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Abusanad, A., A. Bensalem, E. Shash, L. Mula-Hussain, Z. Benbrahim, S. Khatib, N. Abdelhafiz, J. Ansari, H. Jradi, K. Alkattan, et al., "Burnout in oncology: Magnitude, risk factors and screening among professionals from Middle East and North Africa (BOMENA study).", Psycho-oncology, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Burnout (BO) among oncology professionals (OP) is increasingly being recognized. Early recognition and intervention can positively affect the quality of care and patient safety. This study investigated the prevalence, work and lifestyle factors affecting BO among OPs in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

METHODS: An online survey was conducted among MENA OPs between 10 February and 15 March 2020, using the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and personal accomplishment (PA), including questions regarding demography/work-related factors and attitudes towards oncology. Data were analysed to measure BO prevalence and risk factors and explore a screening question for BO.

RESULTS: Of 1054 respondents, 1017 participants (64% medical oncologists, 77% aged less than 45 years, 55% female, 74% married, 67% with children and 40% practiced a hobby) were eligible. The BO prevalence was 68% with high levels of EE and DP (35% and 57% of participants, respectively) and low PA scores (49%). BO was significantly associated with age less than 44 years, administrative work greater than 25% per day and the thought of quitting oncology (TQ). Practising a hobby, enjoying oncology communication and appreciating oncology work-life balance were associated with a reduced BO score and prevalence. North African countries reported the highest BO prevalence. Lack of BO education/support was identified among 72% of participants and TQ-predicted burnout in 77%.

CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest BO study in MENA. The BO prevalence was high and several modifiable risk factors were identified, requiring urgent action. TQ is a simple and reliable screening tool for BO.

Abouzed, T. K., K. M. Sadek, E. W. Ghazy, W. Abdo, M. A. Kassab, S. Hago, S. Abdel-Wahab, E. A. Mahrous, E. Abdel-Sattar, and D. H. Assar, Black mulberry fruit extract alleviates streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy in rats: targeting TNF-α inflammatory pathway, , vol. 72, issue 11, pp. 1615 - 1628, 2020/11/01. AbstractWebsite

This study was designed to investigate the effect of Morus nigra fruit extract in retarding the progression of diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.Diabetic male Wistar rats were injected with black mulberry fruit extract (BMFE) at doses of 150 and 300 mg/kg body weight. After 4 weeks, microalbuminuria was estimated in addition to serum concentrations of glucose, insulin, creatinine and albumin.The study revealed a significant amelioration of all the measured parameters in diabetic animals. In addition, MDA, lipid peroxide levels and catalase activity were also improved. The histopathological examination of kidney tissues revealed significant improvement of the pathological changes and glomerular sclerosis in diabetic rats treated with BMFE. Treated rats showed downregulation of TNF-α, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and fibronectin mRNA expression.The ameliorative effect of BMFE on diabetic nephropathy is not only through its potent antioxidant and hypoglycaemic effects but also through its downregulation of TNF-α, VCAM-1 and fibronectin mRNA expression in renal tissues of diabetic-treated rats. Therefore, BMFE as dietary supplement could be a promising agent in improving diabetic nephropathy.

Warrad, M., Y. M. Hassan, M. S. M. Mohamed, N. Hagagy, O. A. Al-Maghrabi, S. Selim, A. M. Saleh, and H. AbdElgawad, "A Bioactive Fraction from Streptomyces sp. Enhances Maize Tolerance against Drought Stress", Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 30, issue 8: The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology, pp. 1156 - 1168, 2020/08/. AbstractWebsite

Drought stress is threatening the growth and productivity of many economical crops. Therefore, it is necessary to establish innovative and efficient approaches for improving crop growth and productivity. Here we investigated the potentials of the cell-free extract of Actinobacteria (Ac) isolated from a semi-arid habitat (Al-Jouf region, Saudi Arabia) to recover the reduction in maize growth and improve the physiological stress tolerance induced by drought. Three Ac isolates were screened for production of secondary metabolites, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. The isolate Ac3 revealed the highest levels of flavonoids, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities in addition to having abilities to produce siderophores and phytohormones. Based on seed germination experiment, the selected bioactive fraction of Ac3 cell-free extract (F2.7, containing mainly isoquercetin), increased the growth and photosynthesis rate under drought stress. Moreover, F2.7 application significantly alleviated drought stress-induced increases in H2O2, lipid peroxidation (MDA) and protein oxidation (protein carbonyls). It also increased total antioxidant power and molecular antioxidant levels (total ascorbate, glutathione and tocopherols). F2.7 improved the primary metabolism of stressed maize plants; for example, it increased in several individuals of soluble carbohydrates, organic acids, amino acids, and fatty acids. Interestingly, to reduce stress impact, F2.7 accumulated some compatible solutes including total soluble sugars, sucrose and proline. Hence, this comprehensive assessment recommends the potentials of actinobacterial cell-free extract as an alternative ecofriendly approach to improve crop growth and quality under water deficit conditions.

