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Khalaf-Alla, P. A., M. M. Shoukry, A. A. Jbarah, and R. van Eldik, "Base hydrolysis of α-amino acid esters catalysed by [Pd(N-ethylethylenediamine)(H2O)2]2+. Kinetic study and DFT calculations", Inorganica Chimica Acta, vol. 458, pp. 181-189, 2017. khalafalla2017.pdf
Khalaf-Alla, P. A., M. M. Shoukry, A. A. Jbarah, and R. van Eldik, "Base hydrolysis of α-amino acid esters catalysed by [Pd(N-ethylethylenediamine)(H2O)2]2+. Kinetic study and DFT calculations", Inorganica Chimica Acta, vol. 458, pp. 181-189, 2017. khalafalla2017.pdf
El-Darouti, M. A., S. A. Marzouk, M. R. E. Abdel-Halim, A. Z. Zidan, and M. M. Fawzy, "Basaloid follicular hamartoma", International journal of dermatology, vol. 44, no. 5: Wiley Online Library, pp. 361–365, 2005. Abstract
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El-Darouti, M. A., S. A. Marzouk, M. R. E. Abdel-Halim, A. Z. Zidan, and M. M. Fawzy, "Basaloid follicular hamartoma", International journal of dermatology, vol. 44, no. 5: Wiley Online Library, pp. 361–365, 2005. Abstract
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El-Darouti, M. A., S. A. Marzouk, M. R. E. Abdel-Halim, A. Z. Zidan, and M. M. Fawzy, "Basaloid follicular hamartoma", International journal of dermatology, vol. 44, no. 5: Wiley Online Library, pp. 361–365, 2005. Abstract
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Ibrahim, E., A. M. Al-Gahmi, A. A. Zeenelin, J. M. Zekri, T. R. Elkhodary, H. E. Gaballa, E. E. Fawzy, M. E. Elsayed, and M. S. Alzahrani, "Basal vs. luminal A breast cancer subtypes: a matched case-control study using estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER-2 as surrogate markers.", Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England), vol. 26, issue 3, pp. 372-8, 2009. Abstract

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease that encompasses several distinct entities with different biological characteristics and clinical behavior. Basal subtype is considered as a prognostically unfavorable subset. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinico-pathological characteristics and outcome of basal vs. luminal A subtype, as approximated by ER, PR, and HER-2. Sixty-four patients with basal breast cancer were matched for age, stage, and year of diagnosis with 64 patients having luminal A disease. Basal tumors were immunohistochemically defined by a lack of expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER-2, while luminal A cancers were ER+ or PR+, and HER-2-. As compared with luminal A, basal subtype patients had significantly larger primary tumor size, higher percentage of grade III tumor, more tumor that showed lymphovascular invasion, less presence of non-invasive disease, and higher proportion of extranodal extension. There was no statistically significant difference in metastatic sites, pathology type, or in the axillary lymph nodal status. A few patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy--13 and 9 patients in basal and luminal A groups, respectively). The complete pathological response was 20% and 14%, respectively (not significant). At a median follow-up of approximately 2 years, there was no statistically significant difference in the overall survival rate between basal and luminal A patients. Analysis of disease-free survival (DFS) for stage I-III (53 patients in each group) showed that the median DFS for basal patients was 41.4 months (95% CI, 26.5-55.3 months), whereas the DFS for the luminal A patients was not reached (P = 0.014). After adjusting for several significant prognostics variables identified in a univariate analysis, a multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis identified the negative effect of lymphovascular invasion and the favorable influence of the use of neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant chemotherapy. This matched case-control study confirmed the poor clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with basal subtype and their unfavorable outcome compared with luminal A disease. Management of basal tumors remains a challenging task, and new therapeutic strategies are warranted.

