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Xiao, K., L. A. Liang, Haibing Guan, and A. E. Hassanien, "Extraction and application of deformation-based feature in medical images", Neurocomputing, vol. 120: Elsevier, pp. 177–184, 2013. Abstract
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Xiao, R., A. Ali, Y. Xu, H. Abdelrahman, R. Li, Y. Lin, N. Bolan, S. M. Shaheen, J. Rinklebe, and Z. Zhang, "Earthworms as candidates for remediation of potentially toxic elements contaminated soils and mitigating the environmental and human health risks: A review", Environment International, vol. 158, pp. 106924, 2022. AbstractWebsite

Global concerns towards potentially toxic elements (PTEs) are steadily increasing due to the significant threats that PTEs pose to human health and environmental quality. This calls for immediate, effective and efficient remediation solutions. Earthworms, the 'ecosystem engineers', can modify and improve soil health and enhance plant productivity. Recently, considerable attention has been paid to the potential of earthworms, alone or combined with other soil organisms and/or soil amendments, to remediate PTEs contaminated soils. However, the use of earthworms in the remediation of PTEs contaminated soil (i.e., vermiremediation) has not been thoroughly reviewed to date. Therefore, this review discusses and provides comprehensive insights into the suitability of earthworms as potential candidates for bioremediation of PTEs contaminated soils and mitigating environmental and human health risks. Specifically, we reviewed and discussed: i) the occurrence and abundance of earthworms in PTEs contaminated soils; ii) the influence of PTEs on earthworm communities in contaminated soils; iii) factors affecting earthworm PTEs accumulation and elimination, and iv) the dynamics and fate of PTEs in earthworm amended soils. The technical feasibility, knowledge gaps, and practical challenges have been worked out and critically discussed. Therefore, this review could provide a reference and guidance for bio-restoration of PTEs contaminated soils and shall also help developing innovative and applicable solutions for controlling PTEs bioavailability for the remediation of contaminated soils and the mitigation of the environment and human risks.

XU, Y., M. Li, X. Luo, X. Ma, Y. Wang, G. Li, and H. RHE, "Experimental investigation of solar photovoltaic operated ice thermal storage air-conditioning system", International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 86 , pp. 258-272, 2018.
Xu, S., M. Elsayed, G. A. Ismail, C. Li, S. Wang, and A. E. - F. Abomohra, "Evaluation of bioethanol and biodiesel production from Scenedesmus obliquus grown in biodiesel waste glycerol: A sequential integrated route for enhanced energy recovery", Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 197, issue 1 October 2019, pp. 111907, 2019.
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Y, Z., Y. Sun, Y. LI, G. Mehaisen, J. Yuan, H. Ma, A. Ni, Y. Wang, S. Hamad, A. Elomda, et al., "Effect of glycerol concentration, glycerol removal method, and straw type on the quality and fertility of frozen chicken semen", Poultry Science, 2022.
Y, B., E. H. H, S. Y, S. S, F. A, Y. H, A. H. Y, and S. H, "The effect of glucose-insulin infusion in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction on in-Hospital morbidity and mortality.", Egyptian heart journal, vol. 58, issue 1, pp. 77-82, 2006.
Y. Shaalan, N. Badawi, M. Ismail, M. alaref, and Y. gamal, "Epidemiology, demographic criteria and risk factors in type 1 DM egyptian children; a single center study", ", European society for pediatric endocrnology,, athens, greece,, 23 Sept 2018.
Y.Awad, A.Badr, and A.Dawood, "An Evolutionary Immune Approach for University Course Timetabling", International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, vol. 11, 2011. Abstract

The university course timetabling problem (UCTP) is a combinatorial NP-complete problem that has been subject to research since the early 1960’s. Numerous solution techniques have been applied to the timetabling problem ever since. This paper aims at formulating an immune-inspired algorithm, namely the Clonal Selection Algorithm1 (CSA1) and testing its ability in solving the UCTP against the Genetic algorithm (GA). An Immune-Genetic algorithm (IGA) was also created, which combines the crossover operator borrowed from the genetic algorithm with immune-inspired concepts. Also, experimenting with the effects of changing the selection and re-selection schemes of the algorithms motivated the creation of a second
version of CSA1, that is CSA2 and three more versions of IGA: IGA1, IGA2 and IGA3. All the devised algorithms were contrasted in their performances against the GA. Enhancements were applied to the mutation operator of the formulated algorithms by introducing a ‘move factor’. As a means of improving the results attained by the algorithms, local search consisting of three variable neighborhoods was incorporated into each of them. The algorithms were tested over two problem instances, with varying complexities and the results demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithms in solving the UCTP.

