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1993
H.El-Boulaqi, A.M.Boghdadi, N.Mansour, N.A.El-Dib, and N.M.Naguib, "Hydatidosis among human patients attending Cairo Univ. Hospital (During the period between Dec. 1990 - May 1991). ", Egypt. J. of Med. Sciences, vol. 14, issue 1, pp. 81-92, 1993.
Ahmed, M. M., M. T. Khayyal, and M. M. el-Merzabani, "Hyperthermic potentiation of cisplatin cytotoxicity on solid Ehrlich carcinoma.", Tumori, vol. 79, issue 4, pp. 268-72, 1993 Aug 31. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia produces marked effects on many biochemical parameters of tumor cells and has been reported to potentiate the effect of many drugs. We therefore evaluated the possible synergistic effect between hyperthermia and cisplatin against solid Ehrlich carcinoma. The study was based on the measurement of some biologic characteristics in tumor tissues, namely: DNA, RNA, and protein content and their rate of synthesis as parameters for nuclear damage; total lipids and cholesterol as parameters for membrane damage; acid-phosphatase and acid-ribonuclease as parameters for lysosomal damage; and tumor volume as a direct parameter for tumor growth.

METHODS: Treatment of solid Ehrlich carcinoma by hyperthermia at 43 degrees C for 30 min for 3 successive days produced a 41.5% decrease in tumor volume, as well as a significant decrease in nucleic acids, protein contents and their rate of synthesis, in total lipids and cholesterol, and in acid-phosphatase and acid-ribonuclease. Chemotherapeutic management of the tumor by 5 mg/kg x 3 of cisplatin alone showed a continuous increase in tumor volume but at a lower rate than that of the untreated control. However, when cisplatin was given 1 h prior to hyperthermia, the tumor volume was significantly decreased by 82.6%.

RESULTS: The effects observed on all the investigated parameter were intensified when cisplatin was combined with hyperthermia. The results obtained suggest that hyperthermia may enhance the penetration of cisplatin to its target site inside the tumor cells due to a membrane-damaging effect. The enhanced lethality of cisplatin on tumor cells may also be due to the inhibition of DNA repair processes by hyperthermia.

Ahmed, M. M., M. T. Khayyal, and M. M. el-Merzabani, "Hyperthermic potentiation of cisplatin cytotoxicity on solid Ehrlich carcinoma.", Tumori, vol. 79, issue 4, pp. 268-72, 1993 Aug 31. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia produces marked effects on many biochemical parameters of tumor cells and has been reported to potentiate the effect of many drugs. We therefore evaluated the possible synergistic effect between hyperthermia and cisplatin against solid Ehrlich carcinoma. The study was based on the measurement of some biologic characteristics in tumor tissues, namely: DNA, RNA, and protein content and their rate of synthesis as parameters for nuclear damage; total lipids and cholesterol as parameters for membrane damage; acid-phosphatase and acid-ribonuclease as parameters for lysosomal damage; and tumor volume as a direct parameter for tumor growth.

METHODS: Treatment of solid Ehrlich carcinoma by hyperthermia at 43 degrees C for 30 min for 3 successive days produced a 41.5% decrease in tumor volume, as well as a significant decrease in nucleic acids, protein contents and their rate of synthesis, in total lipids and cholesterol, and in acid-phosphatase and acid-ribonuclease. Chemotherapeutic management of the tumor by 5 mg/kg x 3 of cisplatin alone showed a continuous increase in tumor volume but at a lower rate than that of the untreated control. However, when cisplatin was given 1 h prior to hyperthermia, the tumor volume was significantly decreased by 82.6%.

RESULTS: The effects observed on all the investigated parameter were intensified when cisplatin was combined with hyperthermia. The results obtained suggest that hyperthermia may enhance the penetration of cisplatin to its target site inside the tumor cells due to a membrane-damaging effect. The enhanced lethality of cisplatin on tumor cells may also be due to the inhibition of DNA repair processes by hyperthermia.

Ahmed, M. M., M. T. Khayyal, and M. M. el-Merzabani, "Hyperthermic potentiation of cisplatin cytotoxicity on solid Ehrlich carcinoma.", Tumori, vol. 79, issue 4, pp. 268-72, 1993 Aug 31. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia produces marked effects on many biochemical parameters of tumor cells and has been reported to potentiate the effect of many drugs. We therefore evaluated the possible synergistic effect between hyperthermia and cisplatin against solid Ehrlich carcinoma. The study was based on the measurement of some biologic characteristics in tumor tissues, namely: DNA, RNA, and protein content and their rate of synthesis as parameters for nuclear damage; total lipids and cholesterol as parameters for membrane damage; acid-phosphatase and acid-ribonuclease as parameters for lysosomal damage; and tumor volume as a direct parameter for tumor growth.

