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.Afifi, N. A., A. T., and M. S. A. Eldeen, "Effect of metronidazole on pharmacokinetic aspects of ofloxacin on experimentally induced osteomyelitis in rabbits. ", Bull. Fac. Pharm. Cairo Univ., , vol. 33, issue (2), pp. 81-86, 1995.
.Afifi, N. A., A. K.A., and A. M. Z., "Effect of flunixin meglumine on fertility of male rats.", Vet. Med. J. Giza,, vol. 44, issue (2 - B), pp. 463- 469, 1996.
.Afifi, N. A., and I. I.M., "Effect of buparvaquone on the immune response of calves to foot and mouth disease virus vaccine. ", J. Egypt, Soc. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., vol. 16 (1):, pp. 263-279, 1997.
.Ali, M., A.Hegazy, and A.Badr, "evolutionary fuzzy artmap approach for breast cancer diagnosis", International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, vol. 11, 2011. Abstract

The objective of this paper is to present the strength of fuzzy artmap which is kind of neural networks in the medical field by improving its performance by genetic algorithm. Fuzzy ARTMAP is both much faster and incrementally stable than the other ordinary neural networks models like Multilayer Perceptron. Fuzzy artmap’s parameters have legal range of values that should be determined in the simulation. These parameters should be adjusted and tuned many times to get the best results and optimum solution in order to generate accurate classification system. As there are large ranges of parameter’s values so that lead to huge number of possible solutions. The problem is to try to find the best solution among whole possibilities in the problem search space and each point in the search space represents one feasible solution. The proposed solution to this problem is using genetic algorithms to optimize fuzzy artmap parameters and this yield to improving fuzzy artmap performance. Genetic algorithms are a part of evolutionary computing which can be used to quickly scan a vast solution set. This enhanced approached evolved fuzzy artmap will be used to generate breast cancer diagnosis system.

1, N. E. - A., A. F. & 2, T. E. 3, and S. H. 3, "Evaluation of annexin A2 and follistatin as potential biomarkers for hepatocellular carcinoma", Tumor Biology, issue DOI 10.1007/s13277-015-3524-x, 2015. tamer_elbaz.pdf
10. EL-HUSSEINI, M. M., and A. I. Afifi, "Effect of Entobakterin 3 on the spiny bollworm, Earias insulana (Boisd.)", Bull.Ent.Soc.Egypt , vol. 12, pp. 59-70, 1981.
17MahmoudE.A., K. N. A., and S. Y. Besheet., "Effect of nitrogen fertilization and plant density on sugar beet.", Growth and growth analysis . Proc., Fourth conference, Agro.,Cairo, Egypt, :, vol. 2, pp. 415–431, 1990. Abstract
3. Marawan A. Elbaset, Bassim M. S. A. Mohamed, P. M. D. M. S. A. T. E. S. E. F. M., "Erythropoietin Suppresses the Hepatic Fibrosis Caused by Thioacetamide: Role of the PI3K/Akt and TLR4 Signaling Pathways", Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, Volume 2023, Article ID 5514248, 14 pages., 2023.
49- AHMAD A. AL SALLAB, M. O. H. S. E. N. R. A. S. H. W. A. N. A., E. - M. A. I. L. C. L. A. S. S. I. F. I. C. A. T. I. O. N. U. S. I. N. G. D. E. E. P. NETWORKS, J. of Theoretical, and V. N. 241 - 251 pp Applied Information, "E-MAIL CLASSIFICATION USING DEEP NETWORKS;", Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology JATIT,, no. Vol 37. No. 2, pp. pp–241, 2012. Abstract
A, E. - F. H. S., G. A. F, H. N. E, and N. M. Elsayed, "Effect of Buerger Exercises on Improving Peripheral Circulation of the Lower Extremities among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Selected University Hospital-Egypt", Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Developmen, vol. 10, issue 6, pp. 692- 697, 2019.
A, M., F. R, R. H, and L. R, "Effect of body mass index on the outcome of IVF cycles among patients with poor ovarian response.", Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2018 Nov 8., 2018.
A, A., and E. S. YM, "Excision of Tenon Capsule in Pediatric Trabeculectomy: A Controlled Study", Journal of Glaucoma, vol. 25, issue 1, pp. 39-44, 2016.
A, K., Y. SM, A. H, K. AE, and S. N, "Effects of ghrelin on sepsis induced acute kidney injury: one step forward", Clin Exp Nephrol , vol. 8, 2014. Abstract