Samy, A., A. S. Ali, D. Latif, F. F. Darweesh, N. K. Ghamry, and A. A. Metwally, "Benefits of Self-administered Vaginal Dinoprostone 12 Hours before Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine Device Insertion in Nulliparous Adolescents and Young Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial.", Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, vol. 33, issue 4, pp. 382 - 387, 2020. Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess safety and efficacy of self-administered vaginal dinoprostone 12 hours before a 52-mg levonorgestrel intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) insertion in adolescents and young nulliparous women. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Nulliparous adolescents and young women aged 18-22 years. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned into 2 groups; the dinoprostone group (n = 65) received dinoprostone 3 mg vaginally, and the placebo group (n = 65) received placebo tablets vaginally. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was pain scores during LNG-IUD insertion measured using a visual analogue scale. Secondary outcomes were pain scores during speculum insertion, tenaculum placement, uterine sounding, and 20 minutes postprocedure, ease of insertion, Women's satisfaction score, need for additional analgesics, and side effects. RESULTS: The dinoprostone group had significantly lower pain scores during LNG-IUD insertion (2.83 ± 1.08 vs 3.95 ± 1.63), tenaculum placement (2.97 ± 1.41 vs 4.55 ± 1.53) and sounding of uterus (3.55 ± 1.71 vs 5.12 ± 1.37) compared with the placebo group (P < .001). No significant differences were found between both groups regarding anticipated pain scores (P = .85), pain during speculum insertion and 20 minutes postinsertion and insertion duration (P = .53). Women's satisfaction, provider reported ease of insertion, and need for additional analgesia were significantly better among dinoprostone users (P < .001, < .001, and .02, respectively). Side effects and procedure complications were similar for the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Self-administered dinoprostone 3 mg vaginally 12 hours before a 52-mg LNG-IUD insertion in nulliparous adolescent and young women effectively reduced pain during insertion and increased women's satisfaction and ease of insertion reported by clinicians.

Samy, A., A. M. Abdelhakim, D. Latif, M. Hamza, O. M. Osman, and A. A. Metwally, "Benefits of vaginal dinoprostone administration prior to levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system insertion in women delivered only by elective cesarean section: a randomized double-blinded clinical trial.", Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, vol. 301, issue 6, pp. 1463 - 1471, 2020. Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aimed at investigating the efficacy and safety of dinoprostone 3 mg vaginally prior to levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion in women undergoing elective cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial at family planning clinic of Cairo University hospitals from August 2019 to January 2020. We included 200 women aged ≥ 18 years who previously delivered by elective CD willing to receive LNG-IUS. Women were randomly assigned with a 1:1 allocation ratio to receive 3 mg vaginal dinoprostone or placebo tablets two hours before LNG-IUS insertion. Our main outcomes were patient-reported pain during insertion and 30 min post-procedure, ease of insertion, satisfaction, duration of insertion, and different side effects. RESULTS: Patient-perceived pain during LNG-IUS insertion was significantly reduced in dinoprostone compared to placebo (4.1 ± 1.7 vs 6.4 ± 1.3; p < 0.001). Dinoprostone reduced pain scores 30 min post-procedure compared to placebo, but the difference was not statistically significant (3.5 ± 1.1 vs 3.7 ± 1.6; p = 0.25). Satisfaction score was higher in dinoprostone compared to placebo (7.9 ± 1.0 vs 5.9 ± 0.8; p < 0.001). The insertion was significantly easier and shorter in dinoprostone than placebo (3.9 ± 1.1 vs 5.9 ± 1.1; p < 0.001) and (5.6 ± 0.9 vs 7.2 ± 0.8; p < 0.001), respectively. Adverse events were not significantly different between both groups. CONCLUSION: Dinoprostone administration 2 h before LNG-IUS insertion in women delivered by elective CD effectively reduced pain during insertion and 30 min post-procedure. Women received dinoprostone had easier and shorter insertion and were more satisfied with tolerable side effects.

