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El-Karaksy, H. M., N. El-Koofy, N. Mohsen, and H. Helmy, "Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction in egyptian children.", J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Jan;60(1):, 2015.
El-karaksy, H. M., N. El-Koofy, N. Mohsen, H. Helmy, N. Nabil, and M. El-Shabrawi, "Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction in Egyptian children.", Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, vol. 60, issue 1, pp. 105-9, 2015 Jan. Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is an important cause of portal hypertension in children. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical presentation, possible risk factors, upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings, and treatment modalities of children with EHPVO.

METHODS: After ethical approval of our study protocol by our institution review board, we analyzed available data from medical records of patients with EHPVO presenting to the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Pediatric Hospital, Egypt, for a period of 15 years from January 1996 to December 2010.

RESULTS: The study included 169 patients. Their ages at presentation ranged from 1 month to 12 years (median 2.5 years, interquartile range 5); 101 were boys. Hematemesis was a presenting symptom in 58%, splenomegaly was present in 87%, esophageal varices were present in 94%, and fundal varices were present in 23%. Possible risk factors, in the form of umbilical catheterization, umbilical sepsis, and exchange transfusion, were elicited in 18%. Propranolol was associated with reduction in bleeding episodes (P < 0.001), but was associated with increased chest symptoms (P < 0.01). Both injection sclerotherapy and band ligation were effective in the management of bleeding varices and for primary and secondary prophylaxis; however, injection sclerotherapy was associated with the development of secondary gastric varices (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: This large study of children with EHPVO demonstrates the efficacy of propranolol in the reduction of gastrointestinal bleeding in children with EHPVO. Both injection sclerotherapy and band ligation were effective in the management of esophageal varices, although the former was associated with the development of secondary gastric varices. Randomized clinical trials to choose the best modalities for the management of portal hypertension in children are still lacking.

El-karaksy, H. M., N. El-Koofy, N. Mohsen, H. Helmy, N. Nabil, and M. El-Shabrawi, "Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction in Egyptian children.", Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, vol. 60, issue 1, pp. 105-9, 2015 Jan. Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is an important cause of portal hypertension in children. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical presentation, possible risk factors, upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings, and treatment modalities of children with EHPVO.

METHODS: After ethical approval of our study protocol by our institution review board, we analyzed available data from medical records of patients with EHPVO presenting to the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Pediatric Hospital, Egypt, for a period of 15 years from January 1996 to December 2010.

RESULTS: The study included 169 patients. Their ages at presentation ranged from 1 month to 12 years (median 2.5 years, interquartile range 5); 101 were boys. Hematemesis was a presenting symptom in 58%, splenomegaly was present in 87%, esophageal varices were present in 94%, and fundal varices were present in 23%. Possible risk factors, in the form of umbilical catheterization, umbilical sepsis, and exchange transfusion, were elicited in 18%. Propranolol was associated with reduction in bleeding episodes (P < 0.001), but was associated with increased chest symptoms (P < 0.01). Both injection sclerotherapy and band ligation were effective in the management of bleeding varices and for primary and secondary prophylaxis; however, injection sclerotherapy was associated with the development of secondary gastric varices (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: This large study of children with EHPVO demonstrates the efficacy of propranolol in the reduction of gastrointestinal bleeding in children with EHPVO. Both injection sclerotherapy and band ligation were effective in the management of esophageal varices, although the former was associated with the development of secondary gastric varices. Randomized clinical trials to choose the best modalities for the management of portal hypertension in children are still lacking.

El-karaksy, H. M., N. El-Koofy, N. Mohsen, H. Helmy, N. Nabil, and M. El-Shabrawi, "Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction in Egyptian children.", Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, vol. 60, issue 1, pp. 105-9, 2015. Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is an important cause of portal hypertension in children. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical presentation, possible risk factors, upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings, and treatment modalities of children with EHPVO.

METHODS: After ethical approval of our study protocol by our institution review board, we analyzed available data from medical records of patients with EHPVO presenting to the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Pediatric Hospital, Egypt, for a period of 15 years from January 1996 to December 2010.

RESULTS: The study included 169 patients. Their ages at presentation ranged from 1 month to 12 years (median 2.5 years, interquartile range 5); 101 were boys. Hematemesis was a presenting symptom in 58%, splenomegaly was present in 87%, esophageal varices were present in 94%, and fundal varices were present in 23%. Possible risk factors, in the form of umbilical catheterization, umbilical sepsis, and exchange transfusion, were elicited in 18%. Propranolol was associated with reduction in bleeding episodes (P < 0.001), but was associated with increased chest symptoms (P < 0.01). Both injection sclerotherapy and band ligation were effective in the management of bleeding varices and for primary and secondary prophylaxis; however, injection sclerotherapy was associated with the development of secondary gastric varices (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: This large study of children with EHPVO demonstrates the efficacy of propranolol in the reduction of gastrointestinal bleeding in children with EHPVO. Both injection sclerotherapy and band ligation were effective in the management of esophageal varices, although the former was associated with the development of secondary gastric varices. Randomized clinical trials to choose the best modalities for the management of portal hypertension in children are still lacking.