Among the several disorders induced by sepsis, acute kidney injury (AKI) represents the most important economic burden problem that is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of ghrelin in sepsis-induced AKI and the possible role of vagus nerve.
Five groups were included: sham, cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), CLP-ghrelin, CLP-vagotomy and CLP-vagotomy-ghrelin group.
Ghrelin treatment immediately after induction of CLP, significantly improved renal Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), serum creatinine, BUN and renal necrosis score as compared to the unprotected CLP group. In addition, ghrelin significantly decreased renal TNF alpha (111.5 ± 10.35 vs. 291.8 ± 15.8 pg/mg ptn), VCAM1 (6.28 ± 1.7 vs. 12.9 ± 1.2 µ/g ptn) and MPO (0.95 ± 0.13 vs. 2.5 ± 0.4 µ/g ptn) without significant increase in renal IL-10. Those effects were abolished by vagotomy.
We concluded that ghrelin could represent new therapeutic window in early treatment of sepsis-induced AKI and this could be mainly due to its anti-inflammatory effects.

A, A. E. - R. A., H. H. E., and G. K. Arafa, "Effect of electromagnetic radiation on germination of wheat seeds", J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., vol. 34, issue 10, pp. 10217 – 10231, 2009.
A, E. S., E. Abdel-Sattar, A. Zaitoun, and A. Bakhashwain, "Evaluation of Some Medicinal Plants for Control of Culex pipiens Mosquitoes", Journal of the Egyptian Society Of parasitology , vol. 44, pp. 771-778, 2014. evaluation_of_the_potential_cardioprotective_activity_of_some_saudi_plants_against_doxorubicin_toxicity.pdf
A, K., S. S, E. E, and E. - R. M, "Epidemiology of Primary Nephrotic Syndrome in Egyptian Children", Journal of Nephrology, vol. 25, issue 5, pp. 732-7, 2011. CU-PDF.pdf
A,  S., E. H. H, A. H. D, and M. FA, "Evaluation of Medicago sativa L. sprouts as antihyperlipidemic and antihyperglycemic agent.", Pak.J.Pharm.Sci. , vol. 28, issue 6, pp. 2061-74, 2015.
A, B., N. S, A. A. Mashaly M, Qotb M, and A. E, "Electron Microscopy Study of Peripheral Nerves in the Uvula of Snores and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients", The Journal of laryngology and otology , vol. 2009, issue 123(2), pp. 203-207, 2009.
A, O., N. A. Magdy B, Gad M, A. A. Tawfik S, Ahmed M, E. B. M, K. MA, and A. K. S. Ahmed S, "Extra-testicular Intra- scrotal Median Raphe Epidermoid Cyst Mimicking Polyorchidism in a Child.", Pediatric Sciences Journal, vol. 3, issue 2, pp. 119-125, 2023. cupsj_volume_3_issue_2_pages_119-125.pdf
A, G., S. AA, E. AA, and L. S, "Effect of gender, obesity and neck circumference on the severity of obstructive sleep apnea in Egyptian patients", European Sleep Research Society 24 th congress, Basel, September 2018.
A, A., and F. M.A., "Evaluation of Intralesional Propranolol for Periocular Capillary Hemangioma", Clinical Ophthalmology, 2011. Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the use of intralesional propranolol injection in the management of periocular capillary hemangiomas.