Ullah, Z., S. Ali, N. Muhammad, N. Khan, M. Rizwan, M. D. Khan, N. Khan, B. Khattak, H. A. S. Alhaithloul, and M. H. Soliman, "Biochar impact on microbial population and elemental composition of red soil", Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol. 13, issue 16, pp. 1 - 9, 2020. Abstract
Rashad, Y. M., and T. A. A. Moussa, "Biocontrol Agents for Fungal Plant Diseases Management", Cottage Industry of Biocontrol Agents and Their Applications: Springer, pp. 337 - 363, 2020. Abstract2020-_chapter.pdf


EL-SHEIKH, W., H. El-Kenway, Ahmed, and M. Soliman, Biodiversity and Population Dynamics of Natural Enemies in the Western Desert Agro-Ecosystem, Egypt, , vol. 13, issue 4, pp. 1 - 14, 2020. AbstractWebsite

Extension of the newly reclaimed areas for agriculture in Egypt has obviously affected the microclimate of the insect pests, which seriously threatens the cultivated field crops. Besides, the role of the major natural enemies must be carefully understood. Therefore, a field study was conducted in El-Farafra Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt to assess biodiversity and population dynamics of major natural enemies found associated with three field crops (faba bean, cotton, and alfalfa) by sweep-net and beat and shake sampling. The species diversity of natural enemies included 27 species, 23 genera, 14 families belonging to six orders and the total abundance of these species was 5098 individuals sampled during 2018 and 2019. The most common insect order was Coleoptera (composing 42.2% of the total abundance) followed by Hymenoptera (28.1%) and Neuroptera (17.8%), whereas the smallest number of individuals found in Odonata (2.1%). Similar population dynamics of natural enemies in the three crop fields were observed during the two seasons, and most species showed a positive correlation with temperature and negative correlation with relative humidity. The values of species diversity, richness, and evenness indices were higher in the alfalfa field (2.529, 2.623, and 0.846, respectively).

Khan, M., Q. U. Khan, R. Younas, S. Shaheen, R. Ahmad, N. U. Khan, M. H. Soliman, M. Rizwan, and S. Ali, "Biofortification of Iron, Zinc and Selenium in Rice for Better Quality", Rice Research for Quality Improvement: Genomics and Genetic Engineering: Springer, Singapore, pp. 629 - 638, 2020. Abstract
Mona M. Khaleil, Sawsan Abd Ellatif, M. S. E. S. A. E. M. S. F. H., "A BIOPROCESS DEVELOPMENT STUDY OF POLYPHENOL PROFILE, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF KOMBUCHA ENRICHED WITH Psidium guajava L.", J Microbiol Biotech Food Sci., vol. 9, issue 6, pp. 1024 - 1210, 2020. Abstract
Nelson, J., A. O. El-Gendy, M. S. Mansy, M. A. Ramadan, and R. K. Aziz, The biosurfactants iturin, lichenysin and surfactin, from vaginally isolated lactobacilli, prevent biofilm formation by pathogenic Candida, , vol. 367, issue 15: Oxford University Press, pp. fnaa126, 2020. Abstract
Mohamed, A. A., A. A. Hemeda, R. K. Aziz, M. S. Abdel-Hakeem, and M. Ali-Tammam, Body mass index (BMI) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level correlate with the severity of HCV-induced fibrosis in a cohort of Egyptian patients with chronic HCV, , vol. 6, issue 1: Springer, pp. 1 - 8, 2020. Abstract
Ni, C., YuTang, H. R. S. Abdellatif, X. Huang, D. Xie, and J. Ni, "Boron-Doped TiO2 from Anodization of TiB2 for Efficient Photocatalysis", Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 167, issue 12: IOP Publishing, pp. 126505, 2020. AbstractWebsite

Anodization of TiB2 monolith rather than Ti0 was employed to prepare boron-doped TiO2 photoelectrochemical (PEC) anode and nanocrystals. The anodization behavior of TiB2 was found to be dependent on the orientation of the crystals and F− ions in the electrolyte. TiB2 orientating in [100] direction after anodization in the presence of F− formed a porous TiO2 layer that can be used as a PEC anode, while TiB2 with exposed (001) facets produced a gel containing Ti species in the electrolyte. The PEC anode or nanocrystals from the gel after hydrothermal treatment was boron-doped TiO2 showing superior photocatalytic performance over the counterpart from Ti0 foil for water splitting or Degussa P25 catalyst for dye degradation, respectively. The anodization of conductive ceramic monolith was demonstrated to be a way of preparing doped semiconductors for enhanced photocatalytic performance.

