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Geraniotis, E., and M. M. Khairy, De-modulation of MOK (M-ary orthogonal modulation), , 2005. Abstract
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Geraniotis, E., and M. M. Khairy, De-modulation of MOK (M-ary orthogonal modulation), , 2007. Abstract
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Geraniotis, E., and M. M. Khairy, De-modulation of MOK (M-ary orthogonal modulation), , 2007. Abstract
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Fouad, H., M. S. E. Raziky, R. A. A. Aziz, D. Sabry, G. M. A. Aziz, M. Ewais, and A. R. Sayed, Dendritic cell co-stimulatory and co-inhibitory markers in chronic HCV: An Egyptian study, , 2013. manal_ewais_reprint_final_3397_by_wjgnet.pdf
Tobail, O., A. Abou-kandil, M. M. El-Ashry, J. Kim, P. M. Kozlowski, M. Saad, and D. K. Sadana, Deposition of hydrogenated thin film, : Google Patents, 2014. Abstract
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Hussien, A., M. Taha, and O. A. Mahgoub, "Design and control of a quasi-Z-source inverter based for wind power generation using PMSG ", 2015 IEEE 15th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC) : IEEE, 2015. Abstract
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HASSAN, A. H. M. E. D., H. Bekhit, Y. Zhang, and J. Chapman, Design of Groundwater Monitoring Networks Considering Conceptual Model and Parametric Uncertainty, : Desert Research Institute, Nevada System of Higher Education, Reno and Las Vegas, NV, 2008. Abstract
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Goraga, Z. E. M. E. L. A. K., M. K. Nassar, and G. A. Brockmann, Detection of Quantitative Trait Loci Chicken Egg and Reproductive Traits, : Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2018. Abstract
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Mohamed, M., P. Bonello, and P. Russhard, Determination of Simultaneous Steady-State Movements Using Blade Tip Timing Data, , 2019/06/17/. Abstract

Blade tip timing (BTT) includes a number of uncertainties that discourage its use. One of the main ones is the shift in the equilibrium position of the blade tip due to steady (non-oscillatory) bending and/or twisting of the blade, and axial movement of the bladed disk (blisk)-shaft system. This results in a shift in the effective measurement position of the probe relative to the blade chord, resulting in errors in the tip vibration measurement which can translate to a huge error in the corresponding stress estimate, which relies on calibration against finite element (FE) models. Previous experimentally validated research by the authors introduced a method for quantifying steady movement of a single type (axial, lean, or untwist), using BTT data from not more than two probes. In this paper, a development of the previous method is presented that provides a solution for the case of simultaneous types of blade steady movements. Additional probes are used for determining the direction, but these can be placed at any angular positions. The developed method is validated using a BTT simulator of a blisk, and accurate results obtained. The simultaneous axial and lean movements can be accurately determined when the untwist is negligible, and an uncertainty level can be specified when the untwist is not negligible. The untwist itself can be calculated accurately in all cases of simultaneous movements. Guidelines for the use of the method in different scenarios are provided.

Mohamed, M., P. Bonello, and P. Russhard, The Determination of Steady-State Movements Using Blade Tip Timing Data, , 2018/06/11/. Abstract

One of the main challenges of the Blade Tip Timing (BTT) measurement method is to be able to determine the sensing position of the probe relative to the blade tip. It is highly important to identify the measurement point of BTT since each point of the blade tip may have a different vibration response. This means that a change in measurement position will affect the amplitude, phase and DC component of the results obtained from BTT data. This increases the uncertainty in the correlation between BTT measurements and Finite Element (FE) modelling. Also, the measurement point should ideally be located to measure as many modes as possible. This means that the probe’s position should not coincide with a node, or a position at which the sensor misses the blade tip. Changes in the sensing position usually arise from the steady state movements of the blades (change in mean displacement). Such movements are caused by changes to the static (thermal and pressure) loading conditions that result from changes in the rotational speed. Such movements usually have a constant direction at normal operating conditions, but the direction may fluctuate if the machine develops a fault. There are three main types of movements of the sensing position that are considered in this paper: (1) axial movement; (2) blade lean; (3) blade untwist. Ideally, the sensing position is known based on the geometries of both the blade and the probe, but due to different types of movements of the blade this position is lost. Very few works have researched the extraction of the sensing position. Such preliminary works have required a pre-knowledge of mode shapes and additional instrumentation. The aim of this paper is to present a novel method for the identification of the BTT sensing position of the probes relative to a blade tip, which can be used to quantify the above movements. The developed method works by extracting the steady state offset from measurements of blade tip displacements over a number of revolutions as the speed changes from zero to a certain value. Hence, that part of the offset that is due to the angular positioning error of the probes (outside the scope of this work) is cancelled out (since it is independent of speed). The change in steady state offset is then processed to identify the three possible movements. The new method is validated using a novel BTT simulator that is based on the modal model of the FE model of a bladed disk (“blisk”). The simulator generates BTT data for prescribed changes to the sensing position. The validation tests show that the novel algorithm can identify such movements within a 2% margin of error.

Chatrchyan, S., R. Erbacher, C. A. Carrillo Montoya, W. Carvalho, M. Górski, D. Kotlinski, J. Anderson, P. Jez, B. Ujvari, S. Ozturk, et al., Determination of the top-quark pole mass and strong coupling constant from the ttbar production cross section in pp collisions at sqrt (s)= 7 TeV, , 2013. Abstract
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El-Beltagy, M., and M. Hedbeck, Determining p2p network performance, , 2016. Abstract
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Metwalli, S. M., and F. A. MOSLEHY, Development of a Distributed Breach for the Conical Shock Tube., : UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA ORLANDO ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL EXPERIMENT STATION, 1983. Abstract
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El-Shafei, A., M. M. El-Hakim, J. P. Hathout, and R. Y. Youssef, Development of Hybrid Squeeze Film Damper for Active Control of Rotor Vibrations, : Report No. MDP-EOARD-1/94, Cairo University, 1994. Abstract
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Zamzam, M., H. Hafez, R. Khedr, S. Abouelnaga, M. Abdelbaki, L. Lehmann, L. C. Goumnerova, K. Houlahan, M. W. Kieran, and P. Pruden, Development of the joint Children’s Cancer Hospital Egypt (CCHE-57357) Dana-Farber Boston Children’s Hospital Pediatric Oncology Fellowship Program., : American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2017. Abstract
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