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Abdel-Razik, M. S. M., M. E. Rabbat, N. M. K. Elden, and H. Y. Ali, Ecological Study to Set Alternative Strategies for Reducing Child Mortality, , 2015. authors_manuscript_7_9_2015.pdf
Abdel-Razik, M. S. M., M. E. Rabbat, N. M. K. Elden, and H. Y. Ali, Ecological Study, , 2015. Abstractpaper_hana_final.pdf

Infant and child mortality are indicators of population wellbeing. Although Child
mortality rates are declining in Egypt, national averages mask regional disparities. Hence,
identification and quantification of factors contributing to mortality, at the local level through
ecological correlation studies could provide a guide to more focused public health interventions for
reducing mortality. The study aims to improve child health and decrease child mortality rate through
recognition of ecological/environmental factors predicting child mortality among municipalities in
Giza governorate.
METHODOLOGY: Ecological cross sectional study adopting the municipalities (n=215) as unit of
analysis. The study was conducted to examine associations between child mortality and some human
development indicators.
RESULTS: Highly significant negative correlation between U5MR and access to water (r=-0.966)
was found. Access to sanitation and access to electricity were negatively correlated with U5MR with
r=-0.955 and - 0.905 respectively. The results for IMR were similar to those for U5MR. An increase
of one percent access of household to safe water predicts a decrease by 1.05 and 0.78 in U5MR
and IMR (R2=0.97 and 0.98; P≤0.001) respectively. This relationship retained its significance in the
multivariate analysis: an increase often percent access to safe water predicted a decrease by 10.3 and
7.7 in U5MR and infant deaths respectively (P≤0.001). U5MR and IMR decrease significantly (by 0.82
and 0.61deaths respectively) with increase access to sanitation by 1%.
CONCLUSION:Access to safe water and sanitation are strong predictors of U5MR and IMR. Increased
coverage of households by safe water has the greatest impact on the reduction of children mortality
rate. Therefore, the study recommends advocacy to ensure coverage of household with safe water and
sanitation system.

Hafez, M., M. Hilali, and M. Fouda, "Ecological studies on Hippobosca equina (Linnaeus, 1758)(Diptera: Hippoboscidae) infesting domestic animals1 in Egypt", Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, vol. 87, issue 1‐4: Wiley Online Library, pp. 327-335, 1978. Abstract
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Abbas, M. S., M. H. El-Morsy, M. A. Shahba, and F. I. Moursy, "Ecological studies in coastal sand dune rangelands in the north-west of Egypt", Meeting of the Sub-network on Mediterranean Forage Resources of the FAO-CIHEAM Inter-regional Cooperative Research and Development Network on Pastures and Fodder Crops, Elvas, Portugal, pp. 389-393, 2008. Abstract
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Abbas, M. S., M. H. El-Morsy, M. A. Shahba, and F. I. Moursy, "Ecological studies in coastal sand dune rangelands in the north-west of Egypt", Meeting of the Sub-network on Mediterranean Forage Resources of the FAO-CIHEAM Inter-regional Cooperative Research and Development Network on Pastures and Fodder Crops, Elvas, Portugal, pp. 389–393, 2008. Abstract
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Omar, W. A., W. Z. A. Mikhail, H. M. Abdo, T. A. E. A. Defan, and M. M. Poraas, "Ecological Risk Assessment of Metal Pollution along Greater Cairo Sector of the River Nile, Egypt, Using Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, as Bioindicator", Journal of Toxicology, vol. 2015, issue Volume 2015, Article ID 167319, pp. 1-11, 2015.
Tawfik, M. F. S., M. M. El Husseini, and H. E. Abou Bakr, "Ecological observations on the aquatic insects attacking mosquito in Egypt", Bull.Soc. ent.Egypte, vol. 66, pp. 117-126, 1986.
Zaghloul, K. H., W. A. Omar, A. A. Abdel-Khalek, and S. Abo-Hegab, "Ecological Monitoring of Mediterranean SoleaAegyptiaca Transplanted Into Lake Qaroun, Egypt", Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2011. Abstract

Soleaaegyptiaca was successfully transplanted into Lake Qaroun from the Mediterraneansea to improve the yield of its original strain in the lake and this process continued at different timeintervals. Salinity of the lake increases during summer season due to high evaporation rates andchanges in the inflow regime. The deterioration of water resources in the lake during the summerseason is considered as a serious threat to the aquatic life. Therefore, this study was carried out duringsummer and beginning of autumn seasons where fish are exposed to severe alterations in the aquaticenvironment. Water quality indices of Lake Qaroun showed significant differences and the studiedwater heavy metals (Cu+2, Zn+2, Mn+2 and Pb+2) were in accordance with values of residual heavymetals in tissues, the bioaccumulation process showed also specificity to fish tissues. Histologicalsections in gills, liver and kidneys of S. aegyptiaca collected during June showed much moreimprovement than samples collected during other months. Histopathological alterations and cleardamages were obvious in samples collected during late summer and beginning of autumn (July,August and September) generally in accordance with the results of residual heavy metals in water andtissues. Moreover, the results revealed significant differences in values of growth indices, meat quality,blood parameters and plasma constituents of S. aegyptiaca collected from Lake Qaroun. Generally,the values were deteriorating during late summer and showed much more improvement during Juneand September.