METHODS: Treatment of solid Ehrlich carcinoma by hyperthermia at 43 degrees C for 30 min for 3 successive days produced a 41.5% decrease in tumor volume, as well as a significant decrease in nucleic acids, protein contents and their rate of synthesis, in total lipids and cholesterol, and in acid-phosphatase and acid-ribonuclease. Chemotherapeutic management of the tumor by 5 mg/kg x 3 of cisplatin alone showed a continuous increase in tumor volume but at a lower rate than that of the untreated control. However, when cisplatin was given 1 h prior to hyperthermia, the tumor volume was significantly decreased by 82.6%.

RESULTS: The effects observed on all the investigated parameter were intensified when cisplatin was combined with hyperthermia. The results obtained suggest that hyperthermia may enhance the penetration of cisplatin to its target site inside the tumor cells due to a membrane-damaging effect. The enhanced lethality of cisplatin on tumor cells may also be due to the inhibition of DNA repair processes by hyperthermia.

1994
Gihad, E. A., and H. M. El-Shaer, Halophytes as a Resource for Livestock and for Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands, : Kluwer Academic, Netherlands, 1994. Abstract
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Shaer, H. M. E. L., and E. A. Gihad, "Halophytes as animal feeds in Egyptian deserts", Halophytes as a resource for livestock and for rehabilitation of degraded lands: Springer, pp. 281-284, 1994. Abstract
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Denzin, N. K., and Y. S. Lincoln, Handbook of {Qualitative} {Research}, , London, Sage, 1994. Abstract

theory is interpretation p102.
GT may be the most widely employed interpretive strategy in the social sciences today p204.

Baldi, P., and A. F. Atiya, "How delays affect neural dynamics and learning", IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 5, pp. 612–621, 1994. Abstract
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Baldi, P., and A. F. Atiya, "How delays affect neural dynamics and learning", IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 5, pp. 612–621, 1994. Abstract
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M, W. A., and H. C, "Hand Injury", Case Presentations for MRCS and AFRCS, london, Butterwort Heinnemann, 1994. case_presentations.pdf
A. M. Negm, F. M. Abdelrazek, M. H. Elnagdi, and L.H.Shaaban, "Heterocyclic synthesis with nitriles: New routes for synthesis of Pyridazines, pyridines and their fused derivatives.", Arch. Pharmacal Res., vol. 17, issue 6, pp. 411-417, 1994.
A.Badr, "Hybrid Training of Feedforward Neural Networks: Genetic Algorithms plus Backpropagation", Annual Conference on Statistics, pp. 17-19, 1994.
Shibini, A. A. E. L., Z. H. Osman, and M. M. Negim, "A Hybrid Expert System Assisting Decision Making of Contingency Selection", Third Middle East Power System Conference, MEPCON'94, Egypt , 1994.
ABDELWAHAB, M. F., S. Zakaria, M. Kamel, M. K. ABDELKHALIQ, M. A. MABROUK, H. SALAMA, G. Esmat, D. L. THOMAS, and G. T. Strickland, "HIGH SEROPREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS-C INFECTION AMONG RISK GROUPS IN EGYPT", AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 563-567, NOV, 1994. Abstract
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1995
Saranummi, N., M. Demeester, A. F. P. de Talens, J. Harrington, V. Heimly, J. M. de la Riva Grandal, and J. Taylor, "Healthcare information framework", International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing, vol. 39, pp. 99–104, 1995. Abstract

CEN committee TC 251 Medical Informatics, has set up a project team charged with producing a European pre-standard ENV on Healthcare Information Framework (HIF). The HIF is based on abstraction from a specific information system architecture to a reference architecture and further to a conceptual architectural framework based on serving open, distributed and heterogeneous healthcare enterprises. To specify the suitable healthcare information system architecture modelling of the healthcare enterprise is required. As there is no one method serving all needs, the HIF gives guidance on what aspects to look at in selecting a suitable modelling method. It is expected that the work will be completed by early 1995.

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