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●, P. M. 1, 25 Reza Maroofian2, 5 6 Asbjørg Stray-Pedersen3, 4, D. Musaev7, M. S. Zaki8, I. M. G. 9, L. Selim9, A. E. 9 ●, 10 Shalini N. Jhangiani6, Z. C. H. Akdemir6, et al., "Biallelic variants in KIF14 cause intellectual disability with microcephaly", European Journal of Human Genetics, vol. open access, 2017. biallelic_variant_in_kis14_cause_intellectuel_disabilty_and_microcephaly.pdf
• Amal, A. I., E. A. A. Said, A. R. Angel, and A. E. - M. A. Alla, "Biological control of Citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri (Risso.)Using coccinellid predator, Cryptolaemus montrouzeri Muls.", PakistanJ. Biol.sci., vol. 13, issue 5, pp. 216-222, 2010. ASMAA2010.pdf
–Fattah, A. A. E. M., F. H. R. A. Rabo, S. M. El-Dieb, and H. A. El-Kashef, "Biochemical and histological evaluation of long-term consumption of buffalo and cow colostrum in rats", Indian Journal Dairy Science, vol. 69, issue 6, pp. 686-692, 2016.
–Fattah, A. A. E. M., F. H. R. A. Rabo, S. M. El-Dieb, and H. A. El-Kashef, "Biochemical and histological evaluation of long-term consumption of buffalo and cow colostrum in rats", Indian Journal Dairy Science, vol. 69, issue 6, pp. 686-692, 2016.
–Fattah, A. A. E. M., F. H. R. A. Rabo, S. M. El-Dieb, and H. A. El-Kashef, "Biochemical and histological evaluation of long-term consumption of buffalo and cow colostrum in rats", Indian Journal Dairy Science, vol. 69, issue 6, pp. 686-692, 2016.
‎Abul-Haggag, O., and M. Aboelela, "Bootstrap Identification via Lyapunov Design Technique‎", Journal of AMSE, vol. 3, issue 3, pp. 51-64, 1985.
Z
Zohdi, A., "Brain Endoscopy (when & how)", The 6th Saudi Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting: Horizons of Neurosurgery , Alkhobar, Saudi Arabia, 3-5 April, 2012. microsoft_word_-_brain_endoscopy___when__how_.pdf
Zohdi, A., "Brain Endoscopy (Dos & Don'ts) ", 13th World Congress of Neurological Surgery, Main Topic Session (Neuroendoscopy), Innovations and Contraversies, Marrakesh, 19-24 June , 2005.
Zohdi, A., Brain Endoscopy in Hydrocephalus, , Tuettlingen, Verlag Endo: Press TM, , 2008. zohdi_brainendoscopy_6-03-08-1.pdf
ZOH, H. U. S. S. E. I. N. F. O. U. A. D., A. M. E. Amir, A. M. A. N. Y. E. L. S. A. Y. E. D. SABER, A. B. D. E. L. W. A. H. A. B. K. H. A. L. I. L. ABDELWAHAB, and M. I. Nassar, "BEE VENOM LOADED CHITOSAN NANOPARTICLES AS TREATMENT FOR AMOEBIASIS IN MICE", Journal of the egyptian society of parasitology, vol. 47, issue 2, pp. 607-616, 2017.
Zobaa, A. M., S. A. H. E. Aleem, and H. K. M. Youssef, "Bi-Level damped double-tuned harmonic passive filters design: Multi-criteria decision-making analysis", Ain Shams Engineering Journal, In Press.
Zhenga, W., A. M. AbdElaty, and H. A. El-Banna, "Bithionol residue analysis in animal-derived food products by an effective and rugged extraction method coupled with liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry", Journal of Chromatography B , vol. 1064, pp. 100–108, 2017.
Zekri, W., D. Yehia, M. M. Elshafie, M. S. Zaghloul, N. El-Kinaai, H. Taha, A. Refaat, A. A. Younes, and A. S. Alfaar, "Bilateral clear cell sarcoma of the kidney.", Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute, vol. 27, issue 2, pp. 97 - 100, 2015/06//. AbstractWebsite

Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) accounts for 2-5% of all pediatric renal malignancies, and is known for its propensity to metastasize to bone and other sites. We are reporting two cases with bilateral CCSK that were diagnosed at our institution. One patient initially presented with bilateral renal masses, as well as pulmonary, hepatic and bone metastasis; while other present only with bilateral masses with no evident distant metastasis. Both patients received aggressive neo-adjuvant chemotherapy to decrease tumor size. One patient completed his designated treatment and initially showed complete remission (CR); eventually suffering from relapse. The other patient's tumor progressed during the course of chemotherapy. Both cases manifested brain dissemination at the time of relapse or progression. This emphasizes the importance of staging stratification in CCSK. This also illustrates CCSK's ability to metastasize to bone and other sites including the brain (a primary relapse site in our cases).

