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Elbially, M. S., M. S. Ahmed, Y. M. Kadah, F. S. Botros, F. A. Ali, and M. H. Abdelgawwad, "Hand-Held Computer Aided Diagnosis System with Application in Mammography", Radio Science Conference (NRSC), 2013 30th National , 16 April , 2013. Abstract

In the recent decades, Egypt has witnessed an increase in the number of mammogram scans, raising the need for cheap and portable systems for computer aided diagnosis (CAD) to reduce examination cost and time which can be achieved through embedded systems. In this work, we introduce an early prototype of a low-cost high-performance hand-held CAD system with an application in diagnosingabnormalities in mammography which can be extended in the future for other modalities such as ultrasound imaging. For this application, we used the BeagleBoard-xM which is known for its high performance andequipped with many peripherals. Specifications of the system are described and the results are presented including the diagnostic performance of the CAD system and the comparison between the computational performance of a reference PC and the new embedded system. The new system has the potential for allowing such high technology to be available at low cost thus providing cost-effective healthcare.

Refaat, K. S., and A. F. Atiya, "Hand-Drawn Shape Recognition Using the SVM'ed Kernel", Int. Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, pp. 275–284, 2009. Abstract
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Omar, H. M., M. M. Fahmy, and M. M. Abuowarda, "Hand palm sparganosis: morphologically and genetically confirmed Spirometra erinaceieuropaei in a fourteen-year-old girl, Egypt", Journal of Parasitic diseases, vol. 47, issue 4, pp. 859–864, 2023.
Omar, H., Fahmy, and M. Abuowarda, "Hand palm sparganosis: morphologically and genetically confirmed Spirometra erinaceieuropaei in a fourteen-year-old girl, Egypt", Journal of Parasitic Diseases, vol. 47, issue 4, pp. 859–864, 2023.
El-Sherif, H. E., R. Kamal, and O. Moawyah, "Hand osteoarthritis and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women; clinical relevance to hand function, pain and disability.", Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society, vol. 16, issue 1, pp. 12-7, 2008 Jan. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess phalangeal bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal females with hand osteoarthritis (OA) and to correlate the measured levels with the radiographic OA grade, pain, function and disability of the hand.

METHODS: The study group constituted 40 postmenopausal women with hand OA (range; 45-83 years). Socio-demographic data were collected. They underwent a comprehensive clinical examination of joint status and health outcome measure including Australian Canadian (AUSCAN) OA hand index. Hand radiographs were quantified and graded according to Kellgren and Lawrence (K-L) scoring system. Bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD of the third finger were measured using the accuDEXA (Schick, New York, NY). Twenty females matched for age and years of menopause were studied as a control group.

RESULTS: Phalangeal BMC and BMD were significantly reduced in women with hand OA compared to controls and related to radiological erosive OA. The AUSCAN pain and function subscales were worse in proportion to the severity of hand OA. OA X-ray score was significantly associated with reduced right grip strength, pain, and function scales while, decreased BMD was related to Ritchie index and pain scale.

CONCLUSION: Postmenopausal women with clinical and radiological hand erosive OA are at risk of development of hand osteoporosis (OP). Phalangeal bone densitometry is an objective reproducible investigation. Poor physical function due to increased pain associated with increasing severity of radiographic hand OA leads to worse BMD results.

M, W. A., and H. C, "Hand Injury", Case Presentations for MRCS and AFRCS, london, Butterwort Heinnemann, 1994. case_presentations.pdf
Alkholy, W. A. S., M. S. E. - D. El-Wahab, and S. Elshennawy, Hand grip strength in relation to anthropometric measures of school children: a cross sectional study, : Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 2017. Abstract
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Omar, M. T. A., A. H. Alghadir, H. Zafar, and S. A. Baker, "Hand grip strength and dexterity function in children aged 6-12 years: A cross-sectional study", Journal of Hand Therapy, vol. 31, pp. 93-101, 2018.
Abdul-Rahman, R. S., A. S. R. Azab, and K. A. Alahmari, "HAND GRIP IN RELATION TO CUBITUS VALGUS DEFORMITY IN CHILDREN WITH HEMIPARETIC CEREBRAL PALSY", ASIAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol. 7, issue 12, pp. 4064-4067, 2016.
Alrowais, F., R. Marzouk, F. N. Al-Wesabi, and A. M. Hilal, "Hand Gesture Recognition for Disabled People Using Bayesian Optimization with Transfer Learning", Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 36, issue 3, pp. 3325-3342, 2023.
Maher, A. A., A. A. M. El Baky, and M. A. Ellabban, "Hand function response to static progressive splinting in post-burn finger contracture", Physiotherapy Quarterly, vol. 30, issue 1, pp. 68-72, 2022.
Mohammed, R. H. A., A. Goyal, and P. Bansal, Hand and Wrist Rheumatoid Arthritis, , 2020.
Soliman, H. M., I. elgaidy, and H. Abdel-Ghani, "Hamstring tendons versuspatellar tendon-bone autograft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction", Kasr elaini medical journal, vol. 11(1), pp. 51:57, 2005.
Hisham M.Soliman, A. Essam, and I. Elgaedy, "Hamstring Tendons Auto graft Compared with Patellar Tendon-Bone Autograft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A randomized Study with 5-Year Follow-Up.", Kasr Elaini Medical Journal, vol. 15(9), issue 1678-4625, pp. 1:8, 2009.
Nassar, A. M., M. Hilali, and M. Rommel, "Hammondia heydorni infection in camels (Camelus dromedarius) and water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in Egypt.", Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde (Berlin, Germany), vol. 69, issue 5, pp. 693-4, 1983.
Sakran, S., A. Said, Z. El Alfy, and M. A. El Sharkawi, "Hammash releasing bend and its control of gold mineralization, Hammash gold mine area, south Eastern Desert, Egypt", Egyptian Journal of Geology, vol. 53, pp. 87-99, 2009.
abd al-Razik, M., "Hammam al-Othmani in Homs architectural archaeological study", journal of athareen al-arab, vol. 17, issue 1, 2016. lbhth_lmnshwr.pdf
al-Hadidy, N. S., "Hamlet Resurrected", The Arabs and Britain: Changes and Exchanges , Cairo, The British Council, pp. 123-30, 1998.
Smeltzer, W. W., P. R. S. Jackson, and H. A. Ahmed, "Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L88 4M1", Transport in Nonstoichiometric Compounds, vol. 129: Springer Science & Business Media, pp. 481, 2012. Abstract
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