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Elsharkawy, L., hossam el dessouky, ayatallah sheikhany, and yehia ahmed aly, Assessment and Rehabilitation of Deglutition Disorders after Conservation Laryngeal Surgeries, , cairo, cairo, 2012.
Darwish, H. A., G. M. Khfagy, H. G. Elnahas, and E. I. Elmeshmeshy, Assessment non alcoholic liver fibrosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus, , Cairo, Cairo University, Submitted.
Hussein, I., hossam el dessouky, S. Shohdi, and A. Sheikhany, Assessment of Auditory Processing skills in Egyptian Arabic speaking children with Specific Language Impairment: An integrated approch, , Cairo, Cairo University, 2018.
Saad, I., S. Abdelaziz, A. Zeeneldin, A. Eltoni, and I. Loay, Assessment of axillary nodal status post neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: rationale and predictors, , Cairo, Cairo, 2013.
Mohamed, S. N. A., I. M. Ibrahim, and S. M. Younan, Assessment of Cognitive Functions and Some Markers of Synaptic Plasticity in Diabetic Rats, , Cairo, Cairo University, 2012. Abstract

Cognitive dysfunction is a common complication of diabetes mellitus however, less addressed and recognized. This study aimed to investigate the effect of type 1 and 2 diabetes on cognitive functions and related markers of hippocampal synaptic plasticity and the possible impact of blocking N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors by memantine. Seven rat groups were included in this study: non-diabetic, non-diabetic-memantine, type 1 diabetic groups: Untreated, treated with insulin alone and treated with insulin and memantine and type 2 diabetic groups: untreated and memantine treated. Cognitive functions were assessed by Morris Water Maze and passive avoidance test and immunohistochemistry was used for detection of hippocampus pre and post-synaptic markers: synaptophysin and postsynaptic density protein-95(PSD-95) respectively, learning and memory plasticity marker: activity regulated cytoskeletal associated protein (Arc) and the astrocytes reactivity marker: glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Both type 1 and 2 untreated diabetic groups showed significantly impaired cognitive performance with concomitant decrease in synaptophysin and PSD-95 compared to the non-diabetic group. In addition type 2 group showed a significant decrease in hippocampus GFAP and Arc compared to the non-diabetic group. Treating type 1 diabetic group with insulin alone significantly improved cognitive performance and PSD-95 and significantly decreased GFAP and Arc compared to untreated type 1 group. Blocking NMDA receptors by memantine (30 mg/kg/day) for 3 weeks significantly increased cognitive performance, synaptophysin, GFAP and Arc in type 1 insulin-memantine group compared to type 1-insulin
group and significantly increased synaptophysin, PSD-95 and Arc in type 2-memantine group compared to untreated type 2 diabetic group. In conclusion, cognitive functions are impaired in both types of diabetes mellitus and can be improved by blockage of NMDA receptors which may spark future therapeutic role of these receptors in diabetes-associated cognitive dysfunction.

Mohamed, S. N. A., I. M. Ibrahim, and S. M. Younan, Assessment of Cognitive Functions and Some Markers of Synaptic Plasticity in Diabetic Rats, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2013. Abstractshaimaa_nasr_amin_mohamed.pdf

