Submitted. 057_19594life1003_379_388.pdf
Urbán, D., M. M. Marei, D. Hajnal, G. Varga, D. Érces, M. Poles, D. Imre, A. Szabó, R. M. Cervellione, and T. Cserni, "Mucosectomy disrupting the enteric nervous system causes contraction and shrinkage of gastrointestinal flaps: potential implications for augmentation cystoplasty.", Journal of pediatric urology, vol. 16, issue 1, pp. 20-26, 2020. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Augmenting the bladder with a seromuscular gastrointestinal flap is a promising alternative approach aiming for a mucus-free bladder augmentation; however, the contraction (shrinkage) of the flaps remains a major concern. Enteric nervous system (ENS) abnormalities cause a failure of relaxation of the intestinal muscle layers in motility disorders such as Hirschsprung's disease and intestinal neuronal dysplasia. In mammals, the submucosal enteric nervous plexus contains nitrergic inhibitory motor neurons responsible for muscle relaxation. The authors hypothesize that mucosectomy disconnects the submucosal nervous plexus from the myenteric plexus resulting in flap shrinkage.

STUDY DESIGN: After ethical approval, mucosectomy was performed on vascularized flaps from the ileum, colon, and stomach in five anesthetized pigs. In Group (I), only the mucosa was scraped off with forceps, creating a sero-musculo-submucosal flap, while in Group (II), the mucosa and submucosa were peeled off as one layer, leaving a seromuscular flap. Isolated and detubularized segments served as control. The width of each flap was measured before and after the mucosectomy. The ENS was assessed by neurofilament immunohistochemistry in conventional sections and by acetylcholinesterase and NADPH-diaphorase enzyme histochemistry in whole-mount preparations.

RESULTS: The stomach contracted to a lesser extent of its original width, 92.82 ± 7.86% in Group (I) and 82.24 ± 6.96% in Group (II). The ileum contracted to 81.68 ± 4.25% in Group (I) and to 72.675 ± 5.36% in Group (II). The shrinkage was most noticeable in the colon: 83.89 ± 15.73% in Group (I) and to 57.13 ± 11.51% in Group (II). One-way equal variance test showed significant difference (P < 0,05) between Group (I) and (II), comparing stomach with ileum and ileum with colon. The histochemistry revealed that the submucosal nervous plexus containing nitrergic inhibitory neurons was disconnected from the myenteric plexus in Group (II) of all specimens.

CONCLUSION: Mucosectomy resulted in significant immediate shrinkage of the flaps. This was more expressed when also the submucosa was peeled off, thus fully disrupting the ENS. The shrinkage affected the stomach the least and the colon the greatest. This phenomenon should be taken into consideration when planning mucus-free bladder augmentation.

Usama Lotfi(M.D, M. R. C. S.), M. H.(M.D), and R. K.(M.D), "Minilaparotomy for Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Surgery in the Endovascular Surgery Era", Kasr El Aini Journal of Surgery , 2012. fin-1_january_2012_minilaparotomy.pdf
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Vagenas, E. C., A. F. Ali, and H. Alshal, "Massless charged particles, naked singularity, and GUP in Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter-like spacetime", Physical Review D, vol. 99, issue 8, pp. 084013, 2019.
Van der Wiel, M. J., T. M. El-Sherbini, and L. Vriens, "Multiple ionization of He, Ne and Ar by 2–16 keV electrons", Physica, vol. 42, issue 3: Elsevier, pp. 411-420, 1969. Abstract
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Vavassori, S., J. Chou, L. E. Faletti, V. Haunerdinger, L. Opitz, P. Joset, C. J. Fraser, S. Prader, X. Gao, L. A. Schuch, et al., "Multisystem inflammation and susceptibility to viral infections in human ZNFX1 deficiency.", The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recognition of viral nucleic acids is one of the primary triggers for a type I interferon-mediated antiviral immune response. Inborn errors of type I interferon immunity can be associated with increased inflammation and/or increased susceptibility to viral infections as a result of dysbalanced interferon production. NFX1-type zinc finger-containing 1 (ZNFX1) is an interferon-stimulated double-stranded RNA sensor that restricts the replication of RNA viruses in mice. The role of ZNFX1 in the human immune response is not known.

OBJECTIVE: We studied 15 patients from 8 families with an autosomal recessive immunodeficiency characterized by severe infections by both RNA and DNA viruses and virally triggered inflammatory episodes with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis-like disease, early-onset seizures, and renal and lung disease.

METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was performed on 13 patients from 8 families. We investigated the transcriptome, posttranscriptional regulation of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and predisposition to viral infections in primary cells from patients and controls stimulated with synthetic double-stranded nucleic acids.

RESULTS: Deleterious homozygous and compound heterozygous ZNFX1 variants were identified in all 13 patients. Stimulation of patient-derived primary cells with synthetic double-stranded nucleic acids was associated with a deregulated pattern of expression of ISGs and alterations in the half-life of the mRNA of ISGs and also associated with poorer clearance of viral infections by monocytes.

