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Laboud, Y. N., H. M. Hassaneen, H. M. E. Hassaneen, M. A. Mohamed Teleb, and F. M. Saleh, "Hantzsch‐like reaction of isoquinoline‐1‐acetonitrile in synthesis of 4 H‐pyrido [2, 1‐a] isoquinolines with antibacterial evaluation", Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 60, issue 9: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chichester, UK, pp. 1565-1571, 2023. Abstract
AbdAlRahman, A., L. A. Said, A. Soltan, and A. G. Radwan, "Hardware Accelerator of Fractional-Order Operator Based on Phase Optimized Filters With Applications", IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers: IEEE, 2023. Abstract
Soliman, H. M., A. Saleem, E. Bayoumi, and M. D. Santis, "Harmonic Distortion Reduction of Transformer-Less Grid-Connected Converters by Ellipsoidal-Based Robust Control", energies, vol. 16, issue 3, pp. art. no. 1362, 2023.
Attia, M. M., M. M. Ibrahim, and M. A. Mahmoud, "Heavy infection of the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) with Huffmanela japonica: morphological, ultrastructural identification, tissue reactions and …", Aquaculture International, vol. 31, issue 6, pp. 3311-3327, 2023.
Maghraby, A. E., H. M. R. Hathout, and K. M. AbdelMaksoud, "Heavy metal contamination in the vicinity of gold mine and its environmental impact at Eastern Desert, Egypt", Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol. 16:, issue 599, 2023.
Eldin, A. B., M. Ezzat, M. Afifi, O. Sabry, and G. Caprioli, "Herbal medicine: the magic way crouching microbial resistance", Natural Product Research, vol. 37, issue 24, pp. 4280 - 4289, 2023.
Hegazy, W., H. I. Sakr, M. Abdul Hamid, M. A. Abdelaziz, M. Salah, E. S. Abdel Rehiem, and A. Abdel Moneim, "Hesperidin Attenuates Hypothyroidism-Induced Lung Damage in Adult Albino Rats by Modulating Oxidative Stress, Nuclear Factor Kappa-B Pathway, Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen and Inflammatory Cytokines.", Biomedicines, vol. 11, issue 6, 2023. Abstract

The occurrence of worsening pulmonary function has been connected to hypothyroidism (HPO). Hesperidin (HES) was suggested to have antioxidant, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory potential. Our study's objective was to determine whether HES could reduce carbimazole (CBZ)-induced lung injury more effectively than Eltroxin (ELT) in adult male albino rats or not. At random, 32 rats were distributed into four groups: Group I: normal control, to induce HPO, the remaining three groups were given CBZ (20 mg/kg/day) dissolved in distilled water for 1 week. They were then split up into three groups. Group II: orally administered CBZ (20 mg/kg b.w in water/day), Group III: HES (200 mg/kg/day) dissolved in 1% carboxymethyl-cellulose + CBZ treated, and Group IV: ELT (0.045 mg/kg/day) dissolved in distilled water + CBZ treated. All treatments were delivered for 12 weeks. Blood was collected to assess thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones (THs). Lung injury was evaluated based on the pulmonary content of interleukin (IL)-35, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), along with the estimation of lipid peroxidation, catalase, glutathione levels, superoxide dismutase, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). The histological, ultrastructural, and immunohistochemical study of nuclear factor Kappa-B (NF-κB) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), together with estimating the proliferation of cells using Antigen Ki-67 in lung tissue were performed. HES and ELT primarily suppressed variable lung damage mechanisms by suppressing TSH, the NF-κB/TNF-α pathway, iNOS, lipid peroxidation, Ki-67, and inflammatory mediators. On the other hand, they improved THs, antioxidant parameters, and the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. HES and ELT exhibited an ameliorative effect that was reflected in the histopathological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural results. These results indicate that HES is a pneumoprotective agent that could be a promising treatment for oxidative stress, inflammation, and proliferation.

