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2023
Elboghdady, A. E. A., A. H. Gomma, A. M. Hamed, and A. M. A. Allatif, "Assessment of phenotypic diversity of some date palm male genotypes growing under Egyptian conditions", Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, vol. 45: SciELO Brasil, pp. e-896, 2023. Abstract
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Marwa Adel Awad El-Said1*, Maysa Mohamed ElMallah1, M. A. S. 2 H. G. E. 1, "Assessment of the beneficial effect of chia and quinoa-fortified gluten-free biscuit products on celiac disease in rats", European Chemical Bulletin ., vol. 12, issue 7, pp. 354-361, 2023.
Wael H. Roshdy, Mohamed F. Abdelhameed, H. R. 1 M. A. A. S. S. A. E. - R. S. S. A. S. S., "ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF THE EGYVIR ON RATS EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS; A PRECLINICAL STUDY FOR SARS-COV-2 TREATMENT", J Microbiol Biotech Food Sci / Roshdy et al. 20xx : x (x) e9658, 2023.
Abdel kader, A., M. Haggag, K. Hamed, and H. G. Radwan, "Assessment of the Impacts of Proposed Water Resources Development Projects in Baro-Akobo-Sobat Basin on Nile Inflows at High Aswan Dam", Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, vol. 46, issue 101335, pp. 1-19, 2023.
Luo, Y., A. Huo, L. Yang, Z. Zhao, A. Ahmed, A. Elbeltagi, M. E. L. - S. Abuarab, and H. Ganjidoust, "Assessment of the Implementation Effect of a Gully Consolidation and Highland Protection (GCHP) Project Based on the GeoWEPP Model", Water Basel, vol. 15, issue 16, pp. 1-15, 2023.
Bazid, A. - H., H. M. Amer, M. Nayel, M. Attia, N. Maklad, M. Wasfy, M. Abdelmegeid, M. M. El-Sayed, A. Magouz, and Y. Badr, "Assessment of the potency and effectiveness of a heptavalent oil-adjuvanted (ISA 206) foot-and-mouth disease vaccine in Egypt.", Archives of virology, vol. 168, issue 2, pp. 62, 2023. Abstract

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a serious highly contagious viral disease affecting all cloven-hoofed animals, and outbreaks can have a severe economic impact. An inactivated heptavalent oil-adjuvanted FMD vaccine (Aphtovac-7, MEVAC) was prepared from the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) strains A-Iran05, A-Africa-IV, O-PanAsia2, O-Manisa, O-EA3, SAT-2 Gharbia, and SAT-2 LIB-12. The vaccine potency and effectiveness were evaluated in three groups of 6- to 8-month-old calves and 200 adult dairy cattle under field conditions. All animals were vaccinated with the vaccine preparation, and the three groups of calves were challenged after 28 days by intradermolingual inoculation with 10 50% tissue culture infective dose (TCID) of FMDV serotype A, O, or SAT-2. Mock-vaccinated calves (two per group) served as unvaccinated controls during the challenge test. Adult dairy cattle were tested for seroconversion using a virus neutralization test at 30, 60, and 120 days post-vaccination. All calves displayed complete protection against challenge with the different serotypes of FMDV when compared to the control groups. Serum samples collected after the primary and booster immunizations at 30 days post-vaccination contained high titers of protective antibodies (≥ 1/32; i.e. 1.5 log). Antibodies persisted until the end of the study period (120 days), with a peak value around 60 days post-vaccination. The heptavalent FMD vaccine preparation was found to be potent and capable of providing a protective immune response under both experimental and field conditions.

Mohamed, A. H. A., I. H. Mahmoud, H. M. S. E. Dein, H. S. Wahba, and K. R. Sallam, Assessment of the validity of image-defined risk factors (IDRFs) in abdominal neuroblastoma, , Cairo, Cairo University, 2023.
El-Sherbiny, H. R., A. S. El-Shalofy, and H. Samir, "Association between body condition score, testicular haemodynamics and echogenicity, nitric oxide levels, and total antioxidant capacity in rams", Irish veterinary journal, vol. 76, issue 1, pp. 7, 2023.
Gohar, S. M., W. T. V. Hegelstad, B. Auestad, U. H. Haahr, I. Joa, J. O. Johannessen, T. K. Larsen, S. Opjordsmoen, B. R. Rund, J. I. Røssberg, et al., "Association between early suicidal trajectories in first-episode psychosis and 10-year follow-up: TIPS registry-linked study.", The lancet. Psychiatry, vol. 10, issue 7, pp. 528-536, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although the risk of suicidality is high in first-episode psychosis, patterns and individual variability in suicidal thoughts and behaviours over time are under-researched. We aimed to identify early trajectories of suicidality over a 2-year follow-up, assess their baseline predictors, and explore associations between those trajectories and later suicidality.

