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Elhariri, M., D. Hamza, R. Elhelw, and S. M. Dorgham, "Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in camel in Egypt: potential human hazard.", Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials, vol. 16, issue 1, pp. 21, 2017 Mar 31. Abstract2.pdf

BACKGROUND: The rapid increase of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria are a potential health hazard. Development of antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens has serious implications for human health, especially when such strains could be transmitted to human. In this study, the antimicrobial resistance due to ESBL producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the camel meat was investigated.

METHODS: In this study meat samples from 200 healthy camels at two major abattoirs in Egypt (Cairo and Giza) were collected. Following culture on cetrimide agar, suspected P. aeruginosa colonies were confirmed with a Vitek 2 system (bioMe´rieux). P. aeruginosa isolates were phenotypically identified as ESBL by double disk synergy test. Additionally antimicrobial susceptibility testing of ESBL producing P. aeruginosa isolates were done against 11 antimicrobial drugs and carried out by disk diffusion method. The ESBL genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction according to the presence of the bla, bla, bla, and bla.

RESULTS: Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from 45 camel meat sample (22.5%). The total percentage of ESBL producing P. aeruginosa was 45% (21/45) from camel meat isolates. Antibiogram results revealed the highest resistance was for c, ceftriaxone and rifampicin followed by cefepime and aztreonam. The prevalence rates of β-lactamase genes were recorded (bla28.5%, bla38%, bla33.3% and bla23.8%).

CONCLUSIONS: This study illustrates the presence of high rates of ESBL-P. aeruginosa in camels that represents an increasing alarming for the risk of transmission to human and opens the door for current and future antibiotics therapy failure. Livestock associated ESBL-P. aeruginosa is a growing disaster, therefore, attention has to be fully given to livestock associated ESBL-bacteria which try to find its way to human beings.

Elhariri, M., D. Hamza, R. Elhelw, and S. M. Dorgham, "Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in camel in Egypt: potential human hazard.", Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials, vol. 16, issue 1, pp. 21, 2017. Abstractextended-spectrum_beta-lactamase-producing_pseudomonas_aeruginosa_in_camel_in_egypt_potential_human_hazard..pdf

BACKGROUND: The rapid increase of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria are a potential health hazard. Development of antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens has serious implications for human health, especially when such strains could be transmitted to human. In this study, the antimicrobial resistance due to ESBL producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the camel meat was investigated.

METHODS: In this study meat samples from 200 healthy camels at two major abattoirs in Egypt (Cairo and Giza) were collected. Following culture on cetrimide agar, suspected P. aeruginosa colonies were confirmed with a Vitek 2 system (bioMe´rieux). P. aeruginosa isolates were phenotypically identified as ESBL by double disk synergy test. Additionally antimicrobial susceptibility testing of ESBL producing P. aeruginosa isolates were done against 11 antimicrobial drugs and carried out by disk diffusion method. The ESBL genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction according to the presence of the bla , bla , bla , and bla .

RESULTS: Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from 45 camel meat sample (22.5%). The total percentage of ESBL producing P. aeruginosa was 45% (21/45) from camel meat isolates. Antibiogram results revealed the highest resistance was for c, ceftriaxone and rifampicin followed by cefepime and aztreonam. The prevalence rates of β-lactamase genes were recorded (bla 28.5%, bla 38%, bla 33.3% and bla 23.8%).

CONCLUSIONS: This study illustrates the presence of high rates of ESBL-P. aeruginosa in camels that represents an increasing alarming for the risk of transmission to human and opens the door for current and future antibiotics therapy failure. Livestock associated ESBL-P. aeruginosa is a growing disaster, therefore, attention has to be fully given to livestock associated ESBL-bacteria which try to find its way to human beings.