Zekri, W., D. Yehia, M. M. Elshafie, M. S. Zaghloul, N. El-Kinaai, H. Taha, A. Refaat, A. A. Younes, and A. S. Alfaar, "Bilateral clear cell sarcoma of the kidney.", Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute, vol. 27, issue 2, pp. 97-100, 2015 Jun. Abstract

Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) accounts for 2-5% of all pediatric renal malignancies, and is known for its propensity to metastasize to bone and other sites. We are reporting two cases with bilateral CCSK that were diagnosed at our institution. One patient initially presented with bilateral renal masses, as well as pulmonary, hepatic and bone metastasis; while other present only with bilateral masses with no evident distant metastasis. Both patients received aggressive neo-adjuvant chemotherapy to decrease tumor size. One patient completed his designated treatment and initially showed complete remission (CR); eventually suffering from relapse. The other patient's tumor progressed during the course of chemotherapy. Both cases manifested brain dissemination at the time of relapse or progression. This emphasizes the importance of staging stratification in CCSK. This also illustrates CCSK's ability to metastasize to bone and other sites including the brain (a primary relapse site in our cases).

Zekri, W., D. Yehia, M. ElShafie, M. S. Zaghloul, N. El-Kinaai, H. Taha, A. Refaat, A. A. Younes, and A. S. AlFaar, "Bilateral Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney", Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute, 2015. Abstract

Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) accounts for 2-5% of all pediatric renal malignancies, which is known for its probability to metastasize to bone and other sites. We are reporting two cases with bilateral CCSK that were diagnosed at our institution. One patient initially presented with bilateral renal masses, as well as pulmonary, hepatic and bone metastasis; while other present only with bilateral masses with no evident distant metastasis. Both patients received aggressive neo-adjuvant chemotherapy to decrease tumor size. One patient completed his designated treatment and initially showed complete remission (CR); eventually suffering from relapse. The other patient's tumor progressed during the course of chemotherapy. Both cases manifested brain dissemination at the time of relapse or progression. This emphasizes the importance of staging stratification in CCSK. This also illustrates CCSK's ability to metastasize to bone and other sites including the brain (a primary relapse site in our cases).

Zeinab Safar, Monuir Labib, A. G., "Baseline Study of the Impact of Lead Smelters in Egypt from 1988 to 2009", ,15th International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations' (IUAPPA) World Clean Air Congress, 2010. Abstract
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Zeid, F.A., I. M. A. A. A. M., and F. M. Gadallah, "Biochemical changes accompanying loss of viability stored soybean seeds.", Egyptian Journal Applied Sciences, vol. 18, no. (10), pp. 105–123, 2003. Abstract
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Zeeneldin, A. A., M. Ramadan, N. Elmashad, I. Fakhr, A. Diaa, and E. Mosaad, "Breast cancer laterality among Egyptian patients and its association with treatments and survival.", Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute, vol. 25, issue 4, pp. 199-207, 2013 Dec. Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Breast cancers (BCs) involve the left side (LS) more than the right side (RS). Among the Egyptians, neither BC laterality nor its association with demographic factors, tumor locations, treatments and outcomes were previously reported.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Laterality was analyzed among 5459 BCs from the Gharbiah population-based cancer registry covering >5% of the Egyptian population. Cox proportional model was used to assess the independent effect of stage, ER, and laterality on overall survival (OS).

RESULTS: In Egypt, BCs involve LS more than RS with LS-to-RS ratio (LRR) of 1.16. LS predominance was evident among men and women and both younger (< 45 years) and older patients. HER2 over-expression and ductal cancers were significantly more in RSBCs while lobular cancers were significantly more in LSBCs. There were no significant differences in localization within the breast between LSBCs and RSBCs (p = 0.51). LS predominance was noticed across all subgroups except in patients with HER2 positive tumors (LRR = 0.63; p = 0.02). OS was significantly better in stage II and ER positive tumors than stage III and ER negative tumors. Despite OS of LSBCs being generally lower than RSBCs, this was not statistically significant. The significant impact of stage on OS was lost in LSBCs.

CONCLUSIONS: Among Egyptian patients, the left breast is at greater risk of cancer than the right one. Despite right-sided tumors seemed more aggressive, Left-sided ones tend to confer worse survival than right-sided tumors.