METHODS: This longitudinal follow-up study was a part of the Early Treatment and Intervention in Psychosis (TIPS)study. Participants, linked to Norwegian and Danish death registries, were recruited from four catchment areas (665 000 inhabitants) in Norway and Denmark (both inpatient and outpatient). We included participants aged 15-65 years, with an intelligence quotient of more than 70, willing to give informed consent, and with a first episode of active psychotic symptoms. Individuals with comorbid neurological or endocrinal disorders, or those with contraindications to antipsychotics, were excluded. Growth mixture modelling was used to identify trajectories of suicidal thoughts and behaviours over the first 2 years. Multinomial logistic regression was applied to examine the baseline predictors of those trajectories and their associations with suicidality at 10-year follow-up.

FINDINGS: A total of 301 participants were recruited from Jan 1, 1997, to Dec 31, 2000. Of the 299 with completed suicidality data at baseline, 271 participated in 1-year follow-up, 250 in 2-year follow-up, 201 in 5-year follow-up, and 186 at 10-year follow-up. At baseline, 176 (58%) were male, 125 (42%) were female. The mean age was 27·80 years (SD 9·64; range 15-63). 280 (93%) participants were of Scandinavian origin. Four trajectories over 2 years were identified: stable non-suicidal (217 [72%]), stable suicidal ideation (45 [15%]), decreasing suicidal thoughts and behaviours (21 [7%]), and worsening suicidal thoughts and behaviours (18 [6%]). A longer duration of untreated psychosis (odds ratio [OR] 1·24, 95% CI 1·02-1·50, p=0·033), poorer premorbid childhood social adjustment (1·33, 1·01-1·73, p=0·039), more severe depression (1·10, 1·02-1·20, p=0·016), and substance use (2·33, 1·21-4·46, p=0·011) at baseline predicted a stable suicidal ideation trajectory. Individuals in the stable suicidal ideation trajectory tended to have suicidal thoughts and behaviours at 10-year follow-up (3·12, 1·33-7·25, p=0·008). Individuals with a worsening suicidal trajectory were at a higher risk of death by suicide between 2 and 10 years (7·58, 1·53-37·62, p=0·013).

INTERPRETATION: Distinct suicidal trajectories in first-episode psychosis were associated with specific predictors at baseline and distinct patterns of suicidality over time. Our findings call for early and targeted interventions for at-risk individuals with persistent suicidal ideation or deteriorating patterns of suicidal thoughts and behaviours, or both.

FUNDING: Health West, Norway; the Norwegian National Research Council; the Norwegian Department of Health and Social Affairs; the National Council for Mental Health and Health and Rehabilitation; the Theodore and Vada Stanley Foundation; the Regional Health Research Foundation for Eastern Region, Denmark; Roskilde County, Helsefonden, Lundbeck Pharma; Eli Lilly; Janssen-Cilag Pharmaceuticals, Denmark; a National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression Distinguished Investigator Award and The National Institute of Mental Health grant; a National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia & Depression Young Investigator Award from The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation; Health South East; Health West; and the Regional Centre for Clinical Research in Psychosis.

Ramaiah, P., F. M. A. Altalbawy, R. Margiana, B. N. Kumar, F. Kahar, A. T. Jalil, A. Komariah, V. E. Failoc‑Rojas, M. M. Kadhim, R. Sivaraman, et al., "The association between prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and childhood intelligence: a systematic review of observational studies", Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 30, issue 8, pp. 19592-19601, 2023. 2-environmental_science_and_pollution_research.pdf
Abu-Seida, A. M., "Author,s reply", Saudi Endodontic Journal, vol. 13, issue 1, pp. 118-119, 2023. author_reply.pdf
Maged, A. M., "Authors response to article retraction", The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care, vol. 28, issue 2, pp. 147-149, 2023.
Abd-Elmonem, A. M., E. S. Albadry, A. A. Othman, and M. E. Abbass, Autistic features in relation to motor function and quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder, , 2023.
Abd-Elmonem, A. M., E. S. Albadry, A. A. Othman, and M. E. Abbass, Autistic features in relation to motor function and quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder, , 2023.
Abdel-Salam, A., S. T. Bassiouni, A. M. Goher, and E. S. Shafie, "Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in the Pediatric Age Group: The Egyptian Experience", Annals of Hematology, vol. 102, issue 7, pp. 1687-1694, 2023.
Dawood, H., and N. Megahed, "Automatic Differentiation of Uncertainties: An Interval Computational Differentiation for First and Higher Derivatives with Implementation", PeerJ Computer Science, vol. 9, issue 5, pp. e1301, 2023. AbstractWebsite

