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El-Gamal, M. A., "A knowledge-based approach for fault detection and isolation in analog circuits", Neural Networks, 1997., International Conference on, vol. 3: IEEE, pp. 1580–1584, 1997. Abstract
El-Gamal, M. A., "A knowledge-based approach for fault detection and isolation in analog circuits", Neural Networks, 1997., International Conference on, vol. 3: IEEE, pp. 1580–1584, 1997. Abstract
El-Gamal, M. A., "A knowledge-based approach for fault detection and isolation in analog circuits", Neural Networks, 1997., International Conference on, vol. 3: IEEE, pp. 1580-1584, 1997. Abstract
Abdelhafiz, A. S., Z. Mohammed, M. E. Ibrahim, H. H. Ziady, M. Alorabi, and M. Ayyad, "Knowledge, Perceptions, and Attitude of Egyptians Towards the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)", Journal of Community Health, vol. 45, issue 5, pp. 881-890, 2020. abdelhafiz2020_article_knowledgeperceptionsandattitud.pdf
Abdelhafiz, A. S., E. A. Sultan, H. H. Ziady, D. M. Sayed, and W. A. Khairy, "Knowledge, perceptions and attitude of Egyptian physicians towards biobanking issues", PLOS ONE, 2021. journal.pone_.0248401_1.pdf
Radwan, G. N., W. Y. A. Wahid, D. El-Derwy, and M. El-Rabat, Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of avian influenza among backyard poultry, , 2011. Abstract4-avian_influenza-issue-5-6-2011.pdf

Avian influenza (H5N1) (AI) is becoming a serious public health threat in Egypt. The
current study aimed to assess the existing knowledge, attitudes, and various practices
regarding AI in household backyard poultry breeders residing in Fayoum Governorate,
in rural Egypt.
Material and methods
Of the 149 cases confirmed to date in Egypt, 51 have been fatal. This study was
implemented in El Gendy and Manshat Abdllah villages in Fayoum Governorate. The
latter village is the one in which a case of AI was confirmed in February 2007. A group
of 150 women aged 15 years and above were recruited. A structured Arabic
questionnaire was used to collect data.
All interviewed women (N= 150) had heard about AI. TV\radio was the common
source of information (83.3%). Nearly all interviewed women knew that AI is
transmitted from birds to humans (99%). Most of the participants (490%) correctly
identified saliva, nasal secretions, feces, and contaminated vehicles as the modes of AI
transmission. The knowledge regarding biosecurity measures (470%) and measures
of prevention (490%) was generally good. More than 90% of the interviewed
housewives agreed that AI is a serious disease that can be prevented, and that sanitary
precautions during breeding and food preparation practices are effective measures for
prevention of AI infection. Protective measures such as the use of gloves and masks,
which minimize the risk of transmission of AI from poultry to humans, were seldom used
by housewives in all their breeding, slaughtering, and cooking practices. However,
washing hands either with water or with soap and water was reported by the vast
majority of the respondents (490%).
Conclusion and recommendation
There was a good level of knowledge and favorable attitude of the study participants
regarding AI; however, practices appear to be inadequate to achieve full protection
against AI. Comprehensive and multidisciplinary interventions should be widely used to
enhance the complex behavior change process among the village residents

Amin, T. T., F. Kaliyadan, E. A. Al Qattan, M. H. Al Majed, H. S. Al Khanjaf, and M. Mirza, "Knowledge, attitudes and barriers related to participation of medical students in research in three Arab Universities", Education in Medicine journal, vol. 4, no. 1, 2012. Abstract
Ibrahim, O. M., and R. N. Hussein, "KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PREVALENCE OF USE OF HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY AMONG WOMEN IN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES", Asian journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 154-458, 2016.
Abdelhafiz, A. S., 2 Walaa A. Khairy, M. A. Fouda, R. M. Labib, E. A. Sultan, H. H. Ziady, and D. M. Sayed, "Knowledge, Attitude, and Opinions of Egyptian Medical Students Toward Biobanking Issues", Innov Dig Health Diagn Bio, vol. 1, issue 2, pp. 1-8, 2021.
Shaimaa A.M. Abd El Fatah, Marwa Rashad Salem, A. S. A. H. E. E. D. D., "Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior of Egyptian Medical Students Toward the Novel Coronavirus Disease-19: A Cross-Sectional Study", Open Access Maced J Med Sci., vol. 8, issue T1: The Scientific Foundation SPIROSKI, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, pp. 443-450, 2020. Abstract
Alboraie, M., M. A. Allam, N. Youssef, M. Abdalgaber, F. El-Raey, N. Abdeen, R. E. Mahdy, O. Elshaarawy, A. Elgebaly, T. Haydara, et al., "Knowledge, Applicability, and Barriers of Telemedicine in Egypt: A National Survey", International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications, vol. 2021: Hindawi, 2021. Abstract
Johnson, L., and N. E. Johnson, "Knowledge {Elicitation} {Involving} {Teachback} {Interviewing}", Knowlege {Acquisition} for {Expert} {Systems}: {A} {Practical} {Handbook}, London, Plenum Press, 1987. Abstract
Ahmed, A. A., A. A. Mohamed, I. A. Guled, H. M. Elamin, and A. H. Abou-Zeid, "Knowledge Translation in Africa for 21st Century Integrative Biology: The “Know-Do Gap” in Family Planning with Contraceptive Use among Somali Women", Omics: a journal of integrative biology, vol. 18, no. 11: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA, pp. 696–704, 2014. Abstract
Dali, H., and K. Shaalan, "Knowledge Sharing Through E-Government Portal", The 11th International Knowledge Management in Organizations Conference (KMO '16), Germany, 25 July, 2016. Abstracta34-dali.pdf