Zeeneldin, A. A., M. Ramadan, N. Elmashad, I. Fakhr, A. Diaa, and E. Mosaad, "Breast cancer laterality among Egyptian patients and its association with treatments and survival", Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute, vol. 25, no. 4: Elsevier, pp. 199–207, 2013. Abstract
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Zedan, H. H., and R. Olembo, "Biotechnology Development and Diffusion", Bioprctice, Trieste, Italy, ICGEB, 1992.
Zedan, H., and R. Olembo, "Biotechnology and Sustainable development: Potential, Prospects and Challenges. ", Environment 2000 and Beyond” (A.K. Hegazy, Ed) , Cairo, Egypt., Horus Printing Co., 1999.
Zedan, H., "Biodiversity and Sustainable Development", CBD News Supplement, Montreal, Canada, CBD Secretariat, 2002.
Zayed, M. A., U. M. Fouda, K. A. Elsetohy, S. M. Zayed, A. T. Hashem, and M. A. Youssef, "Barbed sutures versus conventional sutures for uterine closure at cesarean section; a randomized controlled trial.", The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians, pp. 1-8, 2017 Oct 29. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this randomized control trial was to compare the operative data and the early postoperative outcomes of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a barbed suture (STRATAFIX™ Spiral PDO Knotless Tissue Control Device, SXPD2B405, Ethicon Inc.) with those of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a conventional smooth suture (VICRYL; Ethicon Inc.).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred pregnant patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the Stratafix group or the Vicryl group. The uterine incision was closed by two layers of sutures in both groups. In the Vicryl group, the first layer was continuous and the second layer was interrupted. In the Stratafix group, both layers were continuous.

RESULTS: The uterine closure time was significantly lower in the Stratafix group (224 ± 46 versus 343 ± 75 s, p < .001). Operative time was comparable between both groups. Twelve patients in the Vicryl group and two patients in the Stratafix group required additional sutures to achieve hemostasis (p value = .009). The mean blood loss during closure of uterine incision and mean hospital stay were lower in the Stratafix group but these differences failed to reach statistical significance.

CONCLUSION: The use of barbed suture for uterine incision closure at cesarean section is associated with shorter uterine closure time and similar early perioperative complications compared with conventional smooth suture. The difference between both groups in the technique of suturing the second layer of the uterine incision may be the cause of the reduction in the uterine closure time and the need for additional sutures to achieve hemostasis during suturing the uterine incision with a barbed suture. Further, well designed randomized controlled trials should be conducted to investigate the association between the type of suture (barbed or conventional smooth) and remote complications of cesarean section (infertility, pelvic pain, abnormal placentation and rupture uterus).

Zayed, A., and C. P. W. Zebitz, "Biochemical changes during the infection of Aphis fabae and Aphis gossypii with the entomopathogen Verticillium lecanii (Zimm)", IOBC WPRS BULLETIN, vol. 21: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR BIOLOGICAL AND INTEGRATED CONTROL, pp. 77–80, 1998. Abstract
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Zayed, R. A., H. F. Sheba, M. A. A. K. Elazaem, Z. A. Elsaadany, L. O. Elmessery, J. A. Mahmoud, D. A. R. Rahman, and F. R. Abdou, "B- Cell Activating Factor Promoter Polymorphisms in Egyptian Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.", Annals of Clinical & Laboratory Science, vol. 43, issue 3, pp. 111-116, 2013. Abstract

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogonous autoimmune disease involving
most immune cells. Studies have revealed a number of cytokine pathways that play important roles in
the disease process. Among these are B- cell activating factor (BAFF), which regulates B-cell maturation,
survival, and function. Objective: To study the association between BAFF promoter polymorphism and
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the BAFF promoter
region; -2841 (T>C), -2701 (T>A), -871 (C>T) were investigated by PCR-RFLP genotyping in fifty Egyptian
SLE patients and thirty normal controls. Results: The frequency of mutant alleles of both -871C>T
and -2701 T>A was higher among SLE patients than controls (p-value <0.001 and 0.000 respectively).
There was a highly significant relationship between -871 C>T polymorphism and SLE (P<0.001), with the
sensitivity and the specificity of the test being 100 %, and 70%, respectively. Patients expressing the -2701
T>A allele were seven times more prone to SLE than those with the T/T wild genotype (sensitivity of the
test = 78%, specificity = 66.7%, odds ratio = 7.09, C.I at 95% = 2.29-22.64). Conclusion: Polymorphisms
in the regulatory region of the BAFF gene do contribute to the susceptibility to SLE in Egyptian patients,
which indicates BAFF as a potential therapeutic target.

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