Amer, W. M., N. A. M. Shaye, M. O. Hassan, and M. M. Khalaf, "Heteroblastic Inflorescence of Lamium amplexicaule L. in Egyptian Flora", Plants, vol. 12, issue 1028, pp. 1-25, 2023. 2023-plants-lamium.pdf
Abazeed, A., "Heterogeneity of Water Justice and the Question of Nile Solidarity", Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy, vol. 12, issue 2, pp. 187-205, 2023.
Mahmud, Z., K. Shiraishi, M. Y. Abido, P. A. Sánchez-Pérez, and S. R. Kurtz, "Hierarchical approach to evaluating storage requirements for renewable-energy-driven grids", Iscience, vol. 26, no. 1: Elsevier, 2023. Abstract
Morsy, S. E., N. Zayed, and I. A. Yassine, "Hierarchical based classification method based on fusion of Gaussian map descriptors for Alzheimer diagnosis using T-weighted magnetic resonance imaging.", Scientific reports, vol. 13, issue 1, pp. 13734, 2023. Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is considered one of the most spouting elderly diseases. In 2015, AD is reported the US's sixth cause of death. Substantially, non-invasive imaging is widely employed to provide biomarkers supporting AD screening, diagnosis, and progression. In this study, Gaussian descriptors-based features are proposed to be efficient new biomarkers using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) T-weighted images to differentiate between Alzheimer's disease (AD), Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and Normal controls (NC). Several Gaussian map-based features are extracted such as Gaussian shape operator, Gaussian curvature, and mean curvature. The aforementioned features are then introduced to the Support Vector Machine (SVM). They were, first, calculated separately for the Hippocampus and Amygdala. Followed by the fusion of the features. Moreover, Fusion of the regions before feature extraction was also employed. Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) dataset, formed of 45, 55, and 65 cases for AD, MCI, and NC respectively, is appointed in this study. The shape operator feature outperformed the other features, with 74.6%, and 98.9% accuracy in the case of normal vs. abnormal, and AD vs. MCI classification respectively.

Grignaschi, S., M. Kim, G. Zanframundo, N. Ravichandran, J. B. Lilleker, P. Sen, M. Joshi, V. Agarwal, S. Kardes, J. Day, et al., "High fatigue scores in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a multigroup comparative study from the COVAD e-survey.", Rheumatology international, vol. 43, issue 9, pp. 1637-1649, 2023. Abstract

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) confer a significant risk of disability and poor quality of life, though fatigue, an important contributing factor, remains under-reported in these individuals. We aimed to compare and analyze differences in visual analog scale (VAS) scores (0-10 cm) for fatigue (VAS-F) in patients with IIMs, non-IIM systemic autoimmune diseases (SAIDs), and healthy controls (HCs). We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the data from the COVID-19 Vaccination in Autoimmune Diseases (COVAD) international patient self-reported e-survey. The COVAD survey was circulated from December 2020 to August 2021, and details including demographics, COVID-19 history, vaccination details, SAID details, global health, and functional status were collected from adult patients having received at least one COVID-19 vaccine dose. Fatigue experienced 1 week prior to survey completion was assessed using a single-item 10 cm VAS. Determinants of fatigue were analyzed in regression models. Six thousand nine hundred and eighty-eight respondents (mean age 43.8 years, 72% female; 55% White) were included in the analysis. The overall VAS-F score was 3 (IQR 1-6). Patients with IIMs had similar fatigue scores (5, IQR 3-7) to non-IIM SAIDs [5 (IQR 2-7)], but higher compared to HCs (2, IQR 1-5; P < 0.001), regardless of disease activity. In adjusted analysis, higher VAS-F scores were seen in females (reference female; coefficient -0.17; 95%CI -0.21 to -13; P < 0.001) and Caucasians (reference Caucasians; coefficient -0.22; 95%CI -0.30 to -0.14; P < 0.001 for Asians and coefficient -0.08; 95%CI -0.13 to 0.30; P = 0.003 for Hispanics) in our cohort. Our study found that patients with IIMs exhibit considerable fatigue, similar to other SAIDs and higher than healthy individuals. Women and Caucasians experience greater fatigue scores, allowing identification of stratified groups for optimized multidisciplinary care and improve outcomes such as quality of life.

F.M. Aboshady, A. Saber, F. K. A. Z. F., "High frequency directional-based protection scheme for transmission lines emanating from large scale wind farms", Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 225, pp. 109904, 2023.
Abdelrahim, A.M., M. G. Abd El-Moghny, M. E. El-Shakre, and M. S. El-Deab, "High mass loading MnO2/graphite felt electrode with marked stability over a wide potential window of 1.9 V for supercapacitor application", Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 57, pp. 106218, 2023.
Shoeib, M. A., and S. A. Abdel-Gawad, "High performance nano hydroxyapatite coating on zinc for biomedical applications", Journal of Materials Science, vol. 58, issue 2, pp. 740-756, 2023.
Othman, E. M., N. A. Nagui, M. H. S. Fahim, and M. A. M. El-Hameed, "High Versus Low Concentration of Aluminium Chloride Hexahydrate Iontophoresis on Primary Palmar Hyperhidrosis", The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, vol. 90, 2023.
Lyu, S., D. Arends, M. K. Nassar, A. Weigend, S. Weigend, E. Wang, and G. A. Brockmann, "High-density genotyping reveals candidate genomic regions for chicken body size in breeds of Asian origin", Poultry Science, vol. 102, issue 1: Elsevier, pp. 102303, 2023. Abstract
AbdAlRahman, A., W. I. Al-Atabany, A. Soltan, and A. G. Radwan, "High-performance fractional anisotropic diffusion filter for portable applications", Journal of Real-Time Image Processing, vol. 20, issue 5: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Berlin/Heidelberg, pp. 98, 2023. Abstract