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Gheita, T. A., S. A. Kenawy, and H. A. Gheita, "BAFF in postmenopausal RA patients with low bone mass: A possible protective role of HCQ. ", Ann Rheum Dis. Supplement Paris, France, ‘EULAR’, 2014.
Shiba, H., M. A. Kamal, R. Zayed, Z. A. El_Saadany, L. Elmessery, J. Abdelmoniem, D. R. AbdelRahman, and F. Ramadan, "BAFF Promoter Polymorphisms in Egyptian Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus", Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science, vol. 43, pp. 289-294, 2014.
M, M., M. G, and H. S, "Baker's respiratory allergy and specific wheat antibodies.", Journal of Applied Sciences Research, vol. 9, issue 1, pp. 444-450, 2013.
Hanafy, M. A., A. A. M. El-Gawad, and A. R. A. M. R. and Ali, "Bakery wastes and discarded date as source of carbohydrate in silage making for lactating goats feeding.", Egyptation J. Nutrition and Feeds, vol. 16, issue 3, pp. 437-447, 2013. Abstract
Mohsen, S., "Balady bread characteristics as affected by addition of soybean flour , lipase and cotton seed oil", Agric. Res. Rev.,, vol. 68, issue 8, pp. 1877 – 1890, 1990. Abstract
Mohsen, S., "Balady bread characteristics as affected by addition of corn , barley or soy- flour .", Presented at the international conf. and exib. for food industry quality control food quality, Alex., Egypt, 1997. Abstract
Mohsen, S., "Balady bread characteristics as affected by addition of corn , barley or soy- flour .", Presented at the international conf. and exib. for food industry quality control food quality, Alex., Egypt, 1997. Abstract
Shady, N. A. A., S. I. El-Jaafary, I. M. Hamouda, and R. Y. Mohammad, "Balance Assessment during Cognitive Dual Task Performance in Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy", International Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 8, issue 2, pp. 17-22, 2019.
Semary, M. E. M., A. Y. M. A. N. A. NASSIF, I. M. Al-Azab, M. A. Awaady, and M. M. Mokhtar, Balance Assessment In Patients With Parkinson's Disease, , 2018. f0703094347.pdf
Darwesh, A., E. Elsayed, H. Abbas, A. El-Fiky, A. El-Marakby, and A. Aboelenin, "Balance Deficits in Elderly Population", Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 01–06, 2014. Abstract
Fahmy, I. M., G. M. Ramzy, N. A. Salem, G. M. Ahmed, and A. A. Mohammed, "Balance Disturbance in Patients with Diabetic Sensory Polyneuropathy", Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery, vol. 51, issue 1, 2014. Abstract2014511004.pdfWebsite

Balance Disturbance in Patients with Diabetic Sensory Polyneuropathy

Ibtesam M. Fahmy1, Gihan M. Ramzy1, Nahed A. Salem2,
Gehan M. Ahmed2, Abeer A. Mohammed2
Departments of Neurology1, Faculty of Medicine; Neuromuscular Disorders and its Surgery2,
Faculty of Physical Therapy; Cairo University; Egypt.


Background: Thirty percent of diabetic patients with polyneuropathy suffer from balance disturbance. Unsteadiness during standing and walking is a frequent complaint in such patients. Objective: To evaluate proprioception and vestibular function in patients with diabetic sensory polyneuropathy and to determine the effect of their disturbance on balance in such patients. Methods: This study included 60 subjects divided into two groups: group (1): included 30 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus suffering from sensory polyneuropathy and group (2): included 30 age and sex-matched healthy subjects. All participants were subjected to complete clinical assessment. The dynamic balance was assessed clinically by Berg balance scale (BBS) and laboratory using the Balance Master system. Results: Scores of BBS were significantly lower in group (1) than group (2). In addition, Limits of Stability (LOS) test revealed a highly significant increase in the reaction time in all directions, a significant decrease in movement velocity, end excursion and directional control in all directions in group 1 than group (2). Furthermore, a highly significant decrease in the mean values of the SOT was found in group 1 in all conditions. Also, a statistically significant negative correlation was detected between balance score and age in both groups. Conclusion: There is an effect of sensory disturbance on balance in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy, which could aggravate the risk of falls in such patients. [Egypt J Neurol Psychiat Neurosurg

