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El-Kholy, R. M. B., M. R. Bonneu, S. A. El-Aziz, and A. M. Gad, The Effect of a Suggested Program for Teaching Novel Based on Language Decision Making Approach in Developing the First Year Secondary School Students' Critical Reading Skill, and its Achievement of the Standards Document for EFL Learning, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2013. Abstractrasha_mohamed_bahgat_el-kholy.pdf

The study of longitudinal data plays a significant role in medicine,
epidemiology and social sciences. Typically, the interest is in the dependence of
the outcome variable on the covariates. The generalized linear models (GLMs)
were proposed to unify the regression approach for a wide variety of discrete and
continuous longitudinal data. The responses (outcomes) in longitudinal data are
usually correlated since repeated observations are taken from the same subject.
Ignoring this type of correlation may affect the validity of the likelihood inference.
Hence, an extension of the GLMs, that account for such correlation, is needed.
This can be done by inclusion of random effects in the linear predictor; that is the
generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs) (also called the random effects
models). The objective of this thesis is to calculate the maximum likelihood
estimates (MLEs) for the regression parameters of the logit model, when the
traditional assumption of normal random effects is relaxed. In this case, a more
convenient skewed distribution, such as the lognormal distribution, is used instead.
However, adding non-normal random effects to the GLMM complicates the
likelihood estimation considerably because the likelihood function can no longer
be expressed in a closed form. So, the direct numerical evaluation techniques
(such as Newton-Raphson) become analytically and computationally tedious. To
overcome such problems, the present study proposes and develops a Monte Carlo
EM (MCEM) algorithm, to obtain the maximum likelihood estimates for a logistic
regression model when the lognormal distribution is assumed as the random
effects density.

Elnaggar, R. K., M. Alghadier, M. S. Abdrabo, and A. A. Abonour, "Effect of a structured aqua-plyometric exercise program on postural control and functional ability in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy: A two-arm randomized controlled trial.", NeuroRehabilitation, 2022. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Individuals with hemiparetic cerebral palsy (h-CP) encounter postural control issues that largely interfere with activity and participation. So, there might be a need for improved, clearly effective rehabilitation protocols that target postural control dysfunction, which may, then, reduce activity limitations and participation restrictions.

OBJECTIVE: This trial was undertaken to examine the effect of a structured, 12-week aqua-plyometric (Aqua-PLYO) exercise program on postural control and functional ability in children with h-CP.

METHODS: Fifty-six children with h-CP took part in a two-arm, randomized single-blind controlled trial. They were randomly assigned to either receive the standard physical therapy (Control group; n = 28) or the Aqua-PLYO training program (Aqua-PLYO group; n = 28), three times/week over 12 consecutive weeks. The dynamic limit of stability [i.e., movement directional control (M-DC), reaction time (ReT), movement velocity (M-Vel), endpoint excursion (EP-Exc), and maximum excursion (M-Exc)] and functional ability [i.e., 30-second sit-to-stand test (30sec-STS), timed up and down stairs test (TUDS), and the dynamic gait index (DGI)] were assessed pre- and post-treatment.

RESULTS: From the pre- to post-treatment occasion, the Aqua-PLYO group achieved greater improvement for the M-DC (P = 0.013), ReT (P = 0.004), M-Vel (P = 0.03), EP-Exc (P = 0.002), and M-Exc (P = 0.006), compared to controls. Besides, the Aqua-PLYO group showed more conducive changes in functional ability [as evidenced by the 30sec-STS (P = 0.005), TUDS (P = 0.002), and DGI (P = 0.004) scores].

CONCLUSION: Aqua-PLYO training is likely an effective training paradigm for enhancing postural control and functional ability in children with h-CP. Further studies are, however, recommended to substantiate the current evidence.

