Publications

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2004
Awad, A. A., R. I. Refae, E. A. A. El-Aal, and A. Higazy, "Biological removal of dairy industrial wastes by marine cyanobacteria", J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., vol. 30, issue 11, pp. 7071-7078, 2004.
Ghita, E. I., E. S. Girgis, A. A. M. El-Fattah, and S. M. Badran, "Biopreservative effect of the metabolites of some lactic acid bacteria on cream and low fat butter", Egyptian J. Dairy Sci., vol. 32, pp. 221–236, 2004. Abstract
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Sadek, R. R., "Buffalo recording program under different production systems in Egypt.", ICAR Technical Series: ICAR,Villa del Ragno,Via Nomentana 134, 00162 Rome, 2004. Abstract
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2003
Agamy, E. A., A. H. EH-HENEIDY, M. M. El-Husseini, and D. Adly, "Biological studies on certain cereal aphid species and their parasitoid Aphidius matricariae Hal. (Hymenoptera:Aphidiidae)", The 1st International Egyptian-Romanian Conference, Zagazig Univ, Egypt., Dec 6-8, 2003. 61.pdf
Agamy, E. A., A. H. El-Heneidy, M. M. El-Husseini, and D. Adly, "Biological studies on certain cereal aphid species and their parasitoid Aphidius matricariae Hal. (Hymenoptera:Aphidiidae)", The 1st International Egyptian-Romanian Conference, Zagazig Univ, Egypt., 6-8 December, 2003.
Tohamy, A. A., A. A. El-Ghor, S. M. El-Nahas, and M. M. Noshy, "Beta-glucan inhibits the genotoxicity of cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and cisplatin.", Mutation research, vol. 541, issue 1-2, pp. 45-53, 2003 Nov 10. Abstract

The inhibitory effects of beta-glucan (betaG), one of the biological response modifiers, on the induction of chromosomal aberrations in the bone marrow and spermatogonial cells of mice treated with various anti-neoplastic drugs were investigated. beta-Glucan (100 mg/kg bw, i.p.) pre-treatment reduced the total number of cells with structural chromosomal aberrations scored after the treatment with cyclophosphamide (CP) (2.5 mg/kg bw, i.p.) adriamycin (ADR) (12 mg/kg bw, i.p.) and cis-diamminedichloroplatinum-II (cisplatin) (5 mg/kg bw, i.p.) by about 41.1, 26.9 and 57.7% in bone marrow and 44.4, 55 and 57.1% in spermatogonial cells, respectively. This protective effect of beta-glucan could be attributed to its scavenging ability to trap free-radicals produced during the biotransformation of these anti-neoplastic drugs. Beta-glucan also markedly restored the mitotic activity of bone marrow cells that had been suppressed by the anti-neoplastic drugs. These results indicate that in addition to the known immunopotentiating activity of beta-glucan, it plays a role in reducing genotoxicity induced by anti-neoplastic drugs during cancer chemotherapy.

Elwan, O., O. Madkour, F. Elwan, M. Mostafa, A. Abbas Helmy, M. Abdel-Naseer, S. Abdel Shafy, and N. El Faiuomy, "Brain aging in normal Egyptians: cognition, education, personality, genetic and immunological study.", Journal of the neurological sciences, vol. 211, issue 1-2, pp. 15-22, 2003 Jul 15. Abstract

Studying the cognitive and immunological changes that occur in old age as well as genetic function have been considered an important subject to differentiate between normal brain aging and early dementia especially Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this study is to stress on age-related neuropsychological and electrophysiological (P(300)) changes in normal Egyptian subjects, to throw light on the value of genetic (Apo-E(4) genotype) and immunological markers [interleukin-6 (IL-6) and intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM-1) in the serum] as tools used in early detection of cognitive decline in cerebral aging. Ninety-four normal Egyptian subjects (below and above 60 years) were submitted to the following: (1) neuropsychological tests for testing memory, perception, psychomotor performance and attention, (2) Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) for personality traits, (3) event-related potential study (P(300), latency and amplitude), (4) genetic test for detection of Apolipoprotein E genotype and (5) immunological studies including detection of the level of IL-6 and ICAM-1 in serum. There was a significant impairment of memory, psychomotor performance and perception in elderly subjects particularly males and subjects with low level of education. Regarding personality, significantly high scores were obtained in neuroticism scale of EPQ in elderly subjects. Apo-E(3)/E(3) was the most common genotype encountered in Egyptian subjects (49.1%). It was found that subjects with Apo-E(4) genotype did significantly worse in scores of intentional memory test (sensory memory) when compared with other genotypes. Statistically significant impairment in attention and sensory memory was found in subjects with high IL-6 level. This could not be detected in subjects with high ICAM-1 level. In conclusion, advancing age and lower levels of education are considered risk factors for cognitive decline in normal brain aging. Neuropsychological tests remain as the highly sensitive tools for detection of early cognitive impairment. Neurotic traits are more encountered in old age. Apo-E(4) genotype is associated with significant sensory (intentional) memory impairment. High IL-6 level in the serum is accompanied by significant impairment in attention and sensory (intentional) memory.

