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Zayed, M. A., U. M. Fouda, K. A. Elsetohy, S. M. Zayed, A. T. Hashem, and M. A. Youssef, "Barbed sutures versus conventional sutures for uterine closure at cesarean section; a randomized controlled trial.", The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians, pp. 1-8, 2017 Oct 29. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this randomized control trial was to compare the operative data and the early postoperative outcomes of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a barbed suture (STRATAFIX™ Spiral PDO Knotless Tissue Control Device, SXPD2B405, Ethicon Inc.) with those of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a conventional smooth suture (VICRYL; Ethicon Inc.).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred pregnant patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the Stratafix group or the Vicryl group. The uterine incision was closed by two layers of sutures in both groups. In the Vicryl group, the first layer was continuous and the second layer was interrupted. In the Stratafix group, both layers were continuous.

RESULTS: The uterine closure time was significantly lower in the Stratafix group (224 ± 46 versus 343 ± 75 s, p < .001). Operative time was comparable between both groups. Twelve patients in the Vicryl group and two patients in the Stratafix group required additional sutures to achieve hemostasis (p value = .009). The mean blood loss during closure of uterine incision and mean hospital stay were lower in the Stratafix group but these differences failed to reach statistical significance.

CONCLUSION: The use of barbed suture for uterine incision closure at cesarean section is associated with shorter uterine closure time and similar early perioperative complications compared with conventional smooth suture. The difference between both groups in the technique of suturing the second layer of the uterine incision may be the cause of the reduction in the uterine closure time and the need for additional sutures to achieve hemostasis during suturing the uterine incision with a barbed suture. Further, well designed randomized controlled trials should be conducted to investigate the association between the type of suture (barbed or conventional smooth) and remote complications of cesarean section (infertility, pelvic pain, abnormal placentation and rupture uterus).

Fouda, U. M., K. A. Elsetohy, and H. S. Elshaer, "Barbed Versus Conventional Suture: A Randomized Trial for Suturing the Endometrioma Bed After Laparoscopic Excision of Ovarian Endometrioma.", J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2016 , vol. 23, issue 6, pp. 962-8, 2016.
Bahouth, S. W., and M. M. Nooh, "Barcoding of GPCR trafficking and signaling through the various trafficking roadmaps by compartmentalized signaling networks.", Cellular signalling, vol. 36, pp. 42-55, 2017 Aug. Abstract

Proper signaling by G protein coupled receptors (GPCR) is dependent on the specific repertoire of transducing, enzymatic and regulatory kinases and phosphatases that shape its signaling output. Activation and signaling of the GPCR through its cognate G protein is impacted by G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK)-imprinted "barcodes" that recruit β-arrestins to regulate subsequent desensitization, biased signaling and endocytosis of the GPCR. The outcome of agonist-internalized GPCR in endosomes is also regulated by sequence motifs or "barcodes" within the GPCR that mediate its recycling to the plasma membrane or retention and eventual degradation as well as its subsequent signaling in endosomes. Given the vast number of diverse sequences in GPCR, several trafficking mechanisms for endosomal GPCR have been described. The majority of recycling GPCR, are sorted out of endosomes in a "sequence-dependent pathway" anchored around a type-1 PDZ-binding module found in their C-tails. For a subset of these GPCR, a second "barcode" imprinted onto specific GPCR serine/threonine residues by compartmentalized kinase networks was required for their efficient recycling through the "sequence-dependent pathway". Mutating the serine/threonine residues involved, produced dramatic effects on GPCR trafficking, indicating that they played a major role in setting the trafficking itinerary of these GPCR. While endosomal SNX27, retromer/WASH complexes and actin were required for efficient sorting and budding of all these GPCR, additional proteins were required for GPCR sorting via the second "barcode". Here we will review recent developments in GPCR trafficking in general and the human β1-adrenergic receptor in particular across the various trafficking roadmaps. In addition, we will discuss the role of GPCR trafficking in regulating endosomal GPCR signaling, which promote biochemical and physiological effects that are distinct from those generated by the GPCR signal transduction pathway in membranes.

