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Wilson, A. M., and A. A. Zaki, "Novel Clitoral Reconstruction and Coverage With Sensate Labial Flaps: Potential Remedy for Female Genital Mutilation.", Aesthetic surgery journal, vol. 42, issue 2, pp. 183-192, 2022. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Complications caused by female genital mutilation (FGM), such as clitoral pain, reduced sensation, and diminished sexual function, can be alleviated by clitoral reconstruction, which can also improve the aesthetics and restore the anatomy of the genitalia.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to create sensate labial flaps to cover the neoclitoris and assess the outcome of the procedure.

METHODS: Between December 2018 and July 2020, 40 patients with FGM underwent clitoral reconstruction and coverage with sensate labial flaps donated by the remnant of the labia minora and were followed prospectively. Flaps were mapped on the less-mutilated labia minora according to recent descriptions of arterial anatomy and innervation. Before the surgery, the patients' clitoral sensation was assessed on a 6-point scale and they were also given the Female Sexual Functional Index (FSFI) questionnaire to complete. Eight and 24 weeks postoperatively, the same assessment was repeated and the data compared.

RESULTS: The mean Female Sexual Functional Index score increased significantly from 11.64 (range, 2.8-25.6) preoperatively to 29.14 (range, 12.8-35.4) postoperatively. Similarly, clitoral sensation increased significantly from 2.35 (range, 1-4) before the surgery to 4.9 (range, 2-6) after the surgery. In total, 95% of patients benefited from the surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Clitoral reconstruction with sensate labial flaps after FGM resulted in significant improvements in sexual function, clitoral sensation, genital aesthetics, and self-esteem.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4:

Wilson, M., A. A. Abou-Elalla, M. T. Zakaria, huda marzouk, H. L. Fayed, and M. O. F. Hanna, "Serum Amyloid A Type 1 Gene Polymorphism in Egyptian Children with Familial Mediterranean Fever.", Pathobiology : journal of immunopathology, molecular and cellular biology, vol. 83, issue 6, pp. 295-300, 2016. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since spontaneous inflammation is an important contributor to familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), genetic variants mediating inflammation are of interest. We investigated gene variants in the acute-phase serum amyloid A type 1 (SAA1), a sensitive marker of inflammatory activity, and their association with susceptibility and severity of FMF.

METHODS: The genotypes of 2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms within exon 3 of SAA1 (2995C/T and 3010C/T) were determined in 105 Egyptian children with FMF and in 125 controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Genotyping of the causative MEFV mutations was performed by reverse hybridization.

RESULTS: The M694I mutation was the most frequent allele (42.8%), followed by V726A (18.6%), M680I (17.1%), E148Q (11.9%) and M694V (9.0%). The frequency of the SAA1 α, β and x03B3; alleles was not significantly different between FMF patients and controls. The genotype frequency of SAA1 α/α was higher in patients than in healthy subjects (21.0 vs. 14.4%) although it did not reach statistical significance. The clinical manifestations including age at disease onset, number of FMF attacks, colchicine dose and severity score were not related to genotypes of SAA1. However, M694V mutation and female gender were significantly associated with severity.

CONCLUSION: The genetic polymorphism of SAA1 is not associated with susceptibility and severity of FMF in Egyptian children.