Hegazi, N. A., and M. Fayez, "Biodiversity and endophytic nature of diazotrophs other than rhizobia associated to non-leguminous plants of semi-arid environments", Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 49, issue 2, pp. 213 - 235, 2003. AbstractWebsite
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Othman, A. A., W. M. Amer, M. Fayez, M. Monib, and N. A. Hegazi, "Biodiversity of diazotrophs associated to the plant cover of north sinai deserts: Biodiversität diazotropher assoziiert mit der pflanendecke der wüsten nordsinais", Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 49, issue 6, pp. 683 - 705, 2003. AbstractWebsite

Efforts are made to record biodiversity of microflora and diazotrophs associated with the plant cover of the major agricultural development areas in north Sinai, around the El-Salam canal, a newly-constructed canal that brings Nile water westward across the Suez canal. Natural plant communities were collected from three major areas. Ectorhizosphere, endorhizosphere and phyllosphere samples were examined for total microbial population and diazotrophs. The vegetation of South Qantara (area I) is characterized by the dominance of Stipagrostis scoparia followed by Nitraria retusa, Convolvulus lanatus, Cornulaca monacantha and Filago desertorum. Rabaa-Bir El Abd (area II) is dominated by Artemisia monosperma, Panicum turgidum and Zygophyllum album. Euphorbia terracina, Oligomeris linifolia, Astragalus kahiricus, Hyoscyamus muticus and Thymelea hirsuta represent the major plants of El Ser and Al Quarir (area III). Microorganisms colonized root surfaces of all tested plants ranging from > 10 5 to 10 10 cfu g − 1 . Diazotrophs were common residents (10 10 cfu g − 1 ), invaded the root tissue and established endophytically (10 2 – 10 6 cfu g − 1 ). Fifty-one N 2 -fixing isolates were obtained. Among the 32 bacilli isolates, Bacillus polymyxa and Bacillus circulans were more common compared to Bacillus macerans. BNF Gram-negative isolates belonged to Enterobacter agglomerans, Enterobacter gergoviae, Enterobacter amnigenus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas luteola, Pseudomonas cepacia, Agrobacterium radiobacter and Azospirillum spp. © 2003, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Othman, A., M. E. Shawky, W. M. Amer, M. Fayez, M. Monib, and N. A. Hegazi, "Biodiversity of microorganisms in semi-arid soils of north sinai deserts", Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 49, issue 3, pp. 241 - 260, 2003. AbstractWebsite

North Sinai environment is currently subjected to changes due to the major agricultural development project of El-Salam canal which brings Nile water to the arid deserts of Sinai. Therefore, intensive efforts are made to record biodiversity of natural microflora and diazotrophs associated to the plant-soil system of the major agricultural development areas around the canal. Fourteen soil profiles were made, during the seasons 1997-2000, representing major sites of the area investigated (South Qantara, Rabaa-Bir El-Abd and El-Ser and Al-Quarir). Physico-chemical and microbiological properties of soils tested are presented. Microbiological profiling included total population of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, sporeformers, thermophiles, diazotrophs and spore-forming diazotrophs. Results obtained are discussed to relate physico-chemical properties to soil biofertility in an effort to categorize general fertility levels of soils under investigation. © 2003, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

E., H. M., M. S. Zaki, O. A. H., and M. Elshabrawy, "Bacteriological, histopathological and clinicopathological studies on respiratory affections in sheep and goats in Egypt", Egypt. Vet. Med. Assoc., vol. 63, pp. 97-109, 2003.
Shaarawy, S., and S. Ali, "Bayesian Identification of Seasonal Autoregressive Models.", Communications in Statistics- Theory and Methods, vol. 32, issue 5, pp. 1067-1084, 2003.
Shaarawy, S., and S. Ali, "Bayesian Identification of Seasonal Autoregressive Models.", Communications in Statistics- Theory and Methods, vol. 32, issue 5, pp. 1067-1084, 2003.
Hegazi, N. A., and M. Fayez, "Biodiversity and endophytic nature of diazotrophs other than rhizobia associated to non-leguminous plants of semi-arid environments", Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 49, pp. 213-235, 2003.
Othman, A. A., W. M. Amer, M. Fayez, M. Monib, and N. A. Hegazi, "Biodiversity of diazotrophs associated to the plant cover of north Sinai deserts", Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 49, pp. 683-705, 2003.
Othman, A. A., M. E. Shawky, W. M. Amer, M. Fayez, M. Monib, and N. A. Hegazi, "Biodiversity of microorganisms in semi-arid soils of north Sinai deserts", Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 49, pp. 241-260, 2003.
Nawal Zohdy, M. Z., and A. A. Younes, "Biological studies on the praying mantis Sphodromantis viridis Forskal (Mantodea:Mantidae). ", J. Egypt. Ger. Soc. Zool.,, Entomology , vol. 40, pp. 63-76, 2003.
Abdou, S., and M. S. Scordilis, "Beam Search Pruning in Speech Recognition Using a Posterior Probabiliy based Confidence Measure", Speech Communication, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 409–428, 2003. Abstract
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