Ibrahim, E., A. M. Al-Gahmi, A. A. Zeenelin, J. M. Zekri, T. R. Elkhodary, H. E. Gaballa, E. E. Fawzy, M. E. Elsayed, and M. S. Alzahrani, "Basal vs. luminal a breast cancer subtypes: a matched case-control study using estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER-2 as surrogate markers", Medical Oncology, vol. 26, issue 3: Springer, pp. 372-378, 2009. Abstract
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Webb, M., and M. Mashaly, "Basal serum corticosterone levels and corticosterone response to ACTH in female chickens at different ages", Poultry Science, vol. 61, issue 7: POULTRY SCIENCE ASSOC INC 1111 NORTH DUNLAP AVE, SAVOY, IL 61874, pp. 1566-1567, 1982. Abstract
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Yahya, D., B. AlMogheer, S. Gouda, M. E. Ramly, and A. Abdelwahab, "Basal right ventricular entrainment is superior to apical entrainment in identifying mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia", Europace 2011, Spain, 28 June, 2011. Abstract

Introduction: Differentiation between AVNRT and AVRT can be sometimes challenging. Apical right ventricular (RV) entrainment can help in differentiation, however it has some fallacies. We thought to compare the accuracy of basal RV entrainment to RV apical entrainment in identifying the mechanism of SVT.

Methods: 42 consecutive patients with SVT undergoing catheter ablation were prospectively studied. Apical RV entrainment was performed 20 ms faster than tachycardia cycle length (TCL) initially followed by basal entrainment from the anteroseptal basal RV avoiding His or atrial capture. Postpacing interval (PPI), PPI-TCL, corrected PPI-TCL and Stim-A minus VA were measured.

Results: Entrainment was achieved from both sites of RV in 34 patients (10 men; mean age: 42±15 years), 20 with typical AVNRT, 1 with atypical AVNRT, and 13 with AVRT (8 left sided, 4 right sided, and 1 septal APs). PPI-TCL, cPPI-TCL and SA-VA were significantly longer with basal entrainment in AVNRT (171±30 vs 153±22 ms (p=0.003), 148±21 vs 131±20 ms (p=0.002) and 145±17 vs 136±15 ms (p=0.005) respectively). Receiver Operator Charecteristic (ROC) curves showed higher AUC for the above parameters with basal entrainment compared to apical entrainment. Basal PPI-TCL>110 ms had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 84% for diagnosis of AVNRT. Basal cPPI-TCL>95 ms had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 93% for diagnosis of AVNRT. Basal SA-VA>105 ms had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 93% for diagnosis of AVNRT.

Conclusions: Entrainment from the anteroseptal basal RV is a simple maneuver that is superior to apical ventricular entrainment in identifying the mechanism of SVT.

Yahya, D., B. AlMogheer, S. Gouda, M. E. Ramly, and A. Abdelwahab, "Basal right ventricular entrainment is superior to apical entrainment in identifying mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia", Europace 2011, 2013. Abstract
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Yahya, D., B. AlMogheer, S. Gouda, M. E. Ramly, and A. Abdelwahab, "Basal right ventricular entrainment is superior to apical entrainment in identifying mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia", Europace 2011, 2013. Abstract
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Yahya, D., B. AlMogheer, S. Gouda, M. E. Ramly, and A. Abdelwahab, "Basal right ventricular entrainment is superior to apical entrainment in identifying mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia", Europace 2011, 2015. Abstract
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Dawoud, D., R. O'Mahony, D. Wonderling, J. Cobb, B. Higgins, and S. A. Amiel, "Basal Insulin Regimens for Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.", Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, vol. 21, issue 2, pp. 176-184, 2018 02. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative efficacy and safety of basal insulin regimens in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

METHODS: A systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA) of randomized controlled trials comparing two or more basal insulin regimens were conducted. The following basal insulin regimens were included: Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (iNPH) (once [od], twice [bid], and four times daily [qid]), insulin detemir (iDet) (od and bid), insulin glargine 100 IU (iGlarg) (od), and insulin degludec (iDegl) (od). We searched the following databases: MEDLINE via OVID, Embase via OVID, and the Cochrane Library (Wiley). Study quality was appraised using Cochrane risk-of-bias checklist for randomized controlled trials. Two outcomes (change in hemoglobin A [HbA] and rate of severe/major hypoglycemia [SH]) were analyzed. Network inconsistency was assessed using Bucher and chi-square tests.