Hamid, A. A. A. E., H. F. Azzam, G. M. Ismail, and H. M. Gaafar, "Effect of a Structured Antenatal Kegel exercises Protocol on Labor Progress among Women attending Antenatal Clinics.", Egyptian nursing journal, vol. 3, issue 2, 2012. azzaa8.pdf
Awaad, M. H. H., A. M. Atta, W. A. A. El-Ghany, M. Elmenawey, K. Ahmed, A. A. Hassan, A. A. Nada, and G. A. Abdelaleem., "Effect of a Specific Combination of Mannan-Oligosaccharides and β-Glucans Extracted from Yeast Cell Wall on the Health Status and Growth Performance of Ochratoxicated Broiler Chickens", Journal of American Science, vol. 7(3), pp. 82-96, 2011.
M.H.H. Awaad, A. M. Atta, W. A. A. El-Ghany, M. Elmenawey, K. Ahmed, A. A. Hassan, A. A. Nada, and G. A. Abdelaleem., "Effect of a Specific Combination of Mannan-Oligosaccharides and β-Glucans Extracted from Yeast Cell Wall on the Health Status and Growth Performance of Ochratoxicated Broiler Chickens", Journal of American Science, vol. 7(3), pp. 82-96. , 2011. ochratoxicated_broiler_chickens_.pdf
Awaad, M. H. H., A. M. Atta, W. A. A. El-Ghany, M. Elmenawey, K. Ahmed, A. A. Hassan, A. A. Nada, and G. A. Abdelaleem, "Effect of a specific combination of mannan-oligosaccharides and β-glucans extracted from yeast cell wall on the health status and growth performance of ochratoxicated broiler chickens", Journal of American Science, vol. 7, issue 3, pp. 82-96, 2011. Abstract
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Awaad, M. H. H., A. M. Atta, W. A. A. El-Ghany, M. Elmenawey, K. Ahmed, A. A. Hassan, A. A. Nada, and G. A. Abdelaleem, "Effect of a specific combination of mannan-oligosaccharides and β-glucans extracted from yeast cell wall on the health status and growth performance of ochratoxicated broiler chickens", Journal of American Science, vol. 7, issue 3, pp. 82-96, 2011. Abstract
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Awaad, M. H. H., A. M. Atta, W. A. A. El-Ghany, M. Elmenawey, K. Ahmed, A. A. Hassan, A. A. Nada, and G. A. Abdelaleem, "Effect of a specific combination of mannan-oligosaccharides and β-glucans extracted from yeast cell wall on the health status and growth performance of ochratoxicated broiler chickens", Journal of American Science, vol. 7, issue 3, pp. 82-96, 2011. Abstract
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Awaad, M. H. H., A. M. Atta, W. A. A. El-Ghany, M. Elmenawey, A.;K. A. A. Hassan, and N. A. A. G. A. Abdelaleem, "Effect of A Specific Combination of Mannan-Oligosaccharides and b-Glucans Extracted From Yeast Cell Wall on the Health Status and Growth Performance of Ochratoxicated Broiler Chickens", Journal of American Science, 2011.
Awaad, M. H. H., A. M. Atta, W. A. A. El-Ghany, M. Elmenawey, K. Ahmed, A. A. Hassan, A. A. Nada, and G. A. Abdelaleem, "Effect of a specific combination of Mannan-Oligosaccharides and â-Glucans extracted from yeast cell wall on the health status and growth performance of ochratoxicated broiler chickens", Journal of American Science, vol. 7, issue 3, pp. 82-96, 2011. j_american_science.pdfWebsite
Nadim, M. A., M. Atef, S. A. El Samarrae, A. Y. I. El Gandi, and D. J. Khammas, "Effect of a single therapeutic dose of oxytetracycline on some blood constituents and serum enzymes in sheep [Egypt].", Egyptian Journal of Veterinary Science, 1984. Abstract
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Samir, H., P. Nyametease, M. ELBADAWEY, K. Nagaoka, K. Sasaki, and G. Watanabe, "Effect of a single subcutaneous dose of melatonin on testicular blood flow and circulating hormones in Shiba goats", The 112th Meeting of the Society for Reproduction and Development, Hokkaido, Japan, T, pp. Conference: Abstracts of Japanese Society for Reproductive Biology, 2019.
G.Saadi, M., B. Zayed, M. Momtaz, A. Shaker, K. Marzouk, A. Ali, and R. A. M. Mahmoud, "Effect of a single session of haemodiafiltration on nerve conduction, interleukin-6 and β2-microglobulin", The Journal of Egyptian Society of Nephrology & Transplantation, vol. 16, issue 3, pp. 79-88, 2016.
Saadi, M. G., B. Zayed, M. Momtaz, A. Shaker, K. Marzouk, A. Ali, R. A. M. Mahmoud, and others, "Effect of a single session of haemodiafiltration on nerve conduction, interleukin-6 and $\beta$2-microglobulin", Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation, vol. 16, no. 3: Medknow Publications, pp. 79, 2016. Abstract
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Saadi, M. G., B. Zayed, M. Momtaz, A. Shaker, K. Marzouk, A. Ali, and R. A. M. Mahmoud, "Effect of a single session of haemodiafiltration on nerve conduction, interleukin-6 and $\beta$2-microglobulin", Journal of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation, vol. 16, no. 3: Medknow, pp. 79–88, 2016. Abstract
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Samir, H., K. Sasaki, E. Ahmed, A. Karen, K. Nagaoka, M. E. Sayed, K. Taya, and G. Watanabe, "Effect of a single injection of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on testicular blood flow measured by color doppler ultrasonography in male Shiba goats", J. Vet. Med. , vol. 77, issue 55, pp. 549-556, 2015. doppler.pdf
H, S., S. A. A, A. J. Gehad.A, I. B.M2, and H. A.H., "Effect of A Single Dose Adminstration of Wheat Bran Extract and Its Active Components On Acute Ischemicbrain Injury", International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research , vol. 8(3), issue 3, pp. ); 453-461, 2016.
Attia, A. A. E. M., and E. A. F. Hassan, "Effect of a Self-Instruction Package on Cognitive Performance among Egyptian and Saudi Pediatric Nursing Students", IOSR Journal of Nursing a nd Health Science, vol. 6, issue 2, pp. 93-100, 2017. azza_eman_abd.pdf
Attia, A. A. E. M., and E. A. F. Hassan, "Effect of a Self-Instruction Package on Cognitive Performance among Egyptian and Saudi Pediatric Nursing Students", IOSR Journal of Nursing a nd Health Science (IOSR-JNHS, pp. 93-100, Mar. - Apr. 2017. self_instructional_package.pdf
Nabila Abdelkader Abdeldaiem1, Lamia Mohamed-Nabil Ismail2, M. A. E. -kareem H. 3, "Effect of a Risk-Informed Education Program on Primary School Children's Using Digital Technology", Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, vol. 32, no. (3): Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; ISSN 2651-4451 | e-ISSN …, pp. 42363–42379, 2021. Abstract
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