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Abdel-Malek, R., D. E. Farag, K. S. Shohdy, and S. Cox, "Availability of Informal Caregivers for Palliative Care Patients with Cancer: Is there a Difference between Higher- and Lower-Income Settings.", Indian journal of palliative care, vol. 25, issue 3, pp. 379-382, 2019. Abstract

Objective: Family caregivers are the default caring personnel for terminal cancer patients. The characteristics, demographics, distribution, psychological burden, and socioeconomic standards differ between high- and low-income countries. We aimed to assess those factors and their direct reflection on both the patient and the caregiver.

Patients and Methods: This is a comparative cross-sectional study for terminal cancer patients in the palliative care unit between the United Kingdom (UK) as a high-income community and Egypt as a low-income community. We assessed the different characteristics, demographics, living place, the degree of relevance, and the availability of caregivers.

Results: We have recruited 216 patients from the UK and 117 patients from Egypt. Informal caregivers were available in 74.5% and 92.3% for these patients with a mean age of 71.5 (standard deviation [SD] 16) years and 50.9 (SD 15.18) years, respectively. There has been a statistically significant difference between the two countries' caregivers in being married, family, and living in the same household ( < 0.0001).

Conclusion: Low-income countries are more common to have an informal caregiver who is a family member of different degree of relevance. Caregivers in low-income settings tend to be younger, of the female gender, married, and living in the same household than in high-income ones.

Abdel-Malek, R., D. E. Farag, K. S. Shohdy, and S. Cox, "Availability of informal caregivers for palliative care patients with cancer: Is there a difference between higher- and lower-income settings", Indian Journal of Palliative Care, vol. 25, issue 3, pp. 379 - 379, 2019///. Abstract
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Said, M., G. Esmat, M. El-Shazly, A. Yousry, N. El-Garem, S. Megawer, W. Doss, A. Omar, H. El-Karaksy, M. Basiony, et al., "Availability of donors for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in area endemic for HCV and schistosomiasis", LIVER INTERNATIONAL, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 96, OCT, 2006. Abstract
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Khater, H. A., and A. A. L. El-Latif, "Availability of Cd and Zn in loamy sand soil as affected by the type and application rate of phosphate fertilizers.", 10th International Conference of Egyptian Soil Science Society (ESSS) and 5th Inter. Conf. of Water Requirements & Field Irrigation Department In conjunction with Government of South Australia, Rural Solutions SA Global food&Agricultural Systems, 2012. Abstract
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Haggag, M., and T. Yamashita, "Autumn Flash Flood-Producing Storms in Sinai Peninsula, Egypt: Synoptic Scale Analysis", International Symposium on Fluvial and Coastal Disasters, Kyoto, Japan, 10 July , 2005.
El‐Sherbini, T. M., and A. A. Rahman, "Auto‐Ionizing States in MgI", Annalen der Physik, vol. 494, issue 5: Wiley Online Library, pp. 333-337, 1982. Abstract
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Shehata, M., K. Abdou, K. Choko, M. Matsuo, H. Nishizono, and K. Inokuchi, "Autophagy Enhances Memory Erasure through Synaptic Destabilization.", The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, vol. 38, issue 15, pp. 3809-3822, 2018 Apr 11. Abstract

There is substantial interest in memory reconsolidation as a target for the treatment of anxiety disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder. However, its applicability is restricted by reconsolidation-resistant boundary conditions that constrain the initial memory destabilization. In this study, we investigated whether the induction of synaptic protein degradation through autophagy modulation, a major protein degradation pathway, can enhance memory destabilization upon retrieval and whether it can be used to overcome these conditions. Here, using male mice in an auditory fear reconsolidation model, we showed that autophagy contributes to memory destabilization and its induction can be used to enhance erasure of a reconsolidation-resistant auditory fear memory that depended on AMPAR endocytosis. Using male mice in a contextual fear reconsolidation model, autophagy induction in the amygdala or in the hippocampus enhanced fear or contextual memory destabilization, respectively. The latter correlated with AMPAR degradation in the spines of the contextual memory-ensemble cells. Using male rats in an LTP reconsolidation model, autophagy induction enhanced synaptic destabilization in an NMDAR-dependent manner. These data indicate that induction of synaptic protein degradation can enhance both synaptic and memory destabilization upon reactivation and that autophagy inducers have the potential to be used as a therapeutic tool in the treatment of anxiety disorders. It has been reported that inhibiting synaptic protein degradation prevents memory destabilization. However, whether the reverse relation is true and whether it can be used to enhance memory destabilization are still unknown. Here we addressed this question on the behavioral, molecular, and synaptic levels, and showed that induction of autophagy, a major protein degradation pathway, can enhance memory and synaptic destabilization upon reactivation. We also show that autophagy induction can be used to overcome a reconsolidation-resistant memory, suggesting autophagy inducers as a potential therapeutic tool in the treatment of anxiety disorders.