Elhariri, M., D. Hamza, R. Elhelw, and S. M. Dorgham, "Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in camel in Egypt: potential human hazard.", Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials, vol. 16, issue 1, pp. 21, 2017. Abstractextended-spectrum_beta-lactamase-producing_pseudomonas_aeruginosa_in_camel_in_egypt_potential_human_hazard..pdf

BACKGROUND: The rapid increase of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria are a potential health hazard. Development of antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens has serious implications for human health, especially when such strains could be transmitted to human. In this study, the antimicrobial resistance due to ESBL producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the camel meat was investigated.

METHODS: In this study meat samples from 200 healthy camels at two major abattoirs in Egypt (Cairo and Giza) were collected. Following culture on cetrimide agar, suspected P. aeruginosa colonies were confirmed with a Vitek 2 system (bioMe´rieux). P. aeruginosa isolates were phenotypically identified as ESBL by double disk synergy test. Additionally antimicrobial susceptibility testing of ESBL producing P. aeruginosa isolates were done against 11 antimicrobial drugs and carried out by disk diffusion method. The ESBL genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction according to the presence of the bla , bla , bla , and bla .

RESULTS: Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from 45 camel meat sample (22.5%). The total percentage of ESBL producing P. aeruginosa was 45% (21/45) from camel meat isolates. Antibiogram results revealed the highest resistance was for c, ceftriaxone and rifampicin followed by cefepime and aztreonam. The prevalence rates of β-lactamase genes were recorded (bla 28.5%, bla 38%, bla 33.3% and bla 23.8%).

CONCLUSIONS: This study illustrates the presence of high rates of ESBL-P. aeruginosa in camels that represents an increasing alarming for the risk of transmission to human and opens the door for current and future antibiotics therapy failure. Livestock associated ESBL-P. aeruginosa is a growing disaster, therefore, attention has to be fully given to livestock associated ESBL-bacteria which try to find its way to human beings.

Zahran, A. H., "Extended Synchronization Signals for eliminating PCI confusion in heterogeneous LTE", Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2012 IEEE: IEEE, pp. 2588–2592, 2012. Abstract
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Kholy, A. E. A., H. E. Gomma, M. A. Younan, E. H. Thabet, M. M. A. Haleim, M. E. G. Anany, and A. Hendeya, "Extended spectrum b-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli strains in a pediatric teaching hospital in Egypt ", Medical Research Journal , vol. Vol.10, No.1, issue 2090-6242 , pp. P 27-30 , 2011.
El Kholy, A. A., H. E. Gomma, M. A. Younan, E. H. Thabet, M. M. A. Haleim, M. G. El Anany, and A. A. S. Hendeya, "Extended spectrum $\beta$-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli strains in a pediatric teaching hospital in Egypt", Medical Research Journal, vol. 10, no. 1: LWW, pp. 27–31, 2011. Abstract
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Hegazy, S. F., and S. S. A. Obayya, "Extended source of indistinguishable polarization-entangled photons over wide angles of emission", Applied Physics Letters, vol. 117, no. 24: AIP Publishing LLC, pp. 244003, 2020. Abstractalhamdullah_hegazy_apl.pdf

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Huzayyin, O. A., R. M. Manglik, and M. A. Jog, "Extended Results for Fully Developed Laminar Forced Convection Heat Transfer in Trapezoidal Channels of Plate-Fin Exchangers", Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, vol. 2, no. 4: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, pp. 044501, 2010. Abstract
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Huzayyin, O. A., R. M. Manglik, and M. A. Jog, "Extended Results for Fully Developed Laminar Forced Convection Heat Transfer in Trapezoidal Channels of Plate-Fin Exchangers", Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, vol. 2, issue 4: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, pp. 044501, 2010. Abstract
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Abu-Shady, M., and M. Soleiman, "The extended Quark Sigma model at Finite Temperature Baryonic Chemical Potential", Physics of Elementary Particles and Atomic Nuclei (Russia), vol. 11, issue 1, pp. 30-45, 2014.
Mohammed, B. M., K. W. Sanford, B. Fisher, E. Martin, D. Wijesinghe, C. Chalfant, D. Brophy, A. Fowler, and R. Natarajan, Extended Platelet Storage: Is Vitamin C the Answer?, , vol. 56: WILEY-BLACKWELL 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA, pp. 119A - 119A, 2016. Abstract
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Fouda, U. M., and A. M. Sayed, "Extended letrozole regimen versus clomiphene citrate for superovulation in patients with unexplained infertility undergoing intrauterine insemination: a randomized controlled trial.", Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E, vol. 9, pp. 84, 2011. Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the efficacy of extended letrozole regimen with clomiphene citrate in women with unexplained infertility undergoing superovulation and intrauterine insemination (IUI).

METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen patients with unexplained infertility were randomized into two equal groups using computer generated list and were treated by either letrozole 2.5 mg/day from cycle day 1 to 9 (extended letrozole group, 211 cycles) or clomiphene citrate 100 mg/day from cycle day 3 to 7 (clomiphene citrate group,210 cycles). Intrauterine insemination was performed 36 to 40 hours after HCG administration.

RESULTS: Both groups were comparable with regard to number of mature follicles (2.24 +/- 0.80 Vs 2.13 +/- 0.76) and the day of HCG administration. Serum estradiol was significantly greater in clomiphene citrate group (356 +/- 151 Vs 822 +/- 302 pg/ml, P = < 0.001) and the endometrial thickness was significantly greater in extended letrozole group (9.10 +/- 1.84 Vs 8.18 +/- 1.93 mm, P = < 0.001).The pregnancy rate per cycle and cumulative pregnancy rate were significantly greater in extended letrozole group (18.96% Vs 11.43% and 37.73% Vs 22.86%, respectively).

CONCLUSION: The extended letrozole regimen had a superior efficacy as compared with clomiphene citrate in patients of unexplained infertility undergoing superovulation and IUI.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01232075.

Abdelall, Y. Y., "Extended Kappa Distribution in the Presence of Censored Data", Journal of Statistics Applications&Probability, vol. 12, pp. 1269-1286, 2023.
Abdullatif, A. M., T. A. Macky, and H. A. Mortada, "Extended Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling in Complex Pediatric Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.", Ophthalmologica. Journal international d'ophtalmologie. International journal of ophthalmology. Zeitschrift fur Augenheilkunde, vol. 244, issue 3, pp. 223-228, 2021. Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and investigate the anatomical and functional outcomes of extended internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for complex pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional case series where children (≤18 years) with RRD and severe PVR (grade C) were included. All eyes underwent PPV with ILM peeling up to 2-disk diameter beyond the vascular arcades. The main outcome measures were assessment of feasibility of ILM peeling in the pediatric RRD and evaluation of the rate of complete retinal reattachment and corrected-distance visual acuity (CDVA) at the final follow-up.

RESULTS: A total of 29 eyes (25 patients) were enrolled in this study. ILM peeling performed on these children was not more difficult than in adult eyes. After a mean follow-up of 18 months, the patients achieved final CDVA better than 20/200 in 37.9%. The initial retinal reattachment was 55.2% while the final anatomical success was 86.2%.

CONCLUSION: Vitrectomy with ILM peeling is technically feasible in pediatric RRD, limiting epiretinal proliferation and achieving favorable anatomical outcomes in cases of complex pediatric RRD. The long-term effects of ILM peeling need further investigation.