Fouad, A. S., A. B. Hamed, W. M. Amer, and R. M. Hafez, "Barcoding of some plant species using rbcl gene in the mediterranean Oolitic sand dunes west of alexandria, Egypt.", Egyptian J of Botany , vol. 62, issue 1, pp. 159-168, 2022. ejbo_volume_62_issue_1_pages_159-168_1.pdf
Fouad, A., A. Hamed, W. amer, and R. Hafez, "Barcoding of some plant species using rbcL gene ‎in the Mediterranean oolitic sand dunes west of Alexandria, Egypt ", https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=dNXDRs4AAAAJ, 2022. 2022_barcoding_of_the_oolitic_species_ejb.pdf
Fouad, A. S., A. B. Hamed, W. M. Amer, and R. M. Hafez, "Barcoding of Some Plant Species Using the rbcL Gene in the Mediterranean Oolitic Sand Dunes West of Alexandria, Egypt", Egyptian Journal of Botany, vol. 62, issue 1: National Information and Documentation Center (NIDOC), Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT), pp. 159-168, 2022. AbstractWebsite

IN the Mediterranean Basin, oolitic sand dunes extend along the northeastern coast of Africa between the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia) and the Nile Delta (Egypt), attenuating coastal vulnerability to storms and saltwater intrusion and protecting inland infrastructure. Psammophytes are typical and distinctive plants for dune habitats; they are the primary drivers for dune growth and stabilization by trapping sand particles in their shoot and root systems. The Anthropocene fingerprint may create an environment favorable for nonpsammophyte invasion and subsequent alteration in sand dune habitat structure and functions. The authentication of sand dune-inhabiting species should be a priority for conservation or restoration measures concerning sand dune habitats. This study is the first rbcL-based DNA barcoding documentation of 20 plant species inhabiting the vulnerable Egyptian oolitic sand dune habitats in Burg El Arab area, west of Alexandria. Results highlighted the applicability of the rbcL locus sequence for species authentication and recognition of the examined plant taxa sharing the same habitat. The phylogenetic analysis of rbcL barcode polymorphism revealed current taxonomic relationships among the assigned species. Results added valuable information to the authentication of sand dune plants, providing the first rbcL barcodes for species growing in oolitic sand dune habitats in Egypt, six of which were submitted for the first time to GenBank.

Ammar, W., H. A. Basset, A. Alfaramawy, T. Hegazy, and Yasser Sharaf, "Bariatric surgery and cardiovascular outcome.", The Egyptian heart journal : (EHJ) : official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology, vol. 72, issue 1, pp. 67, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obesity is recognized as a classic risk factor for atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Weight loss after bariatric surgery has been associated with reduced CV mortality and total mortality in obese patients. Our aim was to study the impact of bariatric surgery on CV risk profile, cardiac structure, and function postoperatively.

RESULTS: This prospective longitudinal study included 100 morbidly obese patients at final analysis. All patients were subjected to full clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic examination at baseline and 6 months after bariatric surgery. The mean age of study population was 37.2 ± 10.49 with BMI of 47 ± 6.82. Females represented 84%. Sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were performed in 79% and 21%, respectively. Surgery-related mortality and morbidity were 0.94% and 4.7%, respectively. After 6 months, there were significant decreases in BMI, heart rate, SBP, DBP, and Framingham risk score (P < 0.0001). The prevalence of risk factors decreased as follows: hypertension 24% vs. 12%, P = 0.0005; DM 21% vs. 11%, P = 0.002; dyslipidemia 32% vs. 7%, P < 0.0001; and metabolic syndrome 54% vs. 26%, P < 0.0001. Highly significant (P < 0.0001) decrease in fasting PG and 2 h PP-PG, HbA1c, ASL, ALT, fasting total cholesterol, LDL, TG, and increase in HDL were observed after bariatric surgery. There were significant shortening in QTc interval (P = 0.009), decrease in LV dimensions and LV mass index (P < 0.0001), and increase in LV EF% (P = 0.0003). BMI at follow-up showed significant positive correlation with age, Framingham risk score, and preoperative BMI (r = 0.289, P = 0.0036; r = 0.37, P = 0.0054; and r = 0.31, P = 0.0081, respectively).