The advent of technology has changed the way of government to communicate with its stakeholders by incorporating the notion of e-government based on web-portal. These web-portals whereas identified successful in communicating with the stakeholders also played a vital role in sharing and managing knowledge. Based on this notion, this article is concerned with the role of e-government portal in sharing knowledge and the way through which this portal increases the efficiency of entire public sector. In the same instance, the K-ACT model of internet portal is analyzed to identify the features that make a web-portal best and perfect. In this article, we conducted a literature review and focused our attention on analyzing the e-government portals of four countries i.e. China, Hong Kong, Beijing and Turkish Municipalities. For the analysis and comparison purposes, the checklist of K-ACT model is used. The findings revealed that the e-government portal of these countries is not fully matched with the features as described in K-ACT, which ultimately affect the knowledge management and sharing practices in the region. Therefore, recommendations are made to improve the existing portal for knowledge sharing so that citizens can take more knowledge benefits from the e-government portals.

El-Bahnasy, K., M. Rafea, K. Wassif, and S. El-Gammal, "Knowledge Representation and Reasoning Using XML", The Second International Conference on Informatics and Systems (INFOS2004), 2004.
Hassan, H. A., "Knowledge Representation And Reasoning Using Standard Web Languages For Risk Analysis", The International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Information Sciences,, 2011. Abstract
Al-Dwairi, Z. N., and et al, "Knowledge of risks associated with dental implants failure (Prof. Emad Daif was a peer reviewer for this article)", International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science , vol. 2, issue 4, pp. 59-64, 2015.
Elden, N. M. K., W. A. Khairy, and E. H. Elsebay, "Knowledge of Reproductive Health and Perception of Violence among Rural Schoolgirls in Egypt.", Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 2019. AbstractWebsite

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although schools should play a crucial role in providing the right health information at the right age, little is known about the knowledge of school pupils in Egypt, especially girls living in rural areas, regarding reproductive health, and their perceptions of violence. This study aimed to assess reproductive health knowledge and perceptions around violence among rural school-attending girls.

DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 3 randomly selected public schools in a rural district in Fayoum Governorate. An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was collected from a random sample of 412 schoolgirls between May and June 2017.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A reproductive health knowledge score was generated by summing the correct responses to 28 items related to puberty, reproductive health problems, and marriage. The participants' scores were dichotomized as high reproductive health knowledge if they scored > 50% correct and low knowledge if they scored <50%.

RESULTS: More than two-thirds of the participants had low reproductive health knowledge. The mean and standard deviation of the reproductive health knowledge score was 12.5+4.7 out of 28. Multivariable regression analysis indicated that participants' age (AOR=1.6, 95% CI=1.2-2.0) and their fathers' education (AOR=1.4, 95% CI=0.5-3.8) predicted high reproductive health knowledge. Regarding the perception of violence, approximately 31% of the participants accepted physical punishment from parents.

CONCLUSIONS: Schoolgirls in rural areas are still ignorant about many reproductive health issues and are subjected to different forms of violence, which necessitates development of reproductive health awareness programs with engagement of parents and teachers.

Elden, N. M. K., W. A. Khairy, and E. H. Elsebay, "Knowledge of reproductive health and perception of violence among rural schoolgirls in Egypt", Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology: Elsevier, 2019. Abstract
Aboushady, R., A. Eswi, and A. Hamid, "Knowledge of Pregnant Women Regarding Folic Acid: A Suggested Plan of Action", International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, vol. 4, issue 9, pp. 195-205, 2014.
Eswi, A. S., R. N. M. Aboushady, and A. A. A. E. Hamed, "Knowledge of Pregnant Women Regarding Folic Acid: A Suggested Plan of Action", International Journal of Health Sciences , vol. 4, issue 9, 2014. 107-1409834331.pdf____folic_acid_publication__2014.pdf
Eswi, A., R. M. N. Aboushady, and A. A. A. E. Hamid, "Knowledge of Pregnant Women Regarding Folic Acid: A Suggested Plan of Action", International Journal of Health Sciences & Research, vol. 4, issue 9, pp. 195-205, 2014. first_paper_folic_acid.pdf