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El-Massah, S., and O. and Al-Sayed, "Banking Sector Performance: Islamic and Conventional Banks in the UAE", International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management (JITBM), vol. 36, issue 1, 2015.
Farag, D. M. S. A. E., D. M. El-Gheriani, and D. M. Al-Khulaifi, Banking Transactions according with the Qatari Commercial Law no. 27 of 2006, , Doha, Qatar University, 2015.
Atiya, A. F., "Bankruptcy prediction for credit risk using neural networks: A survey and new results", IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 12, pp. 929–935, 2001. Abstract
Hassaan, G. A., "Banu Musa, the founder of automatic control", 8th Int. Conference on Mechanical Design & Production, Giza, 6 January, 2004. banu-musa_control.pdf
Mahmoud, M. Y., D. R. Demuth, and J. M. Steinbach-Rankins, "BAR-encapsulated nanoparticles for the inhibition and disruption of Porphyromonas gingivalis-Streptococcus gordonii biofilms.", Journal of nanobiotechnology, vol. 16, issue 1, pp. 69, 2018. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Porphyromonas gingivalis adherence to oral streptococci is a key point in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases (Honda in Cell Host Microbe 10:423-425, 2011). Previous work in our groups has shown that a region of the streptococcal antigen denoted BAR (SspB Adherence Region) inhibits P. gingivalis/S. gordonii interaction and biofilm formation both in vitro and in a mouse model of periodontitis (Daep et al. in Infect Immun 74:5756-5762, 2006; Daep et al. in Infect immun 76:3273-3280, 2008; Daep et al. in Infect Immun 79:67-74, 2011). However, high localized concentration and prolonged exposure are needed for BAR to be an effective therapeutic in the oral cavity.

METHODS: To address these challenges, we fabricated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and methoxy-polyethylene glycol PLGA (mPEG-PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) that encapsulate BAR peptide, and assessed the potency of BAR-encapsulated NPs to inhibit and disrupt in vitro two-species biofilms. In addition, the kinetics of BAR-encapsulated NPs were compared after different durations of exposure in a two-species biofilm model, against previously evaluated BAR-modified NPs and free BAR.

RESULTS: BAR-encapsulated PLGA and mPEG-PLGA NPs potently inhibited biofilm formation (IC50 = 0.7 μM) and also disrupted established biofilms (IC50 = 1.3 μM) in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, BAR released during the first 2 h of administration potently inhibits biofilm formation, while a longer duration of 3 h is required to disrupt pre-existing biofilms.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that BAR-encapsulated NPs provide a potent platform to inhibit (prevent) and disrupt (treat) P. gingivalis/S. gordonii biofilms, relative to free BAR.

Zayed, M. A., U. M. Fouda, K. A. Elsetohy, S. M. Zayed, A. T. Hashem, and M. A. Youssef, "Barbed sutures versus conventional sutures for uterine closure at cesarean section; a randomized controlled trial.", The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians, pp. 1-8, 2017 Oct 29. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this randomized control trial was to compare the operative data and the early postoperative outcomes of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a barbed suture (STRATAFIX™ Spiral PDO Knotless Tissue Control Device, SXPD2B405, Ethicon Inc.) with those of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a conventional smooth suture (VICRYL; Ethicon Inc.).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred pregnant patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the Stratafix group or the Vicryl group. The uterine incision was closed by two layers of sutures in both groups. In the Vicryl group, the first layer was continuous and the second layer was interrupted. In the Stratafix group, both layers were continuous.

RESULTS: The uterine closure time was significantly lower in the Stratafix group (224 ± 46 versus 343 ± 75 s, p < .001). Operative time was comparable between both groups. Twelve patients in the Vicryl group and two patients in the Stratafix group required additional sutures to achieve hemostasis (p value = .009). The mean blood loss during closure of uterine incision and mean hospital stay were lower in the Stratafix group but these differences failed to reach statistical significance.

CONCLUSION: The use of barbed suture for uterine incision closure at cesarean section is associated with shorter uterine closure time and similar early perioperative complications compared with conventional smooth suture. The difference between both groups in the technique of suturing the second layer of the uterine incision may be the cause of the reduction in the uterine closure time and the need for additional sutures to achieve hemostasis during suturing the uterine incision with a barbed suture. Further, well designed randomized controlled trials should be conducted to investigate the association between the type of suture (barbed or conventional smooth) and remote complications of cesarean section (infertility, pelvic pain, abnormal placentation and rupture uterus).