RESULTS: Thirty studies met the eligibility criteria. Twenty-five were included in the HbA network and 16 in the SH network. All studies were of moderate quality. No network inconsistency was evident in the HbA network. Of the seven regimens of interest, iDet (bid) had the highest probability of being best (mean change in HbA -0.48; 95% credible interval -0.69 to -0.29). In contrast, the SH network demonstrated both considerable uncertainty and significant network inconsistency (χ test, P = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS: Of the specified frequency regimens, iDet (bid) had the highest probability of being the best basal insulin regimen in terms of reduction in HbA. Ranking of the regimens in terms of the SH rate was highly uncertain and no clear conclusion could be made.

Dawoud, D., E. Fenu, B. Higgins, D. Wonderling, and S. A. Amiel, "Basal Insulin Regimens for Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cost-Utility Analysis", Value in Health, vol. 20, issue 10, pp. 1279–1287, 2017.
Khouly, A. A. E., N. G. E. Rashidy, M. G. E. enany, E. M.AbdulRahman, D. M.Hasan, S. Gharib, and undefined, "Bartonella endocarditis in Egypt", Medical journal of Cairo University, 2007.
EL Semary, H. B., "Barriers to the Effective Use of Technology in Education : Case Study of UAE University", Asian Transactions on Science and Technology Journal, vol. 1, issue 5, pp. 41-54, 2011.
Ahmad, A. M., M. R. Zahran, and H. M. Ali, "Barriers to healthy eating among overweight/obese physiotherapy students. Do urban/rural residence or living with/without family have a link?", Physiotherapy Quarterly, vol. 28, issue 4, pp. 30-35, 2020.
Ahmad, A. M., F. E. Megahed, M. R. Z. Mahgoub, H. M. Ali, and W. M. Kamal, "Barriers to Exercise for Overweight/Obese Physiotherapy Students in Egypt. A Cross-Sectional Study", I n n o v a t i v e J o u r n a l o f M e d i c a l a n d H e a l t h S c i e n c e, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 328–335, 2019. PDF file
AlNuaimi, M., K. Shaalan, M. Alnuaimi, and K. Alnuaimi, "Barriers to Electronic Government Citizens' Adoption: A Case of Municipal Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi", The International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE’11), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 8 December, 2011. Abstracte-gov.pdf

The advances in information and communication technologies have changed the way the governments interact with their citizens. The development of the internet and its vast capabilities played a vital role in this change. According the UN report 2010, the UN e-Government development index of the world rated United Arab Emirates in 49 which comes late 17 places than 2008 ranking. During 2008 the UAE ranked in 32. Therefore, it can be seen that UAE is having some troubles in citizens’ adoption of the e-Government. In this paper, we will examine the key berries to the use of the e-Government services by citizens through testing the effect of 11 independent variables on the citizens’ use of e-Government in municipal of Emirate of Abu Dhabi.

Aboulghar, M., "Barriers to conducting clinical research in reproductive medicine: Egypt", Fertility and Sterility, vol. 96, issue 4, pp. 805-806, 2011.
Elshaarawy, O., S. A. Lashen, N. A. Makhlouf, D. Abdeltawab, M. S. Zaghloul, R. M. Ahmed, H. Fathy, S. Afifi, M. Abdel-Gawad, E. A. E. Sameea, et al., "Barriers for resuming endoscopy service in the context of COVID-19 pandemic: A multicenter survey from Egypt", World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 26, issue 43, pp. 6880-6890, 2020.
Sasada, I., S. Harada, F. Han, T. Takeda, M. Shimada, and A. Mahgoub, A barrier free magnetic shield and its application to MCG measurements by a fluxgate array, : Biomag2012, 2012. Abstract
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