CONCLUSION: In addition to enabling patients to achieve a substantial weight loss, bariatric surgery provides a myriad of health benefits. Weight reduction was associated with a favorable improvement in cardiovascular risk profile, cardiac structure, and function.

Mohamed, S. M., E. A. Abdel-Rahim, T. A. A. Aly, A. M. M. naguib, and M. S. Khattab, Barley microgreen incorporation in diet-controlled diabetes and counteracted aflatoxicosis in rats, , 2021.
Stuart, D., M. Sandström, H. M. Youssef, S. Zakhrabekova, P. E. Jensen, D. Bollivar, and M. Hansson, "Barley Viridis-k links an evolutionarily conserved C-type ferredoxin to chlorophyll biosynthesis", The Plant Cell, 2021.
Ameera, M. A., M. I. Kamel, and S. A. Ali, "Barometric and spatiotemporal gait differences between leading and non-leading feet of handball players", Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association , 2021. barometric_paper.pdf
Taher, M. F., A. B. Cecchini, M. A. Allen, S. R. Gobran, R. C. Gorman, and B. L. Guthrie, "Baroreceptor responses derived from a fundamental concept.", Ann Biomed Eng,, vol. 16, pp. 429-443, 1988.
Mohamed, A. A., T. M. A. el Barr, J. H.Ibrahim, M. A. E. H. Aziz, A. E. A. Masry, and M. E. H. Sherbiny, "Baroreflex Integrity A Comparative Study between Propofol and Propofol with Sevoflurane Anesthesia", Medical Journal of Cairo University, vol. 83, issue 1, pp. 1031-1037, 2015. Baroreflex_integrity_a_comparative_study_between_propofol_and_propofol_with_sevoflurane_anesthesia_medical_journal_of_cairo_university_december_2015.pdf
El-Shabrawy, M. M., K. M. Fasseih, and M. A. Zaki, "A Barotropic Model of the Red Sea Circulation", ISRN Civil Engineering, vol. Volume 2012,doi:10.5402/2012/345979 , pp. 11 , 2012.
Sasada, I., S. Harada, F. Han, T. Takeda, M. Shimada, and A. Mahgoub, A barrier free magnetic shield and its application to MCG measurements by a fluxgate array, : Biomag2012, 2012. Abstract
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Mohamed Ibrahim, O. H., F. J. Jirjees, and H. J. Mahdi, "Barriers affecting compliance of patients with chronic diseases: A preliminary study in United Arab Emirates (UAE) population", Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 4, issue SUPPL. 2, pp. 42 - 45, 2011. AbstractWebsite