Attia, M., M. A. A. Rashwan, and M. S. M. El-Mahallawy, "Autonomously normalized horizontal differentials as features for hmm-based omni font-written ocr systems for cursively scripted languages", Signal and Image Processing Applications (ICSIPA), 2009 IEEE International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 185–190, 2009. Abstract
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Kafafy, M. B. S. A., and K. M. F. Elsayed, "Autonomous uplink intercell interference coordination in OFDMA-based wireless systems", 2013 11th International Symposium and Workshops on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc and Wireless Networks (WiOpt): IEEE, pp. 288–295, 2013. Abstract
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Kafafy, M. B. S. A., and K. M. F. Elsayed, "Autonomous uplink intercell interference coordination in LTE systems with adaptively-tuned interference limits", Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2014 IEEE: IEEE, pp. 1815–1820, 2014. Abstract
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Kafafy, M. B. S. A., and K. M. F. Elsayed, "Autonomous uplink intercell interference coordination in LTE systems with adaptively-tuned interference limits", 2014 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC): IEEE, pp. 1815–1820, 2014. Abstract
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Hamid, A. A., S. E. - D. Habib, and M. Hashim, "Autonomous UAV Fuzzy Logic Navigation and Obstacle Avoidance Controller", 11th International Conference on Aerospace Science and Aviation Technology, Cairo, Egypt, 17-19 May 2005.
Hamza, H. S., S. S. Khalifa, and K. Elsayed, "Autonomous Schemes for Inter-cell Interference Coordination in the Downlink of LTE Systems", International Journal of Wireless Information Networks, vol. 21, no. 3: Springer US, pp. 181–195, 2014. Abstract
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Hamza, H. S., S. S. Khalifa, and K. Elsayed, "Autonomous Schemes for Inter-cell Interference Coordination in the Downlink of LTE Systems", International Journal of Wireless Information Networks, vol. 21, no. 3: Springer US, pp. 181–195, 2014. Abstract
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Hamza, H. S., S. S. Khalifa, and K. Elsayed, "Autonomous Schemes for Inter-cell Interference Coordination in the Downlink of LTE Systems", International Journal of Wireless Information Networks, vol. 21, issue 3: Springer US, pp. 181-195, 2014. Abstract
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Khattab, A., and K. Elsayed, "Autonomous Opportunistic Spectrum Access in Distributed Femtocell Networks", IEEE Globecom 2013, Altalnta, GA, 2013. Abstract

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Khattab, A., and K. Elsayed, "Autonomous opportunistic spectrum access in distributed femtocell networks", Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps), 2013 IEEE: IEEE, pp. 4711–4716, 2013. Abstract
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Badr, E., and F. Bars, "Automorphism Groups of Nonsingular Plane Curves of Degree 5", Communications in Algebra, vol. 44, issue 10, pp. 4327-4340 , 2016.
El-Licy, F., T. A. Mashat, and A. K. R. A. M. SALAH, "Automating Web Service Composition: An Ontological Agent Framework.", Handbook of Research on Architectural Trends in Service-Driven Computing,, USA, IGI Global, 2014.
Abdul Rahman, M., T. Zayed, and M. Abouhamad, "Automating Visual Image Analysis of GPR Profiles for Reinforced Concrete Bridges", Transportation Research Board 95th Annual Meeting, issue 16-5898, 2016. Abstract
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Hammad, M., and E. Hemayed, "Automating Credibility Assessment of Arabic News", International Conference on Social Informatics: Springer International Publishing, pp. 139–152, 2013. Abstract
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Alfaar, A. S., R. Nour, M. Kamal, S. Ezzat, and M. S. Bakry, "Automating clinical protocol monitoring: a model from developing countries.", European Multidisciplinary Cancer Congress, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2013. Abstract
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Alaa Tharwat, B. E. Elnaghi, A. M. Ghanem, and A. E. Hassanien, "Automatically Human Age Estimation Approach via Two-Dimensional Facial Image Analysis", International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics: Springer International Publishing, pp. 491–501, 2016. Abstract
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