Elsenosy, F. M., G. A. Abdelbary, A. H. Elshafeey, I. Elsayed, and A. R. Fares, "Brain targeting of duloxetine hcl via intranasal delivery of loaded cubosomal gel: In vitro characterization, ex vivo permeation, and in vivo biodistribution studies", International Journal of Nanomedicine, vol. 15, pp. 9517 - 9537, 2020. AbstractWebsite
Tantawy, M. A., S. Alweshahy, D. A. Elshabasy, and N. F. Youssef, Butyl-based reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and silica normal-phase high-performance thin-layer chromatography methods for the determination of palonosetron in the presence of degradation products and dosage form additives, , vol. 33, issue 2, pp. 149 - 160, 2020. AbstractWebsite

Stability-indicating reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and normal-phase high-performance thin-layer chromatography (NP-HPTLC) methods have been developed for the determination of palonosetron which is a potent antiemetic drug used with chemotherapy. Forced degradation studies were performed on palonosetron to study its stability behavior. The drug was subjected to acid, base, neutral hydrolysis, oxidation, thermal and photolytic conditions. Mass analysis has been performed to elucidate the oxidative degradants by Advion compact mass spectrometer. HPLC separation was achieved on PerfectChrom 100 C4 (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm particle size) column using buffer (20 mM dipotassium hydrogen orthophosphate, adjusted with phosphoric acid to pH 2.5):acetonitrile:methanol (60:30:10, v/v) as the mobile phase with isocratic mode at a flow rate of 1 mL/min using photodiode array detector (PAD) at 210 nm. The method showed adequate sensitivity concerning linearity, accuracy and precision over the range of 0.1–10 μg/mL. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were determined to be 0.03 μg/mL and 0.09 μg/mL, respectively. HPTLC separation was carried out on aluminum plates pre-coated with silica gel 60 F254 using methanol:ammonia (10:0.5, v/v) as the mobile phase. CAMAG scanner was operated at 254 nm for the densitometric measurement in the absorbance mode. A polynomial relationship was constructed in concentration range of 0.1–2 μg/band, with LOD and LOQ 0.02 μg/band and 0.06 μg/band, respectively. The cited chromatographic methods were successfully applied to the determination of palonosetron in the presence of its degradation products and additives in the commercially available vials. Method validation was performed as per the ICH guidelines confirming methods robustness to be used in quality control laboratories. Statistical comparisons have been performed between the results of the cited chromatographic methods and those of the official one using Student’s t test and F test values at 95% confidence interval level, revealing good accuracy and precision.

Mostafa, M. S. E., mohamed ali elshafey, and M. S. Abdrabo, Biofeedback on Fecal Incontinence After Anorectal Malformations Repair: Effects Through Four Months , , 12\30\2020.
Nagwa I. Elarabi, Abdelhadi A. Abdelhadi, Rasha H. Ahmed, I. SALEH, I. A. Arif, G. Osman, and D. S. Ahmed, "Bacillus aryabhattai FACU: A Promising bacterial strain capable of manipulate the glyphosate herbicide residues", Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 27, issue (2020), pp. 2207–2214, 2020. 36._bacillus_aryabhattai_facu_a_promising_bacterial_strain_capable_of_manipulate_the_glyphosate_herbicide_residues.pdf
ELARABI, N. A. G. W. A. I., A. A. Abdelhadi, R. H. Ahmed, I. SALEH, I. A. Arif, G. Osman, and D. S. Ahmed, "Bacillus aryabhattai FACU: A promising bacterial strain capable of manipulate the glyphosate herbicide residues", Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 2207-2214, 2020. AbstractWebsite