Zaghloul, K. H., W. A. Omar, A. A. Abdel-Khalek, and S. Abo Hegab, "Ecological monitoring of Mediterranean Solea aegyptiaca transplanted into Lake Qaroun, Egypt.", Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 5, issue 7, pp. 851-862., 2011.
Zaghloul, K. H., W. A. Omar, A. A. Abdel-Khalek, and S. Abo-Hegab, "Ecological Monitoring of Mediterranean Solea Aegyptiaca Transplanted into Lake Qaroun, Egypt", Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 5, issue 7, pp. 851-862, 2011. australian_journal.pdf
Ceglie, F. G., and H. M. Abdelrahman, "Ecological Intensification Through Nutrient Recycling and Composting in Organic Farming.", Composting for Sustainable Agriculture: Springer , 2014. Abstractchapter.pdf

In   organic   agriculture   fertilizers   are   permitted   in   organic   forms,   as defined   by   regulation.   Mineralization   of   organic   fertilizers   is   a   biological   decomposition   that   release   plants’   available   nutrients;;   hence   soil   microbial   communities are   vital   in   the   organic   cropping   systems.   Composting   microorganisms   can   work   for   the   farmer’s   benefit   recycling   agricultural   organic   wastes   into   materials   that   contribute   to   healthy   and   biologically   active   soil.   Composting   process   has   been   deeply  described  to  highlight  the  link  among  starting  mixture,  process  factors  and  final  resulting  compost.  Composting  and  crop  residues  incorporation  are  fundamental  to  recycle  resources  at  farm  level  to  improve  the  nutrients  use  efficiency  and  to decrease  the  off-­farm  input  needs.  In  the  organic  farming  a  balanced  combination  of compost  application  and  crop  residues  incorporation  increases  the  microbial  carbon use   efficiency,   which   regulates   the   soil   organic   matter   decomposition   and   nutrients  mineralization  resulting  both  to  increase  the  yield  and  to  decrease  the  negative impact  on  the  environment.

Kabiel, H. F., A. K. Hegazy, L. Lovett-Doust, S. L. Al-Rowaily, and A. S. Al Borki, "Ecological assessment of populations of Juniperus phoenicea L. in the Al-Akhdar mountainous landscape of Libya", Arid Land Research and Management , vol. 30, issue 3, pp. 269–289, 2016.
Shahba, M. A., M. S. Abbas, M. H. El-Morsy, and F. I. Moursy, "Ecological and Chemical Studies on Wadi El-Ramla Range Plants in the Northwestern Coast of Egypt", Environ. Sci, vol. 8, issue 3, pp. 105-123, 2013. Abstract
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Shahba, M. A., M. S. Abbas, M. H. El-Morsy, and F. I. Moursy, "Ecological and Chemical Studies on Wadi El-Ramla Range Plants in the Northwestern Coast of Egypt", Environ. Sci, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 105–123, 2013. Abstract
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Kadry, M. A. M., H. R. H. Mohamed, and M. Hosney, "Ecological and biological studies on five-lined skink, Trachylepis (= Mabuya) quinquetaeniata inhabiting two different habitats in Egypt", Cellular and Molecular Biology, vol. 63, issue 11, pp. 28-36, 2017. 10th_paper.pdf
Kadry, M., H. R. H. Mohamed, and M. O. H. A. M. E. D. HOSNEY, "Ecological and biological studies on five-lined skink, Trachylepis (= Mabuya) quinquetaeniata inhabiting two different habitats in Egypt", Cellular and Molecular Biology, vol. 63, issue 11, pp. 28-36, 2017.
M.M.El-Husseini, "Ecological advantages and side effects of Weather-Engineering", 3rd International Conference on Natural Resources and Future Challenges, Environmental Studies and Research Institute, Sadat University, Egypt, 23 February 2015.
M.M., E. H., "Ecological advantages and side effects of Weather-Engineering", 3rd International Conference on Natural Resources and Future Challenges, Environmental Studies and Research Institute, Sadat University, Sadat City, Egypt, 23-25 February , 2015.