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Amin, T. T., F. Kaliyadan, E. A. Al Qattan, M. H. Al Majed, H. S. Al Khanjaf, and M. Mirza, "Knowledge, attitudes and barriers related to participation of medical students in research in three Arab Universities", Education in Medicine journal, vol. 4, no. 1, 2012. Abstract
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Ammar, I. A., S. A. Darwish, M. W. Khalil, and S. El-Taher, "Kinetics of the ferro—ferricyanide electron transfer reaction on anodically formed tin oxide", Electrochimica acta, vol. 33, issue 2: Elsevier, pp. 231-238, 1988. Abstract
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Aryal, G., and I. Elbatal, "Kumaraswamy Modified Inverse Weibull Distribution: Theory and Application", Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences, vol. 9, issue 2, pp. 651-660, 2015.
Aryal, G., and I. Elbatal, "Kumaraswamy Modified Inverse Weibull Distribution: Theory and Application", Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences, vol. 9, issue 2, pp. 651-660, 2015. kumaraswamy_modified_inverse_weibull_distribution.pdf
Aryal, G., and I. Elbatal, "Kumaraswamy Modified Inverse Weibull Distribution: Theory and Application", Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences, vol. 9, issue 2, pp. 651-660, 2015. kumaraswamy_modified_inverse_weibull_distribution.pdf
Ashour, S. K., and M. A. L. Wahed, "Kummer Beta –Weibull Geometric Distribution, A New Generalization of Beta -Weibull Geometric Distribution", International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), vol. 16, issue 2, pp. 258-273, 2014. 2421-5475-1-pb.pdf
Atef, M., A. Ramadan, S. A. Youssef, and K. Abo El-Sooud, "Kinetic disposition, systemic bioavailability and tissue distribution of salinomycin in chickens.", Research in veterinary science, vol. 54, issue 2, pp. 179-83, 1993 Mar. Abstract

Salinomycin was administered to chickens orally and intravenously to determine blood concentration, kinetic behaviour, bioavailability and tissue residues. The drug was given by intracrop and intravenous routes in a single dose of 20 mg kg-1 body-weight. The highest serum concentrations of salinomycin were reached half an hour after oral dosage with an absorption half-life (t0.5(ab)) of 3.64 hours and elimination half-life (t0.5(beta)) of 1.96 hours. The systemic bioavailability percentage was 73.02 per cent after intracrop administration, indicating the high extent of salinomycin absorption from this route in chickens. Following intravenous injection the kinetics of salinomycin can be described by a two-compartment open model with a t1/2(alpha) of 0.48 hours, Vd ss (volume of distribution) of 3.28 litre kg-1 and Cl(beta) (total body clearance) of 27.39 ml kg-1 min-1. The serum protein-binding tendency of salinomycin as calculated in vitro was 19.78 per cent. Salinomycin concentrations in the serum and tissues of birds administered salinomycin premix (60 ppm) for two weeks were lower than those after administration of a single intracrop dose of pure salinomycin (20 mg kg-1 bodyweight). The highest concentration of salinomycin residues were present in the liver followed by the kidneys, muscles, fat, heart and skin. No salinomycin residues were detected in tissues after 48 hours except in the liver and these had disappeared completely by 72 hours.

Atef, M., S. A. Youssef, A. Ramadan, and M. Issa, "Kinetic disposition, systemic bioavailability, tissue levels and acetylation of some sulphonamides in goats.", Archives internationales de pharmacodynamie et de thérapie, vol. 302, pp. 27–39, 1988. Abstract
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Atef, M., R. A, S. A. H. Youssef, and K. Abo El-Sooud, "Kinetic disposition, systemic bioavailability and tissue distribution of salinomycin in chickens", Research in Veterinary science, vol. 54, pp. 179-183, 1993.
Atef, M., S. A. Youssef, A. Ramadan, and M. Issa, "Kinetic disposition, systemic bioavailability, tissue levels and acetylation of some sulphonamides in goats.", Archives internationales de pharmacodynamie et de therapie, vol. 302, pp. 27-39, 1989 Nov-Dec. Abstract