Cognitive dysfunction is a common complication of diabetes mellitus
however, less addressed and recognized. This study aimed to investigate the
effect of type 1 and 2 diabetes on cognitive functions and related markers of
hippocampal synaptic plasticity and the possible impact of blocking Nmethyl-
d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors by memantine. Seven rat groups
were included in this study: non-diabetic, non-diabetic-memantine, type 1
diabetic groups: Untreated, treated with insulin alone and treated with
insulin and memantine and type 2 diabetic groups: untreated and
memantine treated. Cognitive functions were assessed by Morris Water
Maze and passive avoidance test and immunohistochemistry was used for
detection of hippocampus pre and post-synaptic markers: synaptophysin
and postsynaptic density protein-95(PSD-95) respectively, learning and
memory plasticity marker: activity regulated cytoskeletal associated protein
(Arc) and the astrocytes reactivity marker: glial fibrillary acidic protein
(GFAP). Both type 1 and 2 untreated diabetic groups showed significantly
impaired cognitive performance with concomitant decrease in
synaptophysin and PSD-95 compared to the non-diabetic group. In addition
type 2 group showed a significant decrease in hippocampus GFAP and Arc
compared to the non-diabetic group. Treating type 1 diabetic group with
insulin alone significantly improved cognitive performance and PSD-95
and significantly decreased GFAP and Arc compared to untreated type 1
group. Blocking NMDA receptors by memantine (30 mg/kg/day) for 3
weeks significantly increased cognitive performance, synaptophysin, GFAP
and Arc in type 1 insulin-memantine group compared to type 1-insulin
Best Theses Awards, Cairo University (BTACU)
Information System Unit - 4 -
group and significantly increased synaptophysin, PSD-95 and Arc in type 2-
memantine group compared to untreated type 2 diabetic group. In conclusion,
cognitive functions are impaired in both types of diabetes mellitus and can be
improved by blockage of NMDA receptors which may spark future therapeutic
role of these receptors in diabetes-associated cognitive dysfunction.

Amin, S. N., S. M. Younan, and I. Mohamady, Assessment of cognitive functions and Some Markers of Synaptic Plasticity in Diabetic rats, , Cairo, Cairo University, 2012.
Kamel, A. D., S. A. Hassan, S. M. Hassan, and N. N. Nawar, Assessment of Common Types of Vaginal Infections Among Women Attending Gynecological Clinics at El-manial University Hospital:, , Egypt , Cairo university, 2010.
Zaki, S. M., T. E. Abdlgalil, and A. G. Metawee, Assessment of different parameters of mandible using cone beam CT scan, : Cairo University, 2018.
Abdelmoty, P. A., P. B. Elkhouly, L. M. A. Hessein, and D. H. Ahmed, Assessment of EBV in Behcet's disease, , cairo, cairo, 2014.
Abdelmoty, A., B. Elkhouly, M. Hussien, and H. Ahmed, Assessment of EBV in Behcet's disease in Egyptian patients, , Cairo, Cairo University, School of Medicine, 2014.
Elkader, A. I. A., H. A. E. Sebaee, and Z. M. E. Sayed, ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATIONAL NEEDS AMONG PATIENTS WITH ESOPHAGEAL VARICES AT ONE OF THE UNIVERSITY HOSPITALS, , Giza, Cairo univ, 2014. Abstractabstract.pdf

Portal hypertension and consequent esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB) is one of the most devastating complications of chronic liver diseases and is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with cirrhosis. Informational need assessment has become an integral part in management of those patients to overcome their misconceptions. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess informational needs among patients with esophageal varices. A descriptive exploratory design was utilized in this study. A convenient sample of 110 adult male and female patients admitted to Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Liver Unit and all medical departments at one of the University Hospitals affiliated to Cairo University were recruited to the study. Two tools are used to collect data for the present study named as: Subjects' characteristics and illness-related data sheet, and patients' knowledge assessment questionnaire regarding different aggravating factors. The study results revealed that (61.8%) of the study subjects' age ranged from 40 < 60 years old, (65.5%) of them were males, (81.8%) of them complained from financial troubles, (69.1%) altered self-image and (68.2%) had a change in role function. As well (79.1%) of the study subjects had lack of knowledge regarding different aggravating factors for EVB, the most common one was high risk related nutrition followed by high risk related medications then other factors represent (76.4%, 68.2% & 66.4%) respectively. The study concluded that there were many areas of knowledge deficit and concerns relevant to potential aggravating factors for EVB among study subjects reflecting a need for education. A written instruction about prohibited and allowed drugs, nutrition, and physical activities is recommended.

AbuTaleb, A. S., A. H. Abdelazeem, and Y. A. Radwan, Assessment of Kasr Al-Ainy protocol in management of hemodynamically unstable pelvic fractures, , Cairo, Cairo, 2015. abstract.pdf