E., F., R. G.M., S. N., and M. G., "Balance Disturbance in Patients with Diabetic Sensory Polyneuropathy.", in Egypt J. Neurol. Psychiat. Neurosurg., vol. 51, issue 1, pp. 21-29, Submitted.
Baiomy, N. M., N. E. Mohamed, F. S. Arab, and A. M. Abd-Elmonem, "Balance impairments in children with chronic kidney diseases", Egyptian journal of applied sciences, vol. 34, issue 12, pp. 493-503, 2019.
Rahmy, A. F., S. M, and A. Kader, "Balance Performance and Ankle Dorsiflexors Muscles Force in Elderly: A corelational study", Bull. Fac. Ph. Cairo Univ, vol. 9, issue 2, pp. 1, 2004. 1.docx
Badawy, W. M., and M. B. ibrahim, "Balance training versus reciprocal electrical stimulation on knee joint alignment in spastic diplegic cerebral palsy children", Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy , vol. 20, issue 2, pp. 146-153, 2015. Website
AbouRayah, M. F., and H. M. Abdelsalam, "Balanced Scorecard as a Lean Supply Chain Implementation Tool,", Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on computers and Industrial Engineering ICC&IE, Alexandria, Egypt, 2007. Abstract


Ismail, T., and M. Al-Thaoiehie, "A Balanced Scorecard Model for Performance Excellence in Saudi Arabia's Higher Education Sector", International Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation, vol. Vol.11, No.3/4, pp. 255-280, 2015. Abstract

This paper’s main objective is to introduce a Balanced Scorecard Model (BSC) which fits Saudi Arabia’s higher education institutions. We used questionnaires to obtain the opinions of respondents of public and private Saudi universities on the suggested key performance indicators (KPIs) derived from using the dimensions of the BSC of Kaplan and Norton (1992) with adaptations. The frequencies of recommended KPIs provided the basis for discussion. The findings revealed that most KPIs, recommended by respondents, were related to the customer and internal business process perspectives, whilst they did not recommend most indicators related to the learning and growth financial perspectives. Furthermore, most indicators had significant differences according to the type and age of the universities.

This paper extends previous studies on measuring performance excellence in the higher education sector by considering a set if KPIs which fit educational systems in emerging economics. The findings would help the management of Saudi universities as well as policy makers in the Saudi Ministry of Higher Education to: (i) define the possibility of adopting a BSC model to drive performance; and (ii) identify the need to a benchmarking of KPIs which fit both public and private universities.

Shazly, M., E. S. Elmallah, and J. Harms, "Balanced slices in wireless sensor networks", Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2011 IEEE: IEEE, pp. 440–445, 2011. Abstract
Shazly, M. H., E. S. Elmallah, and J. Harms, "Balancing area coverage in partitioned wireless sensor networks", Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2012 IEEE: IEEE, pp. 2323–2328, 2012. Abstract
Amin, R., J. Martin, J. Deaton, L. A. DaSilva, A. Hussien, and A. Eltawil, "Balancing spectral efficiency, energy consumption, and fairness in future heterogeneous wireless systems with reconfigurable devices", IEEE journal on selected areas in communications, vol. 31, no. 5: IEEE, pp. 969–980, 2013. Abstract
Farag, D. M. S. A. E., "Balancing the Inventors’ Interest against the Public Interest: The Case of the Patent Law of Qatar", Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology, vol. 7, issue 3, 2012.
Ghanem, H., M. El-Dakhly, and R. Shamloul, "Balay> impotans> nda günafl> r> tadalafil kullan> m>", J Sex Med, 2008. Abstract