Fouda, U. M., K. A. Elsetohy, and H. S. Elshaer, "Barbed Versus Conventional Suture: A Randomized Trial for Suturing the Endometrioma Bed After Laparoscopic Excision of Ovarian Endometrioma.", J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2016 , vol. 23, issue 6, pp. 962-8, 2016.
Bahouth, S. W., and M. M. Nooh, "Barcoding of GPCR trafficking and signaling through the various trafficking roadmaps by compartmentalized signaling networks.", Cellular signalling, vol. 36, pp. 42-55, 2017 Aug. Abstract

Proper signaling by G protein coupled receptors (GPCR) is dependent on the specific repertoire of transducing, enzymatic and regulatory kinases and phosphatases that shape its signaling output. Activation and signaling of the GPCR through its cognate G protein is impacted by G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK)-imprinted "barcodes" that recruit β-arrestins to regulate subsequent desensitization, biased signaling and endocytosis of the GPCR. The outcome of agonist-internalized GPCR in endosomes is also regulated by sequence motifs or "barcodes" within the GPCR that mediate its recycling to the plasma membrane or retention and eventual degradation as well as its subsequent signaling in endosomes. Given the vast number of diverse sequences in GPCR, several trafficking mechanisms for endosomal GPCR have been described. The majority of recycling GPCR, are sorted out of endosomes in a "sequence-dependent pathway" anchored around a type-1 PDZ-binding module found in their C-tails. For a subset of these GPCR, a second "barcode" imprinted onto specific GPCR serine/threonine residues by compartmentalized kinase networks was required for their efficient recycling through the "sequence-dependent pathway". Mutating the serine/threonine residues involved, produced dramatic effects on GPCR trafficking, indicating that they played a major role in setting the trafficking itinerary of these GPCR. While endosomal SNX27, retromer/WASH complexes and actin were required for efficient sorting and budding of all these GPCR, additional proteins were required for GPCR sorting via the second "barcode". Here we will review recent developments in GPCR trafficking in general and the human β1-adrenergic receptor in particular across the various trafficking roadmaps. In addition, we will discuss the role of GPCR trafficking in regulating endosomal GPCR signaling, which promote biochemical and physiological effects that are distinct from those generated by the GPCR signal transduction pathway in membranes.

Fouad, A. S., A. B. Hamed, W. M. Amer, and R. M. Hafez, "Barcoding of some plant species using rbcl gene in the mediterranean Oolitic sand dunes west of alexandria, Egypt.", Egyptian J of Botany , vol. 62, issue 1, pp. 159-168, 2022. ejbo_volume_62_issue_1_pages_159-168_1.pdf
Fouad, A., A. Hamed, W. amer, and R. Hafez, "Barcoding of some plant species using rbcL gene ‎in the Mediterranean oolitic sand dunes west of Alexandria, Egypt ",, 2022. 2022_barcoding_of_the_oolitic_species_ejb.pdf
Fouad, A. S., A. B. Hamed, W. M. Amer, and R. M. Hafez, "Barcoding of Some Plant Species Using the rbcL Gene in the Mediterranean Oolitic Sand Dunes West of Alexandria, Egypt", Egyptian Journal of Botany, vol. 62, issue 1: National Information and Documentation Center (NIDOC), Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT), pp. 159-168, 2022. AbstractWebsite

IN the Mediterranean Basin, oolitic sand dunes extend along the northeastern coast of Africa between the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia) and the Nile Delta (Egypt), attenuating coastal vulnerability to storms and saltwater intrusion and protecting inland infrastructure. Psammophytes are typical and distinctive plants for dune habitats; they are the primary drivers for dune growth and stabilization by trapping sand particles in their shoot and root systems. The Anthropocene fingerprint may create an environment favorable for nonpsammophyte invasion and subsequent alteration in sand dune habitat structure and functions. The authentication of sand dune-inhabiting species should be a priority for conservation or restoration measures concerning sand dune habitats. This study is the first rbcL-based DNA barcoding documentation of 20 plant species inhabiting the vulnerable Egyptian oolitic sand dune habitats in Burg El Arab area, west of Alexandria. Results highlighted the applicability of the rbcL locus sequence for species authentication and recognition of the examined plant taxa sharing the same habitat. The phylogenetic analysis of rbcL barcode polymorphism revealed current taxonomic relationships among the assigned species. Results added valuable information to the authentication of sand dune plants, providing the first rbcL barcodes for species growing in oolitic sand dune habitats in Egypt, six of which were submitted for the first time to GenBank.

Fouad, A. S., A. B. Hamed, W. M. Amer, and R. M. Hafez, "Barcoding of Some Plant Species Using the rbcL Gene in the Mediterranean Oolitic Sand Dunes West of Alexandria, Egypt", Egyptian Journal of Botany, vol. 62, issue 1, pp. 159-168, 2022.
Hawsawi, Y. M., A. Shams, A. Theyab, W. A. Abdali, N. A. Hussien, H. E. Alatwi, O. R. Alzahrani, A. A. A. Oyouni, A. O. Babalghith, and M. Alreshidi, "BARD1 mystery: tumor suppressors are cancer susceptibility genes.", BMC cancer, vol. 22, issue 1, pp. 599, 2022. Abstract

The full-length BRCA1-associated RING domain 1 (BARD1) gene encodes a 777-aa protein. BARD1 displays a dual role in cancer development and progression as it acts as a tumor suppressor and an oncogene. Structurally, BARD1 has homologous domains to BRCA1 that aid their heterodimer interaction to inhibit the progression of different cancers such as breast and ovarian cancers following the BRCA1-dependant pathway. In addition, BARD1 was shown to be involved in other pathways that are involved in tumor suppression (BRCA1-independent pathway) such as the TP53-dependent apoptotic signaling pathway. However, there are abundant BARD1 isoforms exist that are different from the full-length BARD1 due to nonsense and frameshift mutations, or deletions were found to be associated with susceptibility to various cancers including neuroblastoma, lung, breast, and cervical cancers. This article reviews the spectrum of BARD1 full-length genes and its different isoforms and their anticipated associated risk. Additionally, the study also highlights the role of BARD1 as an oncogene in breast cancer patients and its potential uses as a prognostic/diagnostic biomarker and as a therapeutic target for cancer susceptibility testing and treatment.