Naiim, C. M., M. M. Elmazar, N. A. Sabri, and N. S. Bazan, "Extended infusion of piperacillin-tazobactam versus intermittent infusion in critically ill egyptian patients: a cost-effectiveness study.", Scientific reports, vol. 12, issue 1, pp. 10882, 2022. Abstract

Extended infusion of piperacillin/tazobactam over 4 h has been proposed as an alternate mode of administration to the 30-min intermittent infusion to optimize treatment effects in patients with gram-negative bacterial infections. The study aimed to evaluate the extended infusion regimen of piperacillin/tazobactam in standings of efficacy, safety, and cost to the intermittent one in the treatment of gram-negative bacterial infections. A prospective randomized comparative study was performed on 53 patients, 27 in the intermittent infusion group and 26 in the extended infusion group. The primary outcome was the mean number of days to clinical success and the percentage of patients who were clinically cured after treatment. The secondary outcomes included mortality, readmission within 30-days, and cost-effectiveness analysis based on the mean number of days to clinical success. The clinical success rate was comparable in the two groups. Days on extended infusion were significantly lower than intermittent infusion (5.7 vs 8.9 days, respectively, p = 0.0001) as well as days to clinical success (4.6 vs 8.5 days, respectively, p = 0.026). The extended infusion was superior to the intermittent infusion regarding cost-effectiveness ratio ($1835.41 and $1914.09/expected success, respectively). The more cost-effective regimen was the extended infusion. Both regimens had comparable clinical and microbiological outcomes.

Fouda, U. M., and A. M. Sayed, "Extended high dose letrozole regimen versus short low dose letrozole regimen as an adjuvant to gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist protocol in poor responders undergoing IVF-ET.", Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology, vol. 27, issue 12, pp. 1018-22, 2011 Dec. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of extended high dose letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist (GnRHant) protocol with short low dose letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol in poor responders undergoing IVF-ET.

METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 136 women who responded poorly to GnRH agonist long protocol in their first IVF cycle were randomized into two equal groups using computer generated list and were treated in the second IVF cycle by either extended letrozole regimen (5 mg/day during the first 5 days of cycle and 2.5 mg/day during the subsequent 3 days) combined with HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol or short letrozole regimen (2.5 mg/day from cycle day 3-7) combined with HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences between both groups with regard to number of oocytes retrieved and clinical pregnancy rate (5.39 ± 2.08 vs. 5.20 ± 1.88 and 22.06% vs. 16.18%, respectively).The total gonadotropins dose and medications cost per cycle were significantly lower in extended letrozole group (44.87 ± 9.16 vs. 59.97 ± 14.91 ampoules and 616.52 ± 94.97 vs. 746.84 ± 149.21 US Dollars ($), respectively).The cost-effectiveness ratio was 2794 $ in extended letrozole group and 4616 $ in short letrozole group.

CONCLUSION: Extended letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol was more cost-effective than short letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol in poor responders undergoing IVF-ET.

Zahran, A. H., and C. J. Sreenan, "Extended Handover Keying and Modified IEEE 802.21 Resource Query Approach for Improving Vertical Handoff Performance", New Technologies, Mobility and Security (NTMS), 2011 4th IFIP International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1–7, 2011. Abstract
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Gawad, W. S., and M. Khafagy, "Extended gastric resection for prevention of delayed gastric emptying after pancreatico-duodenectomy", ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, vol. 13, no. 2: SPRINGER 233 SPRING STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA, pp. 46–46, 2006. Abstract
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Aboul-Nasr, G., and S. A. Morad, "An extended force density method for form finding of constrained cable nets", Case Studies in Structural Engineering, vol. 3, issue June, pp. 19-32, 2015.
Ahmed, W., and A. Mohsen, "Extended Endoscopic Endonasal Approach For Clival, Retroclival And Craniovertebral Junction Lesions", 3rd Congress of Southeast Europe Neurosurgical Society , Transylvania, Romania , 16 September , 2017.
el Din Osman, A. G. M., Extended End-plate Beam-column Joints in Seismic Moment Resisting Frames, : McMaster University (Canada), 1991. Abstract
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El-Nagar, H. I., A. A. Farahat, H. H. Hendy, and A.A.El-Hadidy, "The extended effect of Pasteuria penetrans as a biocontrol agent of the root-knot nematodes.", Egypt. J. Agronematol., vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 57-65, 1998.
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