Wilson, M., A. A. Abou-Elalla, M. T. Zakaria, huda marzouk, H. L. Fayed, and M. O. F. Hanna, "Serum Amyloid A Type 1 Gene Polymorphism in Egyptian Children with Familial Mediterranean Fever", Pathobiology ISSN: 1015-2008 (Print); e-ISSN: 1423-0291 (Online), vol. 83, pp. 295–300, 2016.
Wilson, B. C., and M. S. Patterson, "The physics, biophysics and technology of photodynamic therapy", Physics in Medicine & Biology, vol. 53, issue 9: IOP Publishing, pp. R61, 2008. Abstract
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Wimpenny, K., F. Nascimbeni, S. Affouneh, A. Almakari, I. M. Jariego, and A. Eldeib, "Using open education practices across the Mediterranean for intercultural curriculum development in higher education", Teaching in Higher Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2019.1696298, vol. November, issue 10.1080/13562517.2019.1696298, 2019.
Wimpenny, K., F. Nascimbeni, S. Affouneh, A. Almakari, I. M. Jariego, and A. Eldeib, "Using open education practices across the Mediterranean for intercultural curriculum development in higher education", Teaching in Higher Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2019.1696298, vol. 27, issue 1, pp. 54–69, 2022.
Winawer, S. J., P. J. Pasricha, W. Schmiegel, F. A. Sinicrope, J. Sung, T. Seufferlein, A. M. Kassem, R. Malekzadeh, R. C. Kurtz, M. Classen, et al., "The future role of the gastroenterologist in digestive oncology: an international perspective.", Gastroenterology, vol. 141, issue 4, pp. e13-21, 2011 Oct. Abstract
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Winkle, S., M. Refai, and R. Rohde, "On the antigenic relationship of Vibrio cholerae to Enterobacteriaceae. ", Ann. Inst. Pasteur , vol. 123,, pp. 775-781, 1972. winkle_anninstpast_1.pdf
Winkler, A. S., M. Leonardi, B. D. Michael, F. Abd-Allah, W. Carroll, and A. Guekht, "A WHO resolution on epilepsy and other neurological disorders.", The Lancet. Neurology, vol. 20, issue 3, pp. 171-172, 2021.
Winkler, A. S., S. Knauss, E. Schmutzhard, M. Leonardi, A. Padovani, F. Abd-Allah, A. Charway-Felli, J. V. Emmerich, T. Umapathi, and P. Satishchandra, "A call for a global COVID-19 Neuro Research Coalition", The Lancet Neurology, vol. 19, issue 6: Elsevier, pp. 482-484, 2020. Abstract
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Winter, H., T. M. El-Sherbini, E. Bloemen, F. J. De Heer, and A. Salop, "A comparison between radiative and non-radiative deexcitation after electron capture by multiple charged ions", Physics Letters A, vol. 68, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 211–214, 1978. Abstract
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Winter, H., T. M. El-Sherbini, E. Bloemen, F. J. De Heer, and A. Salop, "A comparison between radiative and non-radiative deexcitation after electron capture by multiple charged ions", Physics Letters A, vol. 68, issue 2: Elsevier, pp. 211-214, 1978. Abstract
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Wishahi, M., E. Hafiz, A. M. K. Wishahy, and M. Badawy, "Telocytes, c-Kit positive cells, Smooth muscles, and collagen in the ureter of pediatric patients with congenital primary obstructive megaureter: elucidation of etiopathology", Ultrastructural Pathology, vol. 45, issue 3: Taylor & Francis, pp. 257-265, 2021. Abstract
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Wishahi, M., E. Hafiz, A. M. K. Wishahy, and M. Badawy, "Telocytes, c-Kit positive cells, Smooth muscles, and collagen in the ureter of pediatric patients with congenital primary obstructive megaureter: elucidation of etiopathology", Ultrastructural Pathology, vol. 45, issue 3, pp. 257-265, 2021.
Wishahy, A. M. K., M. M. Elkottby, K. H. K. Bahaaeldin, and A. M. Y. Elhennawy, "Usefulness of laparoscopy for determining the location of transitional zone in patients with inconclusive barium enema for Hirschsprung’s disease: a prospective clinical trial", Annals of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 14, issue 3, pp. 146-150, 2018. Abstract
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Wishahy, A. M. K., M. M. Elkottby, K. H. K. Bahaaeldin, and A. M. Y. Elhennawy, "Usefulness of laparoscopy for determining the location of transitional zone in patients with inconclusive barium enema for Hirschsprung's disease: A prospective clinical trial", Annals of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 14, pp. 146–150, 2018.
Wishahy, A. M. K., H. Seleim, M. Qinawy, W. Mohamed, O. Mansour, K. S. Abdullateef, R. Elkadi, H. Raslan, A. Arafa, and T. Yassin, "Short-term effects of mitomycin C infiltration for caustic oesophageal strictures in children", Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 69, issue 6: LWW, pp. 673-677, 2019. Abstract
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Wishahy, A. M. K., H. Seleim, M. Qinawy, W. Mohamed, O. Mansour, K. S. Abdullateef, R. Elkadi, H. Raslan, A. Arafa, and T. Yassin, "Short-term Effects of Mitomycin C Infiltration for Caustic Oesophageal Strictures in Children", Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition , vol. 69, issue 6, pp. 673-677, 2019.
wissa, D., A. Ward, S. A. gad, S. Ibrahim, and S. Khairy, "High -k Green Polymer Nano composites Based on Polyvinyl Alcohol for Electrostatic Dissipation Applications", Egyptian Journal of Chemistry, 2022.
Wissam, F., P. Szabó, M. S. A. EL-Kader, and M. Gustafsson, "Molecular dynamics calculations of collision-induced absorption in a gas mixture of neon and krypton", Journal of Chemical physics, vol. 152, pp. 234302, 2020.
Wissema, J. G., and T. T. A. P. H. by Ead, Towards Third Generation University, Managing the university in transition, , Alexandria, Egypt, Dar Alwafa for Printing and Publishing, 2019.
WK, A., I. AA, A. OW, H. M. Hussein, A. SM, and AlsubaieSF, "Effect of twelve-week concurrent aerobic and resisted exercise training in non-dialysis day on functional capacity and quality of life in chronic kidney disease patients", Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, vol. 26, issue 17, pp. 6098-6106, 2022. abdelbasit_et_al_2022.pdf