Sulphamethoxazole, sulphadimethyloxazole and sulphadimethoxine were once administered in goats via oral and i.v. route (100 mg/kg b.wt.) for determination of plasma and urine concentrations of the unchanged sulphonamides and their acetylated derivatives, kinetic behavior, systemic bioavailability, tissue levels and acetylation. The highest plasma concentrations of sulphamethoxazole, sulphadimethyloxazole and sulphadimethoxine were reached after 0.64, 1.31 and 0.46 hr following oral administration, with an absorption half-life of 0.84, 1.31 and 0.38 hr and an elimination half-life of 3.51, 5.01 and 5.55 hr, respectively. Following a single i.v. injection, the kinetic disposition of sulphamethoxazole and sulphadimethoxine followed a one-compartmental model with an elimination half-life of 1.48 and 1.76 hr and a total body clearance-time curve of sulphadimethyloxazole, after a single i.v. injection, could be described by a two-compartmental open model with an elimination half-life of 3.27 hr, a volume of distribution of 248.07 ml/kg and a total body clearance of 0.82 ml/kg/min. The systemic bioavailability was 19.95, 11.37 and 23.27% after oral administration of sulphamethoxazole, sulphadimethyloxazole and sulphadimethoxine, respectively. The percentages of serum protein binding of sulphamethoxazole, sulphadimethyloxazole and sulphadimethoxine were determined in most of the body tissues, collected 4 hr after i.v. injection. The highest concentration was found in kidney and liver. On the other hand, sulphamethoxazole, sulphadimethyloxazole and sulphadimethoxine were N4-acetylated in the body tissues to a higher extent than that in plasma. Acetylation was highest in rumen and skeletal muscle.

Atef, M., A. Y. I. El-Gendi, S. A. H. Youssef, and A. M. M. Amer, "Kinetic disposition, systemic bioavailability and tissue distribution of oxytetracycline in chickens", Archiv fuer Gefluegelkunde (Germany, FR), 1986. Abstract
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Atef, M., A. Ramadan, S. A. Youssef, and K. Abo El-Sooud, "Kinetic disposition, systemic bioavailability and tissue distribution of salinomycin in chickens.", Research in veterinary science, vol. 54, issue 2, pp. 179-83, 1993 Mar. Abstract

Salinomycin was administered to chickens orally and intravenously to determine blood concentration, kinetic behaviour, bioavailability and tissue residues. The drug was given by intracrop and intravenous routes in a single dose of 20 mg kg-1 body-weight. The highest serum concentrations of salinomycin were reached half an hour after oral dosage with an absorption half-life (t0.5(ab)) of 3.64 hours and elimination half-life (t0.5(beta)) of 1.96 hours. The systemic bioavailability percentage was 73.02 per cent after intracrop administration, indicating the high extent of salinomycin absorption from this route in chickens. Following intravenous injection the kinetics of salinomycin can be described by a two-compartment open model with a t1/2(alpha) of 0.48 hours, Vd ss (volume of distribution) of 3.28 litre kg-1 and Cl(beta) (total body clearance) of 27.39 ml kg-1 min-1. The serum protein-binding tendency of salinomycin as calculated in vitro was 19.78 per cent. Salinomycin concentrations in the serum and tissues of birds administered salinomycin premix (60 ppm) for two weeks were lower than those after administration of a single intracrop dose of pure salinomycin (20 mg kg-1 bodyweight). The highest concentration of salinomycin residues were present in the liver followed by the kidneys, muscles, fat, heart and skin. No salinomycin residues were detected in tissues after 48 hours except in the liver and these had disappeared completely by 72 hours.