Ammar, W., H. A. Basset, A. Alfaramawy, T. Hegazy, and Yasser Sharaf, "Bariatric surgery and cardiovascular outcome.", The Egyptian heart journal : (EHJ) : official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology, vol. 72, issue 1, pp. 67, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obesity is recognized as a classic risk factor for atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Weight loss after bariatric surgery has been associated with reduced CV mortality and total mortality in obese patients. Our aim was to study the impact of bariatric surgery on CV risk profile, cardiac structure, and function postoperatively.

RESULTS: This prospective longitudinal study included 100 morbidly obese patients at final analysis. All patients were subjected to full clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic examination at baseline and 6 months after bariatric surgery. The mean age of study population was 37.2 ± 10.49 with BMI of 47 ± 6.82. Females represented 84%. Sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were performed in 79% and 21%, respectively. Surgery-related mortality and morbidity were 0.94% and 4.7%, respectively. After 6 months, there were significant decreases in BMI, heart rate, SBP, DBP, and Framingham risk score (P < 0.0001). The prevalence of risk factors decreased as follows: hypertension 24% vs. 12%, P = 0.0005; DM 21% vs. 11%, P = 0.002; dyslipidemia 32% vs. 7%, P < 0.0001; and metabolic syndrome 54% vs. 26%, P < 0.0001. Highly significant (P < 0.0001) decrease in fasting PG and 2 h PP-PG, HbA1c, ASL, ALT, fasting total cholesterol, LDL, TG, and increase in HDL were observed after bariatric surgery. There were significant shortening in QTc interval (P = 0.009), decrease in LV dimensions and LV mass index (P < 0.0001), and increase in LV EF% (P = 0.0003). BMI at follow-up showed significant positive correlation with age, Framingham risk score, and preoperative BMI (r = 0.289, P = 0.0036; r = 0.37, P = 0.0054; and r = 0.31, P = 0.0081, respectively).

CONCLUSION: In addition to enabling patients to achieve a substantial weight loss, bariatric surgery provides a myriad of health benefits. Weight reduction was associated with a favorable improvement in cardiovascular risk profile, cardiac structure, and function.

Mohamed, S. M., E. A. Abdel-Rahim, T. A. A. Aly, A. M. M. naguib, and M. S. Khattab, Barley microgreen incorporation in diet-controlled diabetes and counteracted aflatoxicosis in rats, , 2021.
MOHAMED, S. M., E. A. Abdel-Rahim, T. A. A. Aly, A. M. Naguib, and M. S. Khattab, "Barley microgreen incorporation in diet-controlled diabetes and counteracted aflatoxicosis in rats", Experimental Biology and Medicine,, vol. 247, pp. 385-394, 2022.
Stuart, D., M. Sandström, H. M. Youssef, S. Zakhrabekova, P. E. Jensen, D. Bollivar, and M. Hansson, "Barley Viridis-k links an evolutionarily conserved C-type ferredoxin to chlorophyll biosynthesis", The Plant Cell, 2021.
Ameera, M. A., M. I. Kamel, and S. A. Ali, "Barometric and spatiotemporal gait differences between leading and non-leading feet of handball players", Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association , 2021. barometric_paper.pdf
Taher, M. F., A. B. Cecchini, M. A. Allen, S. R. Gobran, R. C. Gorman, and B. L. Guthrie, "Baroreceptor responses derived from a fundamental concept.", Ann Biomed Eng,, vol. 16, pp. 429-443, 1988.
Mohamed, A. A., T. M. A. el Barr, J. H.Ibrahim, M. A. E. H. Aziz, A. E. A. Masry, and M. E. H. Sherbiny, "Baroreflex Integrity A Comparative Study between Propofol and Propofol with Sevoflurane Anesthesia", Medical Journal of Cairo University, vol. 83, issue 1, pp. 1031-1037, 2015. Baroreflex_integrity_a_comparative_study_between_propofol_and_propofol_with_sevoflurane_anesthesia_medical_journal_of_cairo_university_december_2015.pdf
El-Shabrawy, M. M., K. M. Fasseih, and M. A. Zaki, "A Barotropic Model of the Red Sea Circulation", ISRN Civil Engineering, vol. Volume 2012,doi:10.5402/2012/345979 , pp. 11 , 2012.
Sasada, I., S. Harada, F. Han, T. Takeda, M. Shimada, and A. Mahgoub, A barrier free magnetic shield and its application to MCG measurements by a fluxgate array, : Biomag2012, 2012. Abstract