Glyphosate is a commonly used organophosphate herbicide that has an adverse impact on humans, mammals and soil microbial ecosystems. The redundant utilize of glyphosate to control weed growth cause the pollution of the soil environment by this chemical. The discharge of glyphosate in the agricultural drainage can also cause serious environmental damage and water pollution problems. Therefore, it is important to develop methods for enhancing glyphosate degradation in the soil through bioremediation. In this study, thirty bacterial isolates were selected from an agro-industrial zone located in Sadat City of Monufia Governorate, Egypt. The isolates were able to grow in LB medium supplemented with 7.2 mg/ml glyphosate. Ten isolates only had the ability to grow in a medium containing different concentrations of glyphosate (50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 mg/ml). The FACU3 bacterial isolate showed the highest CFU in the different concentrations of glyphosate. The FACU3 isolate was Gram-positive, spore-forming and rod-shape bacteria. Based on API 50 CHB/E medium kit, biochemical properties and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the FACU3 isolate was identified as Bacillus aryabhattai. Different bioinformatics tools, including multiple sequence alignment (MSA), basic local alignment search tool (BLAST) and primer alignment, were used to design specific primers for goxB gene amplification and isolation. The goxB gene encodes FAD-dependent glyphosate oxidase enzyme that responsible for biodegradation process. The selected primers were successfully used to amplify the goxB gene from Bacillus aryabhattai FACU3. The results indicated that the Bacillus aryabhattai FACU3 can be utilized in glyphosate-contaminated environments for bioremediation. According to our knowledge, this is the first time to isolate of FAD-dependent glyphosate oxidase (goxB) gene from Bacillus aryabhattai.

Elarabi, N. I.;, A. A.A.;, R. H.; Ahmed, I.; Saleh, I. A.; Arif, G.; Osman, and D. S. Ahmed, "Bacillus aryabhattai FACU: A Promising bacterial strain capable of manipulate the glyphosate herbicide residues", Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 27(9):2207–2214, 2020.
Shymaa Hatem, Nada M. ElHoffy, Reham S. Elezaby, Maha Nasr b, *, A. O.kamel, and S. A. Elkheshen., "Background and different treatment modalities for melasma: Conventional and nanotechnology-based approaches", Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology, vol. 60 , pp. 101984, 2020.
Khattab, R. A., N. A. Ahmed, Y. M. Ragab, and S. A. Rasmy, "Bacteria producing antimicrobials against Clostridium difficile isolated from human stool.", Anaerobe , vol. 63 (2020) 102206. DOI: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2020.102206. PMID: 32339663., pp. 1-9, 2020.
Ammar, W., H. A. Basset, A. Alfaramawy, T. Hegazy, and Yasser Sharaf, "Bariatric surgery and cardiovascular outcome.", The Egyptian heart journal : (EHJ) : official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology, vol. 72, issue 1, pp. 67, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obesity is recognized as a classic risk factor for atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Weight loss after bariatric surgery has been associated with reduced CV mortality and total mortality in obese patients. Our aim was to study the impact of bariatric surgery on CV risk profile, cardiac structure, and function postoperatively.

RESULTS: This prospective longitudinal study included 100 morbidly obese patients at final analysis. All patients were subjected to full clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic examination at baseline and 6 months after bariatric surgery. The mean age of study population was 37.2 ± 10.49 with BMI of 47 ± 6.82. Females represented 84%. Sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were performed in 79% and 21%, respectively. Surgery-related mortality and morbidity were 0.94% and 4.7%, respectively. After 6 months, there were significant decreases in BMI, heart rate, SBP, DBP, and Framingham risk score (P < 0.0001). The prevalence of risk factors decreased as follows: hypertension 24% vs. 12%, P = 0.0005; DM 21% vs. 11%, P = 0.002; dyslipidemia 32% vs. 7%, P < 0.0001; and metabolic syndrome 54% vs. 26%, P < 0.0001. Highly significant (P < 0.0001) decrease in fasting PG and 2 h PP-PG, HbA1c, ASL, ALT, fasting total cholesterol, LDL, TG, and increase in HDL were observed after bariatric surgery. There were significant shortening in QTc interval (P = 0.009), decrease in LV dimensions and LV mass index (P < 0.0001), and increase in LV EF% (P = 0.0003). BMI at follow-up showed significant positive correlation with age, Framingham risk score, and preoperative BMI (r = 0.289, P = 0.0036; r = 0.37, P = 0.0054; and r = 0.31, P = 0.0081, respectively).

CONCLUSION: In addition to enabling patients to achieve a substantial weight loss, bariatric surgery provides a myriad of health benefits. Weight reduction was associated with a favorable improvement in cardiovascular risk profile, cardiac structure, and function.

Elshaarawy, O., S. A. Lashen, N. A. Makhlouf, D. Abdeltawab, M. S. Zaghloul, R. M. Ahmed, H. Fathy, S. Afifi, M. Abdel-Gawad, E. A. E. Sameea, et al., "Barriers for resuming endoscopy service in the context of COVID-19 pandemic: A multicenter survey from Egypt", World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 26, issue 43, pp. 6880-6890, 2020.