Medication non-compliance is an ignored health problem in developing countries, which have an alarming average of less than 50% of patients complying with medication instructions. Such non-compliance is considered a major challenge to effective management of most chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Objective: To evaluate the factors affecting patient compliance and the impact of better compliance on the control of chronic diseases. Another objective is to measure the prevalence of intentional and non-intentional non compliance and their causes. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted for 240 patients with chronic diseases who are followed up at Al-Qassimi Hospital, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (ARE) during the period of September 2008 until March 2009. The hospital ethical committee approval was obtained before the commencement of the study. A validated data collection form and questionnaire were used to collect patients' demographics, degree of knowledge about their medications and concurrent diseases. Patients were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria which include chronic diseased adult patients who have one or more of the following chronic conditions (Diabetes, hypertension and/or dyslipidemia) confirmed in the patients' medical file (not on their initial diagnosis). Participants should have an active prescription without changes for at least 90 days at the time of study recruitment. Descriptive statistics were reported and statistical analysis using SPSS software version 18 was done to correlate patient demographics and patient compliance and to measure the correlation of patient compliance and the control of chronic diseases using chi square test. Results: The mean age of participants was 56.6 ± 12.4 years. Most of participants were illiterate (62.5%). Most of them had family history with chronic disease (69.2%). Most patients have more than one chronic disease (86.7%). More than three quarters of participants (77.5%) do not control one or more of their diseases. Also high percentage of participants (76.7%) was on polypharmacy regimen (mean number of drug used 7.0 ± 3.0). The most prominent complication related to chronic diseases that participants suffered from is cardiovascular diseases (27.6%). Forgetfulness is the main reason for non-intentional non-compliance (75%), while polypharmacy was considered the main causes for intentional non-compliance (13.3%). The current study revealed that there is significant association between patients' young age, having family member with chronic disease, having complications and good compliance (p-value < 0.05). Also, there is a statistically significant association between good compliance and better achievement of chronic diseases control (p-value < 0.05). It was also found that level of education and number of chronic diseases have no correlation with compliance (P-value > 0.05) Conclusion: Medication compliance is very important to control chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension and/or dyslipidemia and decrease their complications. Results of the study showed that there is a positive association between good compliance and achievement of better control of chronic diseases. The current study also revealed that there is significant association between patients' young age, having family member with chronic disease, having complications and good medication compliance.

Elshaarawy, O., S. A. Lashen, N. A. Makhlouf, D. Abdeltawab, M. S. Zaghloul, R. M. Ahmed, H. Fathy, S. Afifi, M. Abdel-Gawad, E. A. E. Sameea, et al., "Barriers for resuming endoscopy service in the context of COVID-19 pandemic: A multicenter survey from Egypt", World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 26, issue 43, pp. 6880-6890, 2020.
., S. A. M. A. H. M. O. U. R. D. B., A. B. E. E. R. M. SEADA, and EMAN A. ETWAY, "Barriers of Reporting Incident and Suggested Solution's from the Perspective of Staff Nurses", Med. J. Cairo Univ, vol. 88, issue 1, pp. 8-17, 2020. barriers_of_reporting_incident.pdf
Sarhan, M. D., M. Mostafa, I. Anwar, and H. Osama, "Barriers to completing therapy for Hepatitis C with direct acting-antivirals: A real-life experience from single Treatment Center in Egypt.", Journal of Primary Care & Community Health, vol. 12, pp. 1-6, 2021.
Aboulghar, M., "Barriers to conducting clinical research in reproductive medicine: Egypt", Fertility and Sterility, vol. 96, issue 4, pp. 805-806, 2011.
AlNuaimi, M., K. Shaalan, M. Alnuaimi, and K. Alnuaimi, "Barriers to Electronic Government Citizens' Adoption: A Case of Municipal Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi", The International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE’11), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 8 December, 2011. Abstracte-gov.pdf

The advances in information and communication technologies have changed the way the governments interact with their citizens. The development of the internet and its vast capabilities played a vital role in this change. According the UN report 2010, the UN e-Government development index of the world rated United Arab Emirates in 49 which comes late 17 places than 2008 ranking. During 2008 the UAE ranked in 32. Therefore, it can be seen that UAE is having some troubles in citizens’ adoption of the e-Government. In this paper, we will examine the key berries to the use of the e-Government services by citizens through testing the effect of 11 independent variables on the citizens’ use of e-Government in municipal of Emirate of Abu Dhabi.

Ahmad, A. M., F. E. Megahed, M. R. Z. Mahgoub, H. M. Ali, and W. M. Kamal, "Barriers to Exercise for Overweight/Obese Physiotherapy Students in Egypt. A Cross-Sectional Study", I n n o v a t i v e J o u r n a l o f M e d i c a l a n d H e a l t h S c i e n c e, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 328–335, 2019. PDF file