CONCLUSION: ZNFX1 is an important regulator of the response to double-stranded nucleic acids stimuli following viral infections. ZNFX1 deficiency predisposes to severe viral infections and a multisystem inflammatory disease.

Vogl, T. J., A. Zinn, E. Elhawash, L. S. Alizadeh, N. - E. A. Nour-Eldin, and N. N. N. Naguib, "MR angiography-planned prostatic artery embolization for benign prostatic hyperplasia: single-center retrospective study in 56 patients.", Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey), vol. 27, issue 6, pp. 725-731, 2021. Abstractdir-27-6-725_1.pdf

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the advantages of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)-planned prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

METHODS: In this retrospective study, MRAs of 56 patients (mean age, 67.23±7.73 years; age range, 47-82 years) who underwent PAE between 2017 and 2018 were evaluated. For inclusion, full information about procedure time and radiation values must have been available. To identify prostatic artery (PA) origin, three-dimensional MRA reconstruction with maximum intensity projection was conducted in every patient. In total, 33 patients completed clinical and imaging follow-up and were included in clinical evaluation.

RESULTS: There were 131 PAs with a second PA in 19 pelvic sides. PA origin was correctly identified via MRA in 108 of 131 PAs (82.44%). In patients in which MRA allowed a PA analysis, a significant reduction of the fluoroscopy time (-27.0%, p = 0.028) and of the dose area product (-38.0%, p = 0.003) was detected versus those with no PA analysis prior to PAE. Intervention time was reduced by 13.2%, (p = 0.25). Mean fluoroscopy time was 30.1 min, mean dose area product 27,749 µGy•m2, and mean entrance dose 1553 mGy. Technical success was achieved in all 56 patients (100.0%); all patients were embolized on both pelvic sides. The evaluated data documented a significant reduction in IPSS (p < 0.001; mean 9.67 points).

CONCLUSION: MRA prior to PAE allowed the identification of PA in 82.44% of the cases. MRA-planned PAE is an effective treatment for patients with BPH.

Vogl, T. J., N. - E. A. Nour-Eldin, R. M. Hammerstingl, B. Panahi, and N. N. N. Naguib, "Microwave Ablation (MWA): Basics, Technique and Results in Primary and Metastatic Liver Neoplasms - Review Article.", RoFo : Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin, vol. 189, issue 11, pp. 1055-1066, 2017 Nov. Abstract

 The locoregional interventional oncological treatment approach is an accepted modality for liver neoplasms, especially for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and oligonodular liver metastases.  The main aim of ablation therapies like microwave ablation (MWA) is to eradicate all malignant cells in a minimally invasive technique under imaging guidance while preserving the healthy tissue with a sufficient safety margin (at least 5 mm) surrounding the ablated lesion.  Ablation therapy can be performed via a percutaneous, laparoscopic or intraoperative approach under ultrasound, MRI or CT guidance for adequate localization and monitoring of the ablation process.  Ablation is the method of choice for oligonodular HCCs ≤ 3 cm. The technical success rate varies from 88 % to 98 % and progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 years from 27 % to 91.7 %. The same criteria apply to the therapy of liver metastases.   · Careful selection of patients proves to be essential for optimum results of MWA. · Interventionists should be familiar with all aspects of complication and rapid assessment of imaging methods in order to evaluate induced damage by thermal ablation. · MWA seems to have some advantages over radiofrequency ablation, like shorter ablation time, less pain, less heat sink effect; however, scientific proof is needed. · Vogl TJ, Nour-Eldin A, Hammerstingl RM et al. Microwave Ablation (MWA): Basics, Technique and Results in Primary and Metastatic Liver Neoplasms - Review Article. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2017; 189: 1055 - 1066.

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W, N., S. E, and H. R, "A MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION TO MONITOR THE HISTORICAL PAPER DYEING TECHNIQUES", SCIENTIFIC CULTURE, Vol. 6, No. 2, (2020), pp. 1-10, vol. Vol.6, pp. 1-10, 2020.
W. Soliman, A., and et al, Molecular detection of the most common bacterial pathogens affecting economically important Egyptian Red Sea fishes, , vol. 25, issue 4, pp. 669 - 688, 2021. AbstractWebsite

The current study aimed to investigate the most common pathogenic bacteria that are naturally infecting wild marine fishes collected at different localities along the coastline zone of Hurghada City, Egypt. A total of 300 samples of marbled spine foot Siganus rivulatus and the Haffara Seabream Rhabdosargus haffara were subjected to clinical and bacteriological examinations. The examined fishes showed the characteristic clinical signs and postmortem lesions of vibriosis and photobacteriosis. Based on the morpho-chemical characterization, bacterial isolates retrieved from the naturally infected fishes were identified as Vibrio spp. and Photobacterium spp. Through sequencing 16S rRNA genes, the identities of bacterial isolates were confirmed as V. alginolyticus, V. vulnificus, P. damselae subsp. damselae and P. damselae subsp < em> piscicida. Vibrio alginolyticus was the most frequent isolated bacterial pathogen and represented 54.4% and 46.7% of the total isolates recovered from S. rivulatus and R. haffara, respectively. Thus, the current study confirmed that Vibrio and Photobacterium species remain the most prevalent bacterial pathogens infecting Egyptian Red Sea fishes.  From food safety perspective, these types of infections could pose potential public health hazards.