Acquiring reliable knowledge amidst uncertainty is a topical issue of modern science. Interval mathematics has proved to be of central importance in coping with uncertainty and imprecision. Algorithmic differentiation, being superior to both numeric and symbolic differentiation, is nowadays one of the most celebrated techniques in the field of computational mathematics. In this connexion, laying out a concrete theory of interval differentiation arithmetic, combining subtlety of ordinary algorithmic differentiation with power and reliability of interval mathematics, can extend real differentiation arithmetic so markedly both in method and objective, and can so far surpass it in power as well as applicability. This article is intended to lay out a systematic theory of dyadic interval differentiation numbers that wholly addresses first and higher order automatic derivatives under uncertainty. We begin by axiomatizing a differential interval algebra and then we present the notion of an interval extension of a family of real functions, together with some analytic notions of interval functions. Next, we put forward an axiomatic theory of interval differentiation arithmetic, as a two-sorted extension of the theory of a differential interval algebra, and provide the proofs for its categoricity and consistency. Thereupon, we investigate the ensuing structure and show that it constitutes a multiplicatively non-associative S-semiring in which multiplication is subalternative and flexible. Finally, we show how to computationally realize interval automatic differentiation. Many examples are given, illustrating automatic differentiation of interval functions and families of real functions.

Dawood, H., and N. Megahed, "Automatic Differentiation of Uncertainties: An Interval Computational Differentiation for First and Higher Derivatives with Implementation", PeerJ Computer Science, vol. 9, issue 5, pp. e1301, 2023. Abstractpeerjcs1301_dawood.pdfWebsite

Acquiring reliable knowledge amidst uncertainty is a topical issue of modern science. Interval mathematics has proved to be of central importance in coping with uncertainty and imprecision. Algorithmic differentiation, being superior to both numeric and symbolic differentiation, is nowadays one of the most celebrated techniques in the field of computational mathematics. In this connexion, laying out a concrete theory of interval differentiation arithmetic, combining subtlety of ordinary algorithmic differentiation with power and reliability of interval mathematics, can extend real differentiation arithmetic so markedly both in method and objective, and can so far surpass it in power as well as applicability. This article is intended to lay out a systematic theory of dyadic interval differentiation numbers that wholly addresses first and higher order automatic derivatives under uncertainty. We begin by axiomatizing a differential interval algebra and then we present the notion of an interval extension of a family of real functions, together with some analytic notions of interval functions. Next, we put forward an axiomatic theory of interval differentiation arithmetic, as a two-sorted extension of the theory of a differential interval algebra, and provide the proofs for its categoricity and consistency. Thereupon, we investigate the ensuing structure and show that it constitutes a multiplicatively non-associative S-semiring in which multiplication is subalternative and flexible. Finally, we show how to computationally realize interval automatic differentiation. Many examples are given, illustrating automatic differentiation of interval functions and families of real functions.

Kotb, M. A., H. Abd El Baky, S. Sayed, M. A. Komy, M. Onsy, A. Aly, A. Tamer, and E. Mohamed, "Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease in a Child Complicated by Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: A Case Report", Pediatric Sciences Journal, vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 67-71, 2023. autosomal_recessive_polycystic_kidney_disease_in_a_child_complicated_by_autoimmune_hemolytic_anemia-_a_case_report.pdf
El-Ghany, W. A. A., "Avian cellulitis: A skin affection associated with economic losses in broiler chickens.", Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research, vol. 13, issue 1, pp. 34-38., 2023. online_j_anim_feed_res_cellulitis_2023.pdf
El-Ghany, W. A. A., "Avian haemospridian parasites: An updated review.", Archives of Veterinary Science, vol. 28, issue 2, pp. 1-17, 2023. article.pdf
El-Ghany, W. A. A., "Avian metapneumovirus infection in poultry flocks: A review of current knowledge", Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, vol. 46, issue 3, pp. 971 - 1002, 2023. pert_j_agric_sci_pneumovirus_2023.pdf
Rohaim, M. A., E. L. Gardiner, R. F El Naggar, M. A. Abdelsabour, Y. M. Madbouly, M. O. Atasoy, K. A. Ahmed, M. M. El-Safty, and M. Munir, "Avian sarcoma/leukosis virus (RCAS)-mediated over-expression of IFITM3 protects chicks from highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1.", Microbes and infection, pp. 105231, 2023. Abstract

Broad-spectrum antiviral activities of interferon-induced transmembrane proteins (IFITMs) are primarily attributed to in vitro inhibition of viral entry. Here, we used an avian sarcoma-leukosis virus (RCAS)-based gene transfer system and successfully generated chicks that constitutively express chicken IFITM3 (chIFITM3). The chIFITM3-overexpressing chicks showed significant protection and disease tolerance against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 (Clade 2.2.1.2). The chicks, overexpressing chIFITM3, also showed delayed onset of clinical symptoms, reduced viral shedding, and alleviated histopathologic alterations compared to control and challenged chicks. These findings highlight that overexpression of chIFITM3 provide a substantial defense against zoonotic H5N1 in vivo.