Kotb, M. A., "EXTRAHEPATIC BILIARY ATRESIA; KOTB DISEASE IS POTENTIALLY PREVENTABLE", Excellence in Pediatrics Conference, London, UK, December, 2015.
Ali, M. J., and et al, "EXTRAGNATHIC SINO-ORBITAL MYXOMA: AN EXTREMELY RARE TUMOR AT AN EVEN RARER SITE. ( Prof. Emad Daif was a peer reviewer for this article)", Journal of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 30, issue 6, pp. e 157-9, 2014.
Alboraie, M., W. El-Hossary, D. Ghaith, and M. Elzahry, "Extragastroduodenal manifestation of Helicobacter pylori in Egyptian children and adults", HELICOBACTER, vol. 22: WILEY 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA, 2017. Abstract
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Anber, T., R. Hegazy, and S. Shalaby, "extracutaneous melanocytes", vitiligo, 2019.
Fujita, K., Y. Nomura, M. Sawajiri, P. K. Mohapatra, H. A. EL-SHEMY, N. T. Nguyen, M. Hosokawa, K. Miyashita, T. Maeda, and H. Saneoka, "The extracts of Japanese willow tree species are effective forapoptotic desperation or differentiation of acute myeloid leukemia cells", Pharmacognosy magazine, vol. 10, issue 38: Medknow Publications, pp. 125, 2014. Abstract
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Khayyal, M. T., M. R. Meselhy, F. K. El-Baz, and R. M. El Hazek, "Extracts of Dunaliella salina, a microalga, protect against radiation-induced intestinal mucositis", Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie, vol. 43, no. S 01: Georg Thieme Verlag, pp. P26, 2022. Abstract
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El-Hawary, S., M. Abubaker, and E. A. Mahrous, "Extracts of Different Organs of Macadamia Nut Tree (Macadamia Integrifolia) Ameliorate Oxidative Damage in D-Galactose Accelerated Aging Model in Rats", Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, vol. 12, issue 5, pp. 7125 - 7135, 2022. macadamiaantiaging.pdf
Kandil, O., N. M. Radwan, A. B. Hassan, A. M. M. Amer, H. A. El-Banna, and W. M. M. Amer, "Extracts and Fractions of Thymus capitatus exhibit antimicrobial activities", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 44 , pp. 19-24, 1994.
Mohamed, M. E., E. Y. Z. Fraga, H. A. El-Boraeyb, and S. S. El-Sanafery, "Extractive Spectrophotometric Methods for Determination of Chlorpheniramine Maleate in Pure Form, Pharmaceutical Preparations and Biological Fluids", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, vol. 75, pp. 11-24, 2017.
El-Dien, N. F. A., G. G. Mohamed, N. K. M. El-Dien, E. Y. Z. Frag, and H. M. Elqudaby, "Extractive spectrophotometric method for determination of meoxipril HCl and perindopril in raw materials and tablets using ion pair formation.", International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science , vol. 3 , issue 3, pp. 1334-1339, 2012. international_j_of_chemical_analytical_science.pdf
Frag, E. Y. Z., H. M. Elqudaby, N. F. A. El-Dien, N. M. Kamal, and G. G. Mohamed, "Extractive Spectrophotometric Method for Determination of Meoxipril HCl and Perindopril in raw materials and tablets using ion pair formation", International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science, vol. 3, issue 3, pp. 1334-1339, 2012.
El-Dien, F. N. A., G. G. Mohamed, E. Y. Z. Frag, and E. Khaled, "Extractive spectrophotometric determination of sulphonamide drugs in pure and pharmaceutical preparations through ion-pair formation with molybdenum(V) thiocyanate in acidic medium", Journal of Advanced Research , vol. 1, pp. 215–220, 2010.
El-Rifai, M. A., and R. S. Ettouney, "Extraction–Stripping Process Synthesis with Multiple Solvent Circulation Loops", Chemical Engineering Research and Design, vol. 81, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 259–264, 2003. Abstract
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El-Rifai, M. A., and R. S. Ettouney, "Extraction–Stripping Process Synthesis with Multiple Solvent Circulation Loops", Chemical Engineering Research and Design, vol. 81, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 259–264, 2003. Abstract
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Shoukry, A. F., M. S. Rizk, Y. M. Issa, and E. M. Atia, "Extraction-spectrophotometric determination of amprolium hydrochloride using bromocresol green, bromophenol blue and bromothymol blue", Mikrochimica Acta, vol. 127, pp. 269–272, 1997. Abstract
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