W. Soliman, A., and et al, Molecular detection of the most common bacterial pathogens affecting economically important Egyptian Red Sea fishes, , vol. 25, issue 4, pp. 669 - 688, 2021. AbstractWebsite

The current study aimed to investigate the most common pathogenic bacteria that are naturally infecting wild marine fishes collected at different localities along the coastline zone of Hurghada City, Egypt. A total of 300 samples of marbled spine foot Siganus rivulatus and the Haffara Seabream Rhabdosargus haffara were subjected to clinical and bacteriological examinations. The examined fishes showed the characteristic clinical signs and postmortem lesions of vibriosis and photobacteriosis. Based on the morpho-chemical characterization, bacterial isolates retrieved from the naturally infected fishes were identified as Vibrio spp. and Photobacterium spp. Through sequencing 16S rRNA genes, the identities of bacterial isolates were confirmed as V. alginolyticus, V. vulnificus, P. damselae subsp. damselae and P. damselae subsp < em> piscicida. Vibrio alginolyticus was the most frequent isolated bacterial pathogen and represented 54.4% and 46.7% of the total isolates recovered from S. rivulatus and R. haffara, respectively. Thus, the current study confirmed that Vibrio and Photobacterium species remain the most prevalent bacterial pathogens infecting Egyptian Red Sea fishes.  From food safety perspective, these types of infections could pose potential public health hazards.

Wadie, B. S., A. M. Badawi, and M. A. Ghoneim, "The myth of prostate symptom scores, a look at the future", British Urology Association Symposium, 2000. Abstract
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WafaaTaha Salem, M. D., M. D. Maie Kamal EldinHelaly, M. D. Mohammed Mahmoud Hassan, M. D. Noha Hassan Radwan, and M. S. Samuel Fayez Samy, "Metabolic Effects of Perioperative Amino Acid Infusion during pelvi-abdominal surgery in cancer patients", Medical journal of Cairo university, 2017. samuel_paper_2.pdf
wahab, S. A. - M., "Maintain Postharvest Quality of Nectarine Fruits by Using Some Essential Oils.", Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences., vol. 5, issue 4, pp. 855-868, 2015. Abstract
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Wahba W.N, E. Salim, and R. R. A. Hassan, "A MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION TO MONITOR THE HISTORICAL PAPER DYEING TECHNIQUES", SCIENTIFIC CULTURE, , vol. Vol. 6, , issue No. 2, pp. 1-10, 2020. 6_2_1_wahba-et-al.pdf
Wahed, M., A. A. Sharawi, and H. A. Badawi, "Modeling of medical equipment maintenance in health care facilities to support decision making", Biomedical Engineering Conference (CIBEC), 2010 5th Cairo International, 202-205, 2010.
Waheed, A., R. Azam, M. R. Riaz, and M. Zawam, "Mechanical and durability properties of fly-ash cement sand composite bricks: An alternative to conventional burnt clay bricks", Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, vol. 7: Springer International Publishing, pp. 1-12, 2022. Abstract
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Waheed, M. M., I. M. Ghoneim, and M. S. S. Abdou, "Morphometric analysis of spermatozoa in the assessment of Arabian horse fertility", 16th Ann. Congr. Egyptian Soc. Anim. Reprod. Fert., 2004.
Waheed, M. T., A. Gaber, Y. Fahmy, and A. Khattab, "Machine Learning-Based Prediction of Backhaul Capacity Requirements for Cellular Networks", 2023 International Telecommunications Conference (ITC-Egypt): IEEE, pp. 518–523, 2023. Abstract
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Waheed, M. M., I. M. Ghoneim, and M. S. S. Abdou, "Morphometric Characteristics of Spermatozoa in the Arabian Horse With Regard to Season, Age, Sperm Concentration, and Fertility", Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, vol. 35, pp. 244-249, 2015.
Wakeman, C. A., N. D. Hammer, D. L. Stauff, A. S. Attia, L. L. Anzaldi, S. I. Dikalov, W. M. Calcutt, and E. P. Skaar, "Menaquinone biosynthesis potentiates haem toxicity in Staphylococcus aureus", Molecular microbiology, vol. 86, no. 6, pp. 1376–1392, 2012. Abstract
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