Atef, M., A. Ramadan, S. A. H. Youssef, and A. K. EL-Sooud, "Kinetic disposition, systemic bioavailability and tissue distribution of salinomycin in chickens", Research in veterinary science, vol. 54, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 179–183, 1993. Abstract
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authors, 66, and M. E. E. K. amr and Editors:Samir Galal, Kasr El-Aini Introduction To Surgery,3rd -7th Editions, , Cairo, University Book Center,Sayed mahmoud, 2010.
Azza A. Shoukry, T. Rau, M. M. Shoukry, and R. and van Eldik, "Kinetics and mechanisms of ligand substitution reactions of bis(amine) (cyclobutane-1,1-dicarboxylato) palladium(II) ", Journal of Chemical Society., Dalton Trans., pp. 3105-3112, 1998.
Azza Shoukry, Malgorzata Brindell, and R. van Eldik, "Kinetics and mechanism of the substitution behaviour of Pd(II) piperazine complexes with different biologically relevant nucleophiles", Journal of Chemical Society, Dalton Trans.,, vol. 37, pp. 4169-4174, 2007.
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Badawy, W. A., and N. H. Hilal, ""Kinetic Studies of the Ferro- Ferricyanoferrate Redox Couple "", Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr.,, vol. 128, pp. 144, 1991.
Badawy, W. A., A. G. Gad-Alla, and H. H. Rehan, "Kinetics of the Dissolution Behaviour of Anodic Oxide Films on Niobium in NaOH Solutions".", J. Appl. Electrochem. 17 (1987) 559, vol. 17, pp. 559, 1987.
Badawy, W. A., M. S. El-Basiouny, and M. M. Ibrahim, ""Kinetics of the Dissolution of Phosphoric Acid Anodized Aluminium as Revealed from Impedance Measurements in Phosphate Media "", Ind. J. Chem. Tech., vol. 24, pp. 1, 1986.
Badawy, W. A., G. A. G. Allah, A. H. A. El-Rahman, and M. M. Abou-Romia, "Kinetics of the Passivation of Molybdenum in Acids and Alkali Solutions as Inferred from Impedance and Potential Measurements", Surface and Coatings Technology, issue 27, 1986.
Badawy, W. A., N. H. Hilal, and S. A. El-Shazly, ""Kinetic and Thermodynamic Parameters of the Ferro- Ferricyanoferrate Redox System in Glycerol-Water Mixed Solvent". ", Berichte der Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. , vol. 95, pp. 781, 1991.
Badawy, W. A., M. M. Ibrahim, M. M. Abou-Romia, and M. S. El-Basiouny, ""Kinetics Studies on the Dissolution Behaviour of Anodic Oxide Films on Aluminium in KF Solutions".", Corrosion, vol. 42, pp. 324, 1986.
Badawy, W. A., K. M. Ismail, and S. S. Medany, "Kinetics of Electropolymerization of 1-Amino-9, 10-Anthraquinone", Int. J. Chem. Kinetics, 2011. Abstract

1-amino-9, 10-anthraquinone, AAQ, was electropolymerized on platinum substrates either from aqueous or non-aqueous electrolytes. The aqueous electrolyte was 6.0 mol L-1 H2SO4 and the non-aqueous solvent was acetonitrile containing lithium perchlorate, LiClO4, as supporting electrolyte. The formed polyaminoanthraquinone, PAAQ, was stable and the polymerization process was reproducible. The kinetics of the electropolymerization process was investigated by determining the charge consumed during the electropolymerization as a function of time at different concentrations of the electrolyte components. The results of chronoamperometry have been used to determine the orders of reaction. In either aqueous or non-aqueous solution, the electropolymerization process follows first order kinetics with respect to the monomer concentration. In non-aqueous solution, the very small concentrations of water did not affect the order of reaction. The order of reaction with respect to the traces of water and the supporting electrolyte concentration was found to be zero. In aqueous solution the order of the electropolymerization reaction with respect to the concentration of H2SO4 was found to be negative (-0.66) which means that the aqueous electrolyte inhibits the polymerization reaction.