Y.Elmehbad, N., N. A. Mohamed, and N. A. A. El-Ghany, "Evaluation of the antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activity of novel salicylhydrazido chitosan derivatives impregnated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles", International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 205, pp. 719-730, 2022.
Y.Elmehbad, N., N. A. Mohamed, N. A. A. El-Ghany, and M. A. M. El-Aziz, "Evaluation of the in vitro anti-inflammatory and anti-Helicobacter pylori activities of chitosan-based biomaterials modified with copper oxide nanoparticles ", International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 253, pp. 127277, 2023.
Y.M.A.El-salam, F., Z. M. H. Serry, M. S. M. Ahmed, and H. A. A. El-Ghafar, "EFFEECT OF REFLEXOLOGY ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN MEDICAL STUDENTS WITH IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME", International physical therapy conference Cairo university 21st PPTCCU, Cairo-Egypt, 27,28 July, 2022.
Y.Z.Yassin, D.M.Blal, K.G.Mahgoub, and E.Y.Salem, "Exercise rehabilitation in homodialysis patients", Bulletin of faculty of physical therapy, vol. 12, issue 2, pp. 10, 2007. exercise_rehabilitation.doc
YA, L., S. AM, S. S, and A. AI, "Expression Signature of MicroRNA-181-a Reveals its Crucial Rule in the Pathogenesis of Paediatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus", Clin Exp Rheumatol, 2011. Abstract

Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease manifested by self-reactive antibodies due to failure of selection in both B and T lymphocytes leading to immune intolerance accompanied by increased rate of apoptosis and deficiency in the clearance of the apoptotic cells. Micro RNAs regulate posttranscriptional gene expression and have been recently identified to regulate cellular differentiation, establishing immunological tolerance and are involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases. miR-181-a, expressed in haematopoietic cell lineage, has shown to be an important modulator of B and T cell differentiation, maturation and function. This study aims to identify the expression signature of miR-181-a in the peripheral blood of paediatric SLE and its regulatory effect on the consequent expression of its target gene PCAF.

YACOUB, D. R. F. A. D. Y. M. A. G. D. E. Y., "Extended Columellar strut Graft in Tip Rhinoplasty ", Kasr Alaini Journal of Surgery, vol. 16, issue 3, pp. SEPTAMBER, 2015.
Yacoub, F. M., K. S. Ali, and A. A. Nawar, "Extended Columellar Strut Graft in Tip Rhinoplasty", KASR EL AINI JOURNAL OF SURGERY, vol. 16, issue 3, pp. 89-97, 2015.
YACOUB, D. R. F. A. D. Y. M. A. G. D. E. Y., "Expanded super thin flaps in reconstruction of face and Neck contractures", Egypt, J. Plast. Reconstr. Surg., vol. 35, issue 2, pp. JULY 307-312, 2011.
Yacoub, F. M., and K. S. Ali, "Evaluation of Subfascial Breast Augmentation in Thin Patients", KASR EL AINI JOURNAL OF SURGERY, vol. 17, issue 1, pp. 99-108, 2016.
YACOUB, D. R. F. A. D. Y. M. A. G. D. E. Y., "Evaluation of subfascial breast augmentation in thin patients", Kasr Alaini Journal of Surgery, vol. 17, issue 1, pp. January, 2016.
Yagoob, G., A. Khan, A. Feizi, S. Haidar, A. Raza, R. Khan, and A. S. Sherein, "Epidemiological and Pathological studies on the Helminthic Parasites in Native Chickens of Tabriz City, Iran.", Genetic and Molecular Research, vol. 16, issue 4, pp. 1-8, 2017. epidemiological-and-pathological-studies-on-the-helminthic-parasites-in-native-chickens-of-tabriz-city-iran-1.pdf
Yahia, A., T. Toppi, M. Aprile, P. N. Melograno, A. Mauro, and M. Motta, "Experimental Characterization of an Innovative Low Temperature Driven Dual Lift Water Ammonia Absorption Cycle", The 3rd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies (ICROGEN